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Church of St. Roch, Paris.

101 dissement of Paris. The building is from the Rue St. Honoré affords a toof Greek architecture, and was begun lerable view from that street ; but in in 1653 by Lemercier : Louis XIV. every other direction the edifice is and his mother, Anne of Austria, laid blocked up with buildings. The abthe first stone. The works were sus- sence of a portico renders the exterpended immediately after the interior nal appearance of the church rather of the building was completed ; and in meagre. It has a respectable square 1720, the celebrated Law having given tower, which, however, is scarcely 100,000 livres towards finishing and visible; it is erected over an angle beautifying the Church, Robert de formed by the eastern transept, and Cotte was employed on the occasion : the northern part of the body of the that architect died in 1736, at which church. Although the tower consists period his work was not quite finished. of three stages, it can only be seen

When Charles V. enlarged Paris, from the Pont Royal, or from the terhe left the neighbourhood of St. Roch, race of the garden of the Tuileries. * then called Gaillon, outside the city The internal architecture is Doric. walls. The Porte St. Denis was The aisles meet behind the principal placed at the spot now known by that altar, which is detached ; and behind uame; the line of the walls from which three chapels are discerned thence to the river passed along the from the body of the church. The Rues Bourbon-Villeneuve, and Fossés first is of a circular form, and is de.. Montmartre ; across the sites of the dicated to the Virgin : at the entrance Place des Victoires, and the garden of are two paintings, the Raising of Jaithe Palais Royal; and then followed rus's daughter, by Delorme, and the the Rues du Rempart and Nicaise to Dealers driven out of the Temple, by the quay. In the reign of Louis XIII. Thomas. The second is the chapel a further extension took place, by the for the Communion, and the third du line being drawn from the Porte St. Calvaire, in which is a marble group Denis along the present Boulevards, representing the body of Jesus being to the Porte St. Honoré, at the end of placed in the tomb. In the recesses the Rue Royale.

formed by the transepts are altars, So late as 1670, there were wind- each ornamented with a large paintmills on the eminence known by the ing, and the statues of several saints. name of the Butte des Moulins : the The choir is surrounded by eight Rue des Moulins now marks the situ- little chapels, each of which contains ation, while the Rue Gaillon, close by, a bas-relief, representing an historiperpetuates the original name of the cal event from the New Testament, neighbourhood. It was on that spot At the left of the nave, near the enthat Joan d'Arc was wounded in 1429, trance, is the chapel of the font, adorn. in an attack upon Paris, then in pos- ed with a group in white marble, by session of the English.

Lemoine, representing the Baptism of St. Roch is but modern in the ca- Christ. The chapel beyond it, and lendar : he was born at Montpellier the corresponding chapel in the oppotowards the close of the 13th century; site aisle, contain a few monuments, and having made a pilgrimage to wrecks of the former splendour of this Rome, when only twenty years of age, church, and others which have been he cured a considerable number of totally destroyed in the Revolution. persons of the plague: he died Aug. They consist of a medallion bust of 13, 1327, and since his canonization, Maupertius, supported by a pyramid, he is invoked by those afflicted with and surrounded by emblematical recontagious disorders.

presentations of science, &c. On the There is no particular tradition cur. pedestal is a long Latin inscription to rent to explain the dedication of this the memory of that philosopher and church, or the chapel built in 1587 on academician, who was born at St. the same spot. It is, however, pro- Malo, 1698, and died at Bâle in 1759. bable, that it arose from a lazar house The revolutionary chisel has defaced being established outside the city walls.

The church extends from north to south ; it has a front ornamented with risian mob, the Curate of St. Roch bas de

Agreeably to the dictations of the Patwo rows of pillars; the lower row is molished the large stone cross which surof the Doric, the upper of the Corin- mounted his church, and in its place he has thian order, Ą wide light of steps raised a pole for a new tri-coloured dag. Edit. 102 Removal of the Inscription

from the Monument. [Feb. not only the different allusions to personnes de cette paroisse, dont les monuroyalty, but also the particle de, which mens n'ont pu être trouvés." was prefixed to his name.

