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The expenditure for the last year has amounted to £83. 198., and the receipts to £85. 38. 11d., leaving a balance of £1. 49. 11d.

The Meeting, which was well attended, was addressed by Rev. Owen Clarke, W. D. Owen, Esq., Mr. W. Ferry, Rev. W. Nolan, M.A., C. Lovel, Esq., and Mr. Matthews.

OPENING OF THE NEW WHITEHAVEN

RAGGED SCHOOL. On Monday, the 29th of March, the opening of the new Ragged School was celebrated by a public tea party, which was attended by all the most influential persons of the town and neighbourhood, who thus evinced their sympathy in, and their willingness to aid, this hitherto neglected part of that population.

Suitable addresses were delivered by the Rev. J. Bardsley, of Manchester, the Rev. T. Dalton, the Rev. F. Wicks, the Rev. J. F. Simpson, and Mr. Nicholson.

Mr. Nicholson, to whose untiring efforts and zeal in this noble cause the school owes its origin, and the present building its erection, said that it was a source of pleasure to him that the good effect of Ragged Schools had been so universally acknowledged, and especially in that town. Since the formation of the school in 1843, it had gradually progressed, until the number now on the books amounted to 400. Much inconvenience had been felt from want of room, but that being now obviated, he antici. pated a large increase to their number.

The cost of the new building is £428 ; purchase of the old building, £200; in all £628. The amount collected is £530, which leaves a debt of £98.

The Committee contemplate opening a Day School in addition to their Evening School ; and they trust that those who have so liberally contributed to erect such a commodious building, and in such a desirable situation, will not do their work by halves, but will enable them not only to pay their debt, but to continue and extend their operations.

pointing out difficulties, neither few nor small, with which the teachers had had to contend, and which are the common lot of Ragged School efforts; and also detailing the gradual success that had attended their efforts to overcome them. The school, which is in a most prosperous state, is open on Sundays, the average attendance being, in the morning, 70; afternoon, 120; and evening, 175. Four evenings in the week-two for boys, and two for girls, conducted by a paid master and mistress. There is also an Infant Day School, the attendance being about 98. The receipts for the year have amounted to £56, the expenditure £65, leaving a balance of £9 due to the Treasurer.

The Meeting was subsequently addressed by Mr. Day, Mr.J.G. Gent, Rev. J. Kennedy, M.A., Mr. W. Ferry, Rev. W. Allen, Rev. S. G. Poole and Rev. Mr. Temple.

FOSTER STREET RAGGED SCHOOL, LONG ALLEY, BISHOPSGATE STREET. THE Annual Meeting of the above Schools was held in the Large Room, London Tavern, Tuesday evening, April 6th. The attendance was numerous. The Rt. Hon. the Lord Mayor in the Chair. About 120 of the children were present, of whom not more than five had ever been to any other school, and their conduct was orderly and becoming.

The Report stated that there is an Infant Day School, the average attendance of which is about 88. An E School, the attendance-boys being 47, and girls, 35. The receipts for the year have amounted to £94. 58.; the expenses £201 : being an excess of income £106. 158., which, added to the deficiency of £74 the preceding year,

leaves a debt of £180. 158. The Meeting was addressed by Revs. Dr. Archer, J. Branch, J. Charlesworth, J. E. Gladstone, Edward Corderoy, Esq., and Joseph Payne, Esq.

EDWARD'S MEWS RAGGED SCHOOL. The Fourth Annual Meeting of the above School was held on Friday afternoon, 16th April, at the Marylebone Literary and Scientific Institution, Edward Street, Portman Square. J. Sheppard, Esq., in the Chair.

The meeting was numerously attended, and addresses were delivered by the Rev. R. Herschell, Rev. J. Branch, Rev. J. W. Reeve, Rev. J. E. White, S. Bibby, Esq., and Mr. Haselden.

The Report, which was exceedingly interesting, detailed a series of efforts made by the Romish ecclesiastics, and even Dr. Wiseman himself in person, to prevent children attending these schools. But the triumph that truth has made over bigotry and error have been truly gratifying.

We regret that we have not space now for a lengthened detail of particulars, but hope, in 8 future number, to refer to the important operations carried on in this school, situated as it is in a hotbed of Popery.

CARR STREET, STEPNEY. The first Annual Meeting of the friends and subscribers of this School was held in the schoolroom of the Institution, on Monday evening, 5th April. William Newton, Esq., in the Chair.

