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• NEW-YORK STATE AG. SOCIETY. of the Chair, and conveys a just and graceful tribute to

their memory, which will appear in the next volune of The annual meeting of this Society was held in this city the Transactions, and we make room below for the resola on the 8th and 9th of February. It met in the Assembly tions appended and previonsly passed by the Board: Chamber at 12 o'clock on the 8th-Hon. A. B. CONGER, Resolved-That in the death of Benjamin B. Kirtland, Joel Tarrill

and Anthony Van Bergen, the New York State Agricultural Society President, in the Chair-B, P. Johnson, Sec'y,

has sustained the loss of three of its oldest associates and warmest

friends the cause of agriculture, three of its most devoted and intet The Treasurer, L, H, TUCKER, read his annual report, of ligent diciples, and the christian community some of its most ex which we present the following brief abstract:

emplary and respected members.

While as individuals we mourn the departure of those who have RECEIPTS OF THE YEAR.';rett, 135

been endeared to us by long companionship, and whose intereoorso Cash on hand from last account.......

inillo 9.050.93 with us has been marked throughout by kind feeling, by christian Life Memberships during the year, ..

657.00 courtesy, and by cordial synipathy in all the objects which as farmers Other Memberships do.

TT 75.00 we have had at heart; as a Board, we deplore the loss of those whose Use of Tent, 1858 ...*

s. 16.00 valged labors have been associated with every important enterprise State Appropriation for Dr. Fitch,

1,000.00 of this Society, and whose example as liberal minded, intelligent From Local Connittee for Albany Fair r Expenses,

1200.00 farmers was so well calculated to inspire all er gaged in that pursuit Receipts of Albany Fair, ....

18.11.33 with higher aspirations, and with greater love for their calling State Appropriation, .........

900.00 1 Resolved-That this Report and the accompanying resolutions he

entered at length on the minutes of this Board, and be printed in the I': Total, ....vidi.. ........ . ...824,410.26 Transactions of the Society. Pistillisen

Resolved-That a copy of this report and resolutions be sent by the ja EXPENDITURES OF THE YEAR,

Hi, Secretary under the seal of this Society to the family of each of the Prerniums at Winter Meeting......

deceased, with the assurance of the sincere sympathy which the memExpenses

VI1 70.56 : La

bers of this Board severally seel for them in their affliction. Salaries and Travelling Expenses, (including Dr. Asa Pitch,).

3.779.71

On motion of Gov. King, the report and resolutions were Library and Museum Expenses,..

181.10

adopted. : Premiums, &c., on account of Previous Fairs.

547,14 Postage Account, .....

155.93

A letter was read from citizens of Elmira, applying in Incidental Expenses, ..

175.81 Printing, Advertising and Stationery, .

837.90

behalf of that place as the location of the next Show, and Expenses of Albany Fair....

5,980.84

offering to meet in all respects the Society's usual requirePremiums, &c., Albany Fair,

16,116.20 1 Survey of Onondaga County,

200.00

ments. The committee of twenty-four then withdrew for

consultation, and after a brief and harmonious session, re

918,724.19 Cash on hand,

5,686.07

turned with a report reccommending ELMIRA as the loca

$24,410.26 / tion of this year's Fair, and proposing for election the folThe balance on band, however, is subject to a still unadjusted lowing officers, who were duly balloted for aud unanimousclaim on the part of the Albany Local Committee. 1: The customary Annual Report from the Executive Com- 1 ly chosen. mittee was read by the Corresponding Secretary, Col. B.I PRESIDENT--BENJ. F. HUNTINGTON, Oneida county. . ob bø P. Johnson. After mentioning that the past year has

VICE-PRESIDENTS.

First District-JOHN JAY of Westchester county 11,4 be been one of unusual Agricultural interest, not only from the Second-CHARLES S. WAINWRIGHT of Duchess

on the be

Third-HERMAN WENDELL of Albany. success of the State, County, apd Town Agricultural

Fourth-CALVIN J. HULEURD of St. Lawrence. .1!374) ..on & Fairs that have taken place, but also as in some respects Fifth-Jonx BUTTERFIELD of Oneida.

Sixth-FRANCIS M. ROTCH of Otsego. 11:03b quite a peculiar season-attention was directed to the en

Seventh-JAMES O. SUELDON of Ontario

! couraging remarks contained in the Governor's Message, Eighth-T. C. PETERS of Genesee.

