Imágenes de páginas

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) feet long without crowding. The improvement accomPLAN OF A CHEAP HOUSE.

plishes the following advantages:L. TUCKER & Son~In 1854, I sent to you for specimen

1. In ascending to the chamber, there is no danger of copies of your papers, having never read much on agri- striking the head against the low roof of the story and culture up to that time; but your papers put the fever in half house near the eaves, the landing being under the me, and although a factory hand, I read them with much highest part. pleasure and profit. I would not be without The Cultivator and Register, no matter what they cost.

2. By landing near the middle of the chamber, a small Your plans of cheap houses are very interesting to me. entry is easily made from which every room is entered, It is an easy matter to plan a good and convenient house, without passing through another. A closet is also furif you have $10,000 to lay out. But to plan a good, con- nislied at the head the stairs for bedding, &c. venient house, for a family of 4 to 8 persons for from 3. The entrance below is also nearer the middle of the $250 to $500, there's the rub.

cellar, and not at one remote corner.

4. The closet or pantry between the kitchen and diningroom is larger, and is more convenient.

6. The entrance to the stairs is more convenient, especially from the kitchen, as it is not necessary to pass through the living-room for this purpose.



(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.] SLEIGHT'S PLANT-CASE. Below you will find a description of a Plantarium,

made by me nearly two years since, and which I find to I send you a plan that I figured out, that I think is fair work even better than I anticipated; in fact it is all that for the amount of room given, and the cost of such a can be desired as a plant-case, or parlor hot-bed for propabuilding in the style I should recommend. I should build gation by seeds, cuttings, &c., and does away entirely the with a flat roof, and perhaps vertical boarding. I put the

necessity of a hot-bed, except for large operations. The boilers, as arranged, will be sufficient to heat an upright

plant-case, say 3 ft. by 3 ft. or 3 by 4 ft., and six feet high

from the top of the stand, and keep the heat up to 70° to

80° in cold weather, when used in a room where fire is 103079 KITCHEN

kept. The case could be shelved and filled with plants in

pots, and the tray used for propagating, &c. NOLID CL

It first occurred to me about two years since, while an invalid confined to the house, reading an account of the

Waltonian Plant-Case,” in the “Horticulturist.” It "P 만

occurred to me that a similar case might be made very cheaply by using ready-made window-sash, and that the heat might be applied much more economically and advantageously, than by a simple boiler under the tray hold

ing the plants. I therefore made one, on my plan, 27 in. chimney in the center so it will an

wide, and 29 in. deep from front to rear. The front 13 in. REZCLOSET

swer for 6 rooms. The chimney for high, (outside,).—back 24 in. high, giving an inclination
the kitchen I have put in the wood- of about 45° from back to front of the top. The top
shed, close to the wall, so that there sash is arranged to slide off on either side, or to lift up or
will be no leakage in the roof. I off, so as to admit air when necessary.
should have a set kettle in the wood.

shed so as to have hot water for
wasbing, and cooking for the hogs, &c., without interfer-
ing with the kitchen. I should have one end of the wood-
shed furnished for a sink-room and wash-house. Every
room in the house but one is lighted from two sides.
IlIf you think this is worth putting in your paper, I want
you to find all the fault with it you can, only let the front
door alone, as I would so build the portico that I could put
sasti in in winter, and have open work in summer. The
idea of this plan originated with the first cheap plan for
Register for 1855. JOSEPH M. WADE. Rhode Island.

