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NEW-YORKSTATE AG. SOCIETY. of the Chair, and conveys a just and graceful tribute to solo

their memory, which will appear in the next volume of The annual meeting of this Society was held in this city the Transactions, and we make room below for the resolaon the 8th and 9th of February. It met in the Assembly tions appended and previonsly passed by the Board: Chamber at 12 o'clock on the 8th-Hon. A. B. CONGER, Resolved-That in the death of Benjamin B. Kirtland, Joel Tarrill

and Anthony Van Bergen, the New York State Agricultural Society President, in the Chair-B. P. Johnson, Sec'y,

has sustained the loss of three of its oldest associates and warmest

intel The Treasurer, L. H. Tucker, read his annual report, of ligent diciples, and the christian community some of its most exwhich we present the following brief abstract:

emplary and respected members.

While as individuals we mourn the departure of those who have

been endeared to us by long companionship, and whose interepurse Cash on hand from last account,

.. 2,650.93 with us has been marked throughout by kind feeling, by christian Life Memberships during the year,

02657.00 courtesy, and by cordial synipathy in all the objects which as farmers Other Memberships do,

we have had at heart; as a Board, we deplore the loss of those whose Use of Tent, 185%,

16,00 valued labors bave been associated with every important enterprise State Appropriation for Dr. Fitch,

1,000.00 of this Society. and whose example as liberal minded, intelligent From Local Comunittee for Albany Fair Expenses,

1,200.00 farmers was so well calculated to inspire all engaged in that pursuit Receipts of Albapy Fair,....

18,111.33 with toigher aspirations, and with greater love for their calling State Appropriation,

Resolved-That this Report and the accompanying resolutions be

entered at length on the minutes of this Board, and be printed in the Total,

$24,110,26 | Transactions of the Society.

Resolved-That a copy of this report and resolutions be sent by the OF THE YEAR, I loro Secretary under the seal of this Society to the family of each of the Premiums at Winter Meeting..

691.00 Expenses

deceased, with the assurance of the sincere sympathy which the memdo. 1.1.1) 70,56

bers of this Board severally feel for them in their afliction. vis plan Salaries and Travelling Expenses, (including Dr. Asa Pitch,)


On motion of Gov. King, the report and resolutions were Library and Museum Expenses,


adopted. Premiums, &c., on account of Previous Fairs, 547.14 Postage Account,


A letter was read from citizens of Elmira, applying in Incidental Expenses,

175.81 Printing, Advertising and Stationery,


behalf of that place as the location of the next Show, and Expenses of Albany Fair..


offering to meet in all respects the Society's usual requirePremiums, etc., Albany Fair,

6,117.20 Survey of Onondaga County,

ments. The committee of twenty-four then withdrew for

consultation, and after a brief and harmonious session, 'reTotal,

.618.724,19 Cash on hand,


turned with a report reccommending ELMIRA as the loca

$24,410.26 tion of this year's Fair, and proposing for election the folThe balance on band, however, is subject to a still unadjusted lowing officers, who were duly balloted for and unanimousclaim on the part of the Albany Local Committee.

The customary Annual Report from the Executive Com- ly chosen. mittee was read by the Corresponding Secretary, Col. B.

PRESIDENT-BEXJ. F. HUNTINGTON, Oneida county. As ob 18 P. JOHNSON. After mentioning that the past year has First District-JOHN JAY of Westchester been one of unusual Agricultural interest, not only from the Second-CHARLES S. WAINWRIGHT of Duchess.

12 - 18 Third-HERMAN WENDELL of Albany.

rest success of the State, County, apd Town Agricultural Fourth-CALVIN J. HULBORD of St. Lawrence,

1 1/4703, oh ba Fairs that have taken place, but also as in some respects

Fifth-Jons BUTTERFIELD of Oneida.

Sixth-FRANCIS M. Rorch of Otsego. quite a peculiar season-attention was directed to the en

Seventh-JAMES O. SHELDON of Ontario. couraging remarks contained in the Governor's Message,

Eighth-T. C. PETERS of Genesee.

by 17%)

Cor. Secretary-B. P. JouxSON of Albany. also to the commendation he expressed of the Agricultural

Rec. Secretary-ERASTOS CORNING, Jr., Albany. College at Ovid. The survey of Onondaga Co., just com

Treasurer-LUTHER H. TCCKER of Albany.

