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132

THE SEVENTH ANNIVERSARY

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when suns have risen to set no more. committed suicide, and had fallen to In the present day men are fond of build- pieces from the intense selfishness by ing very magnificent churches and chapels, which it was characterized. We must especially in the mediæval style. Now, I look, then, to our neighbour in order to think that a Ragged School attached to a look to ourselves. Others again say, church or chapel would be worth ten Suppose you educate and feed these spires, (Hear ;) and I am sure that you children, you will get no thanks for it.” could not have finer gems and ornaments I never do my duty to get thanks, but than those which can be excavated from because of the sacredness of the claims some of these schools. I feel a personal and the grandeur of the authorship of interest in advocating the claims of the Him who has prescribed it. If I teach Ragged School Union, because they have the poor merely to get thanks,“ do not assisted my Ragged School, in which there the Scribes and the Pharisees do the are nearly three hundred children receiv- same?” They may have their reward, ing instruction. In this school we have but if I do not get mine I cannot help it; had a Papal aggression on a small scale. I must do my duty; I do not live for When the great stir was raised in London, myself. I cannot be a blank. There is and all the country was enthusiastically no such thing as a blank in society; you excited-and not more excited, I conceive, must be a blot or a blessing-a blank you than they ought to be, and ought to con- cannot be. There exists no man without tinue to be—an aggression took place in a shadow-no man without influence-no my school, which contained about twenty man without power; it rests with him to or thirty little ragged Papists, whom the decide whether that power shall be a Cardinal had passed by in the slums of blessing or a calamity. But I do Westminster, or whom he had been too not believe these children will be busy, attending to his pallium and other unthankful; Mr. Cadman has given a ornaments of his archiepiscopal functions, beautiful instance of their gratitude; let to take notice of. Some ten or twelve of beneficence oftener enter the dwellings of these one day rushed into the school. the poor, and thanksgiving and the inroom, blew out the candles, and raised cense of praise will be found oftener going such a riot, that the police had to be sent forth from thence. It is our selfishness for to keep the Cardinal's children in that makes our poor so ungrateful. If we order. Since that aggression they have were more generous and self-sacrificing felt it their duty to retire from the school they would be more thankful. As Lord altogether; I am sorry that it is so, but I Kinnaird has said, one great benefit arishope they will come back again. The ing from the instruction of the children way they were got rid of was by the is, that they often carry home with them teachers shutting the door and commenc- the lessons received in the schools, the ing prayer; they had such a horror of results of which it will be impossible to Protestants praying that they were soon calculate. Feel more, my lord, and ladies silenced, and were glad to leave the room. and gentlemen, that wherever there is a Among the objections which I have heard man, there there is a brother-and wherto Ragged Schools is one which is often ever there is a woman, there there is a made, “We have enough to do ourselves sister. We are all prone enough to claim without minding other people's matters ; kindredship with those above ; Christianour children are troublesome enough at ity would teach us to claim kindredship home, and we cannot undertake to teach with those below-to go into the degraded other people's. Each man must be for lanes and alleys in London, and there himself, and God for us all.”. There is recognize a needy and a destitute brother some truth in that, but it also involves an in the shape of a ragged child stretching awful and unchristian lie. What if out his heart and hand for the water and society were made up of such anti-social the bread of life. It is a great mistake to elements—each man, with a hard, sharp suppose that society is what it should be. point, keeping his brother at a distance; You have read of the Hindoo wife, and of a sort of noli me tangere spirit running the Mohammedan mother

these are through and pervading everything? What specimens of human nature as sin left it. would be the result? Asylums for the If you want to see the state of thousands poor—those blossoms on the stem of upon thousands, I would point you to the Christianity-would instantly be nipped ; east side of my own place of worship. hospitals for the sick—the creations of Come into those miserable abodes, where Christian love-would instantly cease; fancy sheds none of its splendours, where and each man, struggling for himself, faith communicates nothing of its purity, would soon discover that society had where holiness has no altar, and where

