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1831.) St. John's Chapel, Bethnal Green.

107 ornamented with horizontal lines, or transverse direction. The arches are French rustics, crowned with a cor- formed of a segment of a circle, and the nice, and surmounted by a bald conical spandrils are pierced with circles, having cupola, much resembling a bee-hive, beaded edges. The side aisles are coand terminated, as usual in Mr. Soane's vered by circular arches; the division designs, with a huge weathercock in- towards the west is appropriated to stead of a cross. The wall of the galleries, and that at the east to a circular plinth is pierced with four chancel ; the remaining divisions are arched windows, and the cupola with made by colonnades of unfluted Doric four others.

columns of the Greek variety, ranging The flanks are divided by antæ into longitudinally, and making a nave and eight compartments, each containing side ailes; they are surmounted by an windows assimilating with those in architrave and cornice, on which is an the lateral divisions of the west front. arcade of semicircular arches, equal in All the antæ, except those nearest to number to the intercolumniations beeach extremity, are brick; the others low. The piers are slender and octanare stone, and are terminated by the gular; the arches spring immediately blocks. The east end is in three por- from them, without imposts. The ceiltions; the centre contains three arched ing is horizontal, and the nave is somewindows, and is surmounted by an what higher than the other parts, and attic, over the centre of which is an is made by reeds into square panels. acroterium, crowned with a pediment The chancel and ailes have sunken and acroteria ; below the windows are panels equal to their respective breadths. stairs descending to the catacombs. The A gallery at the west end contains the side divisions have attached vestries organ in a mahogany case. The front projecting from the main building; the of the gallery is panelled, and ornaelevation of which is finished with a mented with consoles. In one of the pediment and acroteria.

panels is inscribed “ This Chapel was THE INTERIOR

consecrated by the Lord Bishop of is still more nearly a copy of Wal- London, on the 16th October, 1828.” worth, and is in a better taste than the Another records the erection of the outside, in consequence of the or- organ in 1829. In addition to this thodox arrangement of nave and ailes gallery there are others in the side having been adhered to.

ailes. It may be described as divided in The altar screen is composed of three length into eight divisions; the first divisions, a centre and projecting wings. is occupied by a vestibule extending The latter are covered with pediments, along the whole of the west front, to which cherubs are applied by way and which is subdivided into three of acroteria. The central division is porches, communicating laterally with also covered with a pediment, which each other, and to the body of the embraces the other two; in the tymChapel, by an equal number of en- panum of the latter a dove. The altar trances. Over the central entrance table is mean and uncovered. the arms of his present Majesty have The pulpit and desk, placed at a short recently been erected, with the date distance from the altar-rails, are alike 1830, and the names of the Church in design and dimensions; they are wardens subscribed ; the remaining hexagonal, and sustained on a single seven divisions are within the body. pillar, which expands to the size of The first at each extremity is parted the pulpit. Each angle is worked into from the rest by two parallel arches, a triple reeded column, with Doric crossing the body of the Church in a

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A Correspondent, A.W. speaking of this Chapel, says, “ the usual positions of the reading-desk and pulpit are reversed. Prayers are certainly not there read at the north side of the communion-table, but at the south ; it is impossible to discover the reason of this anomaly. The pulpit and reading-desk are precisely similar in construction, and it is to be regretted that the present exemplary Bishop of London, who prevented the Church being dedicated to St. George, because his name was not to be found in the Scriptures, should not also have interfered to prevent the deviation from established practice, and I believe even from the Rubric, in this respect also.”—In the numerous Churches in the metropoJis, no certain rule seems to have been observed in the choice of the situation of the pulpit and desk. At St. Mary-le-Bow, a high authority as I should conceive, the whole are grouped on the south side. At St. Saviour's, Southwark, before the alterations, they were