Then follow fifteen names, among On a pedestal is preserved the bust which the most remarkable are the of Andrew Lenôtre, who planned the President Henault, the Abbé Mably, gardens of Versailles and the Tuile- and Marshal Louvois, ries, ob. 1700, æt. 87.

On the 13 Vendemiaire, An. 4. (5 Medallion busts of Marshal d’As Oct. 1796), some National Guards feld, who died 1743, and of Madame posted themselves in this church, Live de Jully, who died 1752. when attacked by Barras and Buona

Two monuments of the Crequi fac parte. The latter placed cannon at mily, which I presume were originally the end of the Rue du Dauphin (then in some other church, as they are not called Rue de la Convention), and soon mentioned in a description published dislodged them. A military commisin 1787. One is a bust of Francis sion sat in the church a few days afBoun de Crequi, Duke of Lesdiguières, ter, when some of the National Guards Marshal of France, ob. 4 Feb. 1687. were condemned to death, others to The other is a statue of the natural banishment. size, in a reclining posture, supported In 1799 this edifice was called the by a weeping figure; it represents Temple de Genie, and a telegraph was Charles Duke de Crequi, ambassador placed on the tower. W.S.B. at Rome, who died 13 Feb. 1687. Cardinal Dubois, Archbishop of Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 29. Cambray, is represented in a kneel. THE reproach which Pope cast ing posture.

This monument was upon the Monument has ceased to executed by William Coustou. The exist; the Civic Column no longer Cardinal died 19 Aug. 1723, and was “ Like a tall bully lifts its head and lies." interred in the church of St. Honoré, The inscriptions on its pedestal rewhich no longer exists.

flecting on the Catholics, have in the A monument to the memory of Pe. ter Mignard, a painter of considerable erased, in pursuance of the following

course of the last three days been celebrity. Louis XIV. employed him resolution of the Court of Common ten times to take his portrait. Mig- Council : nard died 30 May, 1695, aged 85, and

Court of Common Council, Dec. 6, was interred in the church of the Jaco

1830.-Motion, That the Committee of bins, which formerly stood near the City Lands be instructed to cause to be reMarché St. Honoré, and opposite the moved from the inscription on the Monuresidence of the late Earl of Bridge- ment the words, Sed furor Papisticus qui water.

lam dira patravit nondum restinguitur,' and A figure supporting a bust of Henry also the inscription, This Pillar was set up of Lorrain, grand ecuyer de France, in perpetual remembrance of the most dreadnat. 20 March, 1601, ob. 15 July, ful burning of this Protestant City, begun 1660. This monument was originally and carried on by the treachery and malice placed over his tomb, in the church of of the Popish faction in the beginning of

September, in the year of our Lord 1666, the Feuillants.

in order to the effecting their horrid plot On the columns which support the for the extirpating the Protestant religion organ-loft, are two tablets : one of and English' liberties, and to introduce them, erected at the expense of his Popery and Slavery

?present Majesty, is surmounted by a * Amendment That it be referred to the bust of Corneille, and bears the fol. City Lands' Committee to consider and relowing inscription :

port to this Court the propriety of removing

from the inscription on the Monument all « Pierre Corneille, né à Rouen 6 Jan.

matters insinuating the Fire of London to 1606, mort à Paris, Rue d'Argenteuil, Oct. be the work of Papists.—Negatived. 1, 1686, est inhumé dans cette eglise. Erigé Original Motion put-Resolved in the en 1821.

affirmative, and ordered accordingly." The other tablet is of the same The Latin words occupied the lowest shape and size; but, instead of a bust, line of the inscription on the north it is surmounted by a cross moliné face of the dado; the English were Argent, in a circular shield Azure; it inscribed in a continuous line on all was ereeted in 1822, and is thus in. the four sides of the plinth, and both scribed :

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had the appearance of having been "A la memoire des bienfaiteurs et des inscribed on

The words


1831.] Removal of the Inscription from the Monument.

