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the State Board at the meeting to be held on the 14th inst., and announcement of such will be made as soon thereafter as possible.

Only life diplomas or life certificates of other States which the State Board of Education of California shall have determined represent scholarship, and experience equivalent to the requirements for the grammar school life diploma of California will entitle the holder to the grammar school certificate.

Action upon a few applications for accrediting of life diplomas and life certifications will probably be taken at the meeting of the State Board on the 14th inst.

By the provisions of Section 1772, Subdivision 2, of the Political Code, Special Certificates are restricted to drawing, music, physical culture, commercial, technical and industrial work. County Boards of Education cannot legally grant a special certificate to teach English, German or French.


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By the Political Code, Section 1662, “Every school, unless otherwise provided by law, must be open for the admission of all children between the ages of six and twenty-one years.'

The same section stipulates that trustees shall have power to exclude from school children of filthy or vicious habits and children that are suffering from contagious or infectious diseases.

No provision is made for excluding simple-minded children from school, but provision is made by the State for the care of the feeble-minded. Neither school trustees nor teachers should assume to pass upon the conditions of the minds of children for the purpose of determining whether they should be admitted to school. This requires expert knowledge of mental derangement. A child may be simple in a certain sense from too rapid growth. Later the same child may recover and astonish teacher, trustees and parents by aptness of mind. A child of singular and apparently weak mind may greatly improve by association with other children. Teachers and school officials should be exceedingly careful and guarded about whom they exclude from the public schools. The public school is the great training place, sacred and free to all classes of people.

*** A rule of the State Board of Education, standing since 1895, requires that the certificate of an applicant upon which a life diploma is asked must at the time of making the application be in full force and effect, and that it must have been held by the applicant at least one year.

* My interpretation of 2 (b) (1) of Section 1775 is that diplomas heretofore granted by the San Francisco Normal School are credentials upon which County Boards of Education may issue grammar school certificates without examination and without the accrediting of said San Francisco Normal School by the State Board of Education. I am sure it was the intention of the framers of the bill which amended Section 1775 at the last session of the Legislature to place San Francisco City Normal School diplomas in the same class as California State Normal School diplomas, and that the provision for the State Board of Education to recommend and accredit Normal Schools referred to other Normal School diplomasNormal Schools outside of the State.

To School Superintendents and Boards of Education. The action of the State Board of Education in selecting the copyrighted matter of McMaster's School History to comprise the main part of the text of a new series State history, which was undertaken to be compiled and which it was hoped soon to have published, seems to have led some county boards to conclude that McMaster's School History could be designated in the course of study as the text-book on that subject.

It hardly appears necessary for me to call the attention of a school official to the error of such a conclusion. The law regarding the use of the State series of text-books has not been repealed nor changed. No grammar school history except that of the State series can lawfully be required to be purchased by parents or pupils, nor can any other be used except as supplementary to the State book, and boards of education should be careful not to disregard the law by naming in their courses of study or instructions to teachers and schools any other book as the regular text; and if such has been done under misapprehension steps should at once be taken to make proper correction.

The outlook for publishing or securing new books of the State series until further legislation upon the subject is not encouraging at this time, but until new books are published and the announcement is officially made that they are ready for use and may be lawfully introduced in the public schools, school authorities should not anticipate changes, or jeopardize the school interests of their county or district by disregarding the law.


THOMAS J. KIRK, Superintendent of Public Instruction.

EDUCATIONAL MEETINGS. The California Teachers' Association, Pacific

1 Chico, October 31, November 1-2. G. H. Stokes, Grove, December 30, 31, and Japuary 1, 2, 3. R. president, D. Faulkner, president; Mrs. M. M. FitzGerald, secretary.

The Southern California Teachers' Association

will hold its session in Los Angeles, DecemNorthern California Teachers' Association, ber 19-20. Lewis B Avery, president.

COUNTY INSTITUTES. Solano County, Supt. D. H. White; Vallejo. Shasta County. Supt. Margaret I. Poore; RedSeptember 23-26.

ding. October 28-30. Lassen County, County Supt. 0. M. Doyle; Glenn County, Supt. F. M. Reager; Willows, Susanville, Sept. 25-27.

October 28-30. Modoc County, Supt, Anna L. Williams; Al. Tehama County, Supt. Lena Nargle; Red turas, Sept. 30, October 1 and 3.

Bluff, October 28-30. Plumas County, Supt. W. P. Donnelly; Quincy, Stanislaus County, Supt. J. Wagener; Modesto October 8, 9, 10, and 11.

November 4-6.

THE WESTERN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION succeeds to the subscription lists, advertising, partonage, and good will of the Golden Era, established in San Francisco in 1852.

Subscription, $1 50 a year. Single copies, 15 cents.

Remit by check, Postoffice order, Wells, Fargo & Co., or by stamps.

ADVERTISEMENTS-Advertisements of an unobjectiona. ble

nature will be inserted at the rate of $3.00 a month per inch.