Cor. Secretary-B. P. Joussox of Albany. also to the commendation he expressed of the Agricultural

Rec. Secretary--ERASTI'S CORNING, Jr.. Albany

, College at Ovid. The survey of Onondaga Co., just com Treasurer-LUTHER H. TCCKER of Albany.

Executive Committee-Hon. A. B. Dickinson of Stekben: L. Chanpleted by Hon. Geo. GEDDES was highly spoken of. The dler Ball of Rensselaer; Chas. P. Wood of Cayuga; Ezra Cornell fact was mentioned that the wheat crop of the past year of Tompkins; and Samuel T. Thorne of Duchess.“ was an unusually good one, showing how important it is

MANURES FOR GRASS LANDS. to its rescue from the ravages of the midge, that it should The Wednesday evening meeting of the Society, held in be brought forward as early in the season as possible. the Assembly Chamber, was attended by a very large auThe importance of Agricultural Statistics was next refer- dience, among whom, as well as in the morning, were to red to; the extent of our dairy interests considered ; an al- be recognized many of the oldest and best known memlusion given to the use of steam power in farming; an early bers of the Society, and several of the most accomplished catalogue of the Agricultural Museum partially promised, agriculturists of the state. After the President, Mr. Con(which would be a most convenient and valuable matter for ger, had taken his seat, a paper was read upon the use of every visitor.) The circulation of our Transactions in ex- Manures in the Fertilization of Grass Lands, by Mr. J. change for those of other bodies, has shown that they are Stanton Gould of Columbia. held in high esteem, and has been the means of spreading

Dr. Asa Fitch followed with an interesting paper on the the knowledge of our implements more widely; and the hope Curculio and Black Knot, a brief summary of which we was expressed, to which we may here call particular atten- reserve for our Horticultural Department another week. tion, that our citizens would prepare themselves to be well He was followed by the passage of a resolution, on motion represented at the World's Fair promised in London in 1862. of Hon. T. C. PETERS, requesting the Legislature to conThe subjects next treated were the value of Dr. Firch's tinue their customary appropriation in behalf the imporinvestigations; the system of visiting the farms entered tant investigations Dr. Fitch has been several years enfor the Society's Premiums; and, lastly the general char-gaged in carrying on, under the auspices of the Society. acter of the last Exhibition in this city. We were very The Exibition at THE SOCIETY'S Roous. glad to notice, in addition to the above, that the Report The Show on the 9th was a good one, and the quality contained some very just observations, upon what is really of the articles said to be unusually fine. There were 147 a great desideratum whenever the Society is able to ac-plates of winter fruit, 46 of wbich were winter pears complish it, either through its own resources or with the chiefly from the grounds of Ellwanger & Barry, in excelassistance of the State, viz: the employment of an accom- lent condition and very attractive in appearance. plished chemist to pursue his investigations under its di. The apples included very large specimens of the Farections, as those of Dr. Fitch are now carried on in En-meuse and the King of Pippins, while the King of Tomptomology; and a complimentary, but well deserved allusion kins, Swaar, Lyman's Pumpkin Sweet, and Twenty-Ounce, was made in passing to the services performed for the Ag- were fine. riculture of Connecticut by Prof. S. W. Johnson, under A large quantity of Grain was on exhibition, and of a the auspices of the Society of that State.

very good quality, full and heavy. A large dressed Hog, With the Report of the Executive Committee, there at the head of the hall, was shown by William Richard. was embodied the report and resolutions offered by Messrs. son, weigluing 529 lbs., of the Yorkshire breed. A fine KELLY, PETERS, Johnson, Wainwright and CHEEVER, carcase of mutton weighing 126 lbs., was exhibited by the committee to whom was referred the duty of present Messrs. Charles & Van Meter of Center Market. There

ing officially an announcement of the death, during De- were forty-three firkins of Butter and twelve boxes of dicember last, of three valued members and late officers of Cheese. The display of dressed poultry was not large.

the Society. This was read by Mr. Bogart, at the request | There were thirty-five plates of Potatoes. A Churur was

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brought forward by T. A. Jebb of Buffalo, the Patentee, Grapes-Best Isabella and Catawba, R. P. Wiles, Albany, vol. Thomas.

Thomas Evans, Watkins, Pruit Picker.....

