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representatives and certified to the County Superintendent shall be voted upon. Any form of ballot by which the voter signifies his choice of location shall be allowed. The result of said election shall be determined and certified to the County Superintendent, as provided in said subdivision one. The location which receives the largest number of votes shall be chosen as the location of the school.

Formation of Joint Union Elementary School Districts.

Third — (1) When a majority in each distinct, as shown by the last preceding census, of the heads of families residing in two or more adjacent districts, not in the same county, shall unite in a petition to the County Superintendents of their respective counties for the establishing and maintaining of a joint union elementary school district, it shall be the duty of said superintendent, within twenty days after receiving said petition, to call an election in the district or districts in his county petitioning, for the purpose of determining the question, and appoint three qualified electors in each district petitioning, to conduct the election therein. Said election shall be called and conducted in all respects as specified in subdivision one of this section, and the result thereof shall be reported by the election officers in each district to the Superintendents of the counties in which the districts are situated, within five days subsequent to the holding of said election,

(2) If a majority of the votes cast in the districts shall, in the aggregate, be in favor of establishing a joint union elementary school, the County Superintendent in each county shall (except in the case of the formation of a joint union district consisting of but two districts, and as hereinafter provided for in subdivision four of this section), within fifteen days after receiving the returns of the election, direct the Board of Trustees in the district, or districts, in his respective county, to call a meeting of the qualified electors, as provided in subdivision two of this section. At said meeting the qualified electors in each district shall select representatives, as provided in said subdivision. The representatives so chosen shall meet at a time and place to be agreed upon among themselves, for the purpose of determining the name of the elementary school. The location of the school shall be determined by the joint action of the representatives chosen and the County Superintendents of the counties, in manner and form as provided for the location of union elementary schools. When the Union District Begins.

Fourth Proceedings for the establishment of or for admission to a union or joint union elementary school district may be begun at any time, but the schools in the districts uniting to form or admitted to a union or joint union district shall remain under the control of their respective Boards of Trustees until the first day of July next succeeding the formation of the district and the location of the school, or of admission to a union district, when the districts uniting to form the union or joint union elementary school district, or the districts admitted to such union, shall cease to exist except for purposes of representation, and the terms of office of the School Trustees in said districts shall expire aod the district property of each district so uniting shall pass to the control of the Board of Trustees for the Elementary School District, as hereinafter provided, to be held or disposed of by them, as provided in section 1617 of the Political Code; provided that, in union or joint union elementary school districts formed by the union of but two school districts, no selection of representatives, as provided for in subdivision two of the section, is necessary, and the two Boards of Trustees for the original school districts shall act as the representatives and shall constitute the Board of Trustees for the new elementary school district, and shall continue to serve for the terms for which they were elected, except as hereinafter provided; and provided further, that the proceeds of such sale by the Boards of Trustees for the union or joint union elementary school district, of school property in any of the original districts, must first be applied to the discharge of any bonded indebtedness of such original district. Representatives to Act as Trustees.

Fifth - In the formation of union or joint union elementary school districts, the representatives selected according to the provisions of subdivision two of this section shall act as a Board of Trustees for the union or joint union elementary school district until the election or appointment and qualification of the regular Board of Trustees, as hereinafter provided. Boards of Trustees in Elementary School Districts Composed of More than Two

Districts.

Sixth In union or joint union elementary school districts the Board of Trustees shall be composed of one member elected from each district composing the union or joint union school district,* at the time and in the manner prescribed for the election of School Trustees, except as otherwise provided in this act. The Superintendent (or Superintendents by concurrent action in joint union elementary school districts) shall, in union elementary school districts composed of three or more school districts, divide the districts composing the union elementary school district into three classes, as nearly equal in number of school districts as possible, to be designated by him as Class A, B, and C, respectively.* At the first annual school election following the organization of the union or joint union ele. mentary school district and the location of the school, the districts in Class A, as above divided and designated, shall each elect a School Trustee for one year; the districts in Class B shall each elect a School Trustee for two years; the districts in Class C shall each elect a School Trustee for three years. At each annual election thereafter, as terms of office expire, the elementary School Trustees shall be elected for three years, and in case of expiration of term of appointment, for the unexpired term. Vacancies in the Board of School Trustees shall be filled by appointment by the County Superintendent of Schools (and in case of joint union elementary school districts, by appointment of the County Superintendent of the county in which the vacancy occurred), the appointre or appointees to hold until the first day of July next succeeding the appointment.

Boards of Trustees in Elementary School Districts Composed of but Two Districts.