103 furor papisticus, &c. were not an James the Second, the stone was taken original part of the inscription, but down, and the other inscriptions erased; were very awkwardly appended to but on the Mayoralty of Sir Thomas it. Pennant, * noticing the comple- Pilkington, 1689-90, they were caretion of the Monument in 1677, adds, fully restored, and the stone again set "A melancholy period of party rage! up. In this year, De Laune's editor and the injurious inscription written published his additions, and dedicated by Dr. Thomas Gale, afterwards Dean his book to the Lord Mayor, for this of York, was permitted.” Of this sufficient reason, that as the former charge the Dean is innocent. The of. book was dedicated to that mirror of fensive line is not to be found in the Protestantism, Sir Patience Ward, in transcript of the inscription given in whose time the inscriptions were first De Laune's London, which was pub- set up, he could not more properly lished in 1681; and if it had existed address his republication to any other when he wrote his work, it is evi. person than the restorer of them. dent, from the temper he displays In Mr. Hone's pleasing miscellany, against the Papists, that he would not The Every Day Book,” | are given have failed to notice it. This author translations of the inscriptions; and if avails himself of every opportunity in further proof were wanting of the last his power to vilify abuse the Pa. line being appended, the inscription pists, printing the substance of the itself affords internal evidence of such infamous Bedloe's narrative of the being the fact. After recording the burning, which could only be done date, it goes on to say, a terrible fire to create a prejudice against a perse. broke out about midnight, and it then cuted sect; at the same time that he enumerates its ravages, and concludes urges with the true liberality and con- thus : “When this fatal fire had bafsistency of a Dissenter, the reason- fled all human counsels and endea. ableness of seceders of his own stamp, vours in the opinion of all, it stopped, having liberty of conscience. My edi. as it, were, by a command from hea. tion, which was printed in 1690, con- ven, and was on every side extinguish. tains a continuation of the work to ed.” With this pious ascription of that year by S. W.t, an editor who the stoppage of the conflagration to possessed the same anti-papistical spi- Divine interposition, the original inrit as his author. He adds, that “un. scription appropriately ended; the intoderneath the pre-mentioned inscrip- lerant conclusion, “But papistical mations hath been since written, by order lice which perpetrated such mischiefs of the Lord Mayor, Aldermen, and is not yet restrained,” is an obvious Common Council, the following words addition, inasmuch as there is nothing in English;" setting out the English before it to show that papistical mainscription as above. He omits alto. lice caused the calamity. gether the appendix to the Latin in- After this ebullition of intolerance scription, although there can be little had existed for 150 years, at a period doubt that it was added at the same when its charges were neither believed time. He then gives the inscrip- by Protestants, nor regarded by Cathotion on the house in Pudding-lane, lics, the Court of Common Council, in which records not only the malice of a fit of affected liberality, passed the “the barbarous Papists,” but the

resolution which is above extracted hanging of a poor madman by enlight- from its Minutes, and that too withened Protestants; and this stone, out any complaint from the injured it appears, was erected in 1681, in the party, and the decree has been since Mayoralty of Sir Patience Ward, fif. carried into execution. However we teen years after the Fire. The lat- may regret the existence of the feel. ter date fixes the period of the ad- ings which gave rise to the inscripditions to the first inscription, which tions, it is difficult to see the wisdom additions manifestly had their origin which led to their removal in a period with this sapient chief magistrate ; when the sting was removed, and they and supposing them to have been set were only regarded as a vestige of up in 1681, the year in which De past intolerance and fanatical creduLaune's work was printed, they na- lity; and if all monuments of a like turally are not to be found in his book. description were to be destroyed with In 1685, in the first year of King as little discrimination, alas for our London, 5th edit. p. 455.

antiquities! One inscription might t Qu. who was S. W.?

Vol. i. p. 1150.

Laughlin M Lean.The Hora Nona.

