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UPT. EDWARD HYATT, of Riverside County, issued the following unique postal card:

RIVERSIDE, CALIFORNIA, March 15, 1900. TO ALL TRUSTEES AND Ex-TRUSTEES OF RIVERSIDE COUNTY.

Dear Friends:-One of the main features of this year's County Institute is a Trustee Day, for Wed. nesday, March 28. On this day the teachers will all be dismissed to visit the schools of the neighboring County, so that the entire time and talent and energy of the institute may be spent in trying to make a profitable session for you, the men who really shape and control the schools of the county. It is a lopsided proceeding, to talk all the time at the teachers and to do nothing for their trustees. A teacher can do but little to the improvement and advancement of her school without the intelligent c operation of her trustees. No bettei thing could be done for a school system than to give its trustees opportun ty to hear, see, discuss, compare the educational ideas that are now changing and influencing the educational world.

The Superintendent of Public Instruction has consented to come all the way from Sacramento to consult with our t ustees; the editor of the official educational journal comes from San Francisco to give an address; the County Superintendent of Los Angeles will tell his experiences; the enthusiastic head of the Department of Education in one of the great universities will speak; the trustees themselves will disciuss live issues in school management; altogether, it will certainly be a day that no trustee can afford to m ss.

You are urgently invited to attend this session at the Riverside High School on Wednesday and to go home with me to lunch at noon. I shall be very greatly disappointed if every district in the county is not represented. If the trustees do not attend, the day will be a failure and the money and time wil be wasted Tue, it is hard to leave one's work for this purpose, but we must all sacrifice someth ng for the general good; and experience shows that when we pick up and go, willy willy, the private business does not really suffer much after all. Where there's a will, there's a way.

of course you are invited to all the other sessions and lectures of the institute; but more particularly to this trustee-meeting, because without you, it would be like the play of Hamlet with Hamlet left out.

Very Respectfully Yours,

EDWARD HYATT

County Supt. of Schools. About seventy trustees representing over sixty per cent of the districts in Riverside County, responded. Thos. J. Kirk, Superintendent of Public Instruction; J. H. Strine, Superintendent of Los Angeles County; J. A. Rice, Deputy Superintendent of San Diego County; Harr Wagner and others spoke. Sixty-five accepted Mr. and Mrs. Hyatt's in vitation to dinner. It was a six-course dinner, prepared entirely under the supervision of Mrs. Hyatt. The trustees asked many questions of Superintendent Kirk, who was always ready with a response.

It will go on record as the best trustee-meeting held in the State. Lyman Evans of the Board of Trustees of the city of Riverside, also District Attorney of Riverside County, made a ringing speech for the right of the people in the selection and certification of teachers on a broader basis than that prepared by the Furlong-Beattie certification bill printed in the January number of the JOURNAL. He also criticised the personnel of the Education Commission.

Mr. Reynolds, a citizen of Perris, California, suggests that the legislature empower each county to insure its own school buildings, thereby saving hundreds of dollars each year to the school fund.

Miss Lulu Claire Bahr, County Superintendent of San Bernardino County, held a trustees meeting on Tuesday morning, April 3d. It was well attended, Superintendent Kirk, Superintendent Hyatt, Prof. E. P. Cubber.ey, Harr Wagner and others addressed the meeting. The trustees were interested and the meeting was a decided success.

The Trustee and the Teacher.

I

J. H. STRINE, SUPERINTENDENT OF LOS ANGELES CO. T IS occasionally necessary, on the part of the teacher, to adopt heroic measures in

dealing with certain pupils in order to preserve the dignity of her own position and to prevent an infringement of the acknowledged rights of other pupils. In instances

of this kind it is so common for interested parents to see the matter as represented by the child, and to attribute the punishment to prejudice or some other unworthy motive on the part of the teacher that the trustee, if called upon, needs to fortify himself against pitfalls and snares, and presume that the teacher is right until he has carefully investigated

the matter 'and found the teacher in error. In this way he not only assists in maintaining the standards of the school, but in strengthening the hands and heart of the teacher and thus enabling her bravely to meet and dispose of other breaches of discipline at a less expense of energy and womanly dignity. On the other hand should the trustee-on account of the prominence of the family affected, or some other indefensible reason-exhibit sympathy for the complaining pupil, he at once not only weakens the authority of the teacher, and lays the foundation for disrespect and insubordination on the part of the pupils, but makes himself morally responsible for the possible downfall of the teacher.