..... S. S. M. called the “Telegraph Churn," which was highly recom- |

****TUT:

WINES. mended, and attracted much attention from the favorable Best Isabella, Dr. O. F. Presberry, BuTalo, ........ copy of Downing. results of several trials made at the rooms during the day. Elderberry, A, E Chatfield. Albany,

Currant, Ellwanger & Barry, Rochester,..

do. The following are the awards of the several committees Pure Cider, O. Howland, Auburn,...

.... copy of Thomas. Maple Molasses, Iliran Mills, Martinsburgh,.

vol. of Traps. whose reports were submitted during the day: . .!!

Preserved Strawberries, P. Myers, Bethlehem,...... .... Thomas. FARMS, &c.

,' - MISCELLANEOUS Grain--First premium, Lewis Sherrill, Greenville. Greene Co..... $50 T. A. Jebb, Buffalo, Patent Telegraph Churn, manufactured by B.. Dairy-Hirst premium, Hiran Mills. Martiysburg, Lewis Co., .....

D. Gilbert, Buffalo.......

......... Dip. Draining-Best experiment, W. T. & E. Sinith, Geneva, (83 acres.) 20

W'm, Richardson, Albany, fat log, 529

..S. Medal. T. C. Maxwell & Bro.. Genera, special, (30 acres,)...... S. Medal,

W. P. Ottley, Phelps, very fine Poultry..... Fertilizers for Indian Corn, W. P. Oitley, Phelps, Ontario Co.,... $50

...... 8. S. M. 10, Howland, Auburn, l'oultry,..

Trans, Irrigation of Land, C. S. Kiersted, Kingston, Ulster Co., .........

Walter A. Wood, Hoosick Falls, R

ood's Prepared Grasses and Herbage, Mrs, J, T, Van Namee, Pittstown,

Patent Mower,...... Rensselaer Co., (97 varieties,).....

S. E. & M. P. Jackson, Boonville. Oneida 0 Grain and Seeds---Mrs. Henry Wier. Johnsonville, Rer

Machine, with improvements on side draft,... varieties Grain and Seed botted and 17 do, stalk,..

.. 10 T, K, Van Zandt, Albany, pamting of Bull "Neptune," owned by FIELD CROPS Hurst, Bullock & Slimgerland.......

.......... Dip. Best crop of Spring Wheat, C. W. Eells, Westmoreland, 68 48-GO..

INFORMAL MEETING FOR Discussion. bush., two acres,.. Best crop Spring Barley, Tram Mins, Martinsburgh, 122 9-18 bush., 1 A meeting was held in the Society's Lecture Room, on

two acres, Bestcrop Rse, C. L. Kiersted Kingston 302 bushels 833-100 acres 13 Thursday, Chancellor McCoun presiding, for the purpose Best crop Oats C. l., Kiersted, Kingston, 213 bushels, on two acres,

15 of informal discussion. Some notes of the proceedings, 2d best crop of Oats, W. H. Slingerland, Albany Co., 618% bush

will bereafter appear in our columns. 1617 17 3r 4t sat opping els by ineasure and 637% by weight, 6% acres.....

MIX Best crop Buckwheat. d. L. Kiersted, Kingston, 35% bush., one ADDP.ESSES FROM PRESIDENTS CONGER AND HUNTINGTON

acre, ......... Best Crop Peas -E W. Bushnell, Hillsdale, 40% bush., 1% acres .. $ě

AND OTHERS. 2d do.. John Potter, Marcy,...

................. 5 3d do., Ira R Peck, Last Bloor

In the evening, President Conger called the meeting to

Trans. Potatoes-Best cropFos.dlayward, Rochester, 305 bush., 1 acre. $8 order at hali-past seven. After the reading by Secretary Ruta Bagas-Best crop, Hirana Olmstead, Walton, 807 bush., 82 rods, 8 Johnson of reports awarding the prizes as above given, Carrots -- Best crop, E. S. Hayward, Rochester, 47-100 acre, 303 bush., 81 20 do.. Hiram Olmstead, Walton, 12 rexis, 277 bush.,.....

8 Mr. Conger proceeded to address the Society, reviewing 3d do. A, Gurnee, Watertown, 1.5th acre, 195 bush., .

Trans.

the history of that body and preceding organizations in Discretionary -Best crop Grass, O. L. Kiersted, Kingston, ... Trans. Flux-Best crop. M. C. Snyder, Rensselaer Co., ........ ....

this State devoted to the promotion of Agriculture; ex2d do, Herry Wier, Rensselaer Co.............

