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AND HURST, ROBINSON, AND COMPANY, 90, CHEAPSIDE,
P bounded on
Hyrcania, on the east by Aria, on the south by Car- battle, but taken prisoner, and died in captivity. The
tival. Arsaces being thus fully established in his new and, to distinguish it from Chaldæa, that of Eyrac Aga- kingdom, reduced Hyrcania and some other provinces Ancient mi. By Ptolemy it is divided into five districts, viz. under his power; and was at last killed in a battle divisions. Caminsine or Gamisene, Partheyne, Choroane, Atticene, against Ariarthes IV. king of Cappadocia. From this
and Tabiene. The ancient geographers enumerate a prince all the other kings of Parthia took the surname
Ispahan, the capital of the present Persian empire. drove him quite out of Media. But he 'soon returned
Parthia is by some supposed to have been first peopled with an army of 100,000 foot and 20,000 horse, with peopled.
by the Phetri or Pathri, often mentioned in Scripture, which he put a stop to the further progress of Antio-
reigned 15 years, and left three sons, Phrahates, Mithri- of the ParThe history of the ancient Parthians is totally lost. dates, and Ártabanus. Pbrahates, the elder, succeeded tbian mo
narchs All that we know about them is, that they were first to the throne, and reduced under his subjection the subject to the Medez, afterwards to the Persians, and Mardi, who had never been conquered by any but A. lastly to Alexander the Great. After his death the pro- lexander the Great. After him, his brother Mithridavince fell to Seleucus Nicator, and was held by him tes was invested with the regal dignity. He reduced and his successors till the reign of Antiochus 'l'heus, the Bactrians, Medes, Persians, Elymeans, and overran about the year 250 before Christ. At this time the in a manner all the east, penetrating beyond the bound
Parthians revolted, and chose one Arsaces for their aries of Alexander's conquests. Demetrius Nicator, Cause of
king. The immediate cause of this revolt was the who then reigned in Syria, endeavoured to recover those thians re
lewdness of Agathocles, to whom Antiochus had com- provinces ; but his army was entirely destroyed, and
mitted the care of all the provinces beyond the Eu- himself taken prisoner, in which state be remained till Anticchus phrates. This man made an infamous attempt on Ti- his death ; after which victory Mithridates made himTheus.
ridates, a yonth of great beanty; which so enraged his self master of Babylonia and Mesopotamia, so that all
whole arhis antagonist out of the country. Seleucus, however, presence of delivering bis brother Demetrius, who was
my. in a short time, undertook another expedition against still in captivity. Phrahates was defeated in three Vol. XVI. Part I.