Fig. 1. We have added a simple perspective view of this house; The back is formed by two glass doors, opening outbut instead of having the roof flat, we have given consi- ward on hinges each side, (but inade to fit tight,) so that derable descent to its sides. A cheap or shingle roof will the plants, &c., can be regulated or removed (tray and all) leak badly and rot soon if made flat. A metal -roof may when necessary. The glass case stands on a frame formabe flat, but is costly. A pitch and gravel covering is hard- ing a sort of table, without top. The four legs supportly tested enough yet for dwellings.

ing the case, are stiffened by strips 3 in. wide and half

inch thick all around under the top pieces. The legs can We have made but a single alteration in the plan, by be made high or low, as preferred. The tray for holding removing the stairs from the corner to a more central part the plants, &c., in the case, should be made of copper or of the house, as will be perceived by comparing the two galvanized iron, and made to fit as snugly as will permit, figures. In the original plan, the stairs must be necessari- being raised up and drawn out when necessary. The edges, ly very steep, from the short space they occupy-only around the edge or top, (to stiffen the tray,) and a handle

or sides, of the tray are l} in. deep, with stout wire eight feet in length in the sketch furnished by our corres-on each side for lifting. When heavy pots are to be put pondent; while in the improved design they may be ten lin, a few small iron bars should be laid across the tray,

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(before putting in the rand,) to support their weight and quainted with the vast amount of business which is conprevent the tray from getting out of shape.

stantly on band; when I have witnessed the toil, the anxiety, the perplexity and constant losses incident in trade and barter when I have taken a peep at almost every litelihood, and have fairly and impartially compared them all with farming-with honest, hard-working, sunburnt toil, I am induced to exclaim: Give me the farın,

with the even, uninterrupted flow of happiness and enjoyFig. 2

ment, with a fair competence, all of which every farmer In the center of the tray, at h in fig. 2, is a belf inch may call his own; for the hot haste and impetuous rush of tube, about 10 in. high, through which the boilers c and the care-worn citizens of our large cities and villages, have d are filled with boiling water, and when riot in use for no charms for me. that purpose, is covered with a cap to prevent the eseape I never hear a man affirm, that farming does not pay, of steam among the plants, and to retain the heat in the without thinking-Friend, there's a leakage in your boiler, boilers; and by this tube the depth of water in boiler cor a screw loose in some of your machinery. can be known at any time. There is also a small tube Agreeable to my promise, when I was with you in connecting with the bottom of small boiler d, to draw off Albany, I will now give you a few brief articles, coin. the water from both boilers by a stop-cock on the left side mencing with the subject at the head of this article. of the stand.

What would farmers, or any other class of citizens say, With the above description, I think most persons would were they to go into any of our large manufactories where be able to build one. The cases, &e., may be made as agricultural implements are made, and see one-fourth of large as 3 ft. by 3. ft

. or 4 ft., with inclined tops, or 4 ft. all they had manufactured during the year, thrown aside to 8 ft

. high above tre stand, with fat, tight top, door in as worthless-a dead loss-simply because they had been the rear, and shelved for plants in pots, as a two-wick manufactured of unseasoned timber? What would they spirit-lamp will generate sufficient heat (in a room where say, were they to go into some large cotton or woolen fire is kept,) to keep the thermometer up to 700 to 80° factory, and see bale upon bale of cloth mildewed, moaldy In moderate weather there is no need of using the lamp, and rotten, because the roof of the building was so poor as sufficient heat can be furnished by occasionally filling that it would not carry off half the rain? What would up anew with boiling water, which can be kept hot a long sensible people say of a merchant, or bookseller, who time, if a blanket-jacket is fitted on under the boilers, would attempt to keep his goods in a building that was so when the spirit-lamp is not used.