."

pressing some gratification at our present position; gugGRAINS AND SEEDS. Winter Wheat Oliver J. Tillson, New Paltz, 60 lbs.....

gesting one or two precautions in the management of our Spring Wheat-Best. C. W. Eells, Westmoreland, 63 lbs.,

future exbibitions, and intimating that the railroad com2d do., W. P. Coonradt, Brunswick, Rens, Co., 62 lbs.. 3d do., A. E. Van Allen, East Greenbush, 62 lbs.......

panies would hereafter issue 'excursion tickets for them, Rye-Best, 0. J. Tilison, New Paltz. 59 lbs., ......

Many other points of practical and scientific nature were 2d do., E W. Bushnell, Hillsdale, 59 lbs.,.. 3d do. W. P. Coonradt, Brunswick, 56 lbs.,...

i briefly referred to, and, in concluding, Mr. CONGER introBarley, 2-rowed--Best, H, Mills, Martinstargh, 50 lbs.

duced to the audience his successor in office, Hon. B. N. 2d do., Norman Gowdy. Lowville, 49 lbs....... Oats-- Best, C. W. Eells, Westmoreland, 4

HUNTINGTON of Oneida. !!!, 2d do... George Cary, Bethlehem, 42 lbs.......

The President elect thanked the Society for the honor 3d do., Henry Wier, Johnsville, 40 ihs.... Corn, yellow-Best, E S. Elting, New Paltz, 61 lbs.

$ conferred upon bim, in a few well chosen remarks. A vote 2d do. Wm. Newcomb, Rensselaer Co., 60 lbs... 3d do., w. P. Coopradt, Rensselaer Co.. 61 lbs...

of thanks was passed unanimously to the retiring PresiCorn, White-Best, Ylenry Wier, Rens. Co., 58 Ibe.

dent, Mr. CONGER, for the able manner in which he had Peas Best, Henry Smith, Lowville, 62 The...... 2d do., Norman Gowdy, Lowville, 61 lbs.,......

performed the duties of the office during the past year, 3d do, E, W. Bushnell, 115Hisdale, Col. Co..62 lbs...

and for his instructive address, a copy of which was reBeans, white-Best. W. P. Coonradt, Rens a 2d de, 0. Howland, Auburn, 63 lbs., .

quested for publication. Ex-Governor King then brought 8d do, Hexy Wier, Rensselaer Co., 61 lbs.. ..

forward the subject of the Agricultural College, earnestly Fax Seed-Best, Henry Wier, (red flax,) 53 lbs., 20 do., Henry Wier, (white.) 52 os....

impressing upon the company his sense of its high charac3d do Wa Newcomb. Rensselaer Co.. (red.) 50 Ibe..

ter and importance, and calling out Major Patrick, the Buckwheat-Best, 0. J. Tillson, New Paltz, 52 lbs, 21 do. Wm. P. Coonradt, 52 lbs........

President of the Institution. Major P. spoke of the ne3d do. A, E Van Allen, East Greenbush, öl lbs., ..

cessity of a higher order of agricultural education than we DISCRETIONARY.

had hitherto received, and thought a better system of culCorn in the ear, DW. O. De Forest, Rensselaer Co....

Trans. do. W. P. Ottley, Ontario Co., ...

Trans. ture was called for here, since the fertility of her soils was E. S. Elting New Paltz, Rhode Island Corn in ear,........... S. 8. M. W P. Coonradt, Brunswick Sweet Corn. .....

enabling the West to under sell us in all the markets of

..... Trans. Samuel Cheever, Waterford, 26 varieties of Potatoes, raised from the world. . seed furnished by C. E Goodrich, Utica, the fifth year from planting.

Agriculture was of too great concern to be suffered to special premium recommended. B. N. Huntington, Rome, exhibited nine v rieties of Potatoes, Trans. shift for itself in the matter of education and the preparaW. P. Ottley, Phelps, some fine specimens of Chilian Potatoes, Trans. D. A. Buckley, Williamstown, Mass., five samples of early and late

tion required for successful practice. It was impossible to Potatoes,..

...... Trans, calculate the influence of one good farmer upon the agriW , A Gurnee own, Carrots, ...

Trans,
BUTTER.

culture of his region. He said John Johnston had told Best 3 tuba, Elisa Crofoot, Turin, Lewis Co.............