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hope gives no consolation ; where the and brethren, what must we do to be morning sun rises upon no act of prayer, saved ?” do not let us settle the Gorham and sets upon no incense of praise; where controversy! While so many seek bread, intemperance has made man a fiend, and let us not quarrel about the basket. While woman a wreck ; where the gladness and so many are to be saved, let us leave the glory of life is gone ;-come there, Episcopacy, Presbytery, and Independand see a brother who needs and begs your ency to settle their own disputes. Let us aid, and a sister whom you may elevate go as Christians, with Christianity and till she become an ornament instead of a nothing inore, to rescue slaves from Satan curse, in the social system. Let me tell and sons for God our Father. you, that the Koh-i-noor in the Crystal

The Rev. J. BRANCH read a letter from Palace is not so bright and beautiful before God as some of these reclaimed

a poor man in Ireland, in which the sum

of 3s. was inclosed, to be applied to the ragged boys. I believe that kingly men

funds of the Ragged School Union. He work at forges and follow ploughs; I

then said: I am not here to tell you what believe that queenly women are found

the measure of your gift should be—that among sempstresses; I believe noble

must lie between God and your conhearts often beat under very ragged coats.

sciences—but I would just ask, if a poor The difference between the diamond in

man in Ireland, with a family of children, the Crystal Palace and the diamond in the mine is only in the polish ; and the

living upon Indian corn, with a little meat difference between you, my Lord, and the

on high days and holidays, can afford to

send 3s. for the support of the Ragged Ragged School boy, is simply in the circumstances whereby God in his provid

School Union, what ought your donations ence has made one man rich, great, and

to be this morning? I am quite conscious, good, that his nearest neighbour may be

that if the Ragged Schools had done enriched and made better by him.

nothing more than set an example to Let

other countries—if they had done nothing us act in that spirit, and we may rest

more than bring the rich and the poor assured that our labours will be eminently

together, as has been alluded to more than successful. The constitution of the So

once this morning—they have done a ciety, as my Resolution states, is for all denominations.

great deal. If I wanted to show the Episcopacy must not come into a Ragged School, nor Presby: foreigners, who might visit us at this

dignity of London to any illustrious tery, nor Independency. Mr. Burnet

season of the year, I do not know that I may come, Dr. Cumming may come, and

should take them to any of our great Dr. Bloomfield may come ; but Episco- sights, but I would show them a meeting pacy, Presbytery, and Independency, must

like this, where the lords of our land come all stand outside. As soon as we have

and take an active part in helping to made the children Christians, then these

teach Ragged School children. Why, my three gentlemen wrangling

outside may make them Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Henson, on the platform, who is going

lord, there is my friend and brother, Mr. or Independents. I think that my system

back to America, and who, to use his own is best, and that they will come to me; you are satisfied that yours is best, and

expression, has been “completely dumb

foundered” at the number of Societies we that they will go to you. All Christians

have in London. He tells me he shall must be combined ; and I believe that if

have such a tale to tell when he goes back ever there was a time when it became, not

to America, that he does not know where a duty, but a stern necessity, for them to

he shall begin, and is quite sure he will unite, it is the time in which we now live.

not know where to end. I believe the time is short-far shorter than I dare state upon this platform ; and

The Rev. W. W. CHAMPNEYS briefly we must concentrate in the hours that moved the third Resolution :remain the duties that would have re- “ That the success attending the Society, quired centuries of old to discharge. The as recorded in the Report, affords a good candle is almost in its socket-let us write illustration of the efficiency of the Ragged the quicker while it lasts ; the paper is School system of education, and justifies almost covered let us crowd into the

the earnest appeal now made by the Comremaining portion as much as we possibly mittee of Management, that their exertions

Oh! let not the physicians in the may not be crippled through lack of means, hospital quarrel about their diplomas, but that the Subscribers will agree with while patients are dying upon their beds. them as to the duty of perseverance in a While we hear ten thousand voices ring work which has already produced such ing from the very depths of society, "Men satisfactory results.”

can.

