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Ra'ke Ba'rk Băck' Ba'll Box' Bee't Bet' Bi'te
TABLE LI. In the following words, u has its diphthongal sound; as in use. Fort-une fort-u-nate mu't-u-al
ed-u-cate ăct-u-al sens-u-al
rec-tit-ude Al-tit-ude for-tit-ude
ser-vit-ude at-tit-ude lön-git-ude grat-it-ude sol-it-ude
qui-et-ude lat-it-ude mag-nit-ude plen-it-ude mul-tit-ude
TABLE LIII. The termination ue is sounded u; except construe, pron. constroo. res-cue
ly-en-ue A.gue virt-ue
res-id-ue ar-gue iss-ue
ret-in-ue stăt-ue tiss-ue
rey-en-ue val-ue fes-cue
bar-be-cue Con-tinue TABLE LIV.
10 The termination ule is sounded ute.
11 Stăt-ute prðs-e-cute sub-stit-ute trib-ute des-tit-ute
at-trib'ute äb'so-lute dis-so-lute con-trib'ute at'tri-bute in-stit-ute dis-trib'ute
Bir Bo'at Boo't Bush' U'se Buť Boy Bou't
Tbę termination ure is sometimes sounded ure, the u being a diph
thong, composed of the sound of e in beet, and oo in boot; as in the
tem'per-at-ure 0-vert-ure ăp'ert-ure
lit'er-at-ure por-trait-ure for-feit-ure fur-nit-ure ju'dic-at-ure In the following words, the termination ure is sounded yure, the u being a diphthong, composed of the sounds of c in beet, and oo in boot. Read thus; a-z a'z, ur-e, yure, d' zure; f-a-i-l fail, u-r-e yure, failure; n-a-t na't, u-s-e yure, na ture; m-e-a-s mez, U-1-e yure, measure; p-foloss press, u-r-e yure, pressure, &c.
pict-ure te'n.ure fail-ure
strict-ure na't-ure cens-ure
tinct-ure ra s-ure
con-jure pleas-ure junct-ure past-ure
press-ure nurt-ure rapt-ure treas-ure
text-ure sculpt-ure tort-rue vent-ure
mixt-ure moist-ure The u ietains the same diphthongal sound in the derivatives; as, Năt-u-ral script-u-ral treas-u-rer*
* Pronounced natyu-ral, script'yu-ral, trez'yu-ver. Also in the word volume, pronounced vol'yume.
When e unaccented, comes before a, e, or u, it has generally the power of y, forming a diphthong with the fol. lowing vowel ; as in nausea, righteous, grandeur, (pronounced nausya, rightyus, grandyur.)
When a comes before the e, it has the power of s; as in ocean, (pronounced o'sgan)
When i unaccented, comes before another vowel, it has generally the power of y, forming a diphthong with the following vowel : thus the terminations iar, ier, ior, iour, ial, ien, ion, ium, ius, ious, iate, ia, ics, ian, iant, iance, ient, ience, iary, are sounded as if written yar, yur, yal. yen, yun, yum, yus, yate, ya, yiz, yan, yant, yance, yeni yence, yary ; as in fumiliar, soldier, senior, saviour, filial, alien, million, medium, genius, tedious, conciliate, India, In dies, Indian, val. iant, brilliance, convenient, convenience, auxiliary-pronounced as if written, familyar, soldyur se'nyur, sav'yur, filyal, d'lyen, millyun, me'dyum, genyus, te'dyus, concilyate, Indya, Indyiz, Ind. yan, valyant, brillyance, convenyent, convényence, augzilyery.
When ss, or a single s, preceded by a consonant, comes before the i, it has its sharp hissing sound; as in mission, conversion (pronounced missyun, conversyun.).
When a single s preceded by a vowel, comes before the i, it has the sound of %; as in osier, occasion, (pronounced oz'yur, occa'zyun.)
When e or comes before the i, it has the sound of sharp s; as in gracious, special, nation, militia, (pronounced gra'sgus, spesyal, na'syun, milisya ;) except when the t is preceded by s, or x, it retains its own sound; as in Christian, mixtion, (pronounced Christ'yun, mixt'yun ) Also in the word courtier, (pronounced courtyur.)
Exceptions : 1. When e and i are preceded by, ch, sb, or &, they become silent before another vowel, and the g has the sound of j; thus, puncheon, fashion, pigeon, religion, are pronounced punch'un, fash'un, pij'un, relij'un. 2. In plurals ending in ies, and comparatives in ier, the i has not the power of y but the sound of ;?; thus, beauties, mightier, must not be pronounced beautyiz, mightyer; but beautiz, migh.ti.cr.
Bit Boat Boo't Bush' U'se But Boy Bou't
In ia, ie, io, eo, eu, &c. In spelling the following words, the learner should be taught to give
e and i their own proper names, when he speaks them separately ; but when he unites them with the other letters in the syllables to which they belong, he should give them the power of y; thus, 8-3-2-rod guard, i-a-n yan.guar tian; h-i-d hid.e-o--s yus, hideous,&c.
wărr-iour Ind-ia Guard-ian anx-ious coll-ier
nox-ious Ind-ies bar-ri-er pon-iard
plent-eous pill-ion cham-pi-on right-eous
bull-ion cord-ial brill-iant on-ion law-yer fil-ial
hid-eous scull-ion scor-pi-on id-i-ot
In ia, ie, io, iu, ea, eo, &c. The following words may be divided two ways; either a-l a'ls i ce-p
yen, alien; or, a, bice n lyen, alien : 0-ddd, 2-0-uos yus, odious; or, o,
a-z-o-u-s dyus, odious. The former way is preferable, Àl-ien sa'v-iour
te'd-ious gla'z-ier au'dience ge'n-ial radiance nau'seous ge'n-ius ra'diant nau'seate le'n-ient.
Ba'ke Ba'rk Băck'. Ba'll Box Bee't Bet' Bilte
When ss, or s, preceded by a consonant, comes before io, it has its
sharp sound. Read thus; p.a-ss pass, 6-0-n yun, passion; m-a-nus mans, 2-0-n yun, mansion, &c.
im-mers-ion Păss-ion miss-ion
com-păss-ion ole mess'ieurs con-fess-ion ad-miss-ion
sess-ion con-vers-ion per-miss-ion
A single sa preceded by a vowel, and coming before ia, ie, io, or iu, bas
the sound of z. Read thus ; v.iós viz, i-0-n yun, vision ; por-o prog
v-i-s viz proviz, 2-0-n yun, provision, &c. N. B. A single s, coming before ia, ie, ic, or u and being pronounced
rapidly, will unavoidably run into the simple sound ezh; thus,vision occasion, are pronounced vizhun, occa' zhun.