dilapidated and decayed, that he lost a good share of his References, Fig. 2-a, tray of copper or galvanized iron; profits by rats and mice, and water and snow, which renbb, stout wire handles to lift the tray; c, boiler, made dered his property almost worthless ? Now, this is precircular if the frame is square, or oval if it is oblong, with" cisely the way thousands of farmers manage; and then 1 inch flange to strengthen it when soldered on the bot- whimper and whine, and murmer and complain, that thoy tom of the tray. It is about two inches deep in the “work like a dog," and receive but a poor compensation center, and holds about four quarts of water. d is a for their labor. There must be a leakage somewhere. small oval copper boiler, soldered on the bottom of c, Let us take a walk out on the farm, and examine the syg. holding 3 gills-e, a small £ inch tube (section shown at i,) tem of management. There is one bad leakage already; an inch and a half long, connecting with the boiler d on farming will not pay well until it is stopped. For thirty, the right, and soldered fast to the boiler e, in which is a and perhaps forty years, everything that has grown on small hole which lets the water into this small tube, and certain fields has been carted away, and nothing has been fills the small boiler d-f, a small tube, also connected returned to the soil; and more than this, the soil has with the boiler d on the left end,"and passes up close to been so wet most of the time, that it was next to impossithe convex bottom of c, until near the upper edge where ble for half a crop to grow; but it required just as much it is bent over and enters the boiler c through a hole, plowing, just as much seed, just as much harrowing, and thence passes down to the bottom of c, where the water just as much to fence it, as if the land had been well is discharged, and again enters the boiler d through the drained and well manured. No man can reasonably exhole at e-thus keeping up a rapid circulation as long as pect to make farming pay a reasonable profit, who does the heat of the spirit lamp is applied.

not drain his fields that are too wet, and who does not Boiling water should always be used for filling the return every few years, to the soil, a good supply of maboiler c.

nure, after having taken off several exhausting crops. My case when completed cost me nine dollars and fifty There is another very bad leakage on many farms, cents, and was kept in use all last winter, in a room with whose proprietors are ever whining, because farming does out any fire, at an east window. HENRY C, SLEIGHT.

not pay better ; and I wish I could say that the error is Genesco, Ill., Jan. 12, 1860.

not a common one, but I cannot ; for I see more and (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)

more of it every year. I refer to cutting ditehes through Why Farming does not Pay, Better.

the barnyard, and filling them nearly full of small stone,

for the purpose of carrying away the water and the liquid The question is very frequently asked, and I have had manure in order to make a dry yard. We cannot expect, it put to me, times without number, during the past sea- to hear anything else of a farmer, who wastes his liquid son: "Can you make farming pay?" I often heard the manure in this way, but that "farming returns poor, pay." ; same question discussed when I was but a small lad; and Another bad leakage in farming, which is well caleuas a general rule, the decision was in the negative—" It lated to render it a non-paying operation, is the practice pays poorly."

of threshing most of the grain, as many farmers are in the I received my existence on a farm, and have always babit of doing, in the field; and of allowing the straw to labored on a farm; and althougli I'have passed through rot down in one place, without ever distributing it again in many very discouraging times for farmers, I never remem- the form of manure over the fields where it grew. Such a ber of being in circumstances, or of seeing the time when practice is but little better than that in which everything is I entertained the idea, that farming does not pay as well carried away from the fields, and nothing returned to them as almost any other occupation. I have seen many times in the shape of manure. when I almost wished that I could exchange farming for When a farmer fails to provide comfortable sheds for some other livelihood, but when all things have been all his cattle, and they do not have enough to eat during taken into deliberate consideration—when I have esti- the season of foddering but lose from one to two hundred mated the loss and gain, and expenses incurred in carry- pounds of flesh in a few months, which is of very common ing on manufactories—when I have gone into lawyer's occurrence, what right have we to expect to hear from offices, printer's establishments, editor's rooms, and into him, any testimony that will tend to refute the affirmapublishing houses, and have become in a measure ac- tion that farming does not pay? None at all.


