« AnteriorContinuar »
and Westerly-now in operation from there and in which Dr. McSparran at the former place as far as Narragan- times preached. * sett Pier, and promised to be com- Like Plato, the Narragansetts bepleted next year—will sweep near lieved in the immortality of the soul, them on the south. The journey
and this belief they affirmed came which in colonial times required down from their ancestors. It could several days by stagecoach and in no other way be accounted for, packet between Boston and New since they had had no acquaintance York is now made in six hours. Thus with civilized nations, and were thus Wood River Junction is but about ignorant of revelation, two hours from Boston, four and a Probably there was never a prouder half from New York and one from and more sensitive race of primitive Providence.
people than the advanced tribes of Perhaps the fairest tract in all this North American Indians. The willregion is that known as Watchaug ingness with which a majority of the Heights, extending from the Cham- New England tribes yielded their plin road to Watchaug Pond, on which lands to the white colonists has hardly it borders for about five eighths of a been explained. mile, and for the most part under In the reservation of ten miles stately oaks a hundred and fifty years square, as adjusted in 1709, is included old. By the road, at an elevation of Shumunkaug Hill, an elevation averone hundred and forty feet from the aging two hundred feet above the sea sea,* is a plateau of fifteen or twenty level, and at some points reaching acres, half of which is covered by a two hundred and twenty-three. grove of thirty or forty years' growth, History does not tell us for how that serves as protection from north many years or how many hundred and east winds.
years this was one of the localities Watchaug Pond, if it were not al- most favored by the Narragansetts. It ready named, might fairly claim the is about a mile south of Wood River title of lake, for its circumference is Junction in the direction of the sea. rated at three miles, and its water, The views from its heights are still inclear and deep, fed from springs, has teresting, although some of them have considerable outflow that finds a way been temporarily obscured by the to the ocean through the Pawcatuck growth of wood. River. It is navigable for steam or The decidedly health-giving qualisailing craft.
ties of this reservation are attributed to The Watchaug lands are separated several causes. Its elevation above by a narrow strip from the Champlin most fogs, whether of land or sea, stock farm of 700 acres, which retains gives it a pure, dry atmosphere; its its name from the early proprietors of drinking waters are excellent; indeed, more than a century ago.
This farm, there is such an absence of contaminow owned by a gentleman of wealth, nating influences that the visitor must extends to the ocean, and from it in applaud the choice by which this discolonial years were shipped to the trict was retained to the last as the West Indies quantities of cheese, oats home of the aborigines. and other products employing a large Fortunately no Narragansetts of number of hands, both women and pure blood survived to witness the men.
transfer of their favorite lands from In 1745 George Ninegret, then chief the red man to the white. A careful sachem of the Narragansetts, con- estimate places less than fifty persons veyed to Colonel Christopher Cham- in the township, who claim any deplin and others forty acres of land on scent from the once dominant Narrathe post road adjoining the Champlin
gansett tribe. farin for a church which was built * History of the Episcopal Church in Narragansett,
† Arnold's History of the State of Rhode Island, Vol. I, * U. S. Geodetic Survey
A truly monumental work, evidently to be happily executed, was planned by Richard Herndon —whose success with the several volumes of Men of Progress of the different New England states was such a satisfaction to us as its publishers-in “Universities and their Sons," the first volume of which is now ready. Four more are to follow. If they equal this one, with its seven hundred and fifty pages, four hundred illustrations, and luxurious paper and printing, we doubt if any similar set of subscription books can compare with this one. It occupies a new field in university literature, being at once historical and biographical Recognizing the place and influence of the higher institutions of learning in the development of national life and character, it records the struggles, sacrifices, and triumphs of the men who founded and developed these institutions. It shows what Higher Education has contributed to uplift mankind and advance civilization, and illustrates, by studies of the lives of University Sons, how the university training has borne fruit in the practical affairs of life. The editorial staff consists of General Joshua L. Chamberlain, LL. D., editor-in-chief; William R. Thayer, A. M. (Harvard, '81); Professor Charles H. Smith, LL. D. (Yale, '65); Professor John DeWitt, D. D., LL. D. (Princeton, '61); Professor J. Howard Van Amringe, Ph. D., L. H. D., LL. D. (Columbia, 60); Charles E. L. Wingate, A. B. (Harvard, '83); Albert Lee, B. A. (Yale, '91); Jesse Lynch Williams, A. M. (Princeton, '92); Henry G. Paine, A. B. (Columbia, '80). These names at once place a value on the books quite exceptional in the annals of subscription publishing, and provide for the treatment of each division of the work by the most competent hand available. General Eaton, ex-commissioner of education in the United States, sends a prefatory letter of commendation, while the introduction is by his successor, Hon. William T. Harris, Ph. D., LL. D. In it he treats of higher education in the United States, comparing American and European standards and showing statistically the preeminence of the college graduate, the peculiar function of the classics in education, and the advantages of the college graduate over the self-educated man.
