Imágenes de páginas

Ynquiries and Answers. seeds, and also the proper time. S. B. (Will some of our

readers please furnish the desired information ?

HORNLESS CATTLE. (A subscriber in Indiana.) This Canoon's Broadcast Sower.--In answer to inquiries, we tendency in cattle exists with the breed. The Galloway catcan state that we have given the small or hand machine a full tle are nearly all hornless. The same peculiarity exista in, trial. It answers admirably for sowing grass seed, which it the Norfolks, Suffolks, &c. A small portion of the same tenscatters evenly and rapidly, and the seed being light, it is not dency is diffused through many of the mixed race in this laborious to carry. It also sows wheat, barley, and other large country, occasionally becoming developed in hornless animals. grain with great expedition and evenness-- while the opera. The constant mixture of blood prevents them from becoming tor is working it—but it is necessary for the workman to

a distinct race as in Britain. stop so often to fill his hopper with seed, that little time is

BREED OF SWINE.-- What breed, or how crossed, is the guined over common hand sowing. The labor is also con- breed of hogs fattened around Auburn? Our butchers considerable. These remarks apply to the ten dollar machine. sider them the best hogs that ever came to our market, or The thirty-five dollar one, drawn by a horse, we have not in fact, any other. W. Ulica. (Our impression is, they tried, but have no doubt it obviates all these objections, and are a mixture of Suffolk and Leicester, with some of the older we see nothing to prevent its sowing eighty acres a day, as native breeds, without any very certain amount of each. We some of the certificates state. D. Furbish, of Portland, hope some of our Auburn readers will give us some particular Maine, is the proprietor of this machine, and will give any in- and accurate information.) fortnation in relation to it. Bloodr Mitk.--I have a young cow that his given bloody the best and most appropriate

way of constructing a dairy for

PLAN OF A Dairy.-I wish to learn through your paper, milk out of one teat for several weeks. Will you please give a private family, one that will best keep butter and milk darme a remedy for it. A. M. {The treatment must depend on ing the warm season of the year, where the water is thrown the cause. If ocensioned simply by an injury, time will cure up by the hydraulic ram. s. (We have pot met with a bote it

. If from gnrget, the treatment must vary with the symp- ter one than that described on p. 217, first volume of " Rural toms, which until we know, it would be very difficult to pre- Affairs," and although that is partly intended for a market scribe understandingly- -as the disease inight be benefitted in dairy, yet it is equally applicable, constructed of proper sizo, one case by liglit food, and in another might require only for a private establishment] local treatment. A general remedy, for all circumstances, so often recommended for a disease, is cmpiricism,

Fall PLOWING.-What do you think of plowing sandy soil

in the fall?' I manure it one-half with fine manure, and the SHEEP vs. Swing. I will feel myself under many obliga- other half leached ashes, and plow 6 inches deep. What tions, if some of your numerous readers would inform we would you put on it in the spring? J. E. Orvis. Massena, through the columns of your paper, in which there is nost N. Y [Fall plowing does well for carly sown crops--barley profit--raising sheep or hogs, whero pork is usually worth would no doubt succeed well-and perhaps oats or spring, from $3.50 to 84 gross, and bacon from 8c. to 10c., and where wheat. Unless the soil is quite light, it is apt to become too wool is worth from 25 to 400. per pound, and sheep for butcher compact before planting time, unless ro-plowed or mellowed ing bring $2.50 to $3.50 per head. Also which is the best well with a gang plow, or Shares' harrow, just before planting) and most profitable breed of sheep-also the best breed of

Double Michigan Plow.- Can you inform me to whom, hogs for farmers generally. B. B. R. St. Joseph, Mo.

