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UPT. EDWARD HYATT, of Riverside County, issued the following unique postal card:

RIVERSIDE, CALIFORNIA, March 15, 1900. TO ALL TRUSTEES AND Ex-TRUSTEES OF RIVERSIDE COUNTY.

Dear Friends:-One of the main features of this year's County Institute is a Trustee Day, for Wed. nesday, March 28. On this day the teachers will all be dismissed to visit the schools of the neighboring County, so that the entire time and talent and energy of the institute may be spent in trying to make a profitable session for you, the men who really shape aud control the schools of the county. It is a lopsided proceeding, to talk all the time at the teachers and to do nothing for their trustees. A teacher can do bat little so the improvement and advancement of her school without the intelligent c operation of her trustees. No bettei thing could be done for a school system than to give its trustees opportun ty to hear, see, discuss, compare the educational ideas that are now changing and influencing the educational world.

The Superintendent of Public Instruction has consented to come all the way from Sacramento to consult with our t ustees; the editor of the official educational journal comes from San Francisco to give an address; the County Superintendent of Los Angeles will tell his experiences; the enthusiastic head of the Department of Education in one of the great universities will speak; the trustees themselves will disciuss live issues in school management; altogether, it will certainly be a day that no trustee can afford to mss.

You are urgently invited to attend this session at the Riverside High School on Wednesday and to go home with me to lunch at noon. I shall be very greatly disappointed if every district in the county is not represented. If the trustees do not attend, the day will be a failure and the money and time wil be wasted T ue, it is hard to leave one's work for this purpose, but we must all sacrifice somethng for the general good; and experience shows that when we pick up and go, willy nilly, the private business does not really suffer much after all. Where there's a will, there's a way.

of course you are invited to all the other sessions and lectures of the institute; but more particularly to this trustee-meeting, because without you, it would be like the play of Hamlet with Hamlet left out.

Very Respectfully Yours,

EDWARD HYATT

County Supt. of Schools. About seventy trustees representing over sixty per cent of the districts in Riverside County, responded. Thos. J. Kirk, Superintendent of Public Instruction; J. H. Strine, Superintendent of Los Angeles County; J. A. Rice, Deputy Superintendent of San Diego County; Harr Wagner and others spoke. Sixty-five accepted Mr. and Mrs. Hyatt's invitation to dinner. It was a six-course dinner, prepared entirely under the supervision of Mrs. Hyatt. The trustees asked many questions of Superintendent Kirk, who was always ready with a response. It will go on record as the best trustee meeting held in the State.

Lyman Evans of the Board of Trustees of the city of Riverside, also District Attorney of Riverside County, made a ringing speech for the right of the people in the selection and certification of teachers on a broader basis than that prepared by the Furlong-Beattie certification bill printed in the January number of the JOURNAL. He also criticised the personnel of the Education Commission.

Mr. Reynolds, a citizen of Perris, California, suggests that the legislature empower each county to insure its own school buildings, thereby saving hundreds of dollars each year to the school fund.

Miss Lulu Claire Bahr, County Superintendent of San Bernardino County, held a trustees meeting on Tuesday morning, April 3d. It was well attended, Superintendent Kirk, Superintendent Hyatt, Prof. E. P. Cubber oy, Harr Wagner and others addressed the meeting. The trustees were interested and the meeting was a decided success.

The Trustee and the Teacher.

J. H. STRINE, SUPERINTENDENT OF LOS ANGELES CO. T IS occasionally necessary, on the part of the teacher, to adopt heroic measures in

dealing with certain pupils in order to preserve the dignity of her own position and to prevent an infringement of the acknowledged rights of other pupils. In instances

of this kind it is so common for interested parents to see the matter as represented by the child, and to attribute the punishment to prejudice or some other unworthy motive on the part of the teacher that the trustee, if called upon, needs,to fortify himself against pitfalls and snares, and presume that the teacher is right until he has carefully investigated

I

Of Interest to School Boards.

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the matter 'and found the teacher in error. In this way he not only assists in maintaining the standards of the school, but in strengthening the hands and heart of the teacher and thus enabling her bravely to meet and dispose of other breaches of discipline at a less expense of energy and womanly dignity. On the other hand should the trustee-on account of the prominence of the family affected, or some other indefensible reason-exhibit sympathy for the complaining pupil, he at once not only weakens the authority of the teacher, and lays the foundation for disrespect and insubordination on the part of the pupils, but makes himself morally responsible for the possible downfall of the teacher.