I have in mind a case of discipline in which the pupil—a young man-called a meeting of the trustees and had his punishment reduced to one-half of that assigned by the principal. What would have been the effect on the school if this action of the trustees bad been final? and it was final so far as the trustees, at this meeting were concerned: but the principal iosisted upon another meeting and when it was called informed the trustees that unless they reconsidered the matter ho should go before the school and explain that the trustees were responsible for the change. The trustees, seeing that they had made a mistake, decided to reconsider. In this case one of the trustees was secretly working against the principal because he had twice refused to grant special favors to this trustee's children. In another instance, the pres dent of a board of trustees called a meeting for the express purpose of dismissing an assistant teacher who could not make an angel of his wayward son, and might have succeeded if the principal had not insisted, before the board, that the assistant teacher Was doing what was right, and that the boy deserved to be severely punisbed or turned out of shool. This same trustee, who had been a teacher bimself, made the absurd statement at the meeting referred to, that a person was not fit to teach children unless he could successfully manage all pupils without any sort of punishment. But as a rule I am glad to say that trus!ers are inclined to stand by their teachers. It is the exception that tends to demoralizo the gehool.

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Harold W. Fairbanks of Berkeley has been deliv. ering a course of popular lectures on geography at the Y. M. C. A. Building, San Francisco. He also aid some excellent work for the Marin County teachers last month along the same lines. Prof. Fairbanks has made a special study of the physiography of the Pacific Coast.

The Manual Training Schoo's of Santa Barbara observed the anniversary of the death of Miss Anna C. Blake, with appropriate ceremonies.

The faculty of the Los Angeles Normal School celebrated President Pierce's forty-ninth birthday with an informal luncheon.

The Washington State Board of Education will adopt text-books in May for all grades for a term of five years.

Supt. R. H. Webster of San Francisco has estimated that $1,289,029 will be required to maintain the city schools for the next fiscal year.

The Teachers' Annuity Society of San Francisco will hold a festival at Glen Park on May ist, to raise funds for the society. It promises to be very successful.

Charter Day at University of California was fittingly observed by an address given by Whitelaw Reid, editor of the New York Tribune, and an ad. dress by Benjamin Ide Wheeler.

President David Starr Jordan has just returned from a tour of the East. He was the guest of Gov Roosevelt in New York, of Pres. Eliot of Harvard, and of the State Association of Indiana.

Arnold J. Tompkins, author of “ Philosophy of Teaching” and “Philosophy of School Management,” and President of Cook County Normal School, has been doing Institute work in the Northwest. Supt. Meredith, of Kings County, Washing. ton, secured him for his County Institute.

Prof. Joseph Le Conte of the University of California, delivered an address for the Humane Society of San Francisco, on April 5th. When asked whether he believed in vivisection, said, “I would kill a hundred fleas to protect one dog and I would kill a hundred dogs to protect one man."

Henry Clay Faber of Stanford University, who died April 6th, of appendicitis, was Curator of the Museum at Stanford University, a teacher in vari. ous sections of the State, a candidate for Superintendent of Schools of Santa Barbara County, in 1894, and of Santa Clara County in 1898. He was a good izen and a progressive teacher.

A Record of Institutes. The Riverside County Institute held a five days' session at Riverside, March 26th to 30th. Supt. Kirk was present and addressed the trustees on “The Duties of the School Trustee." P. W. Kaufman of Ventura addressed the trustees on the sub. ject, “The Boy We Teach.” D. R. Augsburg delivered a series of talks on drawing. Prof. Elwood P. Cubberley gave several professional talks, and a summation of addresses by teachers on Tompkins School Management. Harr Wagner delivered his lecture, “ Uncle Sam Jr.," ana gave several talks on methods. The part of the program which calls for special mention is the day set apart for school visitation. This was arranged in a systematic manner. The teachers visited Redlands, San Bernardino and Colton. Each teacher gave a report on the day's observation. The other feature of special note was the systematic manner with which the teachers studied Tompkins' School Management, and applied the study to practical purposes. The day the teachers visited the schools, the Superintendent conducted a trustees meeting. The able leadership of Supt. Hyatt and his practical Institute talks also call for special mention.