and where I must apply, for the right of making up and disBEANS FOR HORSES AND Cows, Are New-York farmers posing of the Double Michigan sod and subsoil Plow also, in the habit of raising beans for horses and cows, and if so, what year the patent was issued ? Your early attention to how are they fed? Do you consider they make as strong the above will oblige, W.T. (We are unable to answer. diet as corn ? Is the current year's crop considered injuri- Will some of our readers favor us with the desired informaous ? English farmers say they should not be used until a tion ?] year old. Understanding that northern farmers raise peas Feeding Roots.- Please inform me through The Colti. and beans extensively for stock purposes, we who are turn- varor, the best plan of feeding turnips and Ruta Bagas to ing our attention somewhat to the latter crop would like to sheep and cows. A. B. [Slice them up, and feed them to the have the experience of others. SUBSCRIBERS. (Will those animals- if they do not readily eat them, add meal and a who have tried this material for feeding, please report the re- very little salt. To prevent any injurious effect, begin modesults of their experiments ?)

rately, and always feed with a portion of dry fodder. Sheep Plants GROWING without Seed.-- Is seed necossary to soon learn to scoop out turnips with their teeth, without slivegetable production in all cases ? Where the chemical ele- cing. Willard's root slicer costs ten dollars and cuts a bushel ments of certain vegetables exist abundantly in the soil, will a minuto; but in the absence of any machine of the sort, a they not spring up and assume vegetable forms without the steel spade, ground sharp, will cut rapidly, if the roots are germs of seed? Instance the thousands of hickory groves placed in a shallow box with a hard plank bottom.) springing up throughout the west since being settled, where

SPARRED Floors.-I am about building a hog stable, and nono existed before. L. C. Wisconsin. No plant ever think of laying stable floors for cattle upon the spar plan." springs into existence spontaneously. There must be either Your correspondent, W. R. Forster, Canada West, suggests a seed to start the individual, or buds, eyes, &c., to extend or that they be dug four feet deep under the floors. Suppose in multiply that individual after having thus attained existence. the spring, this space to be full of the "pudding," where will Seeds exist in the soil or are scattered in innumerable ways; a man stand to shovel it into a cart backed up to the stable which not being understood by superficial observation, the door. It appears at first thought, as if his footing must be notion is sometimes adopted that new individuals spring spon- very soft, and rather uncomfortably deep. Why is it best to taneously into existence, or else grow or are changed from have "boxes”, instead of stalls ? Would not quarrelsomo other plants. It would be as impossible for farm animals to cattle fret their weaker mates? Will your correspondent spring into being, without progenitors, by merely heaping to- please state what he considers the best size of pens for hogs, gether onts, hay and corn, or milk and porridge, as for plants and whether hogs will do well raised in a pen without ever to do the same by the use of heaps of manures or "elements.” coming to the ground. I have a boiling apparatus, and wish

Littlr. Grant Mill.- Can you inform me where I can ob- when I get my pens made, to try the effects of cooked and tain the Little Giant Mill, for grinding corn in ear, &c., and raw food upon the thrift of the animals. L. F. D. Troy, O. whether there are better mills for the purpose ? S. Barstow. (We shall bo glad to hear from Mr. Forster and others as sugSt. Albans, Vl. (It is furnished by Einery & Co. of this city, gested, and hereafter shall have more to add ourselves upon at the following prices: No. 2 for $40 with levers, and No. 3, the subjects alluded to. Meantime the views and experience $45, less 5 per cent. cash at retail We have never used the of readers, either at home or abroad, will be very welcome, Little Giant, but have given a thorough trial to Joice's Star both to the writer of the above and doubtless to many others.) Mill made by Hildreth & Co. of Lockport, and find the latter

LIMB For Cattle.--In your account of Mr. Clift's farm, an admirable machine. We are unable to speak from ex

a mixture of salt and lime is recommended for preserving hay perience of their comparative merits]

when got in green. Would not the lime be injurious to stock,

fed on the hay, by its caustic nature, and also by making the Bitter Honey.- Why is honey some years very bitter ? hay dusty ? W. F. BASSETT. [Wo bave never used lime This year it was so bitter that it could not be used-neither with salt for hay, but the latter only-and therefore cannot did the bees swarm. Can any one tell the cause of the bitter-speak from oxperience of its effects. It certainly should be Dess? A. R. Dallas Co., Ark.

used very sparingly if at all, which we question.) TOBACCO CULTURE --Hlaving recently commenced farming, and believing that I have land that will produce tobacco, I An Odd Fellow.-Morpheus, for he is undeniably a Nod take the liberty of asking you the proper way of planting the fellow.