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THE SEVENTH ANNIVERSARY

The Rev. S. MARTIN, in seconding the that belong to our Ragged School pupils Resolution, said : I wish to add a word in are the evils which we find in human support of the testimony of one of the nature everywhere. Allow me also to say, preceding speakers to the visible effects of that the good which you find elsewhere Ragged Schools upon some of the pupils. you may find developed here. The quick One gentleman stated, that a lad had come eye of that youthful pickpocket-why to the celebration of the Lord's Supper ; should it not be like the eye of that a similar privilege was given to me, some wonderful chemist, Faraday, the quickness two or three years ago, in the case of a of whose organ of vision you may have lad who I believe is now in heaven. It noticed if you have heard him lecture ? was my joy to attend and watch him Or, take the clever manipulation of the lad while on the bed of sickness; and I who, without the slightest contact with certainly learned many lessons while con- the person of an individual, will remove versing with him-lessons touching the from the pocket a purse or a handkerchief. application of the glorious Gospel to such Suppose that hand, so clever in manipulaa case as his—lessons that I never could tion, were trained to the work of the have learned from a magazine or from any painter or the sculptor, or to any of the mere verbal treatise on the influence of handicrafts of life-the cleverness would the Gospel. I am sure that very much be still the same, but it would be a clevermore is done in connection with this ness consecrated to a good and righteous Institution than what meets the public end. All, then, that we have to do is, to eye. It does occasionally happen that apply the element of Christian kindness, benevolent efforts are dressed up when breathed and sustained by sympathy with they are presented to the public, but if the infinite and eternal love of God, as you look through the Reports of this manifested in Jesus Christ-to apply Union, you will find that they wear no that element to the raw material of the fine raiment—that there is no poetry in Ragged School boy's heart. To refer to the language, though there is poetry in- an illustration which has been suggested variably in the deeds and in the facts. in the course of this meeting, I may say Turning to the Resolution for a moment, that, greatly as I admire yonder Crystal I am reminded of what a transatlantic Palace, yet if our Ragged schools could be brother quoted the other day as the sen- exhibited—if the totality of Christian art tentious observation of an intimate friend could be represented as we have repreof his, “I observe a great deal of human sented there the totality of art universal

, nature in all mankind.” Now, although we should have a far more glorious exhibithat truism sounds ridiculous, I am per- tion. What would you say if you could suaded that it is one of the many truisms look into one of our Ragged Schools as which in daily practical life we all pass by: the eye of Omniscience looks into it? A Applying it to the pupils of our Ragged thought of truth and goodness, a beam of Schools, we may say that we observe in eternal light, a principle of righteousness them a great deal of human nature. For and of integrity, a breath of the eternal example: the evil that is in them is not life, a human heart, God's workmanship, in them alone, you find the same elsewhere. passing through the process of regeneraThey are indolent, but they are not alone tion, by God's Holy Spirit, and through in their indolence; we might look through the instrumentality of truth. If you want the higher ranks of society, to the rich variety, you may find it here ; if you want and the illustrious in name and in station, beauty, you may find it here ; if you want and we might find counterpart cases of sublimity, you may meet with it here. indolence there. We find dishonesty in God's best workmanship, that to which these lads, but dishonesty is not confined he has consecrated the best even of his to them; there are men who can build own resources, will be found in some of mansions and palaces upon principles that the successful efforts of these Ragged are quite as far from integrity and rectitude, Schools. Not that it would be safe for us as those which move a Ragged School boy to see all that God sees ; He is reserving when he puts his hand into a pocket and that exposition to the day when there withdraws from it a purse; there is dis- shall be no spark of pride or vanity to be honesty in trade, dishonesty in merchan- fanned into a flame by the manifestation dize; there is want of veracity and integrity of what Christian charity has done, but in the professions of life; there is dishonesty when the results of Christian kindness in railway speculations; you find it in will be so near the throne of God, that the abundance on the Stock Exchange. We comparison of them with the God of love, should remember, therefore, that the evils and with his gifts, will make it safe for us

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to look upon our doings in all their length, nevolence. The speaker concluded by and breadth, and yet to be as far from the moving :temptation to pride and vanity as the east

" That the unanimous thanks of the is from the west.