Executive Committee--Hon. A. B. Dickinson of Steuben; L. Chån. pleted by Hon. Geo. GEDDES was highly spoken of. The dler Ball of Rensselaer; Clas, P. Wood of Cayuga; Ezra Corneli fact was mentioned that the wheat erop of the past year of Tompkins; and Samuel T. Thorne of Duchess. was an unusually good one, showing how important it is

MANURES For Grass Lands. to its rescue from the ravages of the midge, that it should

The Wednesday evening meeting of the Society, held in be brought forward as early in the season as possible. the Assembly Chamber, was attended by a very large auThe importance of Agricultural Statistics was next refer- dience, among whom, as well as in the morning, were to red to; the extent of our dairy interests considered; an al- be recognized many of the oldest and best known memlusion given to the use of steam power in farming; an early bers of the Society, and several of the most accomplished catalogue of the Agricultural Museum partially promised, agriculturists of the state. After the President, Mr. Con(which would be a most convenient and valuable matter for get, had taken his seat, a paper was read upon the use of every visitor.) The circulation of our Transactions in ex- Manures in the Fertilization of Grass Lands, by Mr. J. change for those of other bodies, has shown that they are Stanton Gould of Columbia. held in high esteem, and has been the means of spreading

Dr. Asa Fitch followed with an interesting paper on the the knowledge of our implements more widely; and the hope Curculio and Black Knot, a brief summary of which we was expressed, to which we may here call particular atten- reserve for our Horticultural Department another week. tion, that our citizens would prepare themselves to be well He was followed by the passage of a resolution, on motion represented at the World's Fair promised in Loudon in 1862. of Ion. T. C. PETERS, requesting the Legislature to conThe subjects next treated were the value of Dr. Fitch's tinue their customary appropriation in behalf the imporinvestigations; the system of visiting the farms entered tant investigations Dr. Fitch has been several years enfor the Society's Premiums; and, lastly the general clar- gaged in carrying on, under the auspices of the Society. acter of the last Exhibition in this city. We were very The ExuBITION AT THE Society's Rooms... glad to notice, in addition to the above, that the Report The Show on the 9th was a good one, and the quality contained some very just observations upon what is really of the articles said to be unusually fine. There were 147 a great desideratum whenever the Society is able to ac- plates of winter fruit, 46 of wbich were winter pears complish it, either through its own resources or with the chiefly from the grounds of Ellwanger & Barry, in excelassistance of the State, viz: the employment of an accom- lent condition and very attractive in appearance. plished chemist to pursue his investigations under its di. The apples included very large specimens of the Farections, as those of Dr. Fitch are now carried on in En- mense and the King of Pippins, while the King of Tomptomology; and a complimentary, but well deserved allusion kins, Swaar, Lyman's Pumpkin Sweet, and Twenty-Ounce, was made in passing to the services performed for the Ag- were fine. riculture of Connecticut by Prof. S. W. Johnson, under A large quantity of Grain was on exhibition, and of a the auspices of the Society of that State.

very good quality, full and heavy. A large dressed Hog, With the Report of the Executive Committee, there at the head of the hall, was shown by William Richard was embodied the report and resolutions offered by Messrs. son, weighing 529 lbs., of the Yorkshire breed. A fine KELLY, PETERS, Johnson, Wainwright and CHEEVER, carcase of mutton weighing 126 lbs., was exlvibited by the committee to whom was referred the duty of present Messrs. Charles & Van Meter of Center Market. There

ing officially an announcement of the death, during De- were forty-three firkins of Butter and twelve boxes of a cember last, of three valued members and late officers of Cheese. The display of dressed poultry was not large.

the Society. This was read by Mr. BOGART, at the request There were thirty-five plates of Potatoes. A Churu was









brought forward by T. A. Jebb of Buffalo, the Patentee, Grapes--Best Isabella and Catawba, R. P. Wiles, Albany, vol. Thomas.

Thomas Evans, Watkins, Pruit Picker,

S. S, M, called the " Telegraph Churn," which was highly recom


བ་འབབ་བབ་འབབ་བབ་པ་ mended, and attracted much attention from the favorable Best Isabella, Dr. O. F. Presberry, Buiralo, copy of Downing. results of several trials made at the rooms during the day. ilderberry, A. F. Chatfeld, Albany,

Currant, Ellwanger & Barry, Rochester.......... ILU do.

do. The following are the awards of the several committees Pure Cider, O. Howland, Auburn..

copy of Thomas. Maple Molasses. Iliran Mills, Martinsburgh,.

vol. of Traps. whose reports were submitted during the day:

Preserved Strawberries, P. Myers, Bethlehem,

... Thomas. Grain--Hirst premium, Lewis Sherrili, Greenville, Greene Co..... $50 T. A. Jebb, Bufalo, Patent Telegraph Churn, manufactured by B.! Dairy-First premium, Hiram Mills, Martiysburg, Lewis Co., Draining-Best experiment, W. T. & F. Sinith, Geneva, (83 acres,) 20 Wm. Richardson, Albany, fat llog, 529 lbs.,

D. Gilbert, Buffalo...


S. Medal. T. C. Maxwell & Bro.. Genera, special, (30 acres,)...... S. Medal, Fertilizers for Indian Corn, W. B. Oitley, Phelps, Ontario Co.,... $50 0. Howland, Auburn, l'oultry,

W. P. Ottley, Phelps, very fine Poultry,...

....... 8. S. M.