SWINE FED ON SKIM-MILK old. He was small boned, but fattened very easily, and We published a few years since a statement of the suc-up or breathe. The corn with

for some days before coming in which he was read was ovet cessful feeding and fattening of swine on skiin-wilk, as sound and good, and I occasionally gave hiin ashes and practiced by Joseph Greene of Macedon, N. Y., a mode, stone coul, to pronote bis digestion, destroy worms if any,

A. Š. ProctOR. however, not entirely new. He fed spring pigs through and sharpen his appetite.

Rome Farins, Ilinois, Jan. 6. the sumıner, and when six or seven months old, they usually averaged about 300 pounds each. Three, at seven

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) months, weighed in one instance, after being dressed, no

TO PREVENT LICE ON CALVES. less than 956 lbs. in the aggregate. Another animal at six months and ten days, weighed when dressed 298 lbs. EDITORS, CO. GEXT.--It is generally conceded that "; He ascribed his success to feeding undiluted milk, or in ounce of proventive is worth a pound of curre," and as I its most concentrated state., --without any water thrown tobacen water, grcase, &c., 1 will give a preventive. It is

often see remedies for killing lice on calvea, snch as snuff, in. This made them grow rapidly, with solid square sez-no hjury to the animal will follow its use, and if bodies, and not like the flabby animals produced when regtarly attended to during the cold months, lice will be much liquid and little nourishment are given. The fit- scarce. It is as follows: take of shorts, one bushel, and a tening was completed' on the ground meal of old com.

gether with all a pint of the mixture, night and

barley or gat ineal, and inix well toThey did not thrive, well on new corn, and failed on morning can be fed on cut hay dampened; a better "pubbing."

way, however, is to add boiling water sufficient to scald it, Several others have adopted a similar mode of treat- and let it stand until nearly cold, and their feed it in the ment, with like success. One instance that has recently form of a slaph If oit meal can be conveniently obtained, come to hand, is the following, reported in a late number a sinali quantity may be added to advantage. They should

be warınly stabled, and harc all the good hay they wil eat, of the Union Springs Herald.

and a full supply of pure water twice a day. The above 1.06 David Anthony killed, on Saturday fast, a litter of recipe is applicable to older animals, by increasing the cight spring pigs, about 8 months old, and the total quantity according to age and size.

J. L. R. weight of which were 2,350 lbs., -an average of 293 lbs.

Watertown, N. Y. each. The lightest one weighing 280, and the heaviest 320. Ibs. We call that hard to beat. If any one can do

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) it, send on the figures."

CULTURE OF THE SWEET POTATO. bon inquiring personally of David Anthony as to the mode of feeding adopted, he informs that these animals FRIEND TUCKER—I will try to give you our mode of are chiefly indebted for their rapid growth to the skim-raising siveet potatoes in Gloucester county, N. J. We

begin by making a hot-bed for sprouting the potatoes.--milk he gave them, of which he had a plentiful supply. We dig a trench six feet wide; then put some old hay or Ile finislied-feeding them on 15 bushels of ground Canada corn stalks in the bottom; next put eight or ten inches of corn, which was all the grain he gave them. He intends stable manure; press it down lightly. We then cover to plant a few acres of the Canada corn for fattening his with two inches of fine carth, and put in the potatoes, not swine another year, as it is fully ripe before the first day so near as to touch one another, and cover them with

about two inches of fine earth. We next prepare the of autumn, and is therefore found to be nearly equal to ground the same as for corn-mark it out both ways with old corn for fall feeding.