$15 him (he was sorry he was not present to speak himself,) 20 do., Hiram Mills, Martineburgh, Lewis Co. 3d co., F. B. Rugg, Leyden, Lewis Co.....

that the value of real estate in Seneca county had increased 4th do., Mrs. P. Lathy, Phelps, Ontario Co

Trans: one-tenth throughout the county, under the influence of - Best three tubs made in June, August and Noveniber.

the exertions of John Delafield. Mr. Patrick alluded to Best, F. B. Ruge, Leyden, Lewis Co.........

the wants of the Institution to which he had been called, 2d do., Eusha Crofoot, Turin, Lewis ('o... 3d do. LL. French, Warren, Herkimer Co.

and said $81,000 had been expended in its establishment, Winter Butter. Best sampie, RH, Wandt. College Farm, Ovid, Seneea Co.,...... 45

and some $20,000 more were required-he referred to the 2d do., Sanford Coe, Constableville, Lewis Co.,..

*****:: 3 report on the subject, for information in regard to it. The 3d do., N. Gowdy, Lowville, Lewis Co......................... Trans. institution would probably be ready for pupils about the

DISCRETIONARY Mfrs, Harilla Winehell, Morehouse, for the best specimen of Butter, Ist of April. Enough applications had been received dufrom llamilton Co.,

.......... Trans, and Fruit Book. ring the first 20 days of the month past, to compose the Miss Jane E. Mille, Martinsburgh, Lewis Co., handsome specimen Butter, ....

first class. He urged the propriety of the farmers present CUEESE.

bringing the subject before the people at large. Scarce Best 3 Cheese, Norman Gowdy. Lowville, Lewis Co.... 20 do., E. F. Carter, le Ray. Jefferson Co...

10 any of our prosperous farmers but could aid materially by 3d do., Hiram Mills, Martiusburgh, Lewis Co...

money or otherwise, in placing the institution upon a solid 4th do., Theron Van Auken, Phelps, Ontario C DISCRETIONARY.

foundation, and he was sure when once established it would R. H. Wands, New York Ag. College Farm, Ovid............ .... 45 be self-sustaining...

FRUIT.
Pears.Best Collection, Ellwanger & Baurry, Rochester, Dip. & Medal.

A resolution was offered by Chancellor McCoun welcom24 do., E, Dorr, Albany...

... Medal. King Major PATRICK among the farmers of the state, whenApples Best 20 varieties. Ellwanger & Barry,. 16 do.. W, H. Slingerland, Albany,....

" Bib and ever he should present before them the claims of the instia do.. W. P. Ottley, Phelps, .........

copy of Barry. tution over which he presided. Some other unimportant Best dish, H. C. DeForest, Rensselaer Co..... 20 do.. Cornelius Chase, Columbia Co.,

Sol of Mental i business was transacted, and then the Society adjourned

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Cost of Draining.--Thomas Drain Plow. spades, I was able to get my ditches sunk and refilled' for

about one-half, though working under several disadvanMESSRS. Ens.-Having last season put down a few thou- I tages. I am confident that under favorable circumstances, sand tile by the aid of Thomas' drain plow, at a cost very I three feet drains can be sunk with the plow for eight cents much less than I had ever been able to do it at before, la rod, while I find some of my neighbors paying the AL perhaps it may be of some service to those of your readers | bany contractors 25 cts. Now I feel that there is some who, like myself, are farmers of wet clays, to lay before hope of my being able to drain my land at a cost that will them a short statement of the way in which the work was make it pay, as soon as opposition brings the price of tile done, and comparative tables of the cost of sinking ditches down to anything like a reasonable sum-say one-half of by the spade and by the plow.''

what they are now asking in Albany. Allow me in the first place to say, that my farm belongs I add a table to show the number of rods of drains to to the stiffest class of fine yellow clays, with no variation the acre in thorongh drainage, at various widths, thinking in the subsoil, save that the deeper you go the stiffer it be- l it may be useful to some of your readers. No allowance is comes. The greater part of it too, lies on almost a dead made for the mains, for if the lateral drains enter then from level, with numerous shallow basins of a quarter or half both sides, they will be entirely extra, and it will be best an acre in extent, a few inches lower than the surrounding to consider them so in making calculations as to the cost surface; while the whole seems to have been formerly l of draining any piece of land. I also add the number of plowed without any reference to the fall of the dead fur- tile required to the acre, allowing 16 to a rod, which I rows corresponding to the lay of the land, I merely men- / bave found to be about right: and a third column, show. tion this, to show that there are but few farms on which ing the cost per acre. Jaid about three feet dee drains cannot be laid as cheaply as on my own.

