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you: "
" which upon the whole may more probably be inter-
preted to mean, that he had been chamberlain, than that he
was so then. In either case, it sufficiently shows the re-
spectability and rank, which Erastus held among his fellow-

iii. 2 TIM. iv. 20. Paul here, in the retrospect of his Fourth
apostolic Progress, says, that "Erastus abode at Corinth;"
which intimates, that Erastus had been in his company, before
they arrived at that city.

Probably enough, when Titus summoned from Crete took
Corinth on his way to Nicopolis, he was joined by Erastus
from thence. And if so, he may have become the companion
of Paul when the apostle passed the winter in Nicopolis and
preached the gospel in that neighbourhood. TIT. iii. 12.

GAIUS of Derbe,

As distinguished from Gaius, the Macedonian, mentioned,
A. xix. 29., along with Aristarchus, and like him, A. xx. 4.
xxvii. 2., probably a Macedonian of Thessalonica.

The other GAIUS, A. xx. 4., was clearly a native of Derbe,
quite remarkable (H. P. 182.) as the only city in which Paul
suffered no persecution or trouble; whereas in each of the
three cities through which he had previously passed, Antioch
in Pisidia, Iconium, and Lystra, he had been persecuted

We afterwards find this same Gaius at Corinth, apparently
settled there as a rich householder, and denominated by Paul
when he wrote to the ROMANS, xvi. 23., "my host and of
the whole church." If then he was thus "wealthy and bene-
volent" in character, and had enjoyed opportunity to hear
the preaching of Paul at Derbe either on the occasion, A. xiv.
21., or that of xvi. 1...3., or on both occasions; then might
he easily find the means from Derbe to visit Corinth, and
settling there be known (1 COR. i. 14.) as one of the few
converts whom Paul had baptized with his own hands.

All this becomes the more probable from the contiguity of Lystra to Derbe, and from the association of Gaius's name so directly with that of Timothy, A. xx. 4. And under the several circumstances fairly put together, we may even conclude, that it was the personal influence of Gaius, from such wealth and such benevolence, that (humanly speaking) secured for Paul, when in Derbe, an exemption from hostility and ill usage which he experienced no where else. pp. 21, 2.


If viewed as at p. 67., on Acts xx. 2., becomes an important region in the apostolic history.

From Rom. xv. 19. it appears, that St. Paul had on that occasion completed his visitation of Macedonia towards the north-west where it joins on Illyricum.

At pp. 122, 3., on TIT. iii. 12., it is seen, that he had planned, after preaching in other parts, to winter at Nicopolis:

And in 2 TIM. iv. 10., p. 127., we find Titus to have been recently despatched into the southern part of Illyricum, into Dalmatia.

Thus the gospel may seem to have spread somewhat extensively along the eastern coast of the Adriatic and to have afforded large occupation, however imperfectly now known to us, both to the zeal of the apostle and to that of his missionary Titus.


In two of the three recorded Progresses of Paul, before he returned to Antioch, he included in the plan of his movements a visit to the Holy City, at one or other of the great feasts.

After his second Progress, in A. xviii. 21, 2.

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"I must by all means keep this feast, that cometh in


And when he had landed at Cesarea, and gone up, i. e. to
Jerusalem, and saluted the church, he went down to Antioch."
After his third Progress, we have the intention and the
execution of it thus told.

A. xx. 16. He hasted, if it were possible for him to be at
Jerusalem on the day of Pentecost.

xxi. 15. And after those days, we took up our carriages,
and went up to Jerusalem.

As connected with his great Progresses, these are the only
two visits recorded in the Acts. But at a period antecedent
to those visits, two other, and direct, journies were under-
taken by him; during the long time, A. xiv. 28., that Barnabas
and he abode with the disciples at Antioch.