a small plow, two feet ninc inches apart, and put in a

small shovel full of good short manure, and make a small [For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)

hill on the same. About the iniddle of May we commence How Much Corn will Make a Pound of Pork ? pulling sprouts, and setting them in hills, one sprout in a

hill. Messrs. EDITORS-On the 3d of Nov., 1859, I built a

We use the cultivator and hand hoe pretty freely, small, tight pen, and covered it well. I put in it a small taking care to keep the grass and weeds out. Gloucester sized shout, but in good condition, and inclined to fatten county goes pretty largely into sweet potatoes, many of easily, and weighing 92 lbs. gross. His drink was well- us planting from twenty to forty acres. We allow one water, and his food corn in the car exclusively, weighed bushel of potatoes to sprout sufficiently for one thousand to him 100 lbs. at a time. The first 100 lbs., weighed the hills

. Josuua Pine. New Jersey. same day the hog was shut up, lasted till the 17th-14 days. Second 100 lbs., weighed Nov. 17th, lasted till Dec. CONNECTICUT STATE AGRICULTURAL SOCIETY.--At the 2–16 days. Third 100 lbs., weighed Dec. 2, lasted till annual meeting, held at Ilartford, Jan. 11, the following Dec. 14–12 days. Fourth 100 lbs., weighed Dec. 14, officers were elected: lasted till Jan. 1-17 days. Jan. 2d & 3d a few ears were President--E. H. HYDE, 2d, Stafford. given him, not weighed, the amount, however, not equal ington.

Vice Presidents-Robbins Battell, Norwalk; John T. Norton, Farnato the waste. Jan. 4th killed the hog. Live weight 146 Directors Charles F. Fond, Hartford, Hartford Co.; Washington lbs.--Net weight, 116 lbs.

Webb, New Haven, New Haven Co., James A. Bill, Lyme, New.Lon.

don Co.; George Osborne, Redding Fairfield Co.; Charles Osgood. RECAPITULATION.-The hog ate in 61 days, 400 pounds Ponfret Windham Co.: A bijah Catlin, Harwinton, Litchfield co. corn, or about 6} lbs. per day. Live weight at shutting Tolland Co.

Levi Coe, Middletown, Middlesex Co.; R. B. Chamberlin, Coventry, up, 92. lbs.; live weight at killing 146 İbs. ; increase in

Henry A. Dyer continues as Secretary and actual agent live weight 54 lbs., or a little less than one pound per day. and business manager. The Treasurer's report shows: 400 lbs. ear corn at 70 lbs. per bushel, equals 5 5-9th bush

Expenses, 1838 and 1859.......... els, and at 35 cents per bushel, is $2.00--54 lbs. pork, Receipts, live weight, worth at 4 cents per pound, $2.16, or a net gain of 16 cents to pay for trouble of feeding two months. FURTHER CALCULATIONS.--At killing, live weight 146 ;

7 An interesting report of the discussions at the winnet weight after dressing, 116; loss 30 lbs., or a little ter meeting of the Fruit Grower's Society of Western Newover 20 per cent. By the same ratio, his net weight at York, held at Rochester last week, will be found in our

Horticultural Department. The following officers were shutting up would be 73 lbs. ; increase in net weight 43

elected for the present year: lbs., worth, at say 5 cents per pound, $2.36, or 36 cents more than the corn fed to him was worth in the crib.

Vice Presidents-J.J. Thomas, Union Springs; Wm. R. Smith, SyraREMARKS.—The hog when shut up was 7 months and cuse; W. R. Coppock, Buffalo 2 days old, and at time of killing was 9 months and 4 days

Secretary--C. P. Dissell, Rochester,



Balance on hand,


President--Col. B. HODGE, or Buffalo.

Treasurer-W. P. Townsend, Lockport,

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2d Duchess of Airdrie-Bred by R. A. Alexander of Woodford Co., Ky. Those who have visited the beautiful Short-Horn herd belonging to R. A. ALEXANDER, Esq., of Woodford Co., Ky., will not need to be reminded that among the choicest of them, the “2d Duchess of Airdrie ” occupies a high rank. She is red and white, calved 28th September, 1855, and was sired by “ 20 Duke of Athol.” Her dam, “Duchess of Athol ” was sired by“ 2d Duke of Oxford," and her grand-dan "Duchess 64th,” carries her back on one side to “23 Cleve. land Lad," and on the other to a long line of noted “Duchesses."

