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TWO VIEWS IN SCHENECTADY AN ALLEY FULL OF WRECKAGE, A FEW RODS BELOW A SCHOOL, WHICH MIGHT EASILY BE ALTERED TO BE IN

HARMONY WITH THE QUIET BEAUTY OF THE COUNTRY-LIKE LANE ABOVE

life. Much as the physical improvement that the ideal comes home in earnest to of a city will directly do for the comfort our hearts. In how splendid a sense is the of citizens, it will do more in its reactions completion of the Municipal Group at - in its effect in inspiring a love of the Springfield at once the expression of, city, in begetting higher standards of and an inspiration to, the social sense of government. Civic pride is born in mak- that fine old New England community! ing the city one to be proud of; civic How notable already in its reaction upon virtue is won in the very act of planning the spirit of a materialistic city has been for it; the sense and spirit of community the mere dreaming of its magnificent dream can hardly be said to exist until it begins of the Chicago City Plan! Mr. Nolen to express itself; it is only when we plan says rightly: “To make a city loved, you somehow objectively to realize an ideal must make it lovely and loveable."

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THE SAME CANAL AT TWO NEIGHBORING PLACES ITS UNSIGHTLY BANKS IN SCHENECTADY AND THE BANKS AS THEY MAY BE MADE TO APPEAR BY PLANNED EFFORT

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A YEAR

HOW THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY DISTRIBUTES
THEM THROUGH FORTY-ONE BRANCH LIBRARIES
TO MORE THAN THREE MILLION PEOPLE —
THE SERVICE IT PERFORMS FOR THE
BLIND, FOR FOREIGNERS WHO
CANNOT READ ENGLISH, AND
FOR THE CHILDREN WHO
ARE JUST LEARNING

TO LOVE BOOKS

BY
SARAH COMSTOCK

H

ALF a dozen firemen loafed in having deposited one collection of twentyan engine house of New York five books and taken away another, he left City. They hadn't smelled six men with noses that had chafed for a smoke for ten hours, and sniff of smoke now buried contentedly

they were as restless as the in six volumes, Anna Katherine Green, horses below them, fretting for the signal. Dickens, Seumas MacManus, Joseph ConSuddenly the door was flung open, and a rad, and Montague Glass being repreman with a parcel entered. For a moment sented. there was a lazy, vacant stare at the That was merely one station of the 894 visitor; then the men leaped to their feet. visited by New York's Traveling. Library

"It's the book man!" they shouted, in 1912. These books were merely 25 and they fell upon the parcel as occupants of the 84,580 volumes which last year of the bear pit fall upon loaves at the ferretted out hundreds and hundreds feeding hour. When the visitor departed, of citizens who did not know how, or would

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Copyright by Underwood & Underwood, New York THE NEW YORK PUBLIC LIBRARY A GLITTERING MASS OF WHITE MARBLE THAT REARS A MAJESTIC FRONT OF CLASSIC ARCHITECTURE NEARLY

TWO BLOCKS LONG UPON FIFTH AVENUE AT FORTY-SECOND STREET

not take the trouble, to ferret out books them or leave them.” It was only a few for themselves. They hunted down fire- years ago that the public libraries all over men in engine houses all over town, the country bėgan to wake up. policemen in their stations, children in But they are awake now — aggressively parochial and industrial schools, the sick awake. Here is a group of East Side and the helpless in charitable institutions, Hungarians who do not read because they driven girls in department stores and fac- do not know English; at once they put tories. All because they had neglected lit- in a shelf of books in the Hungarians'

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ONE OF THE TWO HUGE READING ROOMS IN WHICH THE PUBLIC MAY CONSULT ANY BOOK IN THE LIBRARY, DELIVERED TO THEM BY DUMBWAITERS FROM THE STORE ROOMS AND ANNOUNCED TO THEM AS READY FOR USE BY THE FLASHING OF INDEX NUMBERS

UPON THE BOARD OF AN ELECTRIC ANNUNCIATOR AT THE LIBRARIANS' DESK erature; but that is enough, for the modern own language and catch them that way. library system. It will not be neglected. There is a gang of young rowdies who look

The traveling library is only one depart- upon the library as a row of windows ment of a vast organization of public through which empty beer bottles are to library departments, but it illustrates the be fired; the librarian announces an exdifference between the old and the new. citing sea story to be told next Friday Time was when books were recluses night, and in tramps the gang to find They sat in austere exclusiveness upon itself spellbound by an expert story-teller. their shelves, and the librarian of that day Thus, libraries are making themselves was a dragon who guarded their privacy. in every sense educational centres. Their Gradually the dragon attitude relaxed managers aim not only to furnish books into a more apathetic mood of, "Here to those who desire them, but to convert. are the books: you, the public, may take Chicago, St. Louis, Cleveland, Pittsburgh,

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ONE OF THE MOST INTERESTING AND SUCCESSFUL METHODS OF EXTENDING THE INFLUENCE OF THE

LIBRARY BY LEADING CHILDREN TO LOVE BOOKS

and Buffalo are among the cities which early in 1913 that practically eight million have thus distinguished themselves. New books circulated for home use during 1912. York's work is especially interesting for its In every case this was a worth-while book. cosmopolitanism and its bigness.

Clean fiction, old and new, biography, The New York Public Library reported science, philosophy, travel, history - all

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A BRANCH OF THE LIBRARY IN THE EAST SIDE OF NEW YORK ONE OF THE FORTY-ONE STATIONS FOR THE DISTRIBUTION OF BOOKS BY WHICH THE LIBRARY IS BROUGHT

WITHIN THE REACH OF THREE MILLION PEOPLE

forms of books were included. Books they never see, are the offices where for the blind, with raised type for eager, the pulse of all this out-reaching work seeing fingers. Books in twenty-six lan- for readers throbs. guages, circulating almost 500,000 copies. In the three boroughs reached by the Books carried to hospitals and asylums. tentacles dwell 3,061,000 people. DividThel ame, the halt, the blind, and the ing by this number the 7,969,664, we have stranger within our gates were just as an average of 2.6 volumes per capita. much benefited as the American who could Two books and six tenths of another for walk up independently to the shelves and every person is a pretty big average, select George Eliot's “Middlemarch" in when you realize how many illiterates and English for himself.

infants in arms bring down the average.

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CARRYING THE CONSOLATION OF BOOKS TO ALL CLASSES A BLIND MAN IN THE PUBLIC HOSPITAL ON BLACKWELL'S ISLAND READING ALOUD TO FELLOW PATIENTS

FROM A BOOK PRINTED IN RAISED TYPE AND BROUGHT TO HIM BY THE LIBRARY Now watch the way the various ten- It means that those people who read at tacles of this great system work. Stirring all read a good deal. continually, they feel their way in every Now the first stretch of the tentacles direction over the three boroughs of is in the direction of forty-one branches. Manhattan, the Bronx, and Richmond. A large number of reading people have The body from which these tentacles never been inside one of these buildings reach forth is the wonderful new building which are scattered over the city, in the at Forty-second Street and Fifth Avenue, heart of its foreign quarters, sandwiched down whose corridors megaphone-taught between swarming tenements, as well as tourists ever stroll

. They observe marble among more prosperous apartment buildand bronze magnificence; but tucked away ings. Many people buy all the books they in certain corners of this building, in spots read. But take the case of Mr. John New

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