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Suggested Plan for the Certification of Teachers.

REPORT. To the Chairman and Members of the Superintendents' Convention:—Your committee having in charge the consideration of that portion of the report of the State Educational Commission relating to the certification of teachers begs leave to submit the following report:

We have carefully considered in detail the suggested plans for certification as adopted by the State Educational Commission, together with the classification of schools and the duties of state and county boards of education in relation to certification. We have also considered the plans for certification submitted to this board by Superintentent Doub of Kern County and Superintendent Webster of San Francisco, and have listened to addresses and suggestions from other members of this convention in relation to the subject before us. Your committee recommends as follows:

I. The public schools of California, other than those supported exclusively by State aid, shall be classed as high schools, technical schools, elementary schools (including primary and grammar grades), and kindergarten-primary schools, and no teacher shall be employed to teach in any school if the certificate held by the teacher is of a class below that of a school to be taught; provided that holders of existing primary certificates or of such certificates when hereafter renewed, shall be eligible to teach in any of the first five grades of the elementary schools of the county.

II. The State Board of Education shall name the credentials upon which persons may be certificated to teach in the high schools of this state. The credential must be, in the judgment of said Board, the equivalent of a diploma of graduation from the University of California, with a recommendation from the faculty thereof, for a teachers' certificate of high school grade. No graduate from said University shall be thus recommended who has not taken the minimum amount of pedagogy prescribed by the State Board of Education. Said Board may also consider the cases of individual applicants, and in doing so may take cognizance of any adequate evidence of preparation which the applicants may present.

III. County Boards of Education shall be authorized to issue teachers' certificates of four classes, each valid for six years, and renewable at the option of the Board, viz:

HIGH SCHOOL CERTIFICATES entitling the holder to teach in any high school or elementary school above the kindergarten grade in the county where issued. High school certificates may be issued only upon the credentials named by the State Board of Education, as provided in Section 2.

ELEMENTARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATES, entitling the holder thereof to teach in any elementary school in the county where issued, except kindergarten classes of primary grades. Elementary School Certificates may be issued upon any of the following pamed credentials, viz :

(a) California State Normal School Diplomas.

(b) Normal School Diplomas from other states (provided that the California State Board of Education has recognized the school issuing the diploma as having a course of study and training equal to that of the California State Normal School).

(c) Elementary school certificates from another county or city and county in California.

KINDERGARTEN PRIMARY SCHOOL CERTIFICATES, entitling the holder thereof to teach in the kindergarten department of the schools in the county where issued. The kindergarten primary certificate may be issued only to those who hold credentials equivalent to a diploma of graduation from the kindergarten department of a California state normal school.

SPECIAL CERTIFICATES entitling the holder thereof to teach such special branch of learning and in such grades as are named on such certificate; provided, tbat no special certificate shall be issued to teach in any school, studies other than drawing, music, physical culture, and commercial, technical or industrial work.

Special certificates may be issued only to those who, by examination or credentials, shall satisfy the County Board of Education of their special fitness to teach one or more of the particular studies for which special certificates may be issued, and who will satisfy the board of their proficiency in English grammar, orthography, defining and methods in teaching,

IV. The qualifications of applicants for the elementary school certificate may also be determined by examination, for which purpose the County Board of Education may conduct an examination once each year at the county seat.

Elementary school certificates shall be granted on examination to those who
satisfactorily pass the Board test in the following studies, viz:
English Grammar, Composition, Methods of Teaching, Civil Government
Orthography, Arithmetic, Reading,

Penmanship, Drawing,

Plane Geometry,

Vocal Music, Botany and Zoology, Algebra, Elementary Physics, Bookkeeping, School Law, Defining and Word Analysis History of the United States, English and American Literature.

V. County Boards of Education may renew certificates issued by them prior to the adoption of this law and now in force, and may grant elementary certificates to the holders of primary grade certificates who shall pass satisfactory examinations in such branches as do not appear on their certificates, or in the record of the examination upon which the original certificate was granted.