A general article, on “Universities of Learning," follows by the editor-in-chief, General J. L. Chamberlain, ex-president of Bowdoin College, and ex-governor of Maine; showing how these institutions originated from the natural desire of the human mind for knowledge, and a corresponding impulse to preserve its acquisitions and communicate them to other minds by the founding of some organized means; tracing the passage and quickening of the torch of learning from its earliest fitful gleams in the dark ages down through the mediæval schools and modern universities of Europe, to the American university
of the present day. Then comes the "History and Customs of Harvard University,” by William Roscoe Thayer, A. M. (Harvard, '81), editor of the Harvard Graduates' Magazine, author of “The Dawn of Italian Independence,' “Poems, New and Old," etc.; an ably-written article of one hundred and seventy-five pages (in fact, a book in itself), giving a most interesting account of the founding and growth of the institution, and describing the progress of education and the student life there.
After this we have a “History of Yale University,” by Professor Charles Henry Smith, LL. D., professor of American History at Yale; a scholarly but none the less vividly interesting sketch of two hundred pages, treating of the origin of the college, and its progress under successive administrations, the departments of the university, and the voluntary undergraduate activities.
Next appears a “History of Princeton University," comprising sketches of "Princeton College,” by Professor John DeWitt, D. D., LL. D. (Princeton, '61), professor of Church History in Princeton Theological Seminary; and “Princeton University,” by Jesse Lynch Williams, A. M. (Princeton, '92), author of "Princeton Stories." “The Freshman,” etc., and member of the editorial staff of Scribner's Magazine. The first of these articles starts with the beginnings of university life in America, narrates in detail the circumstances and conditions under which Princeton College was originated and founded, and records its progress and development through the successive administrations of its twelve presidents down to the present time. The second is descriptive of the Princeton University of to-day—its buildings and equipment, courses of study, social system, undergraduate interests and activities.
Perhaps most interesting of all is the "History of Columbia University," by Professor J. Howard Van Amringe, Ph. D., L. H. D., LL. D., Dean of Columbia College and Professor of Mathematics in the University, chairman of the Columbia University Alumni Council, etc.; embracing an historical sketch of King's College from the granting of the royal charter in 1754, to its reorganization and change of name to Columbia in 1784, an account of the development of Columbia College under its several presidents, its removal to 49th Street and the enlargement of its curriculum, its transformation into a university with the accession of President Low, and its final removal to the new site and magnificent buildings on Morningside Heights.
Tliese various chapters are illustrated by nearly four hundred engravings, from photographs taken expressly for this work, including views of buildings, personages and scenes interesting in themselves or endeared by associations; the portraits of early presidents and others being photo
A new evidence of the very welcome tendency to send our students to original sources for their information is furnished in “Studies in American History,” by Howard W. Caldwell, which contains tracts or leaflets illustrating by quotations from the actors in the various periods the different stages of our American history, from the founding of the colonies to the Civil War. (J. H. Miller, Lincoln, Neb.)
A historical story of the oppression of the Bohemian peasants by Maria Theresa and Joseph II of Austria is told in Caroline Svetlá's "Maria Felicia.”