Seventh In union or joint union elementary school districts formed by the union of but two school districts, the Board of Trustees for the elementary school district shall consist of the two Boards of Trustees for the two districts so uniting,* and they shall continue to hold office for the terms for which they were selected; provided, that should one or more additional districts upite at any time with the two original districts, as a part of the union or joint union elementary school district, the Board of Trustees shall then consist of one trustee from each of the original districts, as provided in subdivision six of this section, and the terms of the trustees in the two original districts shall expire on the first day of July next ensuing after the union of the third district.

The Schoolhouse.

Eighth After the location of the school has been determined, as provided in subdivision two of this section, the representatives, acting as a Board of Trustees, or their successors, may erect or lease a suitable building, as they may deem most advisable. A lease shall not be made for a longer period than three years. A building may be erected under the provisions of sections 1830 to 1839, inclusive, of the Political Code, relating to a district tax, or sections 1880 to 1888, inclusive, of the Political Code, relating to the issuance of bonds. In all cases the

plans must be approved by the County Superintendent of schools of the county in which the schoolhouse is to be located. Change of Location of Schoolhouse.

Ninth - No change of location of any elementary school, when once established, shall be made except upon a petition to the County Superintendent of Schools, signed by two thirds of the heads of families of the elementary school district, as shown by the last preceding school census, and then only in accordance with all the provisions for the original location of the school as contained in subdivision two of this section.

Powers and Duties of Elemantary School Boards of Trustees.

Tenth - The powers and duties of Boards of Trustees in union or joint union elementary school districts shall be such as are now or as may hereafter be assigned by law to Boards of School Trustees, except as otherwise provided in this section. +

Meetings of Elementary School Boards of Trustees.

Eleventh Boards of Elementary School Trustees shall hold regular meetings at the elementary school building, at such time as may be provided in the rules and regulations adopted by them for their own government. Such meetings shall not be held less frequently than quarterly. Special meetings may be held at the call of the President of the Board. Upon the request, in writing, signed by a majority of any Board, the President of said Board shall call a meeting thereof. Of all special meetings of any Board the members thereof shall have at least two days' notice, issued and served by the Clerk thereof. At special meetings no business shall be transacted other than as specified in the call therefor; provided, that in union districts formed by the union of more than three school dis. tricts the Board may appoint an executive committee, consisting of the President and Clerk and one other member of the Board to attend to the routine business of Board, their action to be reported to the Board for ratification at its first regular meeting ensuing. * Course of Study-Text Books-Instruction.

Twelfth The course of study shall be that prescribed by the proper authority, t and shall embrace a period of not less than eight years, except as may be hereafter provided by law, and the text books used shall be those adopted by the proper authorities. In joint union districts the provisions of section 1583 of the Political Code shall apply.% Transportation of Pupils to and from School.

Thirteenth The Board of Trustees for the union or joint union elementary school district may contract, in such manner as they may deem best, for the daily transportation of such pupils as may be seen to them to be in need of transportation, and sball pay for such transportation, in the usual manner, out of any funds available for the purpose; provided, that no funds may be used for the transportation of pupils living within one mile of the schoolhouse, measuring the dis. tance by the nearest traveled road; and provided further, that all such contracts for transportation may be subject to revision by the County Superintendent of schools, if io bis judgment the price paid for such transportation is exorbitant or the transportation provided is insufficient. Supervision of Elementary School Districts.

† In all cases where no special provision has been made in this act, the union districts go back to the Political Code for authority, and thus act as a single school district would act.

I This would throw the district back on the Course of Study of the county in which the school house is located. Should a State Course of Study at any time be proscribed, po change ueed be made in the wording of this act. This also applies to text books.

* This section provides that whenever a district lies partly in one county and partly iu another, the text books to be used and the rules governiug the school shall be those adopted by the Board of Education of the county in which the schoolhouse is located.

Fourteenth — Whenever in its judgment it may be deemed advisable the Board of Trustees for any union or joint union elementary school districts may unite with the Board of Trustees for any other district, or districts, single, union, or joint union, in the employment of a supervising principal, who shall devote such time to the supervision of instruction in the several union or joint union districts and shall receive such compensation from each Board of Trustees as may be agreed upon by them. + Distribution of School Funds.

Fifteenth (1) Ou the first day of July next ensuing after the formation of a union elementary school dis ict, or the admission of a district to a union district, the County Superintendent of Schools (or Superintendents in joint union districts) shall transfer, by requisition upon the County Auditor, all funds remaining to the credit of the different districts uniting to form the union or joint union district to the credit of the new union or joint union district.

