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INDEX TO VOL. XXIII. OF LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.

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• 400

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185

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Austria,

87. 467 John Bull's Constitutional Farmer's Plough, . 412

Agriculture and Science, . 417

Pudding, :

368

Glowworm,

476

Hudson off the Track, . 416 Hungary,

67, 467

Bremer, Fredrika,

. 129

Poisons for the Asking,

477

Hope and Memory,

Bank Note Circulation, 201

Wont go home till Morning, 520 Hours, The,

. 451

Benzole,

3691

567

Unprotected Female,

Bremer's (Fred.) Summer

I would not live Alway, · 191

Journey, :

472 Ice-caves of Nature, .

Irish Temperance Hymn, 391

253

It Cannot Last, .

414

Bernard Barton's Life and

145

Japan, Americans in,

Jesus of Nazareth,

Letters,

536

529

241

Jesuits, Mornings with,.

Mother and Child, . 366

Bermudas, Life and People, 533

Massachusetts, .

430

Canada, 34,186, 231, 329,523,618 Keith, Sir Robert Murray, 193

Mercy, a Woman's Plea

Colonial Policy,

35 Louis Philippe on Govern-

for,

476

Chateaubriand's Autobiogra ment, .

226 My Boy, .

527

phy,

49 Leaf, Fall of the,

323

No More,

16

Colman, Rev. Henry, 106 Longfellow's Works, 388

Northampton,

Colton, C. C.

130 London, Growth of, . 513

O’er the Hill,

· 166

California, . 152, 450, 518 Laches of the Revolutionists, 515

Old,

431

Overland Journey to, 155 Lola Montes,

Ode for the Peace Congress, 613

Christianity, Practical, 212 Landor to Lord Stuart, 525 Prussiad,

Clerical Combinations, 214 Louis Napoleon his own

Peace, what hast thou

Cape of Good Hope, . 225

Master,

616 with it?

261

Cuba,

328 Mehemet Ali, .

125

Roman Patriot's Lament,. 67

Cholera, Cessation of, 373 Magalhaen's Straits, . 161

Red Flag,

278

Chalmer's Prelections, 531 | Modern Orator,

401

Risibility,

318

Melville's Redburn,

. 580

Soul and Body,

32

Dead Sea and River Jordar., . 1

318

St. Peter's Tears, .

Europe,

M'Lean's Twenty-five Years

41, 94, 133, 139, 545

in the Hudson's Bay Ter-

Shakspeare Readings, 526

English Bankruptcy,

93

ritory,

583

Venice,

58

Repudiation, 227

World 'Weariness,

68

New Books,

Emerson Mania,

95, 191, 479, 527

344

Wayside Tree,

412

Electric Telegraph,

Napoleon and the Son of

433

Mad. de Stael,

218 Rome, 39, 137, 236, 325, 388, 466

Evil, Spirit of,

468

Nelson and Lady Hamilton, 289

Russia,

87, 237, 386

French Finance,

228

Recamier, Madame,

97

Foreign Policy, 327

Orizaba, Ascent of,

158

89

Switzerland,

France,

215

Osborn, Lucy, .

469, 524

135

319 Siege, the State of,

Optical Magic,

Falkland Islands, Wild oid Bailey Ladies,

517

Scientific Meeting at Cam-

Sports of,

337

bridge,

164

Francis I.,

Peace Congress in Paris, : 90

413, 577

Shetland Isles,

· 167

Perkins, Jacob,

126

Fontenelle on the Signs of

213

Prisoners and Prison Ships. 190 Salt Lake, from the,

Sugar Discovery,

Death,

481

215

Discharged, 249

Fau's Anatomy for Artists, 574

Shirley,

535

Phonetics,

356

Grange, Lady,

Sporting Scenes in Nepaul, 537

59 Pardoe, Miss,

375

Southey's Life and Corre-

Germany, 136, 232, 234 Punch,

382

spondence,

605

German Travellers on North Presidents of France and

Securities for Peace, . . 617

America,

250 America,

385

256

Gallatin, Albert,

475 Tombs, Language of the,

324 Persia and Turkey,

George III., Private Corre Pepys, Secretary,

556 Turkey and Russia, 283, 331, 381

spondence of,

350 POETRY-

There and Back Again, 392,

Gesta Romanorum,

407

452, 506, 546

A few Short Years, 282 TALES—

Gringos, Los,

470

Autumn, .

451

Family, Story of a,

275

Hungary, 33, 34, 36, 132, 138,

Blessing,

272

Haunted House, Story

187 Bells,

. 383

568

Howard, Dixon's Life of, 171 Blue Beard Chambers, . 505 Modern Vassal, 69, 107, 176,

Hamburgh,

189 Bremer, Frederika, 518

202, 262, 305

Hildreth's' History of the Columbus,

251

Matchlighter of San Adri-

U. States,

365

Devotion,

534

an,

120

Humboldt's Birthday, 380

Difficulty, To,

16

Powell, Mary, · 44, 279, 543

Aspects of Nature, 587 Dying Boy,

335

Resignation,

79

Hungarian Exiles,

Death of the Flowers, 465

Robert Simpson's Court-

34

India,

Eton, ·

555

ship,

376

Italy, Travelling in, 212

106

Expectation,

Woman, a Very,

17

Elfin Bride,

124

ILLUSTRATIONS-

567, 615

Early to Bed,

Unprotected Female,

222

Ventilation,

238

Adopted Cubs of Russian Elegy in London Church

Bear,

224 Yard,

239 West Indies,

34

Great Sea Serpent of 1848, 273

Forever with the Lord,

128

68 Webster, Daniel, .

The Shut up One, .