TREATMENT OF RINGBONE. ty of mankind have hard enough work of it to accumulate

sufficient in summer to satisfy the demands of winter. Can you inform me what would cure a fine mare I have, of what is called ringbone, which she has had for something near one year with

To the hard-working farmer, the subject of "the ecoout my being able to find a remedy. Ous. ALEXANDER. Posey Co., Ind. nomical feeding of stock," is of intense interest, and second

There is no cure for confirmed ringbone. It is suppos- to none in importance and practical utility. This has alcd to be hereditary, and the tendency is perhaps hastened war's been so, and always will be so in this climate; and by sprains or jars, in driving rapidly over a hard or very by careful experiment, that would be satisfactory to the

yet how little is certainly known, or has been demonstrated uneven road. To prevent it, use horses carefully, and anxious inquirer or new beginner in practical agriculture. never breed from those who have it, or from the relatives The present is the season peculiarly appropriated for the of such. When the disease first appears, rest is no doubt discussion of this subject, and I do hope that you and your the best remedy. Burning, formerly so much practiced, is valued correspondents will “ventilate” it as thoroughly as

the circumstances of the case will allow. Perhaps the now generally regarded as both useless and cruel. A scar present scarcity of feed in your State, will lead to more should never be made in treating it. Remedies causing careful attention in preparing and disbursing the stock of violent external inflammation often extend further in, in cattle and food, thereby one more ray of light be shed on their influence, and frequently increase the discase. The this at present rather dim subject. Why is it that none of application of acetate of cantharid s is recommended by your wealthy farmers have not taken this matter in band Dr. Dadd. When the part is hot, apply cold-svater band- English books. Surely they have the means and the leisure.

and given us detailed experiments, such as we find in ages. There is no doubt that many of the remedies for various that they are of but little use to us. We want experiments

The English experiments are so mixed up with turnips, diseases, but for this more particularly, owe their supposed on our own soil, in our own stables, under our own pecuefficacy to compelling the animal to rext.

liarities of climate, and with our own varieties of feed.

In a late number of the Co. Gent., in the article on [For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] “Cooking food for Swine,” you well remark "that there ECONOMICAL FEEDING OF STOCK.

exists the most singular diversity of opinion in regard to

cooking” their food-some asserting that grinding and Messrs. Esitors—“The harvest is past, the Summer cooking trebles the value of corn, while others maintain is ended,"---Autumn with its almost constant Indian Sum- that it does not nearly double it; and so it is with all kinds mer, has passed quietly and dreamily away, and Winter of stock—no two agree. with its stern and exacting realities, is with us. The farmer I freely admit and deeply feel that the subject is a very and his beasts have toiled and sweated hard, during the complex one, and cannot be thoroughly discussed even in months that are passed, to lay up a store of food for that j a volume, much less in a single sheet, or by as humble a season, which, north of Mason and Dixon's line, occupies pen as mine. But let me indicate my view of the matter, about one-half of the entire year, and seems to have been and give a page from my own experience. designed for the purpose of sharpening the faculties of ani- The economical feeding of stock is empathatically a ma. mal nature, and preventing the undue development of ter in rogard to which “ circunıstances alter cases," and the man's acquisitiveness. Certain it is that the great majori- conditions are so perpetually varying that no set of rules can be devised, applicable to all cases. What is best at one often as well or better under good nursing without meditime may not be good policy at another.

cine; and also, that sometimes remedies are of the utmost In the fall of 1851, living in Northern Ohio, I found importance. We know of no writer on the subject who has myself possessed of 13 cows, with a small mow of hay, a short crop of oats , and a very small crop of very s nall discriminated better, if as well, between the two courses of