The Chairman, in opening the business of the evening, said, That he had known something of the neighbourhood, both from observation and report, long before the school was established, and was prepared to say that the blessing such a school was calculated to be to the locality entitled it to the strongest support. It is the want of a proper kind of education that fills our jails; and he felt assured that the Christian public, in conferring such benefits upon the needy classes, were, in the same proportion, securing a benefit for themselves.

The Report contained a very interesting and graphic sketch of the operations of the school

ABSTRACT OF THE EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT OF

THE RAGGED SCHOOL UNION.

In former years the Committee have begun their Report with expressions of gratitude to Almighty God for his kind providence towards them, and towards the Society under their care. The results of another year once more call for grateful acknowledgments to Him from whom cometh down every good and perfect gift-hands to labour as well as hearts to feel; devoted Teachers as well as untiring Superintendents; a united Committee as well as a discerning Public; active officers as well as a noble, zealous, indefatigable Chairman, whose change of rank has made no change in his zeal and devotedness to the cause of Ragged Schools.

It affords the Committee much pleasure to report favourably of the Society's educational labours during the past year, and also of its present financial position.

The Emigration Fund has amounted during the year to £621, of which £394 have been expended. The General Fund has reached £3,510, from which there remains a balance in hand, after all payments, of £376.

Fourteen new schools have been opened, and the total number now included in the Union is 110, in connection with which there are about 1,600 voluntary teachers, 200 paid, and 13,000 pupils. The annual income is £2,800, not including the sums raised by the local Committees of the various schools ; and the annual subscriptions are £780.

An Agent has been appointed to make regular inspections of the schools, which are also occasionally visited by the members of the Committee. The unsectarian character of the education given is strictly adhered to.

Nothing is more remarkable in the proceedings of the Union than the manner in which its usefulness is extended in various directions, to meet the varied necessities of the cause which it has undertaken. Thus, a home has been provided for children whose mothers are out charing and washing. Weekly meetings of mothers, for mending clothes and other purposes, have been established, and which are calculated to promote the comfort of their destitute offspring. But the most curious development of the movement is furnished by the statistics of the Shoe-black Society," which is in a very prosperous condition. The average weekly earnings of the 37 little red-coated boys thus employed is at present 78. each ; it was much higher during the period of the Great Exhibition. To the other marvellous details of that event the following figures may be added, in the forthcoming Report of the Royal Commissioners. Out of £650 earned by the cleaning of 156,000 pairs of boots and shoes, the sum of £360 has been paid to the boys, £140 has been absorbed in working expenses, while the balance, £150, has been depo

NO. XLII.-VOL. IV.

66

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102

ABSTRACT OF THE EIGHTH ANNUAL REPORT.

sited in the savings' bank by those boys who have been most industrious and thrifty.

An experiment of employing some young lads as Broomers, to sweep the pavements, has also been tried, which has met with partial success; and another of getting the most trustworthy Shoe-blacks, and especially those who had deposits in the savings' bank, stationed as messengers at the railway termini. An attempt has been made to provide girls with work as “ Steppers," or cleaners of doorsteps, but it is only partially successful. The Committee have felt very anxious to obtain some suitable kinds of occupation for girls as well as boys. The Shoe-blacking system has been established at Brighton, Liverpool, and Dublin, as well as in the Metropolis, and will, no doubt, soon be extended to all our large towns.

The Union has provided the means of emigration for 54 young persons, of whom 37 have gone to Australia and 17 to America.

The increasing number of Ragged Scholars who continue to buy the Children's Magazine is considered by the Committee another favourable symptom of good effected, as it shows a growing taste among them for useful wholesome reading, however simple it may be. The monthly issue of “ Our Children's Magazine” is now 7,000, or 1,000 more than last year.

The circulation of a cheap and attractive literature, of a decidedly Christian character, among the children of Ragged Schools, is most desirable. It therefore has afforded the Committee much pleasure to learn that 30,000 copies of the Band of Hope Review have, by the liberality of Samuel Gurney, Esq., been distributed among the poor children in Great Britain and Ireland. 8,000 Bibles, at 6d. each, have been purchased by those in London.