my operations of the past summer as a basis for the labor In the month of May last, I laid out on a piece of six account, and tile at $10 a thousand, the cash price of twoacres, 493 rods of tile-drains, 25 feet apart.. There was inch 'sole-tile at Albany. Of course this last column can already a large stone drain 3. feet deep, running length-lonly be considered as a teneral guide, even when the exways through the piece, into which the new ones were to penise of transportation is added to the first cost of the empty. These were all opened to a depth of about 10 in-tile: but it may be of service to some farmers who intend ches with a common plow, by a pair of borses and two trying underdraining this year. men in little over half a day. (For this labor-saving idea wiath of interval No. rods' No. tile to Cost per acre. I am indebted to my old friend, Mr. Robt. Swan of Gene- between drains to the acre. the acre. 1875 & 16- Say 30 ets va.) With the same plow, set as deep as possible, we then

20 feet,

2.112

$39.60 i 19b 25 do.

105%

1.688 threw two furrows together in the bottom of the ditch,

30 do. and wlien this loose earth was thrown out we already had

40 do. 50 do.

844

15.82% a depth of from 15 to 18 inches. With Thomas' draining 60 do.

704. i :!! 13.20 plow we had then no difficulty in so looseping the earth I doubt if any thing at intervals greater than 60 feet for another 15 inches, (giving us a total depth of 33 inches can be called thorough drainage, so I liave not carried out or a little over,) that it was easily thrown out with a com- calculation farther. mon shovel. It required three separate plowings to get it to this depth-about five inches of earth being loosened

[For the Country Gentleman and Carrivator." each time. One man and a pair of horses, straddling the SHALL WE BUY THE CATTLE WE FEED? ditch, worked it with ease; passing it through the ditch four times for each plowing, so as to get the earth thorough Eps. Co. Gent.-I thank your Genera correspondent, ly loosened. The final spit, grading the fall, was removed JOHN JOHNSTON, for his prompt response to my inquiry on with a narrow draining-spade and a scoop. The tile were cattle feeding. I thank him also for the valuable instruccovered with inverted sods, and the earth, thrown out tion he has given in that important branch of farm econoequally on both sides, was all returned with a common my. I find I was correct in my former communication, plow.

when I remarked that Mr. Johnston was a much more suo The past spring here was very wet, so that several days cessful feeder than I was; but I did not expect to be we could not use the draining plow, for fear of the horses so badly beaten as I now find myself to be. slipping into the ditch, and were obliged to open a num-/ Last season I sold my four-year old steers at $60, and ber of rods in the old way, with spades. It also prevented thought I was doing pretty well. This year I have as good, my finishing the job at that time, leaving about a quarter but the price ruling low I could not now get as much for of it until the end of last month, when the days were very them. Mr. Johnston, at 22 to 24 months old, by his sysshort. The land was so nearly level that it required great tem, gets from $47 to $60, a gain of two years upon my care and a good deal of time to grade the bottom proper- system of feeding ly; but we got most of the tile down to a depth of three This comparison between Mr. Johnston and myself, re

minds me of a very pointed and practical illustration of Let us now compare the cost of these drains with that the value of Agricultural Fairs, made in an address before of a piece done a few years ago entirely by the spade and one of our Maryland Societies, some years ago, by Prof. shovel, on exactly similar land.

Benjamin Hallowell, late President of the Maryland Agris Dust Cost of LAYING 625 RODS OF TILE WITH SPADE AND SHOVEL.

cultural College-a man of wisdom and learning, and de To 11744 days sinking ditches, at 87Yz etsii

voted to rural life and agrieultural improvement. - Mr. 17 do. laying tile and covering with sod,

14.88 Hallowell, on the occasion alluded to, was invited to de9132 do, filling, .... et ofti

ji la

I liver an address before the Ag. Society in the county in Or nearly 23% cents a rod.

11.

jsel. $146.34 which he resided.
$146.