I have in mind a case of discipline in which the pupil—a young man-called a meeting of the trustees and had his punishment reduced to one-half of that assigned by the principal. What would have been the effect on the school if this action of the trustees had been final? and it was final so far as the trustees, at this meeting were concerned: but the principal iosisted upon another meeting and when it was called informed the trustees that unless they reconsidered the matter he should go before the school and explain that the trustees were responsible for the change. The trustees, seeing that they had made a mistake, decided to reconsider. In this case one of the trustees was secretly working against the principal because he had twice refused to grant special favors to this trustee's children. In another instance, the pres dent of a board of trustees called a meeting for the express purpose of dism ssing an assistant teacher who could not make an angel of his wayward son, and might have succeeded if the principal had not insisted, before the board, that the assistant teacher was doing what was right, and that the boy deserved to be severely punished or turned out of shool. This same trustee, who had been a teacher himself, made the absurd statement at the meeting referred to, that a person was not fit to teach children unless he could successfully manage all pupils without any sort of punishment. But as a rule I am glad to say that trusters are inclined to stand by their teachers. It is the exception that tends to demoralizo the school.

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EDUCATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS, TEACHERS' INSTITUTES, ETC.

Educational Associations.
The National Educational Association,
Charleston, South Carolina, July 7-13, 1900.
John Swett, State Director, Martinez, Cal.;Irwin
Shepherd, Secretary, Winona, Wis.

The California Teachers' Association, San
Francisco, Dec. 26, 27, 28, 1900. J. W. Mc-
Clymond.. President; Mrs. M. M, FitzGerald,
Secretary.

Northern California Teachers' Association,
Nov. 1, 2, 3, Marysville. F. S. Reager, President,

Teachers' Institutes.
San Luis Obispo County, San Luis Obispo,

April 16 to 20th. Mrs. A. C. S. Woods, Superintendent.

Sonoma County, Santa Rosa, April 9 to 13th. Miss Minnie Coulter, Supt.

Mendocino Countv, Fort Bragg, May 7 to 10th, Supt. J. F. Barbeo.

San Francisco, R. H. Webster, Superintendent
May 23, 24, 25.

Meetings.
The Stato Educational Commission, San
Francisco, April 12th,

Tho Joint Board of Normal School Trusteos,
San Jose, April 13th.

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The Manual Training Schoo's of Santa Barbara Harold W. Fairbanks of Berkeley has been deliv. observed the anniversary of the death of Miss Anna ering a course of popular lectures on geography at C. Blake, with appropriate ceremonies.

the Y. M. C. A. Building, San Francisco. He also The faculty of the Los Angeles Normal School

aid some excellent work for the Marin County celebrated President Pierce's forty-ninth birthday

teachers last month along the same lines. Prof. with an informal luncheon.

Fairbanks has made a special study of the physiog

raphy of the Pacific Coast. The Washington State Board of Education will adopt text-books in May for all grades for a term of five years.

A Record of Institutes. Supt. R. H. Webster of San Francisco has esti

The Riverside County Institute held a five days' mated that $1,289,029 will be required to maintain

session at Riverside, March 26th to 30th. Supt. the city schools for the next fiscal year.

Kirk was present and addressed the trustees on The Teachers' Annuity Society of San Francisco “The Duties of the School Trustee." P.W. Kaufwill hold a festival at Glen Park on May 1st, to man of Ventura addressed the trustees on the sub. raise funds for the society. It promises to be very

ject, “The Boy We Teach." D. R. Augsburg desuccessful.

livered a series of talks on drawing. Prof. Elwood Charter Day at University of California was fit

P. Cubberley gave several professional talks, and a tingly observed by an address given by Whitelaw

summation of addresses by teachers on Tompkins Reid, editor of the New York Tribune, and an ad.

School Management. Harr Wagner delivered his dress by Benjamin Ide Wheeler.

lecture, “Uncle Sam Jr.," and gave several talks on

methods. The part of the program which calls for President David Starr Jordan has just returned special mention is the day set apart for school visifrom a tour of the East. He was the guest of Gov tation. This was arranged in a systematic manRoosevelt in New York, of Pres. Eliot of Harvard, ner. The teachers visited Redlands, San Bernardand of the State Association of Indiana.