There is a farmer, who strenuously insists that "farm- never recovered so as to make good pork when the rest ing is poor business-it does not half pay." There is were ready for market in November. certainly a screw loose in his system of management.- This being a very cheap and simple remedy, I would be His tools and implements are always most miserable apolo- glad to hear of others trying it, and report if it prove suc gies for farm implements, and are in very poor order, so cessful or otherwise. We have had none of it in this that no man is able to perform a job with them in a decent neighborhood since the summer of 1858. As a sure and certain consequence, he is always Clark Co., Ohio, Jan. 21

J. T. WARDER. behind hand with his farming operations, and he labors hard to accomplish a little ; and often loses enough in one

(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) job to purchase a set of good tools; but, as he cannot

Homoeopathic Treatment for Fowls. make farming pay, he holds on to the old ones, and labors a little harder, and gets along a little slower, and performs Some of my fowls have been attacked by a swelling and his jobs far less completely.

sealing of the eyes. After using a lotion of arnica with

somo There is another consideration, by no means a trivial success, I had one whose eyes were so bad that I despaired one, which is well calculated to bring farming into disre- of his recovery. One eye I thought, past recovery; but pute, which we meet with almost everywhere ; which is a donna- 11 few globules in a little water. Before giving it, I want of system in planning the operations of the farm, washed the eyes in the arnica lotion, and turned out of them and in executing those plans. If a farmer is not a think- a mass, that looked like a kernel of corn in size and color, (a ing man-if he does not look far ahead into the future, pale yellow.) After the administration, in about eight hours. and lay all his plans wisely, and make calculations to ap. I found both eyes open, so that he was enabled to eat. 'I propriate all his time and energies, both of workmen and then discovered that his head was terribly affected-in short, teams, to the best advantage--if he squanders away his he exhibited all the symptoms of roup, as described on page long winter evenings, and rainy days of summer, at the 109 of the Cultivator for 1857, (and a very bad case too,) viz.: hotel or at other places of public resort, when he ought to running at the pose, and almost choking with phlegm. I be at home, superintending labors that may be performed then commenced doctoring him as for influenza, giving one

or two doses of acconite in alternation with arsenicum, with at one time as well as at another, or be reading agricultural journals and comparing his practices and system of the medicines has been marked, and be is now nearly well

an occasional dose of belladonna for the eyes. The effect of management with those of other successful fariners, we

--sight nearly restored-running about eating and drinking need not be disappointed to meet with leakages which freely as ever. His head has been badly frozen, and he will render farming a non-paying business, as long as he therefore yet requires care ; but if the weather was warm and follows it in the manner alluded to.

dry, I should have no fears of turning him out with my other I have not noticed one-half of the reasons, why farming fowls

. Being a Dorking, and having been at some pains to does not pay better than it does, in multitudes of instan- exchange for him, and knowing of no other chance to get one ces; but I trust enough has been said, to set every intelli- at any reasonable price, bas alone caused me to take so much

W. E. Ć. Cleveland, O. gont, thoughtful farmer to thinking, and to induce him pains with him. to make an effort to shun the rock on which multitudes bave split,

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) The remedy for non-paying farming, is a plain and prac

Lime for Fowls. ticable one; and I propose in my next, to show how it

In winter, when fowls have less access to the ground, or may be most effectually and successfully applied.

when they are confined in small enclosures, they have less Lake Ridge, Tomp. Co., N. Y. S. EDWARDS TODD.

opportunity to select the mineral substances which they re

quire; hence, an artificial supply becomes necessary. low (For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.)

shall this be given ? We answer, by placing the articles THE HOG CHOLERA.

within their reach, so that they may take voluntarily, just Messrs. Editors—Your correspondent in no. 8, does slaked lime, broken into small pieces tho size of peas, on

the quantity which they are prompted by nature. Place not describe the disease known as hog cholera in this shelves where fowls can readily pick it up. By slaking neighborhood. With us it is always accompanied with ex. lime in a vessel

, in considerable water so that it will form å cessive purging, (succeeding the loss of appetite,) which paste, and letting it dry, it can readily be broken into the lašts sometimes a few hours, and then again one or two desired form in which it appears to suit the fowls best. Old days, and generally when red blotches appear on the skin, mortar and broken sbells, where they can be had, will answer and blood passes from the nose, the the disease has run its the same purpose course, and will prove fatal very soon.