The heroine is the daughter of one of the Emperor's most intimate friends; but unlike her father, she cares nothing for court life, her sympathy being with the poorer class. In spite of her father, and after his death, she continues her work among the oppressed, even disguising herself as a man to do so. In this way, as a wandering harpist, she becomes fully acquainted with the peasants' mode of life and their feeling toward her as their ruler.
Her pity is so aroused that she gives up home, wealth and friends, becomes the wife of Andrew, the porter's son, and when the peasants are exiled, she goes with them.
graphed from the oil paintings (many of them by famous masters) which hang on the walls of the university buildings. There are also full-page phototypes of Presidents Eliot of Harvard (from Hardie's painting), Dwight of Yale, Patton of Princeton, and Low of Columbia, also of Dr. Harris, United States Commissioner of Education. The engravings are finely executed and beautifully printed, but the phototypes leave much to be desired, and are the only disappointing thing in the volume. This shortcoming-and a very slight one-will doubtless be corrected in the succeeding volumes, of which the four remaining are to be issued at intervals of about three months.
Volume II will consist of biographical sketches and portraits of officials, professors, instructors, benefactors, etc.—the men who have founded, fostered and developed the institutions treated of, and thus have promoted the cause of higher education in the United States.
Other volumes will be devoted to life sketches and portraits of University Sons, compiled with
The story is cleverly told, and one's interest does not lessen from beginning to end. (A. C. McClurg & Co., Chicago, $1.00.)
study of the careers of graduates, “the practical influence which the higher education of the country has upon its business, politics and literature, and in general upon the directive power of the nation.” (R. Herndon Company, Congregational House, Beacon Street, Boston. $15 per volume.)
The possible condensation of narration is well exemplified in Duruy's “General History of the World,” to which Professor Grosvenor of Amherst has added but one hundred and fifty small 12mo pages to cover the last fifty years. This has not been his only share in the work, however. Naturally, France received greater attention in the original than was desirable for an American text-book. History, too, is progressive and often changes her verdicts in view of later discoveries. So where Duruy's original observations or statements may have become antiquated, Professor Grosvenor, availing himself of the best authorities, has modified them or replaced them with better-founded facts and conclusions. Some few chapters he has entirely recast, but the charm of style is not lost in them. There are many good <maps and the book is most complete, up to date and satisfactory. (T. Y. Crowell & Co., Boston. $2.00.)
“The Story of the Revolution" cannot be told too often, and it is now once again set forth in most readable fashion by Henry Cabot Lodge. No one can exceed this author in his admiration for Washington, and every heart must dilate with patriotic pride, in reading the enthusiastic appreciations of that great man's wisdom, courage, and, more than all, his patience from the time he took command of the army under the Cambridge elm, till he entered New York on the heels of the retiring British. The description of the battle of Bunker Hill is the story of a great thing, greatly told, and words could hardly contain a
more forcible impression. Mr. Lodge holds the British commanders in light esteem, never missing a chance to apply contemptuous epithets to Gage, Clinton or Ho Indeed his attitude towards England, down to the last year is far from conciliatory. But by the jumping of that nation with the author's views on expansion and imperialism, Mr. Lodge is willing to concede something in its favor. The book concludes with a merry jingoistic clang that can hardly be called legitimate history, and serves to emphasize that there are no facts, however noble, that cannot be ingeniously veneered upon prejudice. The two handsome volumes are amply illustrated, and enclosed in a substantial box,
(Charles Scribner's Sons, N. Y. $6.00.)
"Things of Northfield and Other Things" is a collection of five practical and energetic sermons by Rev. David Gregg of Brooklyn. By “Things of Northfield” he means emanations from Mr. Moody, which, starting from the Northfield summer conferences, have done much to stir up many of the churches to greater vitality. “Am I Worldly?” and “Our Duty to Our Young Men” are subjects of two of the best of these discourses. (E. B. Treat & Co., New York. 60 cents.)
BOOK GO NOTES
A score of pictures of Miss Nethersole in character are tied together as a souvenir of that actress and the plays of her repertoire by R. H. Russell (New York. 25 cents). It is intended, doubtless, to be sold in the lobby of the theatre.