Trans, Prepared Grasses and Herbage, Mrs J, T. Van Namee, Pittstown,

Walter A. Wood, Hoosick Falls, Rensselaer Co., model Wood's

Patent Mower.. *** Rensselaer Co., (97 varieties,).


S. E. & M. P. Jackson, Boonville, Oneida Co., model of Mowing Grain and Seeds---Mrs. Henry Wier, Johnsonville, Reps, Co., 35 varieties Grain and Seed botted and 17 do, stalk,


Machine, with improvements on side draft,

T. K, Van Zandt, Albany, paiting of Bull "Neptune," owned by
Hurst, Bullock & Slingerland..

Dip. Best crop of Spring Wheat, C. W. Eells, Westmoreland, 68 48-60

INFORMAL MEETING FOR Discussion. bush., two acres,

$15 Best crop Spring Barley, Hiram Mills, Martinsburgh, 122 9-18 bush., A meeting was held in the Society's Lecture Room, on

two acres,... Best crop Oats c. 1. Kiersted, Kingston, 213 bushels, on two acres 15 of informal discussion. Some notes of the proceedings, Best crop Rse, c L. Kiersted Kingston, 322 bushels, 8 35-100 acres 13 Thursday, Chancellor McCoun presiding, for the purpose els by ineasure and 637% by weight, 6% acres,.


will bereafter appear in our columns. Best crop Backwheat. d. L. Kiersted, Kingston, 35% bush., one ADDP.ESSES FROM PRESIDENTS CONGER AND HUNTINGTON Best Crop Peas-E W. Bushnell, Hillsdale, 40% bush., 1% acres, .. $8 2d do.. John Potter, Marcy,

In the evening, President Conger called the meeting to Peck, Potatoes—Best crop, FL S. Hayward, Rochester, 35 bush. 7 acre, . 88 order at half-past seven. After the reading by Secretary Ruta Bagas--Best crop, Hiraio Olmstead. Walton, 807 bush., 82 rods, 8 Johnson of reports awarding the prizes as above given, Carrots Best crop, a lasward, Rochester, 47100 acre, Pobusl... . Mr. Conger proceeded to address the Society, reviewing 3d do. A, Gurnee, Watertown, 1.5th acre, 195 bush., Trans the history of that body and preceding organizations in Discretionary -Best crop Grass, c. L. Kiersted, Kingston, :1.0 Trans. Flax-Best crop, M. C. Snyder, Rensselaer Co.,

$15 this State devoted to the promotion of Agriculture; ex21 do, Herry Wier, Rensselaer Co...

pressing some gratification at our present position; sugGRAINS AND SEEDS. Winter Wheat-Oliver J. Tillson, New Paltz, 60 lbs...

$3 gesting one or two precautions in the management of our Spring Wheat-Best. C. W. Eells, Westmoreland, 63 lbs., 3 future exhibitions, and intimating that the railroad com2d do., W. P. Coonradt, Brunswick, Rens, Co., 62 lbs............ 3d do., A. E. Van Allen, East Greenbush, 62 lbs.....

i panies would hereafter issue 'excursion tickets for them, Rye--Best, 0. J. Tillson, New Paltz. 59 lbs.,

3 Many other points of practical and scientific nature were 2d do., E W. Bushnell, Hillsdale, 58 lbs.... 3d do. W. P. Coonradt, Brunswick, 56 lbs.,..

briefly referred to, and, in concluding, Mr. Conger introBarley, 2-rowed -Best, H. Mills, Martinstargh, 50 lbs.,

3 duced to the audience his successor in office, Hon. B. N. 20 do., Norman Gowdy, Lowville, 49 lbs.,.. Oats--Best, C. W. Eells, Westmoreland, 42 lbs.,

HUNTINGTON of Oneida. 2d do.. George Cary, Bethlehem, 42 lbs....

