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Bei Ba'ke Bark Băck' Ba'll Box Bee't Beli Bilte
Words which end alike, placed in Tables by themselves.
ORDS are either primitive or derivative. A prim
itive word is that which is not derived from any other word in our language ; as, prefer. A derivative word is that which comes from some other word; as, from prefer are derived, prefer'-ing, prefer'-rest, preferreth, prefer'-red, prefer'-ment, prefer-able, pref'er-ence. Derivative words are generally formed by affixing one or more syllables to the primitive; as, ra'ven, rav'enous; faith, faithe ful, fuitb-ful-ness. Sometimes the ending of the primitive is changed; as, provide, provi-siin; cohere, cohe-sion ; compel, compul-sion.
Note. When the primitive word ends in e, and the termination added begins with a vowel, the e is dropped in the derivative; as, save, sav-ing, sav-est, sav-eth, sav-ed; see, se-est, seeth, (but double e, accented, is retained before ing; as, sceing)-write, writ-ing, writer, &c. except, after C, and g, before the termination able; as, service-able, change-able : also in other words, when the accent is on the last syllable of the primitive ; as agree'oble. But when the syllable added begins with a consonant, the e final is always retained : as, grace-ful, lovely polite-ness, agree-ment; except after dg, before the termination ment ; as, judge, judg-ment ; acknowledge, acknowledg ment. When the primitive ends in y,
they is changed inio i, in the derivative; as, cry, cri-est, cri.eth, cri-ed, criar ; mercy, merci-ful; marry, married, marri-age, &c.
But gy is retained before the termination ing ; as, cry, cry-ing; marry, murry-ing. When the primitive ends in ie, the e is dropped, and the i changed into y, before ing ; as, die, dy-ing ; lie
, ly.ing, &c. When the primitive word ends with a single consonant, accented, preceded by a single vowel, that consonant is doubled in the derivative; as, rob, rob-bing, reb-ber ; drum, dium-mer; drop, drop ped ; sit, sit-ting.
TABLE I. When the combination ng forms but one simple sound, it ought to
be called eng. · N. B. The child may be taught to read thus; F-a-i-l, fail, i-eng,
ing, failing, &c. Fail-ing pleas-ing see-ing
rub-bing swear-ing dwell-ing jo'k-ing
learn-ing bloom-ing joy.ing charm-ing wed-ding do-ing
oil-ing făn-ning bind-ing
pud'ding point-ing call-ing fi'r-ing cu'r-ing morn-ing dy-ing tu'n-ing
crown.ing lodg-ing liv.ing u's-ing
view-ing be-ing shil-ling
sound-ing even-ing ship-ping com-ing
Ba'ke Ba'rk Băck' Ba'll Box' Bee't Bet Bi'te
TABLE III. In eth. In this table the combination th bas its aspirated sound, as in breath. N. B. The child may be taught to read thus ; por-a-y, pray,
e-eth, eth, prayeth, &c.
hear-eth win-neth Pray-eth se-eth
go-eth sa'y-eth bless-eth
mo'y-eth join-eth pass-eth find-eth pro'v-eth joy-eth
put'teth point-eth warn-eth smi'l-eth
suit-eth crown-eth fear-eth liv-eth u's-eth sound-eth
TABLE IV. In ed. In verbs and participles ending in ed, the .e is silent, and the d
joined to the preceding syllable. N. B. The child must be taught to spell thus: b-l-a-s, blase, e-d,
blaz'd ; a-r-m, arm, e-d, arm’d, &c. Bla'z-ed seem-ed
rig-ged na'm-ed wean-ed
clo's-ed judg-ed sa'y-ed pen-ned glow-ed lov-ed
mo'ved boil-ed plăn-ned cri.ed
ru'l-ed call-ed fi'r-ed
cloy-ed warn-ed hi'r-ed
crown-ed fill-ed su-ed drown-ed glean-ed liv-ed view-ed sour-ed
Bit Bo'at Boo't Bush' U'se Bui' Boy' Bou't
After c, k, s, s, ch, sh, and x, d has the sound of t.
b-l-e-ss, bless, e-d, blest, &c.
Aster d or t, ed constitutes a syllable, and is sounded id; as in
Ba'ke Ba'rk Băck' Ba'll Box' Bee't Bet' Bi'te
TABLE VII. In ish. The child may read thus, s-l-a v, slave, ż-esh, ish, slavish, &c. Sla'v-ish freak-ish sel-fish
flour-ish råd-dish squeam-ish beau-ish nour-ish
blem-ish rogu-ish pub-lish fóp-pish rel-ish fool-ish clown-ish
dread-ful fruitful care-ful law-ful
bliss-ful grate-ful scorn-ful
use-ful shame-ful watch-ful
need-ful hich f,,1
Glăd-some blithe-some loath-some noi-some hand-some tire-some
TABLE X. In age, iage, &c.
sel-vage part-ridge sau-sage căb-bage
cour-age car-riage hom-age line-age
till-age man-age fer-riage village