304 Fountain in Winter, 272) Water in London,

260

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LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.—No. 281.–6 OCTOBER, 1849.

From the North British Review. disenchanted :-every creek and cranny has been 1. Narrative of the United States Expedition to the explored ; and we have long ceased to expect the

River Jordan and the Dead Sea. By W. F. accounts of newly-discovered islands and contiLYNCH, U. S. N., Commander of the Expedi- nents, which ever and anon gladdened the hearts tion. With Maps and numerous Illustrations of our ancestors with something new and marvelLondon, 1849. Lea & Blanchard, Philadel. phia.

lous. Even if we had that expectation, it would 2. Narrative of an Expedition to the Dead Sea. cease to be exciting. We should be sure that the

From a Diary, by one John Pasty. Edited unknown would be like something we know. by Edward P. Montague, attached to the There is really nothing new under the sunUnited States Expedition Ship “Supply.” nothing even in expectation. Even the interior Philadelphia, 1849.

of Africa, still unexplored—and from whose gates So, the disenchantment of the world goes on! Dr. Bialloblotzky now returns bootless home—is The world's gray fathers were content with seven regarded with but languid interest by all but the wonders. Thirty years ago, we might learn by one in ten thousand who has some zeal for geobooks that there were at least a hundred wonders graphical discovery. There is sure to be some of the world; but where now is there one to be sand. But what do we want to know of more found ? No sooner did the phrenologists find out sands, and sand-storms, and camels, and all that the whereabouts of our faculty of “wonder," sort of thing? There is perhaps a lake. Well, or “marvellousness,” than straightway there there is nothing wonderful in that—we know all ceased to be anything in the world to wonder at. about lakes. There are perhaps new tribes of About a hundred years ago, almost everything blacks. Nay, spare us—what do we want of any beyond our own islands, and even much that was more blacks? We know all about them through in them, was wonderful to us. The world was so and through ; and what signifies some trifling adunknown-men and nature were so little under- dition to their variety—a darker or lighter shade stood—that all things beyond the range of every- | -a stronger or laxer twist of wool—a somewhat day experience were marvellous; and where so less utterable jargon—a somewhat more hideous much regarded as strange was known to be true, buggaboo ? There is no bracing wonder here. unthought-of and endless wonders were supposed to We do not expect a new animal-scarcely a new lie hid in the unascertained portions of the world. plant: and when lately we were authentically told Hence the imaginary voyages of Robinson Crusoe, of a real wonder, in the shape of a sea-serpent, of Philip Quarll, of Richard Davis, of Peter one half the world arose in its wrath at the attempt Wilkins, and of Captain Lemuel Gulliver, were upon its organ of wonder, and at the assault upon scarcely beyond the bounds of human credulity, its firm purpose not to wonder at anything the and were by not a few received as true accounts world contains; and the other half turned lazily of true voyages. Indeed, it might have been upon its side, grunting—" Pshaw, what is there thought to require some hardihood to distrust even wonderful in a sea-serpent ? An eel is a sea-serthe immortal Captain, seeing that his “true effi- pent—a conger is a sea-serpent-and one somegies,” in a very respectable peruke, were, as we what bigger than a conger-eel is no great matter." happened lately to notice, prefixed to the early Now-a-days, we know the Persians, the Turks, editions of his work. Who shall indeed set bounds the Arabs, the Hindoos, better than our grandto the possibilities of pleasant wonder, when the fathers knew the French, the Italians, the Spanlearned of the land were convinced by the daring iards, or the Germans. The North American impudence of George Psalmanazar, and were eager Indians, the South-Sea Islanders, the Esquimaux, to send missionaries and Bibles to the interesting we know far better than the Russians, Danes, and people to whom he professed to belong, and for Swedes were known a hundred years ago. Even whom he invented a language, the grammar of the Chinese have ceased to amaze us. Their tails which seems to us the most daring attempt ever -why, fifty years ago we were ourselves not tailmade to throw dust into learned eyes. But, that less ;-their edible bird-nests turn out, when seen learned eyes are not always the keenest, seems to and explained, to be nothing very strange. Cats be shown by the temporary success of that most may be, after all, not bad eating ;—and the small astonishing experiment upon human credulity. feet of the ladies may, for aught we know, be a 0! happy people, who lived in days when there salutary domestic institution. was something to wonder at—when the fountains Then, look at the results which the existing faof marvellousness, now, in these latter days, dried cilities of intercourse have produced upon our estiop, played in full stream, and sprinkled some re mate of places which it was once an untiring freshing excitements over this dreary life. But wonder to talk of, and a life-adventure to visit. what have we now left? All the world has been | Rome and Naples are as well known to us as

1

CCLXXXI.

