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Teachers Wanted. Superintendent F. W. Atkinson of Manila bas written to a number of people, asking for teachers. He says that a dozen or more first-class primary and grammar school teachers are wanted immediately. In the course of his letter the Superintendent says:
We will pay $75 or $100 per month-the salary to be paid the year round. The government will pay transportation from the teachers' home to Manila. Have you in mind some normal school graduates of successful experience who will come here for three years to teach in a model school and at the same time assist the native teachers in learning our educational ways ? Adaptability, tact, and some facility in acquiring languages are a few of the necessary quali. fications. We want, also, some eight or ten young men to become superintendents in some of the larger cities. The salaries to be paid range from $2000 to $2500. My plan is to establish right away, here in Maoila, a normal school.
Superintendent Atkinson is also anxious to secure the services of a man for principal of the normal school. He says that if becessary $3500 will be paid.
University of California Second. President Wheeler has announced that be enrollment of the University of California places it second in the enrollment of imerican colleges, Harvard having first lace. The total enrollment at Berkeley is 2,300, with 700 more in the professional chools, making a total of 3,000 students. The number of new students this term is 04. Sixty of these are graduate students, od 539 are regular in undergraduate work, ith 110 specials. The freshman class is 4 per cent larger than the class was two
The upper classes, after all the ata bas been returned, are 15 per cent sier than last year. Many classes are overonded and many lecture rooms cannot acPomodate those desiring seats. In speaking of the attendance President heeler says : ** Ten years ago there were only 457 stuots in the University. The increase has ed. therefore, from 457 to 2,300, or more an 400 per cent. There are more than de students now at Berkeley where there is one fifteen years ago. The buildings arm like hives, rooms are overcrowded, din many of them extra seats are brought
into the aisles. The divisions of the classes, in subjects like elementary mathematics and languages, are two or three times as large as they should be.
“The sudden increase of these last two years, which is the continuance of a tendency manifesting itself strongly during the last five years, is likely to continue. Southern California, which formerly sent a relatively small proportion of the students, has now increased its representation until one in eight, or possibly one in seven, of all students come from Southern California. Of the new students 48 per cent are women, a larger proportion than usual. The total attendance of the University I have already estimated at 3,000. Harvard's total numbers for last year were 4,091, Columbia 2208, Yale 2517, Cornell 2240, Princeton 1194 and Chicago 1942."
Notes. Martin Kellogg, ex-president of the University o California, has returned from a trip abroad. He will teach the higher classes in Latin at the University.
Miss Margaret Shallenberger, formerly of Stanford, and recently of Cornell University, is teach. ing in the San Francisco Normal in place of Miss Patterson, who is absent on account of sickness.
Prof. J. E. Keeler, director of the Lick Observatory, is dead. He was a young man in the full maturity of his powers. He had a national reputation as an astronomer. It will be difficult to secure a man to fill his place acceptably.
Tlie Teachers Annuity Association of San Frano cisco has recently incorporated under the laws of the State, with L A. Jordan, Miss Laura T. Fowler and others in the Board of directors.
Professor A. H. Randall, one of the best known educators in the State, died today at the Sanitarium of consumption, from which he had suffered for the past six months. He was a member of the faculty of the State Normal School here for sixteen years, the last three of which he was principal, 'succeeding Professor Childs. A year ago Professor McNaughton succeeded him as principal. He was very popular among the teachers of the State and the faculty of the Normal, and when his death was announced the school was adjourned and the flag put at half mast. Resolutions of condolence have been drawn up by the faculty and the school.
Professor Randall was a native of Maine and 60 years of age. He was a graduale of Wesleyan College and the Maine Normal School. He had been identified with the educational interests of the State since the early sixties. He was an instouctor in the Pioneer Grammar School of Stockton and founder the High School there, being its principal till 1882. He then went to Santa Cruz and in 1884 came here to take a position in the State Normal. A wife survives him.
We occasionally learn of agents taking orders from schools in our name, who have no authority to do so. We give notice that all such will be prosecuted to the full extent of the law. School officers are respectfully requested to place orders intended for us, only with our authorized representatives. Hotel and liverymen are cautioned against giving credit to any one representing himself as our agent, expecting to hold us responsible for bills so contracted, as we pay no such bills unless we have first been consulted in the matter.
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The success of the public school system of education is having a reactive influence upon the ideals and methods of those who are commissioned to apply this system, under varying conditions of life and locality, in the schoolrooms of the land. Before the general educational average had arrived at its present level, the selection of teachers depended upon the ability of the candidate to pass an examination in the subjects to be taught, or to produce other satisfactory evidence that the requisite information had been acquired. What do you know? seemed to be the prominent question when school boards and public opinion took for granted that schools justified themselves only when the pupils had gained a certain knowledge statable in the form of answers to a series of set questions. Although there is no tendency toward denial of this qualification of a teacher at the present time, rather the demands here are more severe than they have ever been, experience has taught us the importance of looking at the question from other points of view. We have learned that knowledge is not in itself a guarantee of successful teaching. We, therefore, find a change in the form of interrogation, and the teacher is expected to say what he can do. In this, as in other matters, we are much more practical than our forefathers. By their fruits ye shall know them,” is a good general rule in every department of life.
This change from knowing to doing, from knowing something and being able to get others to know it also, is not only suggestive of a shifting of emphasis in the ideal of education, but also implies something important with regard to the methods of education. It means that our teachers must not only know, but know how. In these days the number of the educationally qualified is more than sufficient to supply all the available school positions; their number, however, is considerably reduced when the test of pedagogic skill is applied. This is the characteristic feature of the modern phase of the educational problem. No one who aims at success, not to sa v advancement, in the profession, can afford to overlook its importance. It has come to the front in a most logical way, it is not a freak or fancy of the