Lulu Claire Bahr of San Bernardino County, called her Institute April 2d-6th. Prof. Elwood P. Cubberley, Supt. Thos. J. Kirk, Hart Wagner, Mrs. H. L. Lunt and the teachers of the County took an active interest. The Institute was particularly noted for the careful consideration given Tompo kins' School Management. The teachers had carefully prepared to discuss the various subjects under the leadership of Prof. Cubberley. The high school assembly room was made attractive and instructive by the drawings of pupils, arranged by Miss Parish

The Kings County Institute, Washington, was held March 26th to 30th. Its most notable feature was the presence of Arnold J. Tompkins. Supt. Meredith planned to bring his teachers in contact with Eastern thought and method as represented by Prof. Tompkins and succeeded.

Supt. Robt. Furlong held his Institute March 26th-oth at San Rafael. Supt. Minnie Coulter, Sopoma County; City Supt. of Santa Rosa, E.M. Cox; City Supt. of Oakland J. W. McClymonds; Prof. H. T. Ardley, D. R. Augsburg, Frederic L. Burk, Harold W. Fairbanks were the instructors. A potable feature of the Institute was the arrangement of a visiting day to the San Francisco schools. Supt. Furlong was one of the first to inaugurate the plan of having teachers visit other schools dur. ing Institute week. His teachers have visited Alameda, Oakland and San Francisco.

Supt. T. O. Crawford of Alameda County held his Institute March 26th to 30th, in the city of Oak. land. There was certainly & surplus of talent. Among the speakers were the following: Dr. F. B. Dresslar, Dr. Elmer E. Brown, Prof. C. C. Plehn, Pres. Benjamin Ide Wheeler, Dr. Joseph Le Conte, Prof. Kendric C. Babcock, Harold W. Fairbanks, O. W Mark, P. M. Fisher, A. W. Atherton, Supt. of Public Instruction Thos. J. Kirk, Prof. G. M. Stratton. A day was spent at Berkeley, ard it proved one of the most enjoyable and instructive days of the Institute, There was also a symposium on the subject: “What Should be Taught in the Public Schools."

Beware of Ointments for Catarrh than

Contain Mercury as mercury will surely destroy the sense of smell and completely derange the whole system when entering it thru the mucous sur. faces. Such articles should never be used except on prescriptions from reputable physicians, as the damage they will do, is ten fold to the good you can possibly derive from them. Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O., contains no mercury, and is taken internally, acting directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the system. In buying Hall's Catarrh Cure be sure you get the genuine. It is taken internally, and made in Toledo, Obio, by F. J. Cheney & Co. Testimonials free.

Sold by Druggisis, price 75c. per bottle. Hall's Family Pills are the best.

Pacific Grove

Summer School

Session of 1900.

COURSES given by members of the Faculties of Stanford and University of California in PEDA. GOGY, PHYSICS, MATHE. MATICE, ANCIENT and MODERN LANGUAGES, HIS. TORY and ART.

Pacific Coast Bureau of Education

Room 31, Flood Building, S. F.

During eleven years this Agency has grown steadily in faror. Its services are free to school officers, who in applying to it for a teacher can rely implicitly on a satisfactory one being recommended. Teachers desiring positions or promotion should communicate at once with the Bureau. Terms very reasonable.

Fisk Teachers' Agencies

have allod ovor 13,000 positions. PACIFIC COAST (525 Stimson Block, Los Angeles OFFICES

420 Parrott Building, San Francisco BOYNTON & ESTERLY, Managers. Agency Manual sent free to any address. Correspondence with employers invited. Registration forms sent to teachers on application.

Railroad Rates to Students Reductions in fees on Proceding years. Beautiful location. Board and Rents reagon

able. Courses last eight, eix, and four
weeks, beginning June 18th, July 2d,
and July 16th, respectively.
For further information. eee circulars.

R. L. SANDWICK,
Local Secretary,

PACIFIC GROVE, CAL.

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DURING VACATION MONTHS...... C. F. WEBER & CO.

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Give reference.

48

The Western Journal of Education.

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