108
Population of Great Britain.

[Feb. The interior, as we remarked in metrical ratio. Judging from the the outset, is far superior to the outside census taken in the year 1801, 1811, of the building; and it is but just and and 1821, at intervals of ten years, fair to the architect to observe, that this estimation does not appear to acthe same praise is due to the struc- cord with the fact. In 1801 the poture which we awarded to Wal. pulation amounted to 10,942,646 ; in worth Church, for the essential qua- 1811, to 12,596,803 ; and in 1821, to lities of light and distinctness of hear- 14,391,631. The difference between ing, both of which it enjoys to a de. the two first is 1,654,157; and the difgree beyond many Churches of recent ference between the census of 1821 construction. A large proportion of and 1811, is 1,794,828 ; and by addthe centre of the Church is appropriated ing these, and taking the half, the to the poor, and it is pleasing to add average increase is 1,724,497.5, a result' that a numerous attendance of this militating quite against the philosoclass of the congregation forms the pher's hypothesis. It is also confistrongest evidence of the necessity, as dently asserted, that food increases well as the utility of the erection of only in an arithmetical ratio, while additional Churches. No surer anti- there can be no accurate data for ardote to the depravity which is too ap- riving at such a conclusion, as the parent in this parish, can be afforded, quantum of food must depend on agrithan the celebration of divine wor- cultural exertion, animal produce, and ship, according to the doctrines and importation of corn. The increase of forms of our esteemed Establishment. numbers is still greater in Ireland, and Every new Church that is opened, af- must prove a serious source of distress; fords an additional proof that a strong if not met, ere long, by some adequate attachment to the Establishment exists remedy. On reflection, the cultivaamong all classes, and that if Churches tion of the waste lands, amounting to are provided they will be attended, seventeen millions of acres, would by notwithstanding the abuse of the nu- spade husbandry by paupers, occasion merous enemies of the Church, who, a great outlay of money, without being feeling conscious that their own eleva adequately productive, for a considertion can only be built on the ruin of able period. It would be much more the Church, strain every nerve, and eligible to sell these lands, as the wealthy use every expedient to effect this, the purchasers would necessarily employ ultimate and only object of dissent and a great part of the labourers out of schism.

employment in their cultivation. The This Chapel contains 800 in pews, capital procured by such sale would and 1200 in free seats. The contract furnish a lasting fund for defraying amounted to 17,6381. 188. including the expense of sending to Canada, incidental expenses and architect's with their own free will and assent, at commission. The first stone was laid proper periods, certain portions of the on the 26th June, 1826; and the chapel excess of the population, who might was consecrated, as before observed, be required to bind themselves and on the 16th Oct. 1828. E. I. C. their heirs to repay to the native

country, at least a part of the expen

diture in locating them in a British Mr. URBAN, Exeter, Feb. 1.

colony. Voluntarily, or parochially, IT has been for some time laid down for obvious reasons, the requisite funds by a far famed writer on political cannot be raised. As all are concerneconomy, that the human race in Bri- ed, all must contribute, by means of tain doubles itself in every twenty- the most equitable mode, a moderate five years and as it were, by a geo- property-tax; to compensate for which,

on the porth side. The Rubric seems only to refer to the communion service. The Bishop of London would, I hope, bave given a better reason for adopting St. John for the Chapel than A. W. assigns, for that would go to exclude St. Chrysostom and St. Athanasius from the Liturgy, and show that the installation service of the Order of the Garter was not only unscriptural, but that his brethren of Winchester and Salisbury were inconsistent in allowing this unscriptural Saint to be there styled “the blessed Martyr and Soldier in Christ." I should conceive that the Prelate's objection was rather against naming the Church after the reigning monarch, than to its having for its patron the tutelar swint of the kingdom of England, our champion thrice renowned, St. George."

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1891.)
Benefits of Emigration.--Tithes.