The Committee beg to acknowledge with gratitude the kindness of the Earl of Shaftesbury and other friends, in sending 1,223 of the most deserving boys and girls to the Exhibition. They have great pleasure in enumerating a long list of towns to which the benefits of the Ragged School system have been extended ; * and, as one example of the recognised necessity and useful. ness of these schools, it may be stated that in Liverpool alone 20 have been established under a local Union.

Of the good accomplished, but a small part can be detailed in a Report, or seen with the human eye. Perhaps eternity alone will reveal the extent of the work thus accomplished. The grand object of the Union has always been to bring neglected outcasts to the feet of Jesus—to convey Gospel truths to the minds of those who are in darkness by nature—and thereby arrest them, if possible, in their downward course, and help them, by the aid of the Holy Spirit, into those paths that lead to eternal happiness.

* Southampton, Portsmouth, Manchester, Sheffield, Birmingham, Bath, Bristol, York, Newcastle, Hull, Nottingham, Brighton, Cheltenham, Windsor, Plymouth, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Dumfries, Perth, Dundee, Aberdeen, Isle of Man, Ipswich, Dublin, Belfast, Cork, Waterford, Gravesend, Biddeford, Guildford, Norwich, Whitehaven, Jersey, Dover, Luton, Margate, Chester, Woolwich, and Reading.

PROCEEDINGS AT THE EIGHTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE

RAGGED SCHOOL UNION,
Held in Exeter Hall, on Monday Evening, May 10th, 1852.

THE EARL OF SHAFTESBURY IN THE CHAIR.

THE Chair was taken precisely at six that the remedy is proposed, and we o'clock, and for some time before that hour appeal to you to come forward and join every part of the large hall was crowded, us in this great and blessed work. We and considerable numbers were unable to assert that our efforts have fully mainobtain admission. This is much to be re- tained the truth of our principles, and gretted, as many of our friends came long that the results show the accuracy of our distances from the country. But although judgment and the certainty of our predicthe large room was so completely filled, tion. We told you, and we have proved great order was maintained, and the atten- to you, that the result has been equally tion was unbroken. It was delightful to advantageous both to the beneficiary and hear some five thousand voices harmo- the benefactor. It has been a great benefit niously presenting ascription of praise, in to society at large, that these thousands the language of that beautiful hymn- and tens of thousands of children have

". All hail the power of Jesu's name.' been dragged from their hiding-places, and The Rev. W. CURLING engaged in submitted to moral discipline; and it has prayer.

also been a benefit to the children themThe CHAIRMAN then said: My good selves. It has had a most soothing and friends, this is the eighth anniversary consolatory effect upon the great mass of that we have celebrated of the Ragged the people of this great metropolis and School Union, and I cannot help making other large towns, to see those whom God the remark publicly that I have made to has blessed with leisure, with station, or myself on the last two or three anni- with wealth, coming forward to consider versaries, that if the contributions were the great, the real, and the spiritual, and in proportion to the zeal that is mani- the everlasting interests of that hitherto fested on these occasions, we should be, neglected portion of the community, without exception, the richest Society (Hear, hear.) I said that the results had . in London. (Hear, hear.) But although been equally advantageous to the benea very large room will not contain one ficiary and the benefactor. I maintain half of the applicants for admission, I am that the other parties whom we have afraid that a very small purse will con- included, and whose benefit we have tain nearly all the contributions. Never- sought, shall themselves bear testimony theless, by God's blessing we go on-we to the great results of our operations. thank Him, and take courage. Now let How many hundreds of these lads and me just state to

you

the comparative pro- these young women have, by the exertions gress of this institution. I have here a you have made, been transplanted from report of the state of the Society at eight abodes of misery and vice to other lands, different periods. I will only trouble and to occupations of industry and you with the first and last. The first honour! The colonists themselves shall public anniversary that we celebrated was bear testimony to the benefit that has in the year 1845. We then had 20 been conferred upon them. I will read schools, 200 voluntary teachers, and 2,000 you an extract from a letter which children, and we had collected about £60 appeared some short time ago in the during the year. In the year ending columns of the Times, written by an emiMay, 1852, we have 110 schools, 1,650 nent gentleman, Captain Stanley Carr, voluntary teachers, 200 paid teachers, himself a proprietor in our colonial posand we have collected £2,813. (Applause.) sessions, himself holding a station in this Now, this statement, while it gives us country delegated to him by his fellowcause to rejoice in one aspect, gives us citizens in the colonies, and who, I rejoice occasion to mourn in another. It gives us to say, is in this room, and sitting at my occasion to rejoice that such great efforts left hand. He

says : On reading one of are made to cultivate such a vast moral the Times Articles on the 23rd instant, I wilderness; it causes us to mourn that reproached myself for not having hitherto such a moral wilderness should exist. borne testimony to the good conduct of As the evil does exist, we ought to rejoice the Ragged school boys sent to Port 104