Feeling, doubtless, a little ambitious

from the position he was to occupy, to have something Cost OF LAYING 433 RODS OF TILE ITI PLOW AND SHOVEL.

attractive from his own farm to exhibit, he went among his To 3 day, horse team and extra driver, marking out, at $3.75.. do. do. plowing earth loose, at $2.87%, ..

stock to make his selection; but he found nothing which 45 days shovelling out loosened earth, at 87% ete............ 39.38

so completely filled his beau ideal of perfection as his half13 do. laying tile, and covering with sods, at 87 cts.,

11.37 1% do. horse team filling, at $2.87%......

3.60 blood Merino ram.' This ram was forthwith ordered to the

Fair, and with the just pride of a farmer, friend Hallowell Or nearly 13% cents a rod.

soon invited his friends to an examination of his beautiful I have not included the tile in either case, as the cost of sheep-when to his astonisbment and surprise be found them per rod would not differ. I have also charged full his favorite ram, the pride of his flock, completely and price for the horse labor, which should be done in all farm overwhelmingly eclipsed by a pair of noble Cotswolds, exaccounts, though in this case they would bave been stand- bibited by Horatio Trundle, Esq., from another part of the ing idly in the stable if they had not been need here. If county, the existenée of which he, Mr. H., was totally we deduct the charge for team, it makes the cost 114 ctsignorant of, in his address the learned Professor turned a rod.!

this circunstance to very good account. In speaking of It will be thus seen, that by using the plow instead of the value and importance of Agricultural Fair, he frankly

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(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) confessed the pride with which he had entered his afore

**TREATMENT OF RINGBONE. said ram for the prize, which he confidently expected to win until he saw the far superior sheep exhibited by bis

MESSRS, Editors-In the Country Gentleman of Jan, friend Trundle—and but for this exhibition, he not only should have remained ignorant that there was such sheep 12

12, you say there is no cure for confirmed ringbone." in the county as bis friend Trundle had exhibited, but that

| A few years since, one of my horses was badly ringboned he should have continued himself under the delusion with

upon both bind feet, and rery lame.
po

A friend, upon seewbich he left home, that he had himself the finest.

ing his lameness, remarked that he could give me a recipe Just so it is in raising and feeding cattle; but for the

that would surely cure the lameness, but not remove the

bunches. I tried it as directed, and a permanent cure of medium of your valuable paper, and the interesting and instructive communication of Mr. Johnston, I should have

the laneness was effected within a month. I was requestremained under the delusion that I was doing pretty well eu to ACEP

welled to keep it a secret, and I will say nothing about it, but

secret

let the Country Gentleman " do the talking. Recipe : in raising and selling four year old steers at $60 per head. I now find they can be sold for as much money at 2 years in EPILEP

.. a pint spirits turpentine. .

T 91109 old, by Mr. Johnston's superior management

1 ounce oil oreganum.

1 ounce oil amber, wisten Something, however, is due to difference in circum- ibitugunce !

t s of stances. In a rapid railroad excursion to the north some of ounce on or sP

1 ounce oil of spike. years ago, I was struck with the beauty, fertility and high - Từ ban qunce agua Tortis,

indays exce

with state of cultivation of the land bordering on Seneca lake, 1: on which I believe the town of Geneva is situated. il a stab.uo Lut., Vernon Center, J.

de alle I am afflicted with a larger quantity of old worn out land (as we describe it in the south) than I can at present bring LARGE OR PEAVINE CLOVER. 61 under the hand of improvement. The only profitable way

Way We find the following article on this variety of clover,

W. And the outlowing artin of using such land, is to appropriate it to pasturage for sheep and young cattle. My practice then is, to winter about which there has been considerable inquiry of late, my calves as Mr. Johnston does the first winter on clover in the Mohawk (Herkimer county) Courier, and it is, we hay, omitting the meal which he adds to the clover hay- presume, from the pen of the editor of the Ag. Departand in the spring turn them on the inferior pasture justment of that paper: described. The second winter they are fed on corn fod- The large variety of clorer, sometimes called « peavine der and wheat straw, without grain, and turned again with

hclover," and from being extensively raised for seed in the

a the sheep on inferior pasture. The third winter sed as the

southern part of this county, known in some parts as “Herkisecond, and the following spring put on better pasture, mer clover," has sonne qualities that commend it to the use of which by the fall brings them forward in a condition to be dairymen.': ? vizit

si sold asgrass-fed beef, or fed 2 or 3 barrels of corn, worth from Firstly, its enormous growth. It yields fully double the $6 to $9, and generally sold at a much higher price as amount of herbage produced by any other clover or grass we stall fed beef. In this way I bring my 4 year old steers, cultivate. It has been objected to by some as being too large. at a cost of not over $9 in grain, to an average of $60 per

