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Los Angeles, Seattle, and other Pacific Coast cities have made a considerable raise in the schedule of teachers' salaries. While we have never believed in the oft quoted maxim that good salaries make good teachers, yet it is gratifying to all interested in the teaching profession that these cities have been sufficiently wise to realize the importance of paying larger salaries. Los Angeles paid salaries to the principals of the schools that were inadequate.

* * * The proceedings of the California Teachers' Association for 1899 has been issued. Copies may be had by members of the Association by sending 15 cents for postage to the secretary, Mrs. M. M. FitzGerald, 1627 Folsom Street, San Francisco. This volume contains the notable addresses of Dr. Burke, President Jordan, President Wheeler, and others. It is a valuable contribution to educational literature and is printed in a large, handsome volume of over 400 pages, clear type, well bound, and complete in every particular.

* * * The consolidation of rural schools to form union elementary schools,rural school supervision, and transportation of pupils are matters which have for some time attracted much attention in other states. Recently the subjects were discussed in the Report of the Committee of Twelve on Rural Schools. Since the publication of this Report the subjects have attracted much attention in this state. The last Biennial Convention appointed a committee, consisting of Prof. Ellwood P. Cubberley of Stanford University, Supt. J. W. Linscott of Santa Cruz, and Supt. J. W. Grabam of Kings, to consider the subjects and draw up an Act for presention at the last session of the Legislature. no satisfactory plan presented itself no report was made. When the subcommittee of the Educational Commission met in January the subject was one of the first to receive attention, and the proposed act, which we print in another part of this issue, was presented by Prof. Cubberley and adopted.

The advantages of concentrating scattered rural schools into one union school were pointed out by the Committee on Rural Schools in their Report, and have been emphasized by the State Superintendents of Massachusetts, Connecticut, Indiana, and other states where the experiment has been tried and proven to be successful. Briefly, they are as follows:

1. The employment of more teachers to do the same number and grades of work, resulting in better teaching and longer recitation periods.

2. Improvment in class work and school spirit, due to the influence of larger classes in the school and more pupils on the play-ground.

3. A chance for supervision of rural schools.
4. A chance to enrich the course of study.
5. Retention of better teachers.
6. Longer school terms.
7. Greater community pride in the school.
8. A substantial saving in school money.

In many of the more thickly populated counties of this state there are one or more natural concentrating centers, and the proposed law would permit superintendents to make a trial of the plan.


Educational Associations and Teachers' Institutes.

SUMMER SCHOOLS FOR TEACHERS. The National Educational Association,

University of California, June 25th to AugCharleston, S. C., July 7–13, 1900. John

ust 3d. Swett, State Director, Martinez, Cal.; Irwin

State Normal School, San Diego, July 20 Shepherd, Secretary, Winona, Wis.

to August 10th. The California Teachers' Association, San State Normal School, San Francisco, JuneFrancisco, December 26, 27, 28, 1900. J. W. McClymonds, President; Mrs. M. M. Fitz

Pacific Grove Summer School, Pacific gerald, Secretary.

Grove, June 18th. Eight weeks. Northern California Teachers' Association, The Summer School for Teachers, Tacoma, Marysville, November 1, 2, 3. F. S. Reager, Wash., June 26th to August 14th. President.

Summer School of Science for Teachers, Pullman, Wasb., June 25th. Six weeks.

Puget Sound Summer School, Seattle,

Wash., July 2d to August 10th.

University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho, June
Biennial convention of County and City 20th to August 1st.
Superintendents, San José, August 28, at 10
o'clock A.M.

Western School News. A.J. Matthews has been elected principal G. S. Bond, superintendent of Walla Walla of Arizona State Normal School, at Tempe County, Wash., has been elected to the prinA. T.

cipalship of one of the leading schools of President Benjamin Ide Wheeler is booked

Walla Walla. for a course of lectures at Chautaqua during Plans VI and IX, of Prof. T. L. Heaton's vacation.

article on “ Architecture for Rural Schools,” Superintendent F. J. Barnard of Seattle will appear in the August number of the has been re-elected at an increase of $600 a JOURNAL. year salary. Carl C. Nielsen has been appointed a

Judge Fitzgerald of Los Angeles decided

that a Board of Education has a right to demember of tbe County Board of Education of

clare a teacher's position vacant, provided Solano County.

she marries. Prof. H. Clayton has been elected President of the State Normal School at Ashland,

Prof. Earl Barnes was married to Miss Oregon, to succeed W. T. Van Scoy.

Anna Kohler at St. Helena recently. Miss

Kohler is a graduate of S1i) !!! Geo. F. Mack and Miss Alice Gartlin have

and until the end of the school year taught been appointed members of the County

in the Stockton high school. Board of Education of Amador County. Mrs. A. G. Campbell and Mrs. Mabel C.