The President elect thanked the Society for the honor 3d do., Henry Wier, Johnville, 40 ihs.... Corn, yellow-Best, E. 8. Elting. New Paltz, 61 lbs.,

conferred upon him, in a few well chosen remarks. A vote 2d do. Wm. Newcomb, Rensselaer Co., 60 lbs.... 3d do., W. P. Cooprad, Rensselaer Co.. 61 lbs...

of thanks was passed unanimously to the retiring PresiCorn, White-Best, Tenry Wier, Rens. Co., 58 lbs.,.

dent, Mr. CONGER, for the able manner in which he bad Peas-Pest, Henry Smith, Lowville, «2 lbs, 20 do., Norman Gowdy, Loxville, 61 lbs.,..

performed the duties of the office during the past year, 3d do, E. W. Bushnell, Msdale, Col. Co., 62 lbs.,

and for his instructive address, a copy of which was reBeans, white-Best. W. P. Coorradt, Rens Co., 61 lbs. 2d de, (, Howland, Auburn, 63 lbs.,

quested for publication. Ex-Governor King then brought Sd do.. Henry Wier, Rensselaer Co., 61 lbs..

i forward the subject of the Agricultural College, earnestly Flax Seed-Best, Henry Wier, (red fax,) 53 lbs., 2d do., Henry Wier, (white.) 52 lbs..

impressing upon the company sense of its high charac3d do, Wm, Newcomb. Rensselaer Co.. (red.) 50 Ibe.

Iter and importance, and calling out Major Patrick, the Buckwheat-Best, 0. J. Tilsson, New Paltz, 52 lbs, 2 do. Wm. P. Coorradt, 52 lbs.....

President of the Institution. Major P. spoke of the ne3d do., A, E Van Allen, East Greenbush, 51 lbs..

1 cessity of a higher order of agricultural education than we DISCRETIONARY. Corn in the ear, D W. O. De Forest, Rensselaer Co...

had hitherto received, and thought a better system of cul

Trans. dlo. W. P. Ottley, Ontario Co.,

Trans. ture was called for here, since the fertility of her soils was E. S. Elting, New Paltz, Rhode Island Corn in ear,.. W P. Coonradt, Brunswick Sweet Corn,..

Trans. enabling the West to under sell us in all the markets of Samuel Cheever, Waterford, 26 varieties of Potatoes, raised from the world. seed furnished by C. E Goodrich, Ulica, the fifth year from planting. special premium recommended.

Agriculture was of too great concern to be suffered to B. N. Huntington, Rome, exhibited nine varieties of Potatoes, Trans. shift for itself in the matter of education and the preparaD. A. Buckley, Williamstown, Mass., five samples of early and late tion required for successful practice. It was impossible to Potatoes..

Trans. calculate the influence of one good farmer upon the agriWm. A Gurnee, Watertown, Carrots,


culture of his region. He said John Johnston had told BUTTER. Best 3 tuhr, Erida Crofoot, Turin, Lewis Co...

$15 him (hie was sorry he was not present to speak himself,) 20 do., Hiram Mills, Martineburgh, Lewis Co

10 3d do., E. B. Rugg, Leyden, Lewis Co....

that the value of real estate in Seneca county had increased 4th do., Mrs. P. Lathy, Phelpe, Ontario Co...

*Trans. one-tenth throughout the county, under the influence of Best three tubs made in June, August and Noveniber.

the exertions of John Delafield. Mr. Patrick alluded to Best, F. B. Ruge, Leyden, Lewis Co.....

$15 2d do., Elisha Crofoot, Turin, Lewis ('o....

the wants of the Institution to which he had been called, 3d do., L L. French, Warren, Herkimer Co.,

Trans. and said $81,000 had been expended in its establishment, Winter Butter,

and some $20,000 more were required-he referred to the Best sample, RH, Wandı. College Faru, Ovid, Seneca Co....... 65 2d do., Sanford Coe, Constableville, Lewis Co.,..

report on the subject, for information in regard to it. The 3d do. N. Gowdy, Lowville, Lewis Co.....

Trans. institution would probably be ready for pupils about the DISCRETIONARY. Mrs. Harilla Winehell, Morehouse, for the best specimen af Butter,

1st of April. Enough applications had been received du

Trans, and Frit Book. ring the first 20 days of the month past, to compose the Miss Jane E. Mille, Martinsburgh, Lewis Co., handsome specimen Butter,

first class. He urged the propriety of the farmers present CUEESE. Best 3 Cheese, Norman Gowdy. Lowville, Lewis Co.....

bringing the subject before the people at large. Scarce

$15 20 do., E. F. Carter, le Ray. Jefferson Co.,

10 any of our prosperous farmers but could aid materially by 3d do.. Hiram Mills, Martiusburgh, Lewis Co.,..