109 assessed taxes frequently adverted to, not even by composition. The landand of an unequal description, would lord should deliver his due tithe to the be taken off. The beer rendered cheap Clergyman, in accordance with a peis found to demoralise more than it riodical arrangement between landlord benefits. The half of the three mil- and tenant, founded on alteration in lions relinquished, would, laid again the value or rent of land. The present on this article, yield an emigration- procedure injures the attachment that fund which must be raised by some ought to subsist between parishioners means, to take off the dangerous pres- and their pastor. If a moderate prosure of an excess of population with. perty-tax be substituted for disadout sufficient employment, and stinted vantageous taxes taken off, the great in food and former comforts.

bulk of tenants will be greatly beneThe Americans hold a steady eye on fitted, as they or most of them will be Canada, of which they will in time at exempted in the scale. A small retempt to deprive us. The present in- duction of rent, in addition to this, habitants are principally of French and to the relief from certain of the descent; and they might not be averse Assessed Taxes, will fully enable the to become American subjects. This tenant at all times to grant adequate is a valid argument for increasing the wages to his labourers. The Property strength of British population in Ca- Tax will be according to a scale of innada, convenient also by contiguity,

For want of this, this tax was and in a great measure by congenia- formerly unequal and unjust. For inlity of climate. As these emigrations stance, suppose two gentlemen with from all parts of the United Kingdom, large families to educate, and that one must unavoidably in future be on a of them has an income of 10001. and large scale, great embarrassment, if the other 5000l. a year. Were there not distress, will arise in the begin- no scale, the former, at 5l. per cent. ning, if the locality is not in some de- would pay 501, and the latter 2501. gree previously prepared for the ex- Now, Mr. Urban, the man of minor pected settlers. Even the subject Re- income must part with necessaries, form itself, frequently treated of judi- while the other dispenses with luxuciously in your really useful publica- ries only, if even that. tion, is hardly paramount to making a We have pamphlet - writers now, permanent provision for the hundred who are constantly inculcating that and seventy-two thousand and odd of landowners only pay the public burannual increase of the population, ex- dens. I am an inhabitant of a town, clusive, I believe, of the Irish increase. and if these writers will favour me

Our oldest records, the sacred Scrip- with a call, I shall convince them that tures, inform us, that for the general we pay poor rates, church rates, county welfare, gradations among mankind and city rates, way rates, house tax, were ordained ; and it appears that and a multiplicity of other matters, the land was intended to maintain all from which the landowner is exempt. born on it, but not in idleness, as the These writers are severely handled in same writings inform us that to eat the periodical prints, because they do people must work. We require, at much mischief with unblushing efthis moment, the head of an Adam frontery; and from ignorance of their Smith to tell us what arrangements subject, create discontent where harought equitably to be in force between mony is always desirable. the landlord and tenant, for the due Yours, &c. John MACDONALD. maintenance of the agricultural labourer ; and this question the impe- Some brief Notices of the Fumily, of rious force of circumstances, unhappily

COPINGER, of Buxhall, co. Suffolk. arising from the case, appears to be

(Concluded from p. 15.) urging to an obvious and unavoidable conclusion. This mighty nation sees

THE following extract from“Lavenand bears evils, long before it applies ham Church,” a poem from “the pen a manifest remedy. The lives of many

of a Child of Nature,” thus charac

terises the Rev.Henry Copinger, whose of our Clergy were endangered, in illegally exacting a reduction of tithes. goodly deeds we noticed in our last

number. This hostility arises from their being received in kind. The Clergyman and “ The great good Copinger, whose godly ways tenant ought not to come in contact, 'Twere well to imitate in modern days;

110

Notices of the Family of Copinger. [Feb. Maintain'd a character which grac'd our 6. Thomas, who was presented by land,

his brother William to the Rectory And for its meed a laurel might demand.

of Buxhall in 1662, and who died in Oxford's unlawful offers he refus'd,

1685. Of the daughters, Anne marForbad the sacred rites to be abus'd.

ried Joseph Tyé, of Clopton, gent., Oh ! let not sacrilege our conscience stain,

who died on the 5th of August, 1685, Wrong not the sacred place for earthly gain;

and was interred in the nave of that Success itself will prove the cause of pain.”