Prof. Edmund C. Sanford of Clark UniKinney bave been elected members of the County Board of Education of San Diego,

Berkeley. He will lecture daily in the SumCal.

mer School Course, from 9:30 to 10:30, in the

University of California. The City Board of Education of San Franeiseo has abolished the Spring Valley Even- Joaquin Miller, who has been quite a feaning and the Lo Conte Primary Schools. ture at Teachers' Institutes during the past The commercial department has been trans- four years, has gone to China as war correferred from the Polytechnic High to the spondent of the New York Journal, Chicago Mission High. Arrangements are now being American and San Francisco Examiner. He comp'eted for the introduction of manual does not expect to return to the United States raining, sewing and cooking.

until November 1st.

D. A. Mob'ey has been elected principal of Jose Normal; Principal Hayman of Colusa; the Stockton High School, at a salary of Superintendent Foshay, of Los Angeles; Su$2,000 per year. He succeeds F. E. Perbam. derintendent Bingham, and Principal WhitProf. C. C. Van Liew, president of the

ney of Tacoma, are among those who attended Chico State Normal School, is one of the lec

the N. E. A. from the Pacific Coast. turers at the University of California, Sum- F. H. Leach, deputy superintendent of Pubmer School.

lic Instruction of Washington, has resigned S.D. Waterman, Superintendent of Schools

to accept the superintendency of the schools of Berkeley for the past year, was united

of Chehalis, Washington. Superintendent in marriage to Mrs. Ida Marie Sanor of

Leach bas been identified for many years Alameda on June 20th.

with the educational work in Washington,

and is a progressive and successful educator. W. W. Payne, who was a successful high school principal in San Diego County for a

Superintendent F. H. Plumb, a member of number of years, is now principal of the

the State Board of Education of Washington, schools of Astoria, Oregon.

a man of sterling integrity and progressive

educational views, has been elected to the Madison Babcock, Joseph O'Connor, Rich- principalship of one of the North Yakima ard Faulkner, and J. B. Casserley entertained Schools. He is now serving the second term Superintendent Atkinson during his brief as Superintendent of Schools of Yakima visit to San Francisco, while on his way to County. the Philippine Islands.

P. W. Kaufman, principal of the high Miss Lida Lennon, music and art; Miss school at Ventura, was elected superintenMarie Hall, primary department; Ruth Mery, dent of San Bernardino schools, at a salary grammar department; Mrytle Brown, pri- of $2000 per year. He accepted, but resigned mary department, are the new teachers at in a few days, on account of a newspaper the Chico State Normal.

controversy in San Bernardino in reference

to salary. Principal Kaufman has gradC. C. Adams, at one time a member of the firm of the Whitaker & Ray Co.,a graduate of

ually grown in the estimation of school peo

ple. He has done excellent work at Ventura, San Jose Normal and Stanford University,

and he has done well, not only for himseli, was married recently to Miss Price, a beau

but for the profession of teaching, by refustiful and accomplished teacher of Anderson,

ing to go to a town where there is likely to Shasta County.

be a fight on account of financial support. Captain Howard Ford of Colusa, has been

Trinity County held the last institute of elected to the principalship of the Vallejo

the school year, June 20th, 21st, and 22d, schools, to succeed C. B. Towle. Capt. Ford

Prof. T. L. Heaton was the only instructor. has distinguished himself in the National

and his lectures proved both interesting and Guard, in the regular army and as an edu

profitabel, dealing with matters relating to cator.

rural schools. Weaverville is a long distauce M. B. Turner bas resigned the presidency from book centers. The large collection of of the State Normal School at Cheney, recent pedagogic books which Mr. Heaton Washington, and J. H. Miller of Lincoln, took with him received careful attention Neb., formerly editor of the now defunct from the parents and teachers and many Northwestern Monthly, has been invited to titles were taken down for school and private accept the place.

libraries. A collection of over sixty fine

etchings and engravings accompanied the Clyde Olney, a graduate of the Fresno

books. These and the two lectures on them High School, and also of the University of

proved very interesting to the teachers and California, has been elected as principal of the Fresno High School, to succeed H. W. general public. The mothers of Weaverville

were as interested in the institute as were the Abbott. The latter resigned because the

teachers. So should it be, for they too are Board refused to increase bis salary.

teachers. Trinity County has in its superState Superintendent Thos. J. Kirk and intendent, Miss Lizzie Fox, a wide-awake, wife; Morris E. Dailey, President of San | progressive educator.

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School and Home Education. "George P. Brown, editor and publisher of 'School and Home Education,' one of the most useful men and one of the best of publ.cations, has met with a great loss through a very disastrous fire, which destroyed all the buildings on five blocks in the heart of the city. His subscription list is lost, as arel arge and value collections of records. All subscribers should send their Dame and address and the time to which their subscription was paid to George P. Brown, Bloomington, II., at once. Pass the word along."

All right, Brother Winship, we pass it along, but with the remark that it would be a distinct loss to educational journalism to have “School and Home” disappear ia smoke. We trust that not only the old subseri bers, but that many readers of this notice will send a new subscription to “School and Home." It is an original, thoughtful, impartial and helpful journal.

The following named graduates of the University of California have been placed in schools in various parts of the State: Miss Lena Macauley, '00, teacher of Latin and Greek in Mills College; Miss Lily Hohfeld, *99, in Yreka High School; Miss Rose Hohfeld, '99, assistant teacher in Red Bluff High School. Miss Gertrude Allen, '00, succeeds Sidney Elston in the San Diego High School. Mr. Elston will take a similar position in the Berkeley High School.