5 4th do.. Theron Van Auken, Phelpe, Ontario Co....


money or otherwise, in placing the institution upon a solid DISCRETIONARY.

foundation, and he was sure when once established it would R H. Wands, New-York Ag. College Farm, Ovid.

$5 be self-sustaining. FRUIT. Pears-Best Collection. Ellwanger & Barry, Rochester, Dip. & Medal.

A resolution was offered by Chancellor McCOUN welcom200 do., E, Dorr, Albany.. Apples Best 20 varieties. Ellwanger & Barry,


. ing Major PATRICK among the farmers of the state, when16 do.. W. H. Slingerland, Albany..

Dip, and ever he should present before them the claims of the insti20 do. W. P. Ottley, Phelps,.

copy of Barry. tution over which he presided. Some other unimportant Best dish, H. C. DeForest, Rensselaer Co.

Medal. 24 do., Cornelius Chase, Columbia Co., ........... ... vol. of Trans.

business was transacted, and then the Society adjourned

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No, rods to the acre.


between drains.

20 feet, 25 do 30 do. 40 do, 50 do. 60 do.






I Cost of Draining---Thomas' Drain Plow. spades, I was able to get my ditches sunk and refilled for

about one-half, though working under several disadvanMessrs. Ens.-Having last season put down a few thou- tages. I am confident that under favorable circumstances, sand tile by the aid of Thomas' drain plow, at a cost very three feet drains can be sunk with the plow for eight cents much less than I had ever been able to do it at before, a rod, while I find some of mý neighbors paying the Alperhaps it may be of some service to those of your readers bany contractors 25 cts. Now I feel that there is some who, like myself, are farmers of wet clays, to lay before hope of my being able to drain my land at a cost that will them a short statement of the way in which the work was make it pay, as soon as opposition brings the price of tile done, and comparative tables of the cost of sinking ditches down to anything like a reasonable sum-say one-half of

what they are now asking in Albany. Allow me in the first place to say, that my farm belongs

I add a table to show the number of rods of drains to to the stiffest class of fine yellow "clays, with no variation the acre in thorongh drainage, at various widths, thinking in the subsoil, save that the deeper you go the stiffer it be it may be useful to some of your readers. No allowance is

The greater part of it too, lies on almost a dead made for the mains, for if the lateral drains enter then from level, with numerous shallow basins of a quarter or half both sides, they will be entirely extra, and it will be best an acre in extent, a few inches lower than the surrounding to consider them so in making calculations as to the cost surface; while the whole seems to have been formerly of draining any piece of land. I also add the number of plowed without any reference to the fall of the dead fur- tile required to the acre, allowing 16 to a rod, which I rows corresponding to the lay of the land, I merely men. bave found to be about right; and a third column, showtion this, to show that there are but few farms on which ing the cost per acre, laid about three feet deep, taking In the month of May last, I laid out on a piece of six account, and tile at $10 a thousand, the cake price of two

my operations of the past summer as a basis for the labor acres, 493 rods of tile-daan sa oce running length inly be considered as a general guide,

even been the the ways through the piece, into which the new ones were to penise of transportation is added to the first cost of the empty. These were all opened to a depth of about 10 in-tile; but it may be of service ? some farmers who intend ches with a common plow, by a pair of borses and two trying underdraining this year. men in little over half a day. (For this labor-saving idea Wiath of interval

No. tile to Cost per acre. I am indebted to my old friend, Mr. Robt. Swan of Gene

the aere. 18% & 16-Say 30 ets. va.) With the same plow, set as deep as possible, we then


105% threw two furrows together in the bottom of the ditch, and when this loose earth was thrown out we already had


15.82% a depth of from 16 to 18 inches. With Thomas' draining plow we had then no difficulty in so loosening the earth I doubt if any thing at intervals greater than 60 feet for another 18 inches, (giving us a total depth of 33 inches can be called thorough drainage, so I llave not carried ruy or a little over,) that it was easily thrown out with a com- calculation farther.