The first in these papers is styled the private journey, p. 23.,
the second is entitled the public mission, p. 26., to Jerusalem,
being related in GALAT. ii. 1...10. and in A. xv. 1.....31. re-

LUKE, the Evangelist, and Physician,

i. Probably of Antioch, and a Gentile, H. P. 148., and ap-
parently connected (whether by his profession or not) with
Philippi and Troas, before he met St. Paul at the latter
place, A. xvi. 8. 10., then on his second Progress:

ii. And having passed over with St. Paul into Europe,
attended him, xvi. 12., to Philippi, where, after St. Paul's
departure from that city, he remained himself without any

annoyance ;

iii. In all probability, till he was seen by St. Paul, when
he visited Macedonia again, A. xx. 2.

iv. But not sent down to Corinth with that epistle, 2 COR.
(notwithstanding the subscription), nor named in it, as being
then unknown to the Corinthians.

v. On St. Paul's third visit to Philippi, A. xx. 3...6., Luke joined his company to Troas,

vi. And never apparently quitted him, till they both came to Rome together, A. xxviii. 16.

vii. While at Cesarea, A. xxiii. 33, &c., he had probably availed himself of the great opportunities of that situation to write his Gospel under the eye of St. Paul. Vide Ap

pendix E.

viii. When at Rome, being known by report, as the beloved physician, to the brethren at Colossæ, he is joined in the salutation, COLOSS. iv. 14. and PHILEMON, ver. 24.

ix. In the Epistle to the Philippians, written (from St. Paul's more immediate expectation of deliverance, i. 25, 6., ii. 24.) at some interval after those two, the name of Luke does not occur; from whence we may fairly conclude that he was then gone elsewhere.

Conjectures as to the probable place and cause of his absence will be found in Appendix E.

x. If, during St. Paul's absence from Rome in his last apostolic Progress, Luke was at Cesarea, engaged on his second historical labour, App. u. s., we may well suppose, that after the apostle's return to Rome was made known to him, the well beloved Luke would lose no time in once more becoming his attendant in prison.

xi. One thing is very clear, that St. Paul, at the close of his earthly course, being then left in comparative solitude, has distinctly recorded, 2 TIM. iv. 11., " Only Luke is with me," that is, of his earlier associates: for at the end of that epistle it appears he was not neglected by Eubulus, and Pudens, and Linus, and Claudia, and by other brethren unnamed.

MALTA, p. 104. Acrs xxviii. 1.

A paper "On the Voyage and Place of Shipwreck of St. Paul, by Major Rennell, F. R. S." &c. in the Archæologia, vol. xxi. p. 92., will be read with much pleasure and entire satisfaction.

PETER; and JAMES and JOHN his brother, the two
sons of Zebedee.

i. This apostolic triumvirate, so frequently occurring (and
but once in any other order, LUKE ix. 28.) in the three first
Gospels, appears in the Acts, by name, i. 13., with the other
apostles, at Jerusalem, and virtually so, ii. 14.

JAMES never occurs again till A. xii. 2., where it is said,
Herod "killed James the brother of John with the sword."
For JAMES the Less, vide below, s. iii.

ii. PETER and JOHN, so united, occur in the case of the
lame man miraculously cured, and its remarkable conse-
quences, A. iii. and iv., several times.

In A. viii. 14. they are sent by the other apostles into
Samaria, where the Holy Ghost was given, v. 18., through
laying on of their hands; and they return, v. 25., after
having preached the gospel in many villages of the Sama-

This is the last mention, in the Acts, of JOHN the Evan-

Incidentally, however, by GAL. ii. 9., we find, on Paul and
Barnabas visiting Jerusalem along with Titus (time of A. xiv.
28.) John was certainly there on that occasion.

"James (the Less), Cephas, and JOHN :"

Whereas at an earlier period, GAL. i. 19.=Acrs, ix. 26, 7.,
JOHN certainly was not then in Jerusalem.

How shall this absence of John be better accounted for,
than on the natural supposition that the province of his
labours now partly lay (viii. 14.) in Samaria, and in Galilee
also, as he was by birth a Galilean?

iii. JAMES the Less, whose mother was Mary, MARK XV.
40., otherwise known, A. i. 13., as the son of Alpheus, and
GAL. i. 19. as the Lord's brother or cousin, is first separately
mentioned in the latter text, as the only apostle, except
Peter, whom in that visit to Jerusalem Paul had the oppor-
tunity to see, GAL. i. 19. A. ix. 26, 7. H. P. 89.

Very soon after the martyrdom of James the brother of

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