Eggs are, if at any time, a luxury in winter, and whatever I had some experience with it in June, 1858. I was promotes their production is of interest to the majority of our

readers. feeding corn, and the hogs were running in a wood pasture,

The wants of poultry for lime are very clearly shown by a and the nearest point to a public road was 80 rods, and correspondent of the Boston Medical Journal, in the following further to any neighbor's stock. The purging first attract- amusing article: “A most pleasing illustration,” says the ed my attention in the evening of one day, and 24 hours writer, of the want of lime, and the effects of its presence, after, we had buried 8 out of 120, though at the first sight came under my notice op my voyage from South America to of the disorder we had removed those not showing it. 'Sunny France. We had omitted to procure gravel for our Within three days we lost 25 bead, when my attention was poultry, and in a few days after we were at sea, the poultry directed to an article in a Cincinnati paper, from a phy- began to droop, and wound up their afflictions with the pip. or, sician, recommending some one to try alum as a substance as the sailors term it,'the scurvy. Their feathers fell from likely to constipate the bowels . This being a cheap reme- their bodies, and it was perfectly ludicrous to see the nu

merous unfeathered tribe in the most profound misery, mody, I prepared a bucket full of very strong solution of alum ping away their time in an utter state of nudity. Amusing in cold water, and with a rope and slipnoose, a horn with inyself one day by fishing up gulf weed, which floated in imsmall end sawed off to the hollow part, proceeded to dose mense fields upon the surface of the ocean, I shook from it all I could find affected. With the rope behind the tusk, numerous small crabs, about the size of a pod. The poultry we could keep the mouth up, and by shaking could com- with one accord, aroused themselves from their torpor, and pel the animal to swallow the drench poured through the seemingly, as if by instinct, aware of the therapeutic qualihorn. Out of 23 we drenched, only five died, though three ties of these interesting animals, partook of them with greater were in the last stage, and were already bleeding at the nvidity than any invalid ever swallowed the 'waters of the nose, two of which were såved. I also fed to the lot a 'springs.' After a fow hours the excellenco of the remedy pound of pulverized alum in a bucket of middlings per day strut and look saucy, and in a few days all appeared in quito

was apparent; the roosters began to crow, the hens began to ---fed to them as I would salt at their feeding ground- a boliday suit of feathers, derived from the lime, the constituand in the course of two weeks all signs of the disease was ent part of the crab shells." C. N. Bement. Springside. gone, except the ehange in the appearance of the hogs that had been attacked, which had generally been the finest and Ile is happy whoso circumstances suit bis temper, but he thristest in the lot, but soon took the other, and many is more happy, who can suit his temper to any circumstances.


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(For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.]


MESSRS. Epitons-Will you please inform me the best and STATE AG. SOCIETY.---The annual meeting of this Soci. most economical manner of building cisterns for the farmety at the Capital, second Wednesday in January, elected yard; also the size requisite to supply a stock of say 60 or Hon. Ex-Chief Justice George G. Wright of Keosauqua, 100 head of cattle during the winter. A SUBSCRIBER. Van Buren county, President; Mark Miller, our very excellent editor of the North Western Farmer, Vice-Prest, ;

Perth, C. W. Hon. J. H. Wallace, Muscatine, re-elected Secretary; M.

Cisterns are often made by digging out a space about the L. Morris of Iowa city, Treasurer; Jos. Bridgman of Mus- shape of, but larger than a potash kettle, plastering the catine, Chief Marshal. The next State Fair is to be held bottom and sides with water-lime mortar, and covering the at Iowa City, Oct. 2d-four days. Some time ago the manufacturers of the Manny Reaper

top with timber and plank, and then with a foot of earth, offered one of those valuable machines as a premium for to prevent freezing, leaving a curb through which the the best five acres of wheat, to be awarded by the State water is drawn, the cistern cleaned, &e. But the top beAg. Society. The result was J. S. Hunt of Benton Co., ing broad, requires much timber to cover it; and this cor. 42 bushels 51 pounds per acre-variety ** Canada Club." ering, unless supported by posts, will be apt to fall in in a D. C. Lindley, Johnson Co., 30 bushels 16.1b8-**** Spring few years. It is better to build a wall of stone-a foot Tea wheat." Drury Overton of Marion Co., 426 bushels. “Wild Goose.” The premium was awarded to Mr. Hunt. thick will do, in the form represented in the annexed cut. This was a very unfavorable season for wheat in all the

09.174.341 southern part of the state, and a partial failure in the central.