All certificates and diplomas now valid in California shall continue in force and effect for the full term for which they were granted.

The State Board of Education shall discontinue the issuance of the Educational Diploma of the high school grade and of the grammar grade.

Life diplomas of three grades may be issued as follows: High school, ele. mentary school, and kindergarten-primary school, the same to be valid certificates thruout the State when registered in the county where holder is to teach.

The State Board of Education is authorized to recognize life certificates and life diplomas from other states, fix the grade of the same, and by its approval make the same valid in this state.

Valid grammar grade certificates may be exchanged for elementary certificates without fee.

Your Committee would further recommend legislation providing for permanency of teachers' county certificates after five years' successful work in the school of a county.

(Signed) C. L. MCLANE,


Co nittee.

Oa motion it was ordered that a committee of eleven be appointed to confer with the Educational Commission, and with the sub-committee of said body, to be kpown as the Committee on Legislation, and that all reports and all matters of legislation be referred to said committee.

The chair appointed Superintendents Howard, Strine, Miss Coulter, Webster, McCarty, Chipman, Mrs. Peart, Doub, Greeley, Crookshanks and Dunn.

Mrs. Carrie Stevens Walter addressed the convention in the interests of the preservation of that portion of the Santa Cruz Mountains known as the Big Basin, or Redwood Forest, by the Government, as a national park.

The following resolution was introduced by Supt. Chipman, and on motion the same was unanimously adopted:

WHEREAS, the Sequoia Sempervirens, or Coast Radwood, which is known only to a narrow strip of the California coast from Monterey to the Oregon line, is amoag the oldest specimens of plant life in existence, baving, according to scientists, existed before the Ice Age; and

WHEREAS, at the rate of its present destruction by lumbermen and others it will become practically extinct within the next decade; and

WHEREAS, the region of the Santa Cruz Mountains known as the Big Basin, which the Sempervirens Club and others are trying to save as a great public park, contains not only the most magnificent body of redwoods on earth, and the one most available for park purposes, but also the sources and watersheds of eight or ten streams of untold value to Santa Clara, Santa Cruz and San Mateo counties and the city of San Francisco that would be destroyed if the trees were cut off; therefore, be it

Resolved, that this convention dees heartily endorse the efforts that are being made to save this magnificent domain known as the Big Basin to posterity in the form of a public park, and that we hereby urge upon our Legislatures, both State ana National, the importance of aiding this cause.

On motion it was ordered that a committee of five be appointed to assist the Sempervirens Club in their efforts to preserve the region known as the Big Basin, or Redwood Forest, as a national park.

The chair appointed as such committee Superintendents Chipman, Linscott Miss Tilton and Webster The State Superintendent was also made a member o the committee.


The Committee on Resolutions submitted the following

We, your Committee on Resolutions, beg leave to report as follows:

Be it resolved, that a vote of thanks be extended our worthy Superintendent of Public Instruction, Hon. T. J. Kirk, for the able and prompt manner in which he has presided over the sessions of our convention, and for the uniform courtesy and justice with wbich bis decisions have been rendered.

WHEREAS, in the generous hospitality extended to us by the City Board of Education o! San Jose, the Santa Clara County Educational Club, Mayor Martin and the citizens of San Jose, and the citizens of Santa Clara County, we recognize that California spirit so justly celebrated at home and abroad: therefore, be it

Resolved, that we return our sincere thanks for kindnesses shown us, both in the magnificence of the reception tendered, and in the many other matters arranged for our personal enjoyment.

Be it resolved, tbat we tender a vote of thanks to the Sainte Claire Club for their "Open Door Policy.”