MSS.- Articles on methods, trials of uew i heories, actual experiences, and school news, reports of teachers' meetings, etc., urgently solici ed.

Address all communications to THE WESTERN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION, 723 Market Street, San Francisco.


THE WHITAKER & RAY COMPANY, PUBLISHERS. Entered at the San Francisco Post-office as second-class

matter. The Official Organ of the Department of Public Instruction of the State of California.



The following signed statement concerning the shooting of the President was prepared by Benjamin Ide Wheeler, President of the University of California, for one of the daily papers. It contains the whole story. Pages of type could not say more or say better than these few trenchant paragraphs:

“Every American heart is filled to-night with pain and distress. The hand of violence has been raised against one of the kindliest and wisest friends of man and men that in all the records of time ever sat in the chair of authority. But this is not all, nor even the beginning of the whole. That hand was raised against the Chief Magistrate of the land, against the father of his people, against the embodiment of the supreme law, against the representative of that system of order we call the state, through which society, our homes, our well-being are secured.

The pistol shots in Buffalo sent through the land a fearful warning against license disguised as liberty, against lawlessness, masquerading in the cloak of freedom. They are a call to every loyal man that he lay aside the easy sloth of indifference and enroll himself with the vigilance-men against disorder, lawlessness and every form and guise of anarchy. The miserable wretch who fired the shots is not of his own making. Every encouragement of disorder, every wanton criticism of men in public office has helped to make him what he is. If the vigilance-men will cope with anarchy they must kill these seeds of anarchy - and it is high time for them to be up and doing."

This issue of THE JOURNAL is so replete with excellent articles that it was impossible to crowd anything out except the editorial comments. President Wheeler's address to students should be read in every school. Dr. Kimmin's article deserves to be considered by every parent. This issue shows something of the educational trend of California toward higher ideals.

The Contra Costa County Institute.

Superintendent A. M. Phalin called his institute Friday afternoon the teachers visited the Selby to meet at Crockett, September 4, 5, 6. The 'Trus- Smelting Works and the sugar refinery. tees, consisting of Theo. Moiles, John Edwards, The Knickerbocker Quartette furnished excellent J. Emil Peterson, and the citizens, spared no and most entertaining music. Mrs. Martin Schultz, pains to make the reception and comfort of the of San Francisco. delighted the people with her teachers complete and satisfactory in every detail. rendition of several songs. The fine new school building is a pride to Crockett, Miss Gretchen Bernett, of St. Paul's Choir, Oak: and a building that would be a credit to any city. land, sang “September" and " The Merry Miller" The decorations were elegant. Miss Trimingham, in a most charming manner. the principal of Crockett schools, assisted by other There were many important dicussions on the teachers, helped to make the occasion delightful to part of the teachers. Mr. Odel oí Richmond gave the visiting teachers. The Crockett Committee an instructive and scholarly address on "Spelling secured for the elegant reception Wednesday eve. Reform." ning Hynes' Orchestra, served refreshments and

The meeting thruout was a success. Superioaided in securing the Knickerbocker Quartette for tendent Phalin was congratulated by the teachers, the day and evening sessions. The committe issued citizens of Crockett and trustees on the success of a handsome souvenir program.

his institute The institute was favored with several virile practical talks on history, geography and language by Frank J. Browne of Berkeley. Mr. Browne is a

The institute season has approached and is here. new man in the State. We have never heard any.

At least forty counties will assemble the teachers one, with the possible exception of Professor

for institutes. This year does not promise much that Heaton, of the University of California, who has

is new, nor much that is strong in addition to that such adequate knowledge of the subjects he dis

of other years. Professor Elwood P. Cubberley and cusses. He has the spirit of the teacher. He does

Dr. Elmer E. Brown will be missed from many not need a freak treatment of a subject to hold the

programs. Professor Alex. B. Coffey, who lias attention of the audience. His work is along the

been absent from the State for three years, will line of sincere, earnest teaching adapted to the

enter the institute field again, and will accept a few needs and purposes and achievements of the public

engagements that will not interfere with his special schools.

studies at Stanford. Frank J. Browne, ex-State Alex. B. Coffey, of the University of Washing

Superintendent at Washington, who bas located at ton, now doing special work at Stanford, made his

Berkeley, is the only new man in the field this first appearance since his return to 'alifornia. He

year. has lost none of his old time popularity, but has

President Burk of the San Francisco Normal will greatly improved in the power of presentation, and

be more in demand than others for institute work. in the application of the principles of pedagogy to

Superintendent W. C. Doub of Bakersfield, who the every day work of the public school teacher.

made an excellent reputation as an institute inHis evening lecture on “Young America" is a

structor at San Joaquin last year, and who, since masterly effort, whether you judge it from the

that time, has been prominently before the State. standpoint of platform rhetoric, from the stand

on account of course of study, will be invited to a point of rational patriotism, or from the standpoint

number of institutes. His topical discussions of of inspiration for young and old to higher ideals of geography, history and grammar will be invaluable life.