The “Directory of the Charitable and Benefi“The Heart of Denise, and Other Tales," by
cent Organizations of Boston,” of which the S. Levett Yeates, has a foreign and supernatural
fourth edition is just issued (Associated Charitouch that is very fascinating to a large class of
ties, Boston, $1.00), is a book to be welcomed readers. (Longmans, Green & Co., N. Y. $1.25.)
heartily, not only by philanthropists and clergymen, but by all citizens. In compact form and pleasing type it presents not merely a list of
institutions with addresses, but all essential facts It would be interesting to know what kind of
about them. It states what hours they are open, criticism Mr. E. C. Stedman would accord to
whether connected with telephone, terms of adthe tale “That Duel at Château Marsenac,” in
mission, if they are in the suburbs, their distance scribed to him by its author, Walter Pulitzer. It
from street cars, etc. does not seem worth while to burden our pages
A large part of the book treats of subjects with even the quotation or two which would fur
closely related with economic questions and renish ample taste of its quality. (Funk & Wag
lief work, such as, licenses, pawnbrokers, pennalls, New York. 75 cents.)
sions, free libraries, municipal lectures, baths, playgrounds, cemeteries, etc.
A large and valuable appendix gives legal In our April issue we spoke appreciatively of
suggestions by Hon. George S. Hale, revised by Professor Grosvenor's editing and modernizing
his son. These are specially valuable to district of Duruy's “General History of the World."
visitors. To them are subjoined a “Summary The publishers now offer it in two volumes of
of the more important Laws applying to Dwellgreater convenience to hold and at the same cost,
ings in Boston,” prepared by Mr. Estabrook of the first being Duruy's “Ancient History” and
the Twentieth Century Club. These contain the second Grosvenor's “Contemporary His
laws concerning garbage, drainage, overcrowdtory,"—i. e., the last fifty years. (T. Y. Crowell & Co., Boston. $1.00 each.)
ing, building permits, etc., and make easily accessible what a district visitor constantly needs to refer to. An index completes the book,
which is a monument of research, painstaking A rather concise description, historical and
care and good sense on the part of its compilers. physical, of our recently acquired possessions and of those we hope and mean to take is Charles Morris's “Our Island Empire.” Fully a third of the book is devoted to Cuba which, our Three very unusual studies of character are to author evidently is sure, will be promptly “ab- be found in "Strong Hearts" by George W. sorbed” by the United States. Porto Rico, Ha- Cable. The first, when appearing in magazine waii and the Philippines also have due attention, form, was called “Gregory's Island," but here but a tiresome failure to give intelligent head- bears the title of “The Solitary.' It is of trelines to the pages mars it as a reference guide mendous force. A good man stumbling down which its almost entire and welcome lack of hill to a drunkard's fate, voluntarily pulled him“fine writing” otherwise fits it for. The volume self up on an uninhabited island, cut his boat in seems to combine information that, without it, pieces, resolved to conquer his degrading habit, must be sought in many distinct books. (J. B. or to die in the attempt. The descriptions of the Lippincott Company, Philadelphia. $1.50.) return of the appetite, the vain energy of de
spair, the terrible agony, are told as only a mas
ter in words can tell such things. The reader An unusually good story of the romantic must hold his breath and feel the chills run down school so popular in recent years is “Hugh his back, in the excitement of those dread hours Gwyeth, a Roundhead Cavalier," by Beulah M. of battle. That this human tragedy result well Dix. The hero, a mere lad, runs away from his is positively necessary to the reader's comfort. grandfather's grudging care to seek a father and The second study is of “The Taxidermist," and a career in the royal army and only returns, af- is very lovely in the simplicity and beauty of the ter he has secured both, to whip and magnani- lives portrayed The third, “The Entomologist,”
is the longest tale in the book, but is rather confusing in the continual movement of neighborhood ministrations during a yellow fever epidemic, and an unsuccessful attempt to invest a dryasdust scientist with romantic tendencies. (Chas. Scribner's Sons. New York. $1.25.)
before this done much to direct attention. It has been in the discussions concerning Rosenfeld that most Americans have learned what little they know about Yiddish literature. Dr. Wiener's book, with its translations and bibliography, will teach our people how large and varied this literature is.