(2) Beginning with the first fiscal year after the formation of the union elementary school district and the location of the school, and each fiscal year thereafter, the County Superintendent (or Superintendents in joint union districts) shall apportion state and county school moneys to each union elementary district as follows:

First — For the first one hundred census children, as shown by the last preceding school census, he shall apportion four hundred dollars for every twentyfive school census children, or fraction thereof, of not less than ten census children, and thiry dollars for each school census child in the fraction of less than ten.

Second For the next two hundred school census children, five hundred dollars for every fifty school census children, or fraction thereof, of not less than twenty census children, and twenty dollars for each school census child in a fraction of less than twenty.

Third — For all school census children after the first three hundred, five hun

† This provision is not necessary for a single union district, as the trustees may free the principal from teaching to any extent they may deem pecessary, but in the form here proposed it permits of the union of districts to secure rural supervision to any extent desired. In effect, it provides for assistant County Superintendents who will devote all of their time to supervision.

| After much investigation this method of distributing funds was decided upon as most nearly suiting the conditions at present existing. The following illustrative districts wlli show how the proposed plan would work:

[blocks in formation]

!

29 36 25 28

21 22 31 29

118

As No, census pupils.

173 173 Single No. teachers..

7

5 Dists. Money on first apportionment $3,500 $2,500

123 123 123 118
7
5
3
6

4
$3,000 $2,500 $1,500 $2,700 $2,000

157

6 $3,000

( Teachers needed

5
5
4
4
4
4
4

5 As

Money would get under presUnion ent law..

$1,500 $1,500 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,000 $1,400 Dists. Money would get under

proposed law

$2,600 $2,600 $2,100 $2,100 82,100 81,960 $1,960 $2,240 Unions (1) and (2) as well as unions (3), (4) and (5) show how a collection of small districts lose and a collection of large districts gain, thus permitting of the distribution of money more nearly according to needs.

dred dollars for every seventy school census children, or fraction thereof, of not less than twenty school census children, and twenty dollars for each census child in a fraction of less than twenty.t

(3) All money remaining on hand after apportioning to the districts the money in the manner ro ed in subdivisions one to three, inclusive, of section 1858 of the Political Code, and to the union and joint union districts in the manner provided in this subdivision of this section, shall be apportioned on the basis of average daily attendance, as provided for in subdivision.four of section. 1858 of the Political Code. I Admission to and Withdrawal from Union Elementary School Districts.

Sixteenth-(1) Any school district adjacent to a union or joint union elementary school district, may be admitted to said elementary school district by action of the Board of Supervisors of the county in which the school district is. located, upon such terms as may be agreed upon between the Trustees of the school district seeking admission and the Elementary School Board, whenever a majority of the heads of families, as shown by the last preceding school census, shall present to said Board of Supervisors a petition for such annexation, accum. panied by a petition signed by a majority of the members composing the Elementary School Board of the district to which admission is desired. * The County Superintendent of school shall then determine which class, as provided in subdivision six of this section, the new trustee shall be elected.

(2) A portion of a school district adjacent to a union or joint union elementary school district may be admitted to said elementary school district by action of the Board of Supervisors of the County in which the elementary school district is located, whenever a majority of the heads of families, as shown by the last preceding school census, shall present to said Board of Supervisors a petition for such annexation, accompanied by a petition signed by a majority of the Board of Elementary School Trustees of the union district to which admission is desired The Board of Supervisors shall attach such annexed portion of a school district, for purposes of electing trustees, to the nearest of the original school districts, and such annexed territory cannot subsequently withdraw from such union except as the district to which it is attached withdraws. Such annexedi portion of a school district shall have no representation on the Board of Elementary School Trustees except as a part of the district to which it is attached.

(3) Any district contained in a union or joint union elementary school district may, in like manner, withdraw from such union or joint union district by action of the Board of Supervisors of the county in which the district is located, upon such terms as may be agreed upon between the Trustees of the school district seeking to withdraw and the Elementary School Board, whenever a majority of the heads of families constituting the union or joint union elementary district, and two thirds of the heads of families residing in the district seeking to withdraw, as shown by the last preceding school census, shall present to such Board of Supervisors a petition consenting to such withdrawal, accompanied by a like petition signed by a majority of the members composing the Elementary School Board. * Disincorporation of Elementary School Districts.

Seventeenth - Any elementary school district that has existed three years or more, whether embracing two or more school districts, union or joint union, which may hereafter be established, may disincorporate and be dissolved and disestablished in the following manner: A petition signed by two thirds * of the heads of families, as shown by the last preceding school census, of the elemen

+ This third subdivision is on the same ceusus basis as the present law, section 1858, the only change in method of distribution being for the first 300 census children.

Section 1858 is the present law for distributing state and County School Funds.

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