Meeting are due to the Rt. Hon. LORD The Resolution was carried unani

ROBERT GROSVENOR, M.P., for his kindmously.

ness in acting as Chairman on this occaMr. MAXWELL said, he had been many

sion.” years, not only a member of the Committee, The Rev. Mr. REEVE seconded the rebut also a teacher in Ragged Schools. solution, which passed unanimously. He reminded the Meeting, that they were not assembled merely for the purpose of The Noble CHAIRMAN, in replying, hearing eloquent speeches, but to make up expressed his cordial concurrence in the their minds to exert themselves more in remarks of the different speakers, and his time to come than they had done in times readiness at all times to aid the cause of past in aid of Ragged Schools. He hoped the Ragged School Union as much as lay that they would not allow their good resolutions to evaporate, but would see that The proceedings terminated by singing they issued in substantial acts of be- the doxology.

in his power.

THE EVENING MEETING Was held in Exeter Hall, which was densely and parcel of the great system whereby crowded in every part. Lord ASHLEY took we endeavour to reclaim this moral waste the chair shortly after six o'clock.

from the grasp and desolations of Satan. The proceedings commenced by singing I need not detain you long by setting be

fore “ All hail the power of Jesus' name.”

you the principles of our constitu

tion and of our practice,--they are before The Rev. Dr. HEWLETT then engaged you every instant of the day: when you in prayer.

perambulate our streets, every ragged and The CHAIRMAN rose and said : Ladies suffering and destitute child you see, is a and Gentlemen, the Ragged School Union principle of action for you, and for me, has now placed its anniversary among the and for the committee, and for all of us. anniversaries of the other great religious Our principle is to reclaim that vast societies of this kingdom, -and justly so, waste, to bring the most destitute and we think. It claims, both from its princi- | forgotten within the sound and grasp of ples and from its efforts, the sympathy the Gospel, to raise them from the mire, and support of the whole Christian pub- and to set them, if possible, among the lic. We have, by the blessing of God, princes of the earth. Nor have we been effected great things-not so great as we wanting in favourable results. A very could have desired, but still more than few figures will give to you a sufficient enough to demand from us the greatest appreciation of the success we have atmeasure of thankfulness and rejoicing tained. We have sent out to Her Ma(Hear, hear.) In the year 1845, when jesty's colonies about 350 of these destiour operations first began to be syste- tute children. From many we have rematized and to be promoted with real ceived letters, giving a most gratifying energy, we had, I think, about 7 schools account of their social and moral improveand 717 scholars ; now, in the year 1851, ment. In 1848, there went out one of we have 102 schools and 10,861 scholars our boys, about eighteen years old, who, (Applause.) Of these, I am happy to a short time ago, remitted to his father say, 6,021 are week-day scholars, and the amount of his savings during that 2,062 are enrolled among the industrial period, reaching no less a sum than £10. classes. This must not be taken as an A little girl, also, who went out at a accurate measure of the progress that has later period, has remitted to her mother, been made, because, I rejoice to say, our a poor widow, who gets her living by example has been imitated in many quar- / selling lace, no less a sum than £5; the ters. " There have arisen in various parts announcement of which, to her, produced of the metropolis, several Ragged Schools an effect, as you may well believe, easier that are not in union with this Society, to conceive than to describe. Other but which must be taken to have arisen similarly gratifying incidents have ocout of our operations, and to form a part curred, and none more gratifying than the 136

THE SEVENTH ANNIVERSARY

case of the lads who went out from the selves resolutely to the accomplishment of Grotto Passage Ragged School, having this mighty undertaking, giving yourselves been aided by the committee with a loan no repose before God and man, of money, the whole amount of which

“ While crowding ranks on every side arise, they have repaid (Hear, hear.) This Demanding life, impatient for the skies.” should urge you on to greater exertions, (Loud Applause.) and to pass resolutions, which it will be your duty to convert into realities.