Iowa Farmer's College.--I have but little to write in regard to this institution. You were informed that the

i 19 jste zot noin trustees located it in Story county last June, near the center of the state, upon a piece of wild land, of prairie and timber. Owing to our limited means, we bave made but

Ovi bridal little improvement. There is barely funds sufficient to put up a farm-house and barn, and open a quarter section for

CISTERN 1111*! farming. It is hard times out liere in Iowa, as you may know by the report of your subscribers, and it is doubtful if our Legislature appropriate money to build a college before the next session, which is two years. The Farmer's College of Iowa was earnestly commended to the favorable consideration of our Legislature, by our very worthy Governor, J. S. Kirkwood. A large majority of our people look upon it with favor, and will move it into active life as soon as we can gather a little material aid in our pri- The wall being built as an arch, can never fall in, and the vate and public purse. If it is true that daily manual labor will preserve the pressure of the water within. The amount of plank to

earth being packed well outside, it cannot burst by the bealth of the student-will help the poor scholar to pay his way--if it is true that our farmer's sons, mechanics, cover it is small, and it is very capacious. professional, and sons of the city, ought to learn some- Cisterns are commonly made much too small. About thing of Agriculture, Horticulture and Forestry, practical three feet of rain falls each year, or 72 barrels on ten feet ly, and never to depart from the respect and honor of in- square, or over 2,000 gallons. Cattle will drink an averdustry, so true will these Agricultural and Horticultural Industrial schools prevail

, extend and multiply, until this age of six gallons a day or more, and rather over ten feet nation shall be a nation of men and women in the broad-square would therefore be required for each head. But est sense of numbers, in intelligence, integrity, domestic as these only drink from the cistern in winter, half that and national happiness, wealth and physical strength, such surface may answer--and 100 head would need a roof as the world never saw.

50 feet wide and 100 feet long, or its equivalent; which Wild Land--GOVERNMENT LANDS.--I am comparative- would afford yearly no less than 3,600 barrels. ly an old resident of the west, and have for the past year traveled considerably over this state. I lament to see so

The cistern should hold at least one-half of all that falls great an extent of our lands bought and lying unoccupied. in each year, and should therefore have a capacity of about Our settlement of 700,000 is scattered over 56,000 square 2,000 barrels. To hold this amount, ten cisterns, each 10 miles. This scattering of our population over so great an feet in diameter and ten feet deep, would be required; or extent, is a serious detriment. There is something radi- two each 20 feet diameter and 12 feet deep, or one 30 foot cally wrong in our government putting up land at auction,

in diameter and 11 feet deep. and making merchandize of it for speculation. This practice of our government leads and encourages men into ruinous folly-not merely ruinous to individual prosperity, Tea SPRING WHEAT.--I notieed in the Co. Gent. of Jan. but still more ruinous to public prosperity. I have never 19, (p. 44,) short notice of the Tea Wheat, a description thought it very wise policy to give a home to any one who of color, &c. Allow me to state that that variety of wheat will ask, but to sell to actual settlers only, and that too was sown in this county to some extent, and has proved without profit to the government. SUEL FOSTER. itself to be as valuable a variety as it was recommended

to be. It is a very heavy wheat, weighing more than any Bucks Co. (Pa.) AG. SOCIETY.—This Society held its an other variety of spring wheat known. My neighbor says nual meeting at Newtown, Jan. 19, when the following his crop will turn out one-third more than any other varie. officers were elected :

ty ever sown, and will weigh 66 lbs. to the busbel. The President-WILLIAM STAVELY.

