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ORIGINAL LETTERS OF DR. BERKELEY, BISHOP OF CLOYNE.
Ampton, near Bury echoes of things, I know not whether
St.Edmund's, Feb.l. you are still sailing on the ocean, or YOUR interesting Miscellany hav- already arrived to take possession of ing now for a century been the depo- your new dignity and estate. In the sitory of literary and antiquarian in former case I wish you a good voyage, formation, I trust you will indulge an in the latter I welcome you and wish old admirer, although a new corre- you joy. spondent, with the insertion of the I have a letter written and lying by two inclosed original Letters, from an me these three years, which í knew early contributor to your valuable not whither or how to send you. But pages,—that eminently learned and now you are returned to our hemi. pious prelate the late George Berke- sphere, I promise myself the pleasure ley, Bishop of Cloyne, in Ireland ; a of being able to correspond with you. man well known in the literary world, You who live to be a spectator of as the contemporary and intimate odd scenes, are come into a world friend of Pope, Swift, and Bp. Atter- much madder and odder than that you bury, the former of whom said, no left. We also in this island are growless justly than beautifully, of him, ing an odd and mad people. We were “To Berkeley every virtue under beaven;" odd before, but I was not sure of our and the latter, when asked by Mr. having the genius necessary to become Pope for his opinion of him, re mad. But some late steps of a public plied, “So much learning, so much nature give sufficient proof thereof. knowledge, so much humility, I did Who knows but when you have not think had been the portion of any settled your affairs, and looked about but angels, until I saw Berkeley." and laughed enough in England,
The first was written to Sir John may have leisure and curiosity to visit James of Bury St. Edmund's, Bart. this side of the water? You may eldest son of Sir Cane James of that land within two miles of my house, place, by Dame Ann his second wife, and find that from Bristol to Cloyne daughter and coheir of Francis Phi. is a shorter and much easier journey lipps, of the Inner Temple, London, than from London to Bristol. and of Sunbury, in Middlesex, esq. I would go about with you, and Sir John was the last heir male of his show you some scenes perhaps as family, who were formerly seated at beautiful as you have seen in all your Crishall, in Essex. The other is ad- travels. My own garden is not withdressed to a Mr. John Smibert, an out its curiosity, having a great numartist residing, in 1726, in the Little ber of myrtles, several of which are Piazza, Covent-garden, but at the seven or eight feet high. They grow time of writing this letter, at Boston, naturally, with no more trouble or art in New England. He, with Sir John, than gooseberry-bushes. This is litethen Mr. James, accompanied the rally true. Of this part of the world writer in 1728 in his voyage, on the it may be truly said, that it is Bermuda design.
Ver ubi longum lepidasque præbet
100 Original Letters of Dr. Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne. (Feb. soon to hear of your welfare, and re Of the children of Bp. Berkeley main, dear Sir, your most obedient mentioned in the preceding postscript, and affectionate servant,
George the second son received his G. CLOYNE. education under his father, until about
nineteen years of age, when he beLETTER II.
came student of Christ Church, OxDear Mr. Smibert,
Cloyne, May 31, ford. After obtaining divers prefer1735.
ments, he settled in that of St. CleA great variety and hurry of affairs,
ment Danes in London, with which joined with ill state of health, hath held the rectory of Tyshurst, in deprived me of the pleasure of corre
Sussex, the Chancellorship of Brecksponding with you for this good while nock, and the sixth prebendal stall in past, and indeed I am very sensible
the church of Canterbury, the gifts of that the task of answering a letter is Archbishop Secker his sole patron. so disagreeable to you, that you can
He married Eliza, eldest daughter well dispense with receiving one of and coheiress of the Rev. Henry Frinmere compliment, or which doth not sham, M.A. rector of White-Waltham, bring something pertinent and useful.
Berks. Their only surviving son, Geo. You are the proper judge whether the Monck Berkeley, esq. LL.B. in the following suggestions may be so or no.
University of Dublin, F.S.S.A.; a I do not pretend to give advice, I only member of St. Mary Magdalen Hall, offer a few hints for your own reflec- Oxford, and of the Inner Temple, tion.