W. c. Sna mon shovel. It required three separate plowings to get it to this depth_about five inches of earth being loosened

[For the Country Gentleman and each time. One man and a pair of horses, straddling the SHALL WE BUY THE CATTLE WE FEED? ditch, worked it with ease; passing it through the ditch four times for each plowing, so as to get the earth thorough- Eps. Co. Gent.—I thank your Geneva correspondent, ly loosened. The final spit

, grading the fall, was removed JOHN JOHNston, for bis prompt response to my inquiry on with a narrow draining-spade and a scoop. The tile were cattle feeding. I thank him also for the valuable instruccovered with inverted sods, and the earth, thrown out tion he has given in that important branch of farm econoequally on both sides, was all returned with a common my. I find I was correct in my former communication, plow.

when I remarked that Mr. Johnston was a much more suo The past spring here was very wet, so that several days cessful feeder than I was; but I did not expect to be we could not use the draining plow, for fear of the horses so badly beaten as I now find myself to be. slipping into the ditch, and were obliged to open a num

Last season I sold my four-year old steers at $60, and ber of rods in the old way, with spades. It also prevented thought I was domg pretty well. This year I have as good, my finishing the job at that time, leaving about a quarter but the price ruling low I could not now get as much for of it until the end of last month, when the days were very them. Mr. Johnston, at 22 to 24 months old, by his sysshort. The land was so nearly level that it required great tem, gets from $47 to $60, a gain of two years upon my care and a good deal of time to grade the bottom proper- system of feeding. ly; but we got most of the tile down to a depth of three This comparison between Mr. Johnston and myself, refeet.

minds me of a very pointed and practical illustration of Let us now compare the cost of these drains with that the value of Agricultural Fairs, made in an address before of a piece done a few years ago entirely by the spade and one of our Maryland Societies, some years ago, by Prof. shovel, on exactly similar land.

Benjamin Hallowell, late President of the Maryland Agris Cost OF LAYING 625 RODS or TILE WITH SPADE AND SHOVEL.

cultural College a man of wisdom and learning, and deTo 117% days sinking ditches, at 87% etsradi

voted to rural life and agrieultural improvement - Mr. do. laying tile and covering with sod..........:


11.88 Hallowell, on the occasion alluded to, was invited to de 1.32% do, filling, ..

liver an address before the Ag. Society in the county in

$146.34 which he resided. Feeling, doubtless, a little ambitious Or nearly 23% cents a rod. WORLD

from the position he was to oecupy, to have something Cost OF LAYING 433 RODS OF Tule TITH PLOW AND SHOVEL. To 3 day, horse team and extra driver, marking out, at $3.73, 50 stock to make his selection ; but he found nothing which

attractive from his own farm to exhibit, he went among his plowing earth loose, at $2.87%)

so completely filled his beau ideal of perfection as his half13 do. laying tile, and covering with sods, at 87 cts... 1% do. horse team filling, at $2.87%.,

3.60 blood Merino ram. This ram was forthwith ordered to the

Fair, and with the just pride of a farmer, friend Hallowell Or nearly 13% cents a rod.

soon invited his friends to an examination of his beautiful I have not included the tile in either case, as the cost of sheep—when to his astonishment and surprise be found them per rod would not differ. I have also charged full his favorite ram, the pride of his flock, completely and price for the horse labor, which should be done in all farm overwhelmingly eclipsed by a pair of noble Cotswolds, exaccounts, though in this case they would bave been stand- bibited by Horatio Trundle, Esq., from another part of the ing idly in the stable if they had not been used here. If county, the existenée of which hé, Mr. H., was totally we deduct the charge for team, it makes the cost 114 cts. ignorant of. In his address the learved Professor tumed

this circunstance to very good account. In speaking of It will be thus seen, that by using the plow instead of the value and importance of Agricultural Fairs, he frankly




23 do. do.

45 days shovelling out loosened earth, at 87% ete.



a rod.


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confessed the pride with which he had, entered his afore- wes (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) said ram for the prize, which he confidently expected to

TREATMENT OF RINGBONE. win until he saw the far superior sheep exhibited by bis

Hvob jua friend Trundle—and but for this exhibition, he not only

Messrs, Editors—In the Country Gentleman of Jan, should have remained ignorant that there was such sheep 12, you say there is no cure for confirmed ringbone." in the county as bis friend Trundle had exhibited, but that A few years since, one of my horses was badly ringboned he should have continued himself under the delusion with upon both bind feet, and rery lame. A friend, upon see. wybich he left home, that he had himself the finest.

ing his lameness, remarked that he could give me a recipe Just so it is in raising and feeding cattle; but for the that would surely cure the lameness, but not remove the medium of your valuable paper, and the interesting and bunches." I tried it as directed, and a permanent cure of remained under the delusion that I was doing pretty well

ed to
a los

it a secret, and I will say nothing about it, but in raising and selling four year old steers at $60 per head. let the Country Gentlemando the talking. Recipe: I now find they can be sold for as much money at 2 years

& pint spirits turpentine. old, by Mr. Johnston's superior management.