LIVING AGE.

VOL. XXIII.

Paris was some fifty years ago. Constantinople we can account for everything. Gases, vapors, is better known to us than Rome was then ; and and electric fluids are familiar things. We not with Jerusalem, Cairo, Damascus, we have now long ago looked upon their spontaneous operations a far better acquaintance than we had twenty in nature with awe and wonder. But by and by years ago with Petersburgh, Lisbon, or Madrid. we grew bold in the presence of those awful powPalestine once afforded rich material for the play ers. We ventured to lay our hands upon their of the associative faculty upon the organ of won- manes, we vaulted upon their backs, and soon der ; but presently came that great inconoclast, bowed down their terrible strength to our service. Dr. Robinson, of New York, who, by disproving Besides, this in which we have lived has been one thing and doubting another, has left but little in all respects a most extraordinary age. It has even there, in that cherished corner of the world, been full of all kinds of wonders—social, moral, for the wonder of which entire belief is a most historical, physical, scientific—so vast, so prodiessential condition.

gious, as to render familiar to us, as matters of Wonder belongs to a time of ignorance, and we present interest and daily thought, results and say that the days of ignorance have passed. What facts, greater, intrinsically more strange, than any is there to wonder at? We know everything; that past ages, or any that distant countries offer and that which we understand ceases to be won- to our notice. This has tamed down the sense of derful. Look at the map of the world. There wonder. We can wonder at nothing ; for nothis not a spot on which we can lay the finger whose ing is so wonderful as the things that have become inhabitants are not well known to us. They are our daily food. Even history is disenchanted. The differenced by small matters-dress, habits of life, strangest things have become comprehensible, posshades of color, climatic influences. Strip them sible, commonplace. The great conquerors of anof these, and we come by a swift process to our cient days have in our own times been surpassed. brothers—the sons of a common father-like our. The revolutions—the changes of past times—each selves in all that is essentially the man ; moved one of which was a subject of curious speculation, by the same impulses, subject to the same pains have been exceeded in our own days. Subverand the same pleasures, subdued by the same sions, any one of which was erewhile good talk dreads, and nourished by the same hopes. The for a century, have been crowded upon us by the psychologist who dissects their souls finds them dozen within the space of a few weeks. If the all as like to one another, and all as like to us, sense of wonder in civilized man has not been as does the anatomist who explores their bodily wholly destroyed, we cannot doubt that this age frame. So with animals. All the most remark- in which we live will be looked back upon by our able creatures of the world have been brought to children's children as more replete with wonders us from the uttermost parts of the earth ; and than any which the world's history has hitherto existences which to our grandfathers were all recorded. but fabulous, we now regard as familiar things. But what has all this to do with the Dead Sea ? Our zoological gardens and menageries; our it may be asked. Much every way. Amid the “ Penny Magazines ” and “ Museums of Animat- general diswonderment of the world, we could feel ed Nature,” have quite disenchanted this branch that at least the Dead Sea, with all its mysteries, of the world's life. Its strangest things have its horrors and marvels, was left to us. It bepassed from the realm of wonder ; and the dis- came a sort of safety-valve for the fine old faculty covery of a really new beast, or bird, or reptile, -the source of so much innocent excitement, would now awaken out a languid interest in the which was smothered everywhere else under general mind. So of plants. Where are their heavy masses of dull facts and circumstances. wonders now? Within thirty years, thousands But gradually, and with aching hearts, we have of plants from all parts of the globe, most of which seen this retreat cut off from us. One traveller had not even been heard of, and many of which after another has stripped off some one of the horwere examined with wonder, have become the rors which overhung its deeps, or rested on its well-known inmates of our stoves, our green-shores ; and now at last it stands naked before us houses, and even our gardens. A morning's walk, -a monument, indeed, of God's wrath against or a short ride, will take any inhabitant of London the sins of man, but invested with none of the and other large towns among the most remarkable supernatural horrors ascribed to it, or exhibiting forms of transmarine vegetation. Here are the any of the features which are not the natural and palms and bananas of tropical climes, breathing an inevitable effect of the peculiar condition into atmosphere by which you are almost suffocated; which it has been brought. there a thousand whimsical shapes of the cacti and As the books now before us bring all the quesof the unearthly orchids meet the view; and here tions with respect to this lake into their final the singular pitcher-plants distil their waters. De- condition, they afford us a favorable opportunity part now, wonder-proof! Travel where you will, of stating the question as regards the past hisyou will see, you can see, nothing to astonish— tory of the Dead Sea horrors, and of showing nothing more wonderful than that which you have what has been really done by the expedition in seen with your own eyes at home.

advancement of our knowledge. In this we must And even in the phenomena of nature, the age rely chiefly upon our own resources; for the comof wonder has passed. We know everything ; mander of the expedition helps us very little

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