London ; published in 1789, “ LiteWhat if there be in my neighbour. rary Relics,” containing original lethood a great trading city? What if ters from King Charles Il. King James this city be four times as populous as
II. &c. &c.; amongst them are eightyBoston, and a hundred times as rich ?
six letters from the pen of his veneraWhat if there be more faces to paint, ble grandsire Bp. Berkeley. Mr. Monck and better pay for painting, and yet Berkeley died in 1793, the loss of whom nobody to paint them? Whether it so greatly affected Dr. Berkeley his would be disagreeable to you to re
father, that he survived him only two ceive gold instead of paper? Whether years. it might be worth your while to em
In 1797 appeared “Poems by the late bark with your bústs, your prints, George Monck Berkeley, esq." edited and your drawings, and once more by Mrs. Eliza Berkeley his mother, cross the Atlantic?
with a long preface written by that might not find full business in Cork, lady, consisting of some anecdotes of and live there much cheaper than in Mr. Monck Berkeley, and several of London? Whether all these things his friends. Yours, &c. A.P. put together might not be worth a serious thought? I have one
CHURCH OF St. Rocu, Paris, question to ask, and that is, whether myrtles grow in or near Boston with
Mr. URBAN, Paris, Jan. 20. out pots, stoves, or green-houses, in
THE Church of St. Roch* being sithe open air? I assure you they do tuated in the Rue St. Honoré, is an in my garden. So much' for the cli edifice which attracts the notice of mate. Think of what hath been said, every visitor to this capital. It is the and God direct you for the best. í parochial church of the second arronam, good Mr. Smibert, your affectionate humble servant,
* In our Number for August last, p. 101, GEOR. CLOYŅE.
appeared an account of the ancient Church
of St. Germain l'Auxerrois, which has just P.S. My wife is exceedingly your hum
been the scene of popular tumult in Paris. ble servant, and joins in compliments We are now favoured, by the same Correboth to you and yours. We should spondent, with an account of the Church of be glad to hear the state of your health St. Roch, where the funeral mass for the and family. We have now three boys,
repose of the soul of the Duke de Berri, doubtful which is the prettiest. My much lamentable destruction, both in the
which has been made the pretext of so two eldest past well through the small churches and without, was at first intended pox last winter. I have my own health to have taken place; but the fatal honour better in Cloyne than I had either in is said to have been declined, by the pruold England or New.
dence of the Curé.-Edit.
101 dissement of Paris. The building is from the Rue St. Honoré affords a toof Greek architecture, and was begun lerable view from that street ; but in in 1653 by Lemercier : Louis XIV. every other direction the edifice is and his mother, Anne of Austria, laid blocked up with buildings. The abthe first stone. The works were sus sence of a portico renders the exterpended immediately after the interior nal appearance of the church rather of the building was completed ; and in meagre. It has a respectable square 1720, the celebrated Law having given tower, which, however, is scarcely 100,000 livres towards finishing and visible; it is erected over an angle beautifying the Church, Robert de formed by the eastern transept, and Cotte was employed on the occasion : the northern part of the body of the that architect died in 1736, at which church. Although the tower consists period his work was not quite finished. of three stages, it can only be seen
When Charles V. enlarged Paris, from the Pont Royal, or from the terhe left the neighbourhood of St. Roch, race of the garden of the Tuileries. * then called Gaillon, outside the city The internal architecture is Doric. walls. The Porte St. Denis was The aisles meet behind the principal placed at the spot now known by that altar, which is detached ; and behind uame; the line of the walls from which three chapels are discerned thence to the river passed along the from the body of the church. The Rues Bourbon-Villeneuve, and Fossés first is of a circular form, and is de.. Montmartre ; across the sites of the dicated to the Virgin : at the entrance Place des Victoires, and the garden of are two paintings, the Raising of Jaithe Palais Royal; and then followed rus's daughter, by Delorme, and the the Rues du Rempart and Nicaise to Dealers driven out of the Temple, by the quay. In the reign of Louis XIII. Thomas. The second is the chapel a further extension took place, by the for the Communion, and the third du line being drawn from the Porte St. Calvaire, in which is a marble group Denis along the present Boulevards, representing the body of Jesus being to the Porte St. Honoré, at the end of placed in the tomb. In the recesses the Rue Royale.
formed by the transepts are altars, So late as 1670, there were wind- each ornamented with a large paintmills on the eminence known by the ing, and the statues of several saints. name of the Butte des Moulins : the The choir is surrounded by eight Rue des Moulins now marks the situ- little chapels, each of which contains ation, while the Rue Gaillon, close by, a bas-relief, representing an historiperpetuates the original name of the cal event from the New Testament, neighbourhood. It was on that spot At the left of the nave, near the enthat Joan d'Arc was wounded in 1429, trance, is the chapel of the font, adorn. in an attack upon Paris, then in pos- ed with a group in white marble, by session of the English.