Roswell Wheeler '96, goes to the head of the history department in the Alameda High School. Miss Emma Garretson becomes a teacher of French and German in the Alameda High School. Miss Beatrice Reynolds bas resigned from the faculty of Vassar College to accept a position as teacher of Greek und Latin in the Los Angeles High School.

Fisk Teachers' Agencies

have filled over 14,000 positions. PACIFIC COAST (525 Stimson Block, Los Angeles OFFICES

| 420 Parrott Building, San Francisco BOYNTON & ESTERLY, Managers. Agency Manual sent free to any address. Correspondence with employers invited. Registration forms sent to teachers on application.

THE A. VANDER NAILLEN School of Practical, Mining, Civil, Mechanical

Electrical Engineering, Metallurgy, Cyanide Process, etc. Surveying, Architecture, Drawing and

Assaying. (Incorporated ) 933 Market Street, San Francisco, Cal, Assaying of Ores, $25; Bullion and Chlorination Assay,

$26; Blowpipe Assay, $10; Full Course of Assaying, $50; Prospector's Course, $15. Established 1864. Open all year. Send for Catalog.


There is more Catarrh in this section of the country than all other diseases put together, and until the last few years was supposed to be incurable. For a great many tears doctors pronounced it a local disease, kod prescribed local remedies, and by contantly failing to cure with local treatment, pronounced it incurable. Science has proven atarrh to be a constitutional disease, and herefore requires constitutional treatment. Jall's catarrh cure, manufactured by F. J. heney & Co., Toledo, Ohio, is the only contitutional cure on the market. It is taken nternally in doses from 10 drops to a teapoonful. It acts directly on the blood and Qucous surfaces of the system. They offer de hundred dollars for any case it fails to ure. Send for circulars and testimonials. Address,

F.J CHENEY & Co., Toledo, Ohio. Sold by Druggists, 75c. Hall's Family Pills are the best.

We occasionally learn of agents taking orders from schools in our name, who have no authority to do so.

We give notice that all such will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law. School officers are respectfully requested to place orders intended for us, only with our authorized representatives. Hotel and liverymen are cautioned against giving credit to any one representing himself as our agent, expecting to hold us responsible for bills so contracted, as we pay no such bills unless we have first been consulted in the matter.

THE WHITAKER & RAY CO. December 9, 1899. 723 Market St., S. F.






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The Oregon Railroad and Navigation Co.

Through Tickets to all Northwestern and Eastern


For particulars, address E. C. WARD, General Agent, 630 Market Street,

San Francisco.

Tehama County School Notes. The County Board of Education granted but two grammar grade certificates at the recent examination. The board displayed sound judgment and good sense in pot making many changes in text-books. A large class of applicants for graduation from the grammar schools presented themselves for examination this year. Eight of the number averaged over 90 per cent the highest being from Principal G. K. Bingham's class and the second from Miss Lena Nangle's at Proberta. One of the eight was a little girl twelve years old from the Tehama grammar school, Miss Beatrice Simpson.

One of the sad events of the spring was the death of Evelyn Cain, the primary teacher at Antelope. She was ill but a few weeks, having contracted consumption. She was most estimable young lady and will be missed from our body of teachers. Miss Marie Sabelman completed her term.

The Red Bluff High School closed recently after a most successful term. The attendance grew steadily from September last. A class of seven graduated, most of whom will attend higher schools. Too much credit cannot be given Principal O. E. Graves and his corps of teachers.

The trustees of Red Bluff Grammar School showed good sense in their recent selection of teachers without applications. Some teachers had not dreamed (?) of being chosen. This is as it should be. Many teachers display a woeful lack of professional spirit in applying for a dozen schools, creating the impression that there is a la ge surplus of teachers. The new teachers in Red Bluff are, Misses Edith K Johnson, Lydia Walters, and Estella Matlock. G. K. Bingham is retained as principal, and E. B. Warmoth, as vice. The new trustee is W. F. Luning, the weilknown county surveyor.

Corning school has grown over 100 per cent. Six teachers will be employed this term. The immigration to Maywood Colony is the cause of the rapid growth. Principal A. W. Glover, it is understood, will not be retained. We are sorry to see frequent changes, especially in the principals of our schools,

Three teachers. G. K. Bingham, E. B. Warmoth, and Miss Jeanette Fihs, are engaged this month (June) in taking United States census.

Miss Retta Counsel, formerly a member of our County Board, and for many years in the Red Bluff schools, has gone East to remain.

Principal J. D. Sweeney has gone to Pacific Grove to take a course in history in the summer school at that place. He is accompanied by his wife. He will, no doubt, return to Tebama, where he has been for the past twelve years.

At a recent meeting of the supervisors, H. L. Bank head and Virginia De Shields were appointed on the board of education, vice G. K. Bingham and E. B. Warmoth,

Es-Superintendent Belle Miller is teaching this summer near Lyonsville.






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