THE EIGEITH ANNIVERSARY

Philip during my residence there, by the off in masses to the colonies. I rejoice, I Earl of Shaftesbury.” Now, that is too say, that we have retained some few be. great an honour. I have been only the hind, who shall be a constant proof of our humble channel of other people's bounty exertions and, I hope, a standing example The co-operation that I have given would to others, by which to regulate their conhave been of no avail without the assist- duct. (Applause.) Now, as we are engaged ance of those admirable men with whom upon this subject of Ragged Schools, I I have worked. But a general very often must give you a word of caution, because gets the credit of the battle, when the unless that word be given, and unless it soldiers have won it ; and that happens be acted upon, we shall, in a great meato be my case; but I rejoice to take sure, depart from the work we have bethis opportunity of expressing my heart- gun, and go into a higher sphere than felt thanks to those excellent persons with that which was originally contemplated, whom I have been associated. (Applause.) leaving those behind for whom our efforts Well, Captain Carr goes on: * And in were designed. I maintain that it is quite proof that those objects of deep com- impossible to take a survey of some of miseration would, if judiciously selected, these schools without seeing that by debe willingly employed by the settlers grees they have risen above the level there, I enclose a letter, dated 1st of for which they were intended; that August last, from a respectable magistrate there is in them a great many children of the Portland Bay district, requesting of a class and condition that ought not your attention to the following passage:--

to be there; and in proportion to the preI should be obliged to you

if
you

could sence of these is the exclusion of those procure me some of Lord Ashley's lads,' children who ought to be the peculiar (You see he treats me quite as a family objects of your care. This may be a very man, (laughter,) he looks upon them as natural result, because I doubt not that my own children] 'to be apprenticed to many of the teachers and others, finding me for three or four years, not under that children came from all parts who fifteen years of age. I will give them £10 presented a better appearance, and were the first year, £14 the second, and cur- at first of more tractable dispositions, were rent rates afterwards.'” Is this no tes- glad to have their schools filled with them, timony to the value of the system that thinking it unnecessary to go further, and you have pursued ? Is this no testimony thus desisting from that admirable system to the character and the quality of those

with which they began that of going children whom you have sent out as emi- out and seeking destitute children, and grants ? Is this no proof that all par- compelling them to come in. Now, if ties are benefited—those whom you send ever you get into a system of parade and out and those who receive them ? You show, of periodical public examinations, could not have a better and more striking and the like, depend upon it your occuproof-you could not have a stronger pation is gone, and you might as well inducement — you could not have a close your doors, and write upon them, stronger duty imposed upon you than to “ to let ;" (Applause) for you are dego forward in the course you have taken, parting from your original duty, forgetting and which God Almighty has so signally your peculiar calling, entering into anblessed. (Applause.) There have been other sphere already occupied, and enmany other occupations to which these gaging in duties for which you are wholly children have been trained with singular incompetent. It is not necessary that

You have yourselves seen them you should repress the rising of the chilengaged as Shoe-blacks; you know the dren, but, on the contrary, this is the rule success they have attained, and the good you must observe—train the children as conduct they have exhibited. You have well as you can, but when they shall have seen them in their capacity as “Broomers," attained a certain level, you must transand even as Messengers ; and you have plant them to other schools; you must seen that they have done everything keep your Ragged Schools down to one in their power to repay the labour that mark; you must keep them, as I have has been bestowed upon them. I con

said a hundred times, and, until I carry fess, I rejoice that some of these chil- my point, 1 shall a hundred times more, dren are retained in this country. I

in the mire and in the gutter, so long have been sometimes pained, and have as the mire and the gutter exist. So felt some little grudge to see all these long as this class exists you must keep admirable young fellows that we have the schools adapted to their wants, their trained up, and who exhibited such a ca- feelings, their tastes, and their level ; for pacity for becoming good children, going if you do not you will gradually rise into

success.

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