'ino and Colton. Each teacher gave a report on the Arnold J. Tompkins, author of " Philosophy of day's observation. The other feature of special Teaching” and “Philosophy of School Manage- note was the systematic manner with which the ment,” and President of Cook County Normal

teachers studied Tompkins' School Management, School, has been doing Institute work in the North- and applied the study to practical purposes. The west. Supt. Meredith, of Kings County, Washing. day the teachers visited the schools, the Superinton, secured him for his County Institute.

tendent conducted a trustees meeting. The able

leadership of Supt. Hyatt and his practical InstiProf. Joseph Le Conte of the University of California, delivered an address for the Humane Soci

tute talks also call for special mention. ety of San Francisco, on April 5th. When asked Lulu Claire Bahr of San Bernardino County, called whether he believed in vivisection, said, “I would her Institute April 2d-6tb. Prof. Elwood P. Cubkill a hundred fleas to protect one dog and I would berley, Supt. Thos. J. Kirk, Harr Wagner, Mrs. kill a hundred dogs to protect one man.”

H. L. Lunt and the teachers of the County took an Henry Clay Faber of Stanford University, who active interest. The Institute was particularly died April 6th, of appendicitis, was Curator of the noted for the careful consideration given Tomp" Museum at Stanford University, a teacher in vari. kins' School Management. The teachers had careous sections of the State, a candidate for Superin- fully prepared to discuss the various subjects under tendent of Schools of Santa Barbara County, in the leadership of Prof. Cubberley. The high school 1894, and of Santa Clara County in 1898. He was a assembly room was made attractive and instructive good citizen and a progressive teacher.

by the dra gs of pupils, arranged by Miss Parish

Pacific Grove

Summer School

The Kings County Institute, Washington, was Beware of Ointments for Catarrh than held March 26th to 30th. Its most notable feature

Contain Mercury as the presence of Arnold J. Tompkins. Supt. Meredith planned to bring his teachers in contact as mercury will surely destroy the sense of with Eastern thought and method as represented by smell and completely derange the whole sysProf. Tompkins and succeeded.

tem when entering it thru the mucous sur.

faces. Such articles should never be used Supt. Robt. Furlong held his Institute March except on prescriptions from reputable phyth-oth at San Rafael. Supt. Minnie Coulter, sicians, as the damage they will do, is ten Sonoma County; City Supt. of Santa Rosa, E.M. fold to the good you can possibly derive from Cox; City Supt. of Oakland J. W. McClymonds;

them. Hall's Catarrh Cure, manufactured Prof. H. T. Ardley, D. R. Augsburg, Frederic L.

by F. J. Cheney & Co., Toledo, O., contains Burk, Harold W. Fairbanks were the instructors.

no mercury, and is taken internally, acting

directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces A notable feature of the Institute was the arrange

of the system. In buying Hall's Catarrh ment of a visiting day to the San Francisco schools.

Cure be sure you get the genuine. It is Supt. Furlong was one of the first to inaugurate taken internally, and made in Toledo, Obio, the plan of having teachers visit other schools dur- by F. J. Cheney & Co. Testimonials free. ing Institute week. His teachers have visited Ala- Sold by Druggists, price 75c. per bottle. meda, Oakland and San Francisco.

Hall's Family Pills are the best. Supt. T. 0. Crawford of Alameda County held his Institute March 26th to 30th, in the city of Oakland. There was certainly & surplus of talent. Among the speakers were the following: Dr. F. B. Dresslar, Dr. Elmer E. Brown, Prof. C. C. Plehn, Pres. Benjamin Ide Wheeler, Dr. Joseph Le Conte, Prof. Kendric C. Babcock, Harold W. Fairbanks, 0. W Mark, P. M. Fisher, A. W. Atherton, Supt. of Public Instruction Thos. J. Kirk, Prof. G. M.

Session of 1900. Stratton. A day was spent at Berkeley, ard it proved one of the most enjoyable and instructive

COURSES given by members days of the Institute, There was also a symposium

of the Faculties of Stanford and on the subject: "What should be Taught in the

University of California in PEDAPublic Schools."

GOGY, PHYSICS, MATHE.

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MODERN LANGUAGES, HIS

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During eleven years this Agency has grown steadily
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Reductions in fees on Preceding years.

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and July 16th, respectively. PACIFIC COAST (525 Stimson Block, Los Angeles For further information. eee circulars. OFFICES 420 Parrott Building, San Francisco

R. L. SANDWICK,
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Local Secretary,

PACIFIC GROVE, CAL. Agency Manual sent free to any address. Correspondence with employers luvited. Registration forms sent to teachers on application.

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