Its stems grow very long and large in rich soil, and not being head. Mr. Johnston, by feeding from $15 to $20 worth of able to support their weight, a considerable portion of them oil meal or other grain, sells his two year old steers for

often lie flat upon the ground, and hence becoine more or less

injured. Weight for weight, such hay is not as good as that $60 per head. His is doubtless nearer the true mercan

Otless, nearer the true mercan made from timothy, red top, nor June grass ; nor is it as good tile principle of turning his capital as rapidly as possible. as from clover that has not fallen down, but still it makes val. But my ohjeetion heretofore to feeding cattle so young, uable fodder. was a want of maturity, and consequently a disposition to I am now kecping part of my cows upon this kind of clover take on and carry to market solid and substantial fat and that grew at the rate of six loads to the acre, as large as I tallow. Mr. Johnston's system of feeding oil cake, with could draw on a common bay rigging. It was coarse indeed; which I have no experience, will perhaps overcome this but it was well cured, and comes out bright and free from objection. He, however, admits that he finds it more mould or discoloration by heating, and without loss of leaves. profitable to buy 3 and 4 year old cattle to feed; but what

The cows eat it readily and with a geod relish, consuming even then becomes of his calves? Are they sacrificed to the

the coarsest steins. They keep in good health and flesh, and

are in every respect doing finely upon it. The value of this, butcher and the epicure! It is against this wasteful and like

erul and like any clover, depends very much upon the manner in wbich destructive praetice that I contend-wasteful, because it it is cured. When partly dried, its strength is quickly steepdestroys in infaney an animal fitted and intended for rapid ed out by a shower of rain; or its leaves lost, and its goodness growth, improvement and maturity-destructive, because burnt out by drying too long in the sun ; and to be good must it deprives the country of the provision intended by Provi- be cut when in full blossom. dence to feed and sustain it. To buy 3 or 4 year old cat- Secondly,. This kind of clorer is less liable to injury by te to fatten, requires an active capital constantly on hand drouth than any other, and much less so than the grassos. As to keep up the supply and renders us dependant on soon as it gets a hold in the soil, its large and long roots striko others for what we can ourselves furnish. Mu plan bring down below the reach of drouth. I have never known it to to naturity and full development the tender calf-saves

be effected by the dryest seasons we have had since I com the capital necessary to buy the 3 and 4 year old steers,

menced cultivating it.

Thirdly. It ripens at the same time with timothy, and and renders me independent of the fluctuations of the stock hence is better where timothy is to be cultivated with it. The market. Mr. Johnston's system requires tact and judg-earlier kinds will be greatly injured by standing till timothy ment in buying as well as selling. The system I advocate is ripe enough to cut; and if cut at its proper season, the is better adapted to that large class of farmers who are not timothy will not be full grown. 80 highly gifted in this respect as Mr. Johnston evidently Fourthly. By ripening slowly, it remains a longer time in • A MARYLAND FARMER. " a suitable staté for cutting

| Fifthly. While through its large leaves it derives most of (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) its support from the air, its large roots extending through the ... To make Hard Soap.. . Polis

ground lonsen and enrich it. The exhaustion of soil for a

given value of fodder is much less than with timothy. Eps. Co. Gent.-I send you the following recipe, which I stille wish the readers of your paper to have the benefit of, as it is SHARES' HARROW.--This barrow I think is a good imconsidered the best of many :' . Take 6 lbs. of soda, 6 lbs. of fat, 3 lbs. of lime, and 4 gal

plement, but the timber should be made about double as lons of water. Put the soda, lime and wnter in the boiler, and

heavy, and of the toughest wood. To make it work proboil them. Then take it out in something to settle; then put

perly I had a log weighing between 50 and 100 lbs, put the fat in the boiler and add the water (leaving the settlings

on it. The slank or portions of the metal inserted into behind.) Boil about balf an hour, or until it is thick. Then the wood, should be made somewhat longer. I never saw take it out to cool, when it is ready to cut as is desired. any implement put in wheat better.

J. R. W. Highlund Home, Pa.

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E. COPE. | Albemarle Co., Van

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