kernel is very plump, large, and extremely hard, and Vice-President-Adrian Cornell. Recording Secretary-John S. Brown.

grinds equal to any winter kinds. The bread is white and Corresponding Secretary-E. G. Harrison.

sweet, (knowing from experience.) All who had the Treasurer-Jacob Eastburn. Managers ---Jolm Blackfan, Solebury; Lewis Buckman and Samuel genuine Tea Wheat are loud in its praise. My seed was Bucknian, Newtown; Wm, R. Beans, Upper Makefield; David Cor. purchased from the Shaker seed-store, and weighed 64 lbs. town; Hector C. Ivins, Falls; Jonathan Knight, Southampton; "Sohn to the bushel. I sowed the same on clay soil, and am perfect. Newboid, Middletown: John Robbins, Falls; Wm. T. Rogers, Doyles of the true seed. A SUBSCRIBER. Buffalo, N. Y. Kelsey, Lower Makefield; Isaiah Michener, Buckingham ; James W. ly well satisfied with the result. Will send you a sample town Edward H. Worstall, Newtown.

L. 1. T.



meetings are an entire novelty, it would be difficult to de

vise a plan better calculated, as I think, than the present NEW-HAVEN, CT., Feb, 15, 1860. The course of Lectures has now progressed to more prompt to more activity of mind, and lead to pleasant

to enlarge the views, convey knowledge of a practical sort, than half its allotted limits, with no symptom of abating and profitable associations, both as regards the lecturersinterest. The attendance I find to be just of that kind, among whom there are some whose acquaintance is a good in a large degree, which it was the first object of the pro- thing to put within any young farmer's reach, while no jectors of the course to draw out, that is, farmers and far-object is perhaps of greater importance than to bring liim mers' sons. The first week, when Scientific subjects were into more immediate contact with others of his own class,

to awaken in this way his interest in what they are doing mainly under discussion, the numbers present I understood his ambition as to what he can himself accomplish, and were from a bundred to a hundred and fifty. The second lastly, to arouse a better appreciation of their pursuit in week, when Horticultural matters caine before the “con- the minds of those ready to forsake it. vention," larger audiences still were collected, owing to the greater interest taken by those in the vicinity in Gar

Durable Whitewash. den and Orchard culture. The present week is devoted MESSRS. EDITORS+ Can you give me through the columns to Practical Agriculture, and next week to Domestic Ani- of the Country Gentleman a recipe for making whitewash that mals. By looking over the register of names, I ascertain have heart of some substance which may be added to com

will last for a number of years exposed to the weather? I that some thirteen States and Canada are represented, and mon whitewash so as to make it last for five years or moreit has been a matter of gratification to recognize, as I but have fogotten it. If you know what it is, please oblige a

ubscriber. have done, the names of most of those from a distance, as among the constant readers of the Country GENTLEMAN. their durability, but we never yet found anything at all equal

We have tried many kinds of lime-wash recommended for The morning sessions for discussion open at 9 o'clock; to oil-paint. They are always more or less soaked by every there is a lecture at 11, and adjournment for dinner shortly rain that falls upon them, and when this is followed by a frost after its conclusion; the second lecture takes place at ter past two, and the third immediately succeeds—an ar- before they become quite dry, they crack and scale off. rangement made because many were found desirous of Whitewashing, however, if repeated every year or two, is taking the evening for return home. But there have been cheaper than paint, and assists greatly towards rendering discussions or extra lectures nearly (or quite) every eve fences, out-buildings, &c, more durable and especially prening, so that no available part of the 24 hours is wasted. vents the growth of mos3. A comparatively cheap oil-paint Prof. PORTER and his coadjutors appear to regard the suc- for such structures may be made by mixing ground watercess of the Course as quite as great as the most enthusias- lime and some gypsum with the oil. A portion of ochre will tic could have anticipated, for a beginning; moreover, the generosity of a New-Haven gentleman, eminent for his modify the color. public spirit and for the munificence he has shown in as