WHEREAS, at former meetings of the State Legislature at Sacramento, it has been the custom to embody all educational legislation in an “Omnibus Bill," which it has been impossible to carry; be it

Resolved, that only the measures of minor importance be embodied in such a bill, and that matters of major import be introduced each in a separate bill,

(Signed) T. E. MCCARTY,


Committee. On motion it was ordered that a committee be appointed to examine and approve the minutes of the convention.

The chair appointed as such committee Superintendents Graham, Webster and Brown.

There being no further business before the convention, the convention adjourned sine die at 12:45 o'clock P. M.


Chairman. E. M. ATKINSON,


NOTES ON THE BIENNIAL CONVENTION. The San Jose people entertained the vi:iting superintendents royally. The re. ception at the St. James Hotel, and the evening at the Sainte Claire Club were particularly delightful.

Superintendent Donnelly, of Plumas, distinguished himself on the Committee on Resolutions.

Superintendent Webster and Deputy Superintendent Kingsbury versus President C. W. Mark and Jas. Den man, might be rightfully styled the attitude of the parties to each other. The debates between the representatives of the superintendent's office of San Francisco and of the Board of Education formed one of the interesting features of the convention.

Superintendents J. W. McClymonds, L. J. Chipman, J. W. Linscott, Hugh J. Baldwin, J. W. Graham and Geo. L. Sackett were very active in speaking to the question during the entire convention.

Superintendent of Public Instruction Thos. J. Kirk presided with fairness and dignity, and showed excellent judgment in the selection of good working committees.

Superintendent T. 0. Crawford made several strong speeches in opposition to limiting the power of school trustees and increasing the power of superintendents.

Superintendent W. C. Doub, who wrote an entire book on school legislation, and distributed several circulars containing suggestions and recommendations on the subject, disappointed those who expected to see him upon his feet and intruding his ideas upon the convention. He presented in a dignified manner his suggestions, then quietly went to work with the committees. A number of his very excellent recommendations were adopted in the report.

The lady superintendents were all very quiet, even Mrs. Chope, Mrs. Woods, Miss Poore, Miss Coulter and Miss Babr, who represent very large counties, respected the ancient proverb that silence is golden. The lady superintendents, however, did some very effective work in the committees.

Prof. Ellwood P. Cubberley, of Stanford University, made a very diplomatic speech in favor of the constitutional amendment exempting Stanford University from taxation, and in favor of increased appropriation for the support of the University of California.

THE WESTERN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION succeeds to the subscription lists, advertising partonage, and good will of the Golden Era, established in San Francisco in 1852.

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The celebration of the fiftieth anniversary of California's admission into the Union was a notable event. Teachers should aim to make the occasion a subject of a morning lesson.



The attention of our readers is called to the very interesting reports of the Committees of Superintendents at the Biennial Convention recently held in San Jose. Teachers will be particularly interested on the subject of certification and election of teachers. The columns of the JOURNAL are open to any teacher or school trustee who may desire to discuss any of the proposed legislative measures.

* Pres. Chas. F. Thwing of the Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, the eminent writer and author, has accepted the invitation of the executive committee of the California Teachers' Association to be present at the next meeting in San Francisco. Dr. Thwing will be the star attraction of the occasion. While he has a wide reputation as a university president, he is nevertheless best known as a writer. Articles from his pen will appear in both the October and November numbers of the JOURNAL.

* * The University of California will have its extra one-hundred-thousand-dollar increase, but in return the State will demand an increase of power on the part of its young men and women equivalent to the dollars and cents. Education, of course, cannot be valued in dollars, and it is almost impossible to arrive at a fair estimate that education will give in citizenship. The results are not secured in one generation; perhaps not even until the fourth generation. There is no magic square that reveals the measure of educational power. We can only say in general terms that the leaders in our educational institutions have greater responsibility placed upon them than ever before.

* * The time is ripe for the people of the universities, normal schools, and public and private schools of California, Oregon, Washington, Montana, Nevada, Arizona, Idaho, Utah and New Mexico to hold a joint meeting. The time is ripe to hold an educational convention on this coast that will be far


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