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Bei Ba'ke Bark Băck' Ba'll Box Bee't Beli Bilte

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CHAP. IV.

Words which end alike, placed in Tables by themselves.

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W

ORDS are either primitive or derivative. A prim

itive word is that which is not derived from any other word in our language ; as, prefer. A derivative word is that which comes from some other word; as, from prefer are derived, prefer'-ing, prefer'-rest, preferreth, prefer'-red, prefer'-ment, prefer-able, pref'er-ence. Derivative words are generally formed by affixing one or more syllables to the primitive; as, ra'ven, rav'enous; faith, faithe ful, fuitb-ful-ness. Sometimes the ending of the primitive is changed; as, provide, provi-siin; cohere, cohe-sion ; compel, compul-sion.

Note. When the primitive word ends in e, and the termination added begins with a vowel, the e is dropped in the derivative; as, save, sav-ing, sav-est, sav-eth, sav-ed; see, se-est, seeth, (but double e, accented, is retained before ing; as, sceing)-write, writ-ing, writer, &c. except, after C, and g, before the termination able; as, service-able, change-able : also in other words, when the accent is on the last syllable of the primitive ; as agree'oble. But when the syllable added begins with a consonant, the e final is always retained : as, grace-ful, lovely polite-ness, agree-ment; except after dg, before the termination ment ; as, judge, judg-ment ; acknowledge, acknowledg ment. When the primitive ends in y,

they is changed inio i, in the derivative; as, cry, cri-est, cri.eth, cri-ed, criar ; mercy, merci-ful; marry, married, marri-age, &c.

But gy is retained before the termination ing ; as, cry, cry-ing; marry, murry-ing. When the primitive ends in ie, the e is dropped, and the i changed into y, before ing ; as, die, dy-ing ; lie

, ly.ing, &c. When the primitive word ends with a single consonant, accented, preceded by a single vowel, that consonant is doubled in the derivative; as, rob, rob-bing, reb-ber ; drum, dium-mer; drop, drop ped ; sit, sit-ting.

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In ing

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TABLE I. When the combination ng forms but one simple sound, it ought to

be called eng. · N. B. The child may be taught to read thus; F-a-i-l, fail, i-eng,

ing, failing, &c. Fail-ing pleas-ing see-ing

lov-ing

board-ing say-ing

go-ing

rub-bing swear-ing dwell-ing jo'k-ing

boil-ing ask-ing

learn-ing bloom-ing joy.ing charm-ing wed-ding do-ing

oil-ing făn-ning bind-ing

pud'ding point-ing call-ing fi'r-ing cu'r-ing morn-ing dy-ing tu'n-ing

bow-ing

crown.ing lodg-ing liv.ing u's-ing

scour-ing

view-ing be-ing shil-ling

sound-ing even-ing ship-ping com-ing

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Ba'ke Ba'rk Băck' Ba'll Box' Bee't Bet Bi'te

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TABLE III. In eth. In this table the combination th bas its aspirated sound, as in breath. N. B. The child may be taught to read thus ; por-a-y, pray,

e-eth, eth, prayeth, &c.

hear-eth win-neth Pray-eth se-eth

com-eth prais-eth

go-eth sa'y-eth bless-eth

lov-eth
grow-eth
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sup-peth grant-eth

rest-eth pant-eth

mo'y-eth join-eth pass-eth find-eth pro'v-eth joy-eth

ri's-eth call-eth

put'teth point-eth warn-eth smi'l-eth

cu'r-eth war-reth

count-eth bid-deth

suit-eth crown-eth fear-eth liv-eth u's-eth sound-eth

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TABLE IV. In ed. In verbs and participles ending in ed, the .e is silent, and the d

joined to the preceding syllable. N. B. The child must be taught to spell thus: b-l-a-s, blase, e-d,

blaz'd ; a-r-m, arm, e-d, arm’d, &c. Bla'z-ed seem-ed

rig-ged na'm-ed wean-ed

clo's-ed judg-ed sa'y-ed pen-ned glow-ed lov-ed

pledg-ed arm-ed

flow-ed

urg-ed

mo'ved boil-ed plăn-ned cri.ed

pro'v-ed broil-ed

ru'l-ed call-ed fi'r-ed

cloy-ed warn-ed hi'r-ed

cu'r-ed rõb-bed

crown-ed fill-ed su-ed drown-ed glean-ed liv-ed view-ed sour-ed

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charm-ed spell-ed

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Bit Bo'at Boo't Bush' U'se Bui' Boy' Bou't

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After c, k, s, s, ch, sh, and x, d has the sound of t.
N.B. Read thus ; b-r-a-c, brace, e-d, brac't ; a-s-li, ask, e-d, ask'l ;

b-l-e-ss, bless, e-d, blest, &c.

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Aster d or t, ed constitutes a syllable, and is sounded id; as in

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Ba'ke Ba'rk Băck' Ba'll Box' Bee't Bet' Bi'te

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TABLE VII. In ish. The child may read thus, s-l-a v, slave, ż-esh, ish, slavish, &c. Sla'v-ish freak-ish sel-fish

flour-ish råd-dish squeam-ish beau-ish nour-ish

blem-ish rogu-ish pub-lish fóp-pish rel-ish fool-ish clown-ish

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Grace-fulaw-ful

dread-ful fruitful care-ful law-ful

bliss-ful grate-ful scorn-ful

use-ful shame-ful watch-ful

skil-ful waste-ful

need-ful hich f,,1

peace-fui sioth-ful

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Glăd-some blithe-some loath-some noi-some hand-some tire-some

toil-some irks-some

lone-some ful-some

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TABLE X. In age, iage, &c.
The terminations age, iage, ege, edge, ige, idge, are sounded ij; as in
Cart-ridge mar-riage pres-age

u's-age

sel-vage part-ridge sau-sage căb-bage

ves-tige col-lege

cour-age car-riage hom-age line-age

ton-nage dam-age

till-age man-age fer-riage village

coin-age

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