* се со I had been in the habit for many years, of getting all grain The work is published by Jewett & Co. of Boston, and fed to stock, ground, and had been strong in the faith that C. M. Saxton & Co. of New-York, and is an indispensa! Je that was the only right way; but the excessively muddy book for every farmer who would understand well the roads, to which we were generally subjected there, and the labor and expense of grinding, were exceedingly irksome manageinent of liis cattle, both in health and under the ir I concluded to try an experiment.

fluence of disease. I had a good stable for my cows, with stanchions and a tight floor to feed on. A gutter ran along behind to

VERTIGO IN HORSES. catch their droppings, and these were thrown out every morning for a fine sow to work over, who I expected

Ens. Cult. AND Co Gext.--I have a horse strangely would make an excellent living thereby. I was going to affected, and cannot find anywhere a description feed my corn unground, and the oats nntlırashed, but hoped of the disease, althoughrI have examined different books the sow and poultry would pick up the waste.

and papers, the Cultivator included, for which I have been In the morning i fed each cow a sheaf of oats, at noon a subseriber for the last 16 years. He is generally affecta little straw, and at night two or three small ears of corn, ed while beivg driven or used. The first symptoms I have and a little more straw. This I did until about the first noticed are shying, as if seeing something before him, and of March, when hay took the place of straw. Everything then staggering backward. This continues but a short was licked up clean.

time, wben he either recovers himself and it passes off, or Now for the result. I expected grain in the gutter, but gets entirely down, which he has done,) and after lying a am satisfied that not a pint a day wa dropped by the cows, few minutes will be apparently right again. It appears to and was compelled to feed the sow as before. The cows me something like a blind stagger. He has been subject came out in the spring as bright and hearty as any I ever to thư82 spells for some four or five years. Sometimes I wintered in my life, and I was satisked that the economy see nothing of it for six months or a year together, and of the thing was all right.

then again he may have them several times in the course The experience of that winter did not, of course, prove of a year. Some say it is fits, but I do not think so. I that grinding grain, under any and all circumstances, was was told a short time since that it was heart staggers. 18 a needless expense, but it did suggest to my mind one there such a diseasc? If, there is, or if you or any of thought, and also illustrated the proposition that "circum- your correspondents can give me information respecting stances alter cases.” The thought is this that the advan- the ailment of my horse, and a remedy if there is any, you tage of grinding and otherwise preparing food for cattle will do me a great favor, and perhaps may benefit some to be kept in store condition, was not as great as for those other of your readers. A SUBSCRIBER. to be rapidly fattened. Ruminants are furnished with a This disease is not improbably the vertigo—which usualvery strong digestive apparatus, and if fed only sufficient ly comes on while the animal is travelling, continues a to keep them in good fair condition, I wouldn't give any short time, and then passes off. He often shakes his head, man much for all the waste he could gather from 100 head in a whole winter, fed on unground grain. In this section, reels, staggers, and stops short. The disease is generally "going to mill" is a serious business, for the millers gen- incurable; veterinarians have not been able to obtain a erally contrive to “keep the grain and take the bag for satisfactory remedy. The best treatment, perhaps, is very toll.” But I must close, and will only add that what I moderate labor, lig?it diet, cleanliness and pure air, and have said applies solely to store cattle, and that the case with cows giving milk is very different. Hawk Ey good grooming. If any of our readers have been successKeokuk, Iowa, Dec. 26, '59.

ful with its management, we should be glad to hear from


PRICE OF APPLE SEEDS, &c. This is a larger, more mature, and more perfect work

Will you or some of your correspondents, inform me through The than Dr. Dadd's excellent and well known “Cattle Doc- CULTIVATOR, what apple seeds are worth by the bushel, and at what tor," and this is saying a great deal. It is not a revision like to go into the business another fall to some extent." B. W.M. and enlargement of his former book, but appears to be