Lemoine, representing the Baptism of St. Roch is but modern in the ca- Christ. The chapel beyond it, and lendar : he was born at Montpellier the corresponding chapel in the oppotowards the close of the 13th century; site aisle, contain a few monuments, and having made a pilgrimage to wrecks of the former splendour of this Rome, when only twenty years of age, church, and others which have been he cured a considerable number of totally destroyed in the Revolution. persons of the plague: he died Aug. They consist of a medallion bust of 13, 1327, and since his canonization, Maupertius, supported by a pyramid, he is invoked by those afflicted with and surrounded by emblematical recontagious disorders.
presentations of science, &c. On the There is no particular tradition cur. pedestal is a long Latin inscription to rent to explain the dedication of this the memory of that philosopher and church, or the chapel built in 1587 on academician, who was born at St. the same spot. It is, however, pro- Malo, 1698, and died at Bâle in 1759. bable, that it arose from a lazar house The revolutionary chisel has defaced being established outside the city walls.
The church extends from north to south ; it has a front ornamented with risian mob, the Curate of St. Roch bas de
Agreeably to the dictations of the Patwo rows of pillars; the lower row is molished the large stone cross which surof the Doric, the upper of the Corin- mounted his church, and in its place he has thian order, Ą wide light of steps raised a pole for a new tri-coloured dag. Edit.
102 Removal of the Inscription
from the Monument. [Feb. not only the different allusions to personnes de cette paroisse, dont les monuroyalty, but also the particle de, which mens n'ont pu être trouvés." was prefixed to his name.
Then follow fifteen names, among On a pedestal is preserved the bust which the most remarkable are the of Andrew Lenôtre, who planned the President Henault, the Abbé Mably, gardens of Versailles and the Tuile and Marshal Louvois, ries, ob. 1700, æt. 87.
On the 13 Vendemiaire, An. 4. (5 Medallion busts of Marshal d’As Oct. 1796), some National Guards feld, who died 1743, and of Madame posted themselves in this church, Live de Jully, who died 1752. when attacked by Barras and Buona
Two monuments of the Crequi fac parte. The latter placed cannon at mily, which I presume were originally the end of the Rue du Dauphin (then in some other church, as they are not called Rue de la Convention), and soon mentioned in a description published dislodged them. A military commisin 1787. One is a bust of Francis sion sat in the church a few days afBoun de Crequi, Duke of Lesdiguières, ter, when some of the National Guards Marshal of France, ob. 4 Feb. 1687. were condemned to death, others to The other is a statue of the natural banishment. size, in a reclining posture, supported In 1799 this edifice was called the by a weeping figure; it represents Temple de Genie, and a telegraph was Charles Duke de Crequi, ambassador placed on the tower. W.S.B. at Rome, who died 13 Feb. 1687. Cardinal Dubois, Archbishop of Mr. URBAN,
Jan. 29. Cambray, is represented in a kneel. THE reproach which Pope cast ing posture.
This monument was upon the Monument has ceased to executed by William Coustou. The exist; the Civic Column no longer Cardinal died 19 Aug. 1723, and was “ Like a tall bully lifts its head and lies." interred in the church of St. Honoré, The inscriptions on its pedestal rewhich no longer exists.
flecting on the Catholics, have in the A monument to the memory of Pe.
course of the last three days been ter Mignard, a painter of considerable erased, in pursuance of the following celebrity. Louis XIV. employed him resolution of the Court of Common ten times to take his portrait. Mig- Council : nard died 30 May, 1695, aged 85, and
“ Court of Common Council, Dec. 6, was interred in the church of the Jaco
1830.-Motion, That the Committee of bins, which formerly stood near the City Lands be instructed to cause to be reMarché St. Honoré, and opposite the moved from the inscription on the Monuresidence of the late Earl of Bridge ment the words, Sed furor Papisticus qui water.
lam dira patravit nondum restinguitur,' and A figure supporting a bust of Henry also the inscription, This Pillar was set up of Lorrain, grand ecuyer de France, in perpetual remembrance of the most dreadnat. 20 March, 1601, ob. 15 July, ful burning of this Protestant City, begun 1660. This monument was originally and carried on by the treachery and malice placed over his tomb, in the church of of the Popish faction in the beginning of
September, in the year of our Lord 1666, the Feuillants.
in order to the effecting their horrid plot On the columns which support the for the extirpating the Protestant religion organ-loft, are two tablets : one of and English' liberties, and to introduce them, erected at the expense of his Popery and Slavery
?” present Majesty, is surmounted by a * Amendment That it be referred to the bust of Corneille, and bears the fol. City Lands' Committee to consider and relowing inscription :
port to this Court the propriety of removing
from the inscription on the Monument all « Pierre Corneille, né à Rouen 6 Jan.