1 ounce oil oreganum. Something, however, is due to difference in circum- gunce oil amber. stances. In a rapid railroad excursion to the north some

1 ounce oil of spike.. usa in years ago, I was struck with the beauty, fertility and high an ounce aqua fortis. state of cultivation of the land bordering on Seneca lake,

Mix in a bottle, and apply daily (Sundays excepted) with

N. Y. on which I believe the town of Geneva is situated. dana swab. L I. 1. Vernon Center, I am aflicted with a larger quantity of old worn out land

MORTE DE LIT guitain's Histo (as we describe it in the south) than I can at present bring to LARGE OR PEAVINE CLOVER. I under the hand of improvement. The only profitable way

We find the f of using such land, is ito appropriate it to pasturage for

following article on this variety of clover, sheep and young cattle. My practice then is, to winter about which there has been considerable inquiry of late, my calves as Mr. Johnston does—the first winter on elover in the Mohawk (Herkimer county) Courier, and it is, we hay, omitting the meal which he adds to the clover hay presume, from the pen of the editor of the Ag. Departand in the spring turn them on the inferior Pasture just ment of that paper: described. The second winter they are fed on corn fodder and wheat straw, without grain, and turned again with clover," and from being extensively raised for seed in the

The large variety of clover, sometimes called "peavino the sheep on inferior pasture. The third winter fed as the southern part of this county, known in some parts as "Herki. second, and the following spring put on better pasture, mer clover,'' has soine qualities that commend it to the use of which by the fall brings them forward in a condition to be dairymen. sold asgrass fed beef, or fed 2 or 3 barrels of corn, worth from Firstly, its enormous growth. It yields fully double the $6 to 89, and generally sold at a much higher price as amount of herbage produced by any other clover or grass we stall fed beef. In this way I bring my 4 year old steers, cultivate. It has been objected to by some as being too large. at a cost of not over $9 in grain, to an average of $60 per Its stems grow very long and large in rich soil, and not being head. Mr. Johnston, by feeding from $15 to $20 worth of able to support their weight, a considerable portion of them oil meal or other grain, sells his two year old steers for injured. Weight for weight, 'such hay is not as good as that

often lie flat upon the ground, and hence become more or less $60 per head. His is doubtless nearer the true mercan- made from timothy, red top, nor June grass ; nor is it as good tile principle of turning his capital as rapidly as possible. as from clover that has not fallen down, but still it makes valBut my ohjeetion heretofore to feeding cattle so young, uable fodder. was a want of maturity, and consequently a disposition to I am now keeping part of my cows upon this kind of clover take on and carry to market solid and substantial fat and that grew at the rate of eix loads to the acre, as large as I tallow. Mr. Johnston's system of feeding oil cake, with could draw on a common hay rigging. It was coarse indeed ; which I have no experience, will perhaps overcome this but it was well cured, and comes out bright and free from objection. He, however, admits that he finds it more mould or discoloration by heating, and without loss of leaves. profitable to buy 3 and 4 year old cattle to feed; but what The cows eat it readily and with a geod relish, consuming eren then becomes of his calves ? Are they sacrificed to the the coursest steins. They keep in good health and flesh, and butcher and the epicure! It is against this wasteful and like any clover, depends very much upon the manner in wbich

are in every respect doing finely upon it. The value of this, destructive praetice that I contend-wasteful, because it it is cured. When partly dried, its strength is quickly steepdestroys in infaney an animal fitted and intended for rapid ed out by a shower of rain; or its leaves lost, and its goodness growth, improvement and maturity—destructive, because burnt out by drying too long in the sun; and to be good must it deprives the country of the provision intended by Provi- be cut when in full blossom. dence to feed and sustain it. To buy 3 or 4 year old cat- Secondly, This kind of clorer is less liable to injury by tle to fatten, requires an active capital constantly on hand drouth than any other

, and much less so than the grasses. As to keep up the supply--and renders us dependant on others for what we can ourselves furnish. My plan brings be effected by the drýest seasons we have had since I com

scornabeletes a fold in the soil, its large and leng roots strike to naturity and full development the tender calf-saves inenced cultivating it. the capital necessary to buy the 3 and 4 year old steers, and renders me independent of the fluctuations of the stock hence is better where timothy is to be cultivated with it. The