Nurserymen and dealers have formerly paid workmen written wholly new. In arrangement it has some impor- three or four dollars per bushel for getting out seed, and tant advantages, the division of diseases being simple, na- sold them again at six to eight dollars. During the past tural, and well adapted to ordinary reference. For ex

scarce years for fruit, the prices may have been a little ample, under the head “Organs of Respiration,” we are

higher. The present year the apple crop has been very furnished with what is known in relation to croup, inflamma- abundant, and we hear of apple seed for sale in large quantion of the lungs, consumption, bronchitis, catarrh, sore tities in all quarters. We question if it will be all soldthroat, &e. The “Diseases of the Digestive Organs,” em- in which case much will be planted perhaps by those not brace hoven, diarrhea, inflammation of the bowels

, colic, nurserymen, affording a full supply of seedlings in a year &c. Other diseases are similarly arranged under heads

or two. designating different parts of the system. There are a Our correspondent will probably do best to advertise bis considerable number of valuable wood-cut illustrations.

seed, offering them at a moderate price—but it will be imThose who know Dr. Dadd are aware that he declares portant for him to convince purchasers that his sced are uncompromising hostility to the old cut-and-slash, scour good, and not from fermented pomace, which is a most and burn, blister-and-bleed system, and in some instances fruitful source of failure-a few hours fermentation in the he may carry his assaults too far. But if he errs, it is a heap being sufficient to destroy vitality. pretty safe kind of error on the side of gentle treatment

On p. 204 of the Illustrated Annual Register for 1859, and humanity, and can appeal to nature's restorative men can wash out three or four busbels of seed in a day,

our correspondent will find a mode described by which two power. We have seen enough of discases in animals to provided there is plenty of fresh pomace, and a good stream Jearn that much that is ascribed to medicine, takes place of water.

Montgomery Co., N. Y.


and is bubuwol oala Teatre de boa achow..dasoa + the fact that the entire Iot he made that year was sold to ELA od 1

a dealer in New-York, at nineteen cents per pound. We

und as have accepted an invitation to visit this dairy in June THE CULTIVATOR. next, when we hope to furnish our readers with a full

description of all its operations.

SZS - Toit

An Earnest Appeal. -We ask our friends, after giv. The blol losed Vlator 9 01 ALBANY, N. Y., FEBRUARY, 1860. During this paper a careful examination—if it meets their ap

proval, and they desire to see an exclusively Agricultural which have borne the burden of improvement in the heat of the day, increase its circulation. It needs, and we think deserves,

Among the old and valued agricultural journals of this country, and Horticultural Journal sustained—to make an effort to no one has achieved higher distinction than the Albany COLITVATOR, a much larger number of subscribers.

579 other similar

periodical in the United States, and yet, one has only to gend Afty cents to the publishers, Messrs. L) TUCKER & Son, Albany, though some sudden wave from the Atlantic had washed

Many people speak of English Agriculture as The above notice from the Southern Field and Fireside, out all the bad farming of that country, and as if there bad meets our ere just as this number of TE CULTIVATOR is followed in its wake a new system as exclusively good as going to press

. We quote it because, coming from the the former had been exclusively bad. And as to Agriculpen of the Agricultural Editor of that journal

, it is a com- worn-out' soils, reduced production, older states deserted, It gives us pleasure to be able to say that the dubscrip-by their rural population, and new states following in a. tion list of this paper has shown a gratifying inerense dur beaten track of exhaustion and ruin; and, on the other ing the past month upon the corresponding month in 1859. hand, with felicitations over wonderful evidences of proWhile we have to express our renewed acknowledgments gress, as though within a limited period a perfect revoluto many of its oldest friends, we have also to welcome as

tion for good had been taking place." its supporters hundreds, to whose efforts we owe the re- cultural progress in Great Britain as xuything else than the

No representation is a correct one which displays agriceipt of club subscriptions for 1860 for the first time.