The

Mr. LOCKE (Hon. Secretary) then read committee have no great predilection for the Annual Report, of which an abstract merely crowded assemblies, and for ap

is given in another part of our columns. plauded speakers, if all is to end in vapour, and an empty exchequer. We main

ROBERT BAXTER, Esq., moved the tain, (andwe say it not in the spirit of arro- first Resolution :gance,) that we have done our duty; and it is for you now to do yours (Hear, hear.)

“That this Meeting gratefully acknowWe have devised and organized a system

ledges the blessing of God upon the In

stitution during the past year; and sym. of prevention, by which to stop crime while it is in the seed, and sin before it has

pathizing with the Committee in their broken into flower and desolated society.

labours and Christian efforts, trusts the Although other schools may have stood in

appeal now made for additional funds will the way of vice and crime, no one could

be cordially responded to.” say of them with certainty, that almost In looking at this vast metropolis, the every one trained in themi would, without state of its population, the extent of its their intervention, have been a vagabond poverty, the vast number of those who or a thief ; domestic discipline and other depended upon casual labours for their circumstances might have interposed to subsistence, one's heart almost fainted at do their work. But we do maintain, that the prospect. It was, however, some conevery one of those whom we have reclaimed solation, in viewing such a scene, to be would, from the very necessity of his able to mark the growth, during the last position, have been either a thief or a

twenty years, of institutions rising one vagabond ; we do maintain that, by the after another to ameliorate the condition instrumentality of this institution, we of these vast masses of people. Last, but have established a preventive system, not least of these, had arisen the Ragged which operates in anticipation of the School Union, whose anniversary they were jailer, or even of the hangman. We have, met to commemorate—an institution which moreover, greatly abated the amount of grappled with vice and destitution in its juvenile delinquency, and have cleansed own regions. Would it be said that the the metropolis, not by pouring out from agencies of which he had been speaking it the filth of our streets, but by passing were not sufficient for the wants of the these children through a cleansing and fil- metropolis ? He knew the work was tering process, before we poured them vast, and the instruments but feeble. What forth in a rich and fertilizing stream on man did, through the blessing of God, the colonies of our country. We have was so overruled that God would humble given most unmistakable experience of the the instrument while he blessed his work, vivifying and regenerating influence of the so that no one might say, “By the might Gospel upon the most destitute, ignorant, of my hand or my wisdom has this work and forsaken. I do not believe there is been done." We professed to be a nation anywhere so good a study of the truth of of Christians, possessing the pure word of Christianity as can be found within the the revelation of God, professing pure Profour walls of the Ragged School. There testant doctrine, professing to be governed you may see the power of the Gospel to in wisdom, and to have a constitution elevate these fallen masses, and to refine, which was the envy of all nations. If it in body and in soul, even the most filthy, were so, how was it that in our metropolis, and ignorant, and destitute. In conclu- where were congregated the most talented, sion, we tell you that all these things, and noble, and devoted, and faithful of which no one can gainsay, impose upon men, with the Gospel preached in faithfulyou most serious and solemn responsibili- ness, and none making the preachers to ties. We call upon you, therefore, to dis- be afraid—with schools open on every side charge your duty ; we call upon you, so to instruct and train up children in the long as there shall be one of these godless way in which they should go—how was it wanderers in our streets, not to desist from that, in the midst of all this, there were the great work in hand, but to set your- still tens of thousands of children wan

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