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make the bond issue for it. Unfortunately, the political opponents of the present city government of Schenectady, which is Socialistic, resolved to make the plan a partisan issue, and on the night of December 9th, last, after a dramatic scene that will be long remembered, succeeded in blocking the issue by one vote — an act bitterly resented by the whole body of Schenectady's citizens. A stirring narrative might be told of the deepened resolve of Schenectady to achieve its dream — as it will — but it would be only one chapter in the narrative of the awakening of American cities to the necessity of fuller and worthier life.

Erie, a town which, but for neglect of its harbor, might have been to-day

HARVARD SQUARE IN 1840 another Buffalo; Reading and Scranton,

WHEN IT YET RETAINED THE NATURAL BEAUTY OF with the problem of their beginning industries and their meagre civic life; Roanoke, newly conscious of its shabbiness and Bennett was the subject of an article and of its great possibilities; San Diego, in this magazine three years ago. Clevewith scenic possibilities of the highest, until land has begun a great work of civic imnow utterly neglected; every one of these, provement with the creation of a civic with its particular needs and new ambi- centre, for which the land has been actions, has its own aspect of interest. quired, a Federal building and court-house

Though it is Mr. Nolen who is devoting erected, and a city hall begun. himself more exclusively than any one

Baltimore had for three years a city else to the advocacy of the idea and to plan commission, advised by Mr. Frederick the actual work of city planning, others, Law Olmsted and Carrére & Hastings. too, have wrought great things.

Hartford, the American city which first The city plan of Chicago, that design distinguished itself by the acquisition of gigantic in its daring, made by Burnham a worthy park, was the first to provide

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A WOODED VILLAGE

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HARVARD SQUARE TO-DAY WHEN IT HAS DEGENERATED (AS ALL GROWING TOWNS DEGENERATE UNLESS CONSCIOUS EFFORTS ARE MADE TO PREVENT IT) INTO AN UGLY AND INCONVENIENTLY ARRANGED JUMBLE OF JARRING ARCHITECTURAL STYLES AND OF NO STYLES AT ALL

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itself with

with a city plan commission. Carrére & Hastings prepared a comprehensive scheme of improvement, of which the monumental bridge shown on the opposite page is one of the first fruits.

Seattle has a commission which with Mr. Virgil G. Bogue as its expert, has provided an elaborate city plan contemplating a civic centre, the improvement of the harbor, the creation of a park system, the opening of arterial streets, and in general provision for the city's traffic and transit. By law, the commission's plan, when accepted by the people, is to become the official plan of Seattle, and every improvement is to follow it.

Kansas City, having developed an enviable park and boulevard system at a cost of 10 millions, is moving toward other improvements according to a well considered plan.

St. Louis has created a city plan com

VISTA AND THOROUGHFARE TOO EXTENDING AND WIDENING ARLINGTON STREET, IN BOSTON, TO PROVIDE A MORE DIRECT ROUTE FOR TRAFFIC AND TO CREATE A NEW BEAUTY FOR PUBLIC VIEW. EVERY VEHICLE IN BOSTON LOSES TWO OR THREE HOURS A DAY BECAUSE OF THE BAD ARRANGEMENT OF THE STREETS

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MR. JOHN NOLEN (RIGHT) AT WORK ON A CITY PLAN IN HIS OFFICE AT CAMBRIDGE, MASS., IN WHICH HE HAS DESIGNED CIVIC IMPROVEMENTS FOR MORE THAN

TWENTY AMERICAN CITIES

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A BEAUTIFUL APPROACH TO A CITY THE NEW BRIDGE OVER THE CONNECTICUT RIVER AT HARTFORD, BUILT TO DIGNIFY THE ENTRANCE TO

A MUNICIPALITY OF ABOUT 100,000 PEOPLE

mission. So have Newark and Jersey Cass Gilbert and Mr. F. L. Olmsted. City. In Minneapolis, a voluntary organ- Messrs. Manning, Kelsey and Waugh ization is advised by Mr. E. H. Bennett; are at work — for voluntary bodies in New Haven, another is advised by Mr. have taken up the idea in many other

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A NOBLE EXPRESSION OF CIVIC PATRIOTISM THE NEW GROUP OF MUNICIPAL BUILDINGS AT SPRINGFIELD, MASS., WHICH THE PEOPLE BUILT LARGELY

TO GIVE BEAUTIFUL FORM AND SUBSTANCE TO THEIR LOVE FOR THEIR CITY

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A PLAN FOR AN APPROACH TO THE RAILROAD STATION AT SCRANTON, PA. TYPICAL OF THE NECESSITY TO PROVIDE A SETTING AND VISTA BY WHICH THE BEAUTY OF MONUMENTAL

PUBLIC BUILDINGS MAY SHOW TO ADVANTAGE

widely scattered cities — here are the Newark, New Haven, New Orleans, Oaknames of a few: Albany, Atlantic City, land, Cal., Oklahoma City, Poughkeepsie, Buffalo, Cedar Rapids, Cincinnati, Colo- Portland, Me., Portland, Ore., Providence, rado Springs, Columbia, S. C., Columbus, Reading, Ridgefield, N. J., Salem, Mass., Dallas, Denver, Des Moines, Detroit, San Antonio, St. Joseph, Mo., St. Paul, Gary, Ind., Grand Rapids, Greenville, San Francisco, Savannah, Walla Walla, S. C., Harrisburg, Indianapolis, James- and Washington, D. C. town, N. Y., Los Angeles, Louisville, It was the privilege of the writer of this Memphis, Milwaukee, Minneapolis, article a few weeks ago to sit at luncheon

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HOW MONTCLAIR, N. J., MIGHT UNIFY ITS CIVIC LIFE BY AN ORDERLY AND BEAUTIFUL GROUPING OF MUNICIPAL BUILDINGS SET OFF BY OPEN SPACES AND RE

LIEVED BY A BACKGROUND OF TREES AND LAWNS

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AS CITY MARKETS APPEAR WHICH “JUST GROW” RAMSHACKLE STORES IN MONTCLAIR, N. J., THAT MAKE AN UGLY CORE OF A BEAUTIFUL RESIDENTIAL SUBURB

BECAUSE THEY WERE NOT PLANNED

with the committee of the National All the elements of the problem are Conference on City Planning, at work on given; the cost of the land, the price of the final stages of a great experimental labor and of materials of all descriptions. study which it is conducting. The com- Parks, playgrounds, social centres, streets mittee, of which Mr. Nolen is chairman, and boulevards, with shade-trees, are has invented a plot of land of specified required, with provision for factory sites, topography and relation to the surround- shops, and stores, with dwellings for tening country, which is to receive a popula- ants of all grades. Interest and overhead tion of a specified number and character. expenses are charged. The problem is to

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AS THE MARKETS OF A SMALL CITY MAY APPEAR WHEN THE PEOPLE, AS THE PEOPLE OF GLEN RIDGE, N. J., DETERMINED TO DO, ARE RESOLVED TO CONTRO"

THE PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR CITY

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