The collection of delightful southern myths de-serves a prettier title than the author, Charles A most interesting account of the bi-centennial W. Chesnutt, has bestowed upon it, viz., “The celebration of the First Baptist Church of PhilConjure Woman Many of these myths are in- adelphia has just been published by the Amervented, or adapted, as occasion requires the ican Baptist Publication Society of that city. It shrewd darkies to hoodwink and outwit the un- contains a complete history of the church and sophisticated Yankee who has come among them all the organizations connected with it, also an to buy and cultivate a vineyard. The element of account of the celebration in detail, with all its surprise is well developed and capitally man- meetings, speeches, and greetings from sister aged to produce amusing endings to the chap churches and societies. It is illustrated. ($3.00.) ters. (Houghton, Mifflin & Co., Boston. $1.25.)
It is a pity to have left out a simple map of the The author, W. B. Winston, of "Waters That region in “In the Klondyke,” as, otherwise, FredPass Away," would have left us more interest in erick Palmer's book is the clearest kind of a pichis story if he had put the careful synopsis at ture of the gold fields and a most interesting acthe end instead of at the beginning of the book. count of how he got there. The illustrations As it is the dénouement is not in question and point the moral and adorn the tale which ought only the way in which it will be worked out fur- to have been in the hands of thousands of the nishes a motive for turning over the pages. And, tenderfoots who thought they had but to arrive truth to tell, the working out of the plot is tedi- to stake a paying claim. The reader will find the ously burdened with similar successive events.
(Charles Scribner's Sons, N. Y. Seldom does the heroine step out for a walk $1.50.) within sight of her own cottage windows, or under the loving gaze of her invalided husband, cross the Jersey ferry or visit a picture gallery, Everything that comes from the hand of Prothat the two gallants bent upon her ruin do not fessor George Trumbull Ladd of Yale Univerappear to seize her hands and avow their pas- sity is thoughtful, earnest, and scholarly, and sion. One of these men carries on a large busi- such certainly are the “Essays on the Higher ness but is never too absorbed to be on hand to Education" (Charles Scribner's Sons, New harry his victim, while the other is idle enough York. $1.00), just published. There are four of by habit to have her always under surveillance. these essays,—The Development of the AmerIt is a sad story with few mitigating exceptions, ican University, The Place of the Fitting School and some very strong situations. Why men do in American Education, Education New and not turn under this continuous showing them up Old, and A Modern Liberal Education,-emphaas voluptuaries, cruel, selfish, with no ray of pity sizing the certain principles which the author or remorse, it is not easy to explain. (G. W. holds to be permanent, belonging to all educaDillingham Co., New York. $1.00.)
tional systems in all times. But every age and every country has, he holds, its own problems,
and he seeks to apply his unchanging general "The History of Yiddish Literature in the principles to the demands and interests of the Nineteenth Century," by Leo Wiener of Har- higher education in America to-day. vard University, is a most scholarly and painstaking book, entering a field which most
An Enormous Industry. American readers is unfamiliar indeed. The term Yiddish is a corruption of Jüdisch, the sub
Our enormous facilities, tremendous output, ject of Dr. Wiener's book being the Judeo-Ger- rapid movement of goods always fresh in the man literature. The history is the result of most hands of consumers, insures the Gail Borden careful research in the libraries of Russia and Eagle Brand Condensed Milk the first place in Germany, and of personal visits to almost all the American homes. living Yiddish writers of any note. Dr. Wiener studies the language itself, the folk-lore, and Darning the knees of children's stockings has the Yiddish poetry and prose writings both in come to be no longer regarded as a necessary Europe and America to the present time. The evil since the “Velvet Grip” hose supporter has most original poet among the Russian Jews of become so widely known. The rubber button in America is Morris Rosenfeld, the worker in the the clasp never slips or tears. This supporter is, New York sweat-shops, whose "Songs From the so far as we are aware, the only one sold under Ghetto” are so touching and powerful, and to a positive guarantee. A little yellow coupon on whose work altogether Dr. Wiener himself has every pair makes its own argument.