[Feb. show a bad spirit, another might be an the Stamp Act. Junius even goes so evidence of ignorance: the first proved far, as to treat Lord Chatham as a that our forefathers in some cases lunatic, nor is he much more civil to were bigotted and persecuting; the se- Lord Camden. cond, that the march of intellect was Junius beyond all question was a at a stand still, destroy them there- decided Grenvillite, and I am tho. fore, without mercy! Perish all re- roughly persuaded he was known to collections of blindness and ignorance! the Grenville family. Indeed, I have

If this Assembly had the government heard, on very good authority, that of Rome, I greatly fear we should see the Law Citations, contained in one of them directing the demolition of the Junius's Letters to Lord Mansfield, Arch of Titus, because it might give were furnished by Counsellor Darell, offence to the Jews. No more of such and were sent by him from Stowe to childish proceedings. The page of his. Mr. Woodfall, the printer of the Pubtory records the charge, and the im. lic Advertiser; and yet I have never partial voice of succeeding ages has heard that any such animosity existed acquitted the Catholics, was there, between the Grenvilles and Lord then, any fear of the inscriptions re- Mansfield, as could warrant their viving it, or did the Common Council. giving countenance to the severe and men imagine that, with the inscrip- inhuman attacks made by Junius on tion, the very remembrance of the the latter great man. charge would be effaced? The next I cannot agree with Mr. Barker's exercise of their liberalism might con- correspondent, that the French Revosistently be to tear from their journal lution grew out of the principles of the leaf which contains the words they Junius'; but I think it sprung in a have ordered to exist no longer ! great measure from the resistance of Yours, &c.


the Americans, to whom, as I have already signified, Junius was fiercely,

inimical. Mr. URBAN Gray's-inn, Feb. 4.

In reference to the letter of Melas, YOUR Correspondent Mr. Barker, page 592, it may be remarked, that his in your last Supplement, page 579, derivation of the word noon is not has' misnamed Mr. M'Lean, whose new. Dr. Pettingal noticed it in his Christian name was Laughlin, not Inquiry respecting Juries, published in Lachlan. According to my recollec- 1769. He observes, that among the tion of his hand-writing, it bore no

Romans causes were not heard, nor resemblance to that of Junius, as business transacted in the afternoon, given in the fac-simile copies publish- namely, after the ninth (the dinner) ed by Mr. Geo. Woodfall. M'Lean hour, hora nona, reckoning from six was a man of talent, but I have no

o'clock in the morning, our three conception of his having been able to

o'clock. write the Letters of Junius. That he term noon, though it now means 12

Hence, he says, that the was connected with Lord Shelburne, o'clock, which was formerly our dinthere is no doubt. It is not likely,

ner hour, as it still is that of the therefore, that he should have written working classes, now designated opeagainst his Lordship; but Junius in


P.R. some of his Letters has spoken contemptuously of that nobleman, who

CLUTTERBUCK, in Hist. of Herts, menwas never held in much esteem as a

tions Ethelreda, dau. of Edw. Harrison, political character, and was long known Esq. of Balls, co. Herts, by Fra. dau. of by the nick-name of Mulagrida. Reginald Bray, Esq. of Barrington, county

It is said, in the letter quoted by of Gloucester, as mother of the Viscount de Mr. Barker, that whenever Junius Townshend. In the same page this lady mentions Lord Temple's brother-in- is called Audrey; and' so likewise in the law, Lord Chatham, it is evidently British Compendium and other Peerages, with great caution and hesitancy. and on her monument at Hertford. PreNow surely the writer could not have suming that Ethelreda and Audrey are thereseen the early letters of Junius, writ- C. and the editors of the Peerages correct

fore synonymous, I would yet ask, are Mr. ten under other signatures, in which

in calling her the granddaughter of Bray? or Lord Chatham is grossly abused for' had Edward Harrison two wives ? because he his support of the American Colonists is represented in Gent. Mag. for 1732, to (whom Junius considered as rebels), have married ....., daughter of Thomas and for his Lordship's opposition to Whorwood, Esq. of Oxfordshire. J. L.

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