Thirdly. It ripens at the same time with timothy, and market. Mr. Johnston's system requires tact and judg- earlier kinds will be greatly injured by standing till timothy ment in buying as well as selling. The system I advocate is ripe enough to cut; and if cut at its proper season, the is better adapted to that large class of farmers who are not timothy will not be full grown. so highly gifted in this respect as Mr. Johnston evidently


a suitable state for cutting

Fourthly. By ripening slowly, it remains a longer time in

Fifthly. While through its large leaves it derives most of (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) its support from the air, its large roots extending through the To make Hard Soap.

ground loosen and enrich it. The exhaustion of soil for a

given value of fodder is much less than with timothy. Eds. Co. GENT.-I send you the following recipe, which I wish the readers of your paper to have the benefit of, as it is considered the best of many :

SHARES' Harrow.-This harrow I think is a good imTake 6 lbs. of soda, 6 lbs. of fat, 3 lbs. of lime, and 4 gala heavy, and of the toughest wood. To make it work pro

plement, but the timber should be made about double as boil them. Then take it out in something to settle ; then put perly I had a log weighing between 50 and 100 lbs. put the fat in the boiler and add the water (leaving

the settlings on it. The shank or portions of the metal inserted into behind.) Boil about balf an hour, or until it is thick. Then the wood, should be made somewhat longer. I never saw take it out to cool, when it is ready to cut as is desired. any implement put in wheat better.

J. R. W. Highlund Home, Pa. : 14pisyd byder E. COPE. Albemarle Co., Va.


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NEW AMERICAN STYLE OF RURAL ARCHITECTURE. EDITORS COUNTRY GENTLEMAN—The last example of the graceful forms; ornament does not add a partide to beaunew American style, was undoubtedly too expensive a de- ty, unless the simple forms are right and in their proper sign for a great majority who may have desired to build, place. To describe why we inserted a large window in or who intend to commence this spring. We intended front, three small ones above, and made the entrance that example, without any reference to the plan, should poreh as it is, &c., would take up too much spaee. represent the general characteristics of the style, and as We will describe the plan briefly, and it must be underfar as that motive was concerned, a great many, especially stood these requirements were given by the owner, and gentlemen of refinement and taste, liave acknowledged not arranged by us. You enter by an entrance porch a, our efforts by adopting designs with the same characteris- 7 feet square-have a hall 6, 5 feet wide, affording an untics. We are endeavoring, as far as our ideas will allow, interrupted draft-staircase hall, 7 feet wide, leading to to produce a style that shall be national and truly Amer- two bed-rooms, k and h, with fire-place and closet to each, ican; and it lies with the people of both north and south, and to passage between dining-room, D, and parlor, C. cast and west, to approve of our attempts or not. We de- The entrance hall has door to parlor, to dining room, and sire to submit to their examination, designs with every to small passage with wash basin, &c., to kitehen, E. F is a

store-room with shelves, and g is kitehen pantry, well lighted. M. is veranda, and is on the rear side, we may say, because towards the south-the front faces porth, kitchen east. There is a closet, L, under stairs, for dining

On second floor of main building are two bedrooms and bathroom.

There can be a piazza on front if desired, as well as any other change. Our desire is to represent how this style has conformed to the wishes of those desjring their own arrangement of rooms carried out. In conclusion we will

state here, that we shall soon represent the adaptation of 3


the style to brick construction, and we hope this smal design will show our intentions, as remarked beforehand.

SAELTZER & VALK, Architects,

[See advertisement.] Bible House, Astor Place, New-York. 1 g


GROWERS' ASSOCIATION OF CONNECTICUT. --The following are the officers elected at the annual meeting, held at Hartford, Jan. 10:

President-DANIEL S. DEWEY, Hartford,
Vice Presidents-C. S. Middlebrook, Bridgport; E. A. Holcomb,
Secretary-M. C. Weld, Hartford.

Treasurer-Richard H. Phelps, Windsor. variety of plan, hoping by so doing a better judgment can be Some of our readers we doubt not, will be surprised to made, whether we are to satisfy our countrymen as regards learn, as we do from statements at this meeting, that 200,a new and National style. We submit a third example 000 gallons of wine were made in Connectieut last year, --& residence for a small family, that cost $2,500, and samples of some of which, made without sugar, were proshows how plain and how picturesque a country cottage nounced at their last State Fair equal to the choicest can be designed. To bave a high roof, dormer windows, Rhenish wines. The Diana, Hartford Prolific, Isabella, plenty of piazza, tower, or an abundance of ornament, and Concord, were the kinds of grapes recommended in would not make this design one iota more beautiful or in their order for cultivation in Connecticut. Several kinds teresting. Beauty lies in simple, yet characteristic and of wild grapes were also recommended.

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