î'he present number will go forth as a still better wit- slow growth moulded by cireuinstances and developed by ness of the improvements promised for the year, than its the increasing wealth, enterprise and sagacity, not only of predecessor for January. May we not, therefore, ask of the farmers themselves, but also, and perhaps primarily, of our friends to prolong their exertions a little in its behalf? the manufacturing and commercial classes. And we are Challenging a comparison as to cheapness of price, with an inclined to think that that picture of American farming equal amount of printed matter of any kind whatever would be most accurately drawn, which should show, how, entirely aside from any merits it may possess as an Agri- with the increasing financial prosperity of the nation, every cultural Journal -- we think it has claims which our farmers pursuit has felt an impulse, and how this impulse in our would recognize far more generally, if we had the means

Agriculture has been turned to effect, just so far as imof bringing the subject to their more particular notice. provement could be profitably pursued, and just so geneThis is precisely why and where we ask, so often, the aid of rally as there have been means in existence to diffuse a of our readers—in enabling us to reach with a kind word knowledge of the ways of improvement. froin them, an outer circle of hundreds and thousands, dustrious as they were, creditably as they lived both to

There can be no doubt that our fathers, frugal and inwithin whose acquaintance we have no other way of plac-themselves and to the country, were often guilty of the ing our journal and its objects.

We will send for gratuitous circulation, copies of the utmost profligacy, in their treatment of the resources of January and February numbers of this year to any person their fathers had, too large a part of this present genera

the soil; but it is equally true that, without the excuse requesting them, or to any addresses that may be named. tion still adhere to the old furrow. The good seed, howThose who are now members of clubs, can procure tions to clubs at club rates. To those who have not seen the ever, has been widely sown; the agriculture of those who Register for 1860, we repeat our offer to send a copy fected more than they might care to own, by the example

never read an Agricultural Journal, or go to a Show, is afpostpaid, for use in canvassing for subscriptions. * PLEASE SEE TERMS AND SPECIAL Notices on last look about him, and if there are on the one hand reasons

of some more intelligent neighbor, who does read and page.

for a somewhat gloomy view of our present condition, there

are also causes for encouragement and hope. This is the Tire COMPREHENSIVE FARM RECORD).–We understand that C. M. Saxton, Barker & Co., 25 Park Row, New-York, or actual. The canal boat goes forward, but to the rail

case because progress is a matter which is either relative have in press, a blank Record of the above title, which will way passenger just above, it seems as he whirls more rapbe issued in January. It is to be a well bound folio volune idly on, to be just standing still; and so the marvellous of about 150 pages, with an explanatory introduction and growth of our cities outstrips the actual advancement our a series of carefully prepared headings, arranged for enter country is making in some measure at least, and at the ing every date and event useful for reference upon the same time Science and Invention have done so much more farm-the results of each particular crop, and of cach field, comparatively for other arts, that the aid they have really and every item useful for record and reference concerning rendered to the farmer seems almost insignificant in the domestic animals. The book is ruled and arranged for en

contrast, tering the results of twenty-five years, (from 1860 to 1884 inclusivc,) and will supply every want, as to the means of great step towards accomplishing it. No evidence that

That farmers should feel the necd of improvement, is a arriving at a direct and intelligent understanding of the they are constantly awakening to this necessity, is stronger profit and loss of the various departments of husbandry. than that afforded by the numerous attempts now going It is prepared by Dr. F. B. House of Albany, whose labors forward for the establishment of agricultural schools. upon the last State Census have necessarily rendered the Without detracting from the importance of such movesubject of Agricultural Statistics entirely familiar.

ments, it should still be borne in mind that they are de“English Dairy CHEESE."—We have used in our signed to diffuse a knowledge of the principles on which family, what is known as English Dairy Cheeso," for the practice already adopted by our best farmers, is demany years, from the dairies of Litchfield county, Conn., pendent for its success, rather than to instruct the young and the Western Reserve, Ohio, some of which have been man in the actual details of the practice itself. If there of very fine quality ; but a gentleman of our own state, is no "royal road to learning,” still less is there any acawho has been engaged for several years in making it, last demical or collegiate machinery capable of converting an week presented us one of 254 manufactured by him in inexperienced lad either into a money-making merchant or 1858, of an average weight of 17 lbs., which we think a money-making farmer. superior to any cheese we bave ever tasted; and that The truth is, that for the sake of their sons, if not for others appreciate its good qualities, we have evidence in their own, our farmers should endeavor to render the farm

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