matters insinuating the Fire of London to 1606, mort à Paris, Rue d'Argenteuil, Oct. be the work of Papists.—Negatived. 1, 1686, est inhumé dans cette eglise. Erigé “ Original Motion put-Resolved in the en 1821.”
affirmative, and ordered accordingly." The other tablet is of the same The Latin words occupied the lowest shape and size; but, instead of a bust, line of the inscription on the north it is surmounted by a cross moliné face of the dado; the English were Argent, in a circular shield Azure; it inscribed in a continuous line on all was ereeted in 1822, and is thus in. the four sides of the plinth, and both scribed :
had the appearance of having been "A la memoire des bienfaiteurs et des inscribed on
1831.] Removal of the Inscription from the Monument.
103 furor papisticus, &c. were not an James the Second, the stone was taken original part of the inscription, but down, and the other inscriptions erased; were very awkwardly appended to but on the Mayoralty of Sir Thomas it. Pennant, * noticing the comple Pilkington, 1689-90, they were caretion of the Monument in 1677, adds, fully restored, and the stone again set "A melancholy period of party rage! up. In this year, De Laune's editor and the injurious inscription written published his additions, and dedicated by Dr. Thomas Gale, afterwards Dean his book to the Lord Mayor, for this of York, was permitted.” Of this sufficient reason, that as the former charge the Dean is innocent. The of. book was dedicated to that mirror of fensive line is not to be found in the Protestantism, Sir Patience Ward, in transcript of the inscription given in whose time the inscriptions were first De Laune's London, which was pub set up, he could not more properly lished in 1681; and if it had existed address his republication to any other when he wrote his work, it is evi. person than the restorer of them. dent, from the temper he displays In Mr. Hone's pleasing miscellany, against the Papists, that he would not “The Every Day Book,” | are given have failed to notice it. This author translations of the inscriptions; and if avails himself of every opportunity in further proof were wanting of the last his power to vilify abuse the Pa. line being appended, the inscription pists, printing the substance of the itself affords internal evidence of such infamous Bedloe's narrative of the being the fact. After recording the burning, which could only be done date, it goes on to say, a terrible fire to create a prejudice against a perse. broke out about midnight, and it then cuted sect; at the same time that he enumerates its ravages, and concludes urges with the true liberality and con thus : “When this fatal fire had bafsistency of a Dissenter, the reason fled all human counsels and endea. ableness of seceders of his own stamp, vours in the opinion of all, it stopped, having liberty of conscience. My edi. as it, were, by a command from hea. tion, which was printed in 1690, con ven, and was on every side extinguish. tains a continuation of the work to ed.” With this pious ascription of that year by S. W.t, an editor who the stoppage of the conflagration to possessed the same anti-papistical spi- Divine interposition, the original inrit as his author. He adds, that “un. scription appropriately ended; the intoderneath the pre-mentioned inscrip lerant conclusion, “But papistical mations hath been since written, by order lice which perpetrated such mischiefs of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and is not yet restrained,” is an obvious Common Council, the following words addition, inasmuch as there is nothing in English;" setting out the English before it to show that papistical mainscription as above. He omits alto. lice caused the calamity. gether the appendix to the Latin in After this ebullition of intolerance scription, although there can be little had existed for 150 years, at a period doubt that it was added at the same when its charges were neither believed time. He then gives the inscrip by Protestants, nor regarded by Cathotion on the house in Pudding-lane, lics, the Court of Common Council, in which records not only the malice of a fit of affected liberality, passed the “the barbarous Papists,” but the
resolution which is above extracted hanging of a poor madman by enlight from its Minutes, and that too withened Protestants; and this stone, out any complaint from the injured it appears, was erected in 1681, in the party, and the decree has been since Mayoralty of Sir Patience Ward, fif. carried into execution. However we teen years after the Fire. The lat may regret the existence of the feel. ter date fixes the period of the ad ings which gave rise to the inscripditions to the first inscription, which tions, it is difficult to see the wisdom additions manifestly had their origin which led to their removal in a period with this sapient chief magistrate ; when the sting was removed, and they and supposing them to have been set were only regarded as a vestige of up in 1681, the year in which De past intolerance and fanatical creduLaune's work was printed, they na lity; and if all monuments of a like turally are not to be found in his book. description were to be destroyed with In 1685, in the first year of King as little discrimination, alas for our London, 5th edit. p. 455.
antiquities! One inscription might t Qu. who was S. W.?
Vol. i. p. 1150.