If any of our correspondents know of a durable and cheap sisting to develop the Scientific Department of the Col- whitewash which has stood the test of years, we should esteem lege, stands behind Prof. P., I suspect

, to afford that ab-it a favor if they would describe it, the mode of application, solute certainty of pecuniary solvency to the undertaking, and what it has accomplished. which was so necessary to its satisfactory progress. It is to be hoped, however, that the tickets sold will have suf

[For the Country Gentleman and Cultivator.) ficed to cover the expenses incurred, without recourse to

How to Make the best Ice Cream. this proffered liberality.

MESSRS. EDITORS-I fully intended answering Jenny's In the N. Y. Tribune, the N. Y. Times, the New-Ha- appeal for a recipe for ice cream, but idleness prevented ven, Hartford and other papers, reports of the lectures until I found myself anticipated,' this week by " an old have been given from day to day. It was considered im- subscriber.” As however, I think my own infinitely the practicable to present abstracts in the Co. GENT., because best, and having a rural antipathy to those wretched substi80 much has been going on that an adequate summary tutes for eggs, so much in vogue now-a-days, whether isinwould- have been quite inadmissible with such a constant glass, arrow-root, flour, Oswego starch, or what not, I will

still pressure of other matter as the present season of the year smoothly frozen,) as good as the very best. I will only obo

copy mine, which has been pronounced (when well and always affords, and an attempt at very close compression servo, that its quality greatly depends upon the freezing, as can only be made at the hazard of conveying wrong im. well as on the richness of the milk, which must always le new pressions, and often at the entire forfeit of all the real milk, with as much cream as you can afford. Mine is often value of what is said. I am glad to notice, however, that made eptirely of milk, but a proportion of cream greatly imthe reports of what I have been personally present to hear, proves it. are in general so truthful and accurate; and I have no To every quart of milk, take three eggs and a heaped up doubt that the wide dissemination given to them, will at-cup of crushed sugar; put the milk and sugar in a tinpail tract greater public attention to similar courses that may and set it in a ketilo of boiling water over the fire; stir it hereafter take place.

occasionally to dissolve the sugar, and when nearly scalding,

take it off and let it stand a few moments, while you beat It had been objected by some that so constant and pro- your eggs well up; then stir them into the milk and put it tracted attendance must become wearisome before the over the fire again, stirring it constantly until it thickens, but month is over. But while the audiences are in some mea- do not let it boil or even ourdle-take it off; and when nearly sure constantly changing-some selecting one week or one cold, flavor it to your taste and send it to the freezer. I think series of subjects, and somo another. I have met with a I use a half a bottle of Mitchell's or Meakim's extracts of number of those who are here for the whole course, and vanilla, to every four or five quarts.

II. II. I have been pleased to hear from very practical and entire P.S. My cook, whom I taught to make it, corrects some ly disinterested sources, a uniform expression of entire sat. of my measurements. She says she always adds a little extra isfaction with all they have thus far seen and heard, and of sugar; generally another cupfull, when making six quarts, belief in the usefulness and value of the scheme as thus and so in proportion ; and also that a bottle full of extract is

not too much for six quarts. realized, beyond the expectations they had formed.

It it not impossible that in undertaking the project a PRUNING PINE TREES.-A writer in the N. H. Journal second time, less rather than more would be put down in of Agriculture, has been pruning his pine trees in the the programme. Somewhat less of opportunity has been winter, sawing off neatly one tier of branches each year, given for general debate than was perhaps expected, but and he finds the wounds heal over fast, and the trees look it may be quite as advantageous to listen to the well con- green and healthy, while those pruned in the summer with sidered opinions of the invited speakers as to join in aan axe, several tiers of branches at a time, look stunted rambling talk. And, particularly with those to whom such and sickly.

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