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to the apostle before winter, implies also his being engaged (via Troas) to visit Ephesus on the journey.

Nothing more after this appears to be known; nothing can be with any probability conjectured.

TITUS,

Probably a native of Antioch, and there converted by St. Paul, Tit. i. 4.

i. Gal. ii. 1. he is taken up by the apostle, in that the private journey to Jerusalem, inserted here, p. 23. after A. xiv., from which it appears he was a Gentile;

And on his return, he appears to have staid at Antioch, till he joined St. Paul in his third Progress, p. 56.

ii. Is sent by him, 2 Cor. xii. 18., from Ephesus to Corinth, on the matters in Appendix D. p. 155.

Ibid. ii. 13. afterwards expected at Troas, p. 156.: but vii. 5, 6. is met in Macedonia.

iii. Ibid. viii. 16, 17., is sent down to Corinth, on account of that charitable contribution, p. 157.

iv. And most probably remains as superintendent of the church there, when Paul with his seven companions departed, A. xx. 4., and is there occupied for some years :

v. Nor does he elsewhere appear again, till probably along with St. Paul at Rome, pp. 119, 120., and, then after his deliverance, fixed by him, Tır. i. 5., in the episcopal care of Crete.

vi. In Tır. iii. 12. he is summoned by St. Paul to Nicopolis.

vii. Probably returns in his company to Rome; and during his second imprisonment, 2 Tim. iv. 10., is despatched by the apostle into Dalmatia, (vide pp. 67. 123. and Index, Illyricum,) into the scene of their former labours.

TROAS.

Of places in the apostolic progresses more important than from the brief mention of them in the Acts or even in the Epistles might be thought, Troas forms a very striking example.

i. Paul's first visit to that place, accompanied by Silas and Timothy, is narrated A. xvi. 8... p. 36., with its momentous consequences to the European world. And as Luke was sojourning there at the time, Troas may seem in the first instance to have been visited on its own account; but providentially also, for the divine purpose, to carry the gospel over into Macedonia, and into Greece.

ii. Paul again visited Troas, purposely, from Ephesus, with expectation to meet Titus there, 2 Cor. ii. 12., in time = A. xx. i., when, though a door to preach Christ's gospel was opened unto him of the Lord, he was constrained to take his leave of them and to hasten into Macedonia, p. 66.

üi. Paul visited Troas a third time, A. xx. 4, 5., having previously sent Timothy and his six other companions, not merely to wait for him till he (and Luke) arrived from Philippi, but doubtless (H. P. 67.) to gather some of that harvest, which on his last hasty visit he had prematurely quitted, and which on this occasion he now stopped seven days to aid them in more fully reaping. Vide, on Acts xx. 13., p. 74.

iv. Finally, he passed through Troas himself on his way from Ephesus to Philippi, p. 121., in that series of apostolic visits -- after his deliverance from the first imprisonment at Rome - alluded to in 2 Tim. iv. 13., and traced out by Dr. Paley, H. P.189., in what he calls “an hypothetic journey :” a journey however left incomplete by him, unless he had inserted “ via Troas” betwixt Ephesus and Macedonia.

That particular in Paul's route is required by the passage in 2 Tim. iv. 3., otherwise, how could the apostle have left the cloke and the parchments with Carpus ? which Timothy at a future day was to call for, in the way from Philippi, viâ Troas to Ephesus on his own way ultimately to Rome.

TYCHICUS,

Probably an Ephesian, or of that neighbourhood,

Is mentioned in the following passages,
A. xx. 4. EPH. vi. 21. = Cor. iv. 7. Tit. iii. 12.

2 Tim. iv. 12.
i. A. xx. 4. Here his name occurs for the first time, in
conjunction with Trophimus also of Asia, as one of the seven
companions of Paul when he departed from Corinth.

ii. Col. iv. 7. The bearer of those Epistles from Rome,
and expressly sent by Paul into Asia, he must have gone to
Colossæ in person, (and to other churches, Eph. vi. 21.) as
an intelligent and affectionate messenger.

In that neighbourhood, when Paul arrived on his Fourth
Progress, Tychicus (and Artemas also) should seem to have
joined the apostle again.

iii. For in Tit. iii. 12. the apostle writes in a way to show,
that Tychicus was then along with him or within his reach :
he would not else speak of sending (from Macedonia) Tychicus
(or Artemas) to relieve Titus in the episcopal government of
Crete.

A person so designed must evidently have borne a
high character as a trustworthy and venerable man.

iv. 2 Tim. iv. 12. In agreement with all this, we after-
wards find Tychicus actually sent from Rome to hold that
sacred office in the church of Ephesus, and permanently so:
for though Timothy on his expected return to Rome would
visit that city, he was clearly instructed by Paul not to stay
there.

HORÆ PAULINÆ:

OR,

THE TRUTH OF THE SCRIPTURE HISTORY

OF

ST. PAUL,

EVINCED BY A COMPARISON

OF

THE EPISTLES WHICH BEAR HIS NAME,

WITH

THE ACTS OF THE APOSTLES,

AND WITH ONE ANOTHER.

BY WILLIAM PALEY, M.A.

ARCHDEACON OF CARLISLE.

FIRST PRINTED IN 1790,

NOW CAREFULLY REPRINTED, WITH OCCASIONAL NOTES,

WHICH ARE MARKED IN BRACKETS.

1840.

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