to teachers. H. H. Johnson of Ohio, more recently Superintendent of Public Instruction Thomas J.

of Mt. Vernon, Washington, the author-musician Kirk addressed the teachers, school trustees and

and one of most successful men in handling music Supervisors of the county on Thursday afternoon.

in an institute in the United States, will tour the It was a notable gathering. Superintendent Kirk

State in November and December, and will assist gave a practical talk on the duties of school trus

a number of counties. tees. He gave advice on building and furnishing

Prof David S. Snedden, Prof. John T. McManns school houses, on purchase of school supplies,

of Stanford, Dr. F. B. Dresslar, Prof. T. L. Heaton, visits to school, selection of teachers, etc.

L. Duport Syle of the University of California, Mr. Buttner, the clerk of the Port Costa School,

will also be on hand at a number of institutes. made a very interesting and practical address, and

The teachers of the State will certainly have an related his experiences as school trustee. He

opportunity to come in contact with the best there insisted on frequent visits on the part of trustees to

is in current educational thought, schools, and the selection of teachers on the basis

G. W. Beattie and bride have sailed for Manila. of merit, and spoke against frequent changes in the

Mr. Beattie will take the position of superintendteaching force.

ent of one of the provinces.

Tulare Union High School Board bas de- At a meeting of the San Benito County Board of cided to put in a commercial course.

Education held recently, H. G. Bacon was elected

president. Chas. Biedenboch has been elected principal of the Dwight Way School, to succeed

W. J. Dougherty of San Juan, San Benito County, W. H. De Bell.

has been elected to the principalship of the Dos

Palos schools Mrs L. W. Sweesy of Pasadena has been

M. P. Hubler, an ex teacher, is canvassing San e ected special teacher in music in the


County for school supplies in the interest of Berkeley schools.

M. A. Williamson of Hollister. 0 W. Erlewine of the City of Sacramento, Superintendent Hartrauft, of King' County, has written an ahle article for the Sacra- Wash , has arranged to bring to the Northwest L. men to Bee on manual training.

P. Harvey, of Wisconsin, as institute conductor for

King and other counties. Professor J. B. Horner, who organized the summer school at Newport, Oregon, is to be

Contra Costa County has established three Union congratulated on making an excellent suc

High Schools this year. One is at Martinez, one at cess of it.

Concord and one at Crockett. The latter is named

in honor of John Swett. F E. Perham who served last year as City Superintendent of San Bernardino, has been

J. F, Barbee, Superintendent of Mendocino

County, writes that he has formed thirteen new appointed to a bigh school position in San

districts in his county. This is the banner county Francisco.

of the State in the formation of new schools. W. F. B. Lynch, at one iime County Su.

F. F. Jeffers has been employed as special inperin'endent of Public Schools of Alameda

structor in music in San Mateo, Palo Alto, and County, died at San Leandro last week at the

several other places. He is also prepared to inage of 74 years. He was prominent in educa- struct in institutes on the subject of music. He is tional circles for a number of years.

located at Palo Alto. F. N. Miller, formerly of the Commercial Miss Teresa Hess, a graduate of the University Department of the San Diego High School, of California in 1899, has been employed as teacher has been elected to the same position in

of English and German in the High School in Willows High School. Mr Miller is one of

College City to succeed Miss Louise J. Holling, who the best commercial teachers in the State.

has secured a position in the Oakland schools.

Dr. Geo. C. Thompson, who has been principal of What is very necessary in a position of this

the High School at College City for four years, has kind, is that a man shall have good sense been employed as principal of the Marysville and good business habits. Mr. Miller has High School both. The Board of Education of Honolulu

HOW'S THIS? adopted a new list of text books for the common schools August 5th, The list is one We offer One Hundred Dollars Reward for any reported by the committee of teachers and case of Catarrh that cannot be cured by Hall's approved by the text book committee and in

Catarrh Cure. turn adopted by the Board. These books

F. J. CHENEY & CO., Toledo, O. are to be provided under contract by the We, the undersigned, have known F. J. Cheney government and none of the local book deal- for the last 15 years, and believe him perfectly honers have laid in a supply. The list so far

orable in all business transactions and financially adopted includes the fo lowing: Bass's Be

able to carry out any obligations made by their ginner's Reader; Baldwin's Readers; Sup


WEST & TRUAX, Wholesale Druggists, Toledo, O. plementary Reading – Hawaiian Young

WALDING, KINNAN, & MARVIN, Wholesale DrugPeople; Home and School C assics; Prince's

gists, Toledo, O. Arithmetic: Language-The Mother Tongue,

Hall's Catarrh Cure is taken internally, acting Rice's; Rational Spelling; Rodway's Geog- directly upon the blood and mucous surfaces of the raphy; Eggleston's History; Dole's Young

system Sold by all Druggists. Citizen.

Hall's Family Pills are the best.

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