church, where, on a flat stone, is this Mr. Copinger had issue by Anne inscription to his memory : his wife six sons and four daugh

" Here resteth the body of Joseph Tye, ters, viz.: 1. William, of whom hereaf

gentleman, late of Clopton, who departed ter; 2. Ambrose, who was baptised on

this life August 5th, Anno Domini 1685." the 29th of Dec. 1583; and who, in

From this Mr. Henry Copinger, 1619, was presented to the Rectory of

the Rector of Lavenham, was descendBuxhall, and on the 23d of Dec. 1622

ed the wife of John Moore, of Kentto that of Lavenham. He married Ju

well Hall, esq. dith, the only daughter of Roger Ke.

V. I now return to William Copindington, of Acton, gent. by whom he

ger, his eldest son. He married Mary, had issue two sons, Ambrose and

the daughter of Richard Goodday, of Henry, and three daughters, of whom

Kettlebaston, gent. and dying on the Margaret, the third daughter, married

13th of Jan, 1648, was interred in the Thos. Burly, gent. by whom she had

chancel of the church of Buxhall, issue.

where, on a flat stone, is this inscrip3. Henry, who was seated at Kersey,

tion to his memory, in small capitals : and married Elizabeth, the second daughter of John Sampson, of Samp

“Here lyeth the body of William Copiason's Hall, in that parish. 4. Ralphe, ger, esq., expecting the joyfull resurrection, who was a merchant in London, and who marryed Mary ye daughter of Richard who, dying at Branford, in Suffolk,

Goodday, of Kettlebarston, esq., by whom

hee had issue 2 sonnes and 6 daughters ; was interred in that church, with the

and after he had lived peaceablely, charitafollowing inscription on a flat stone :

blely, and piously, departed this life comCopinger arms and crest.

fortablely, the 13th of January, 1648, in “ Lett the name and memorie of Ralphe the 67th yeare of his age. Copinger, gent. Citize' and Mercer of Lon- “ Maria illius relicta, charissimo conjugi, don, bee as a sweet oyntment poured out; pietatis ergo, mærens posuit." who lived & dyed a good citize', a loveing

His wife deceased on the 4th of Husband, a carefull Fathe', & a true sonne of the church of England. He marryed Ka- March, 1663, and was interred in the theryne (a most vertuous woman) the daugh

same place, with this inscription on a ter of Valentyn Franklyn, gent., & by her

flat stone to her memory : left 3 sonnes and 2 daughters.

“Here lyeth the body of Mrs. Mary Co“Who, coming hither, health for to repaire, pinger, the rellict of William Copinger, esq. Changed earth for heaven, by changeng of

who died the 4th day of March 1663."

They had issue two sons and six “ Obijt Julij An'.Dom'.1658, ætat. suæ 62.” daughters; viz, Henry, of whom here

5. Francis, who was seated at Bran- after; and William, who in 1662 was ford, on a daughter of whom there is presented by his mother to the rectory this inscription on a table monument of Buxhall, and who, dying in 1684-5, in the nave of the Church of Akenham was buried in the chancel of that in Suffolk :

church, where, on a flat stone, is an Arms of Copinger.

inscription to his memory, now illegi“Under this marble stone resteth the body ble, with these arms, Copinger, imof Elizabeth Fynn, late wife of Robi Fynn paling a lion rampant. One of the of this parish, and daughter of Francis Co- daughters, Ann, married

Reeve, pinger of Bramford, gen', who departed this and dying on the 30th of April, 1692, fife September the 14th, 1683.

was interred in the chancel of the “ For nineteen yeares, I liv'd a virgin life, same church, where, on a flat stone, is For seventeen more, being marryed, liv'd the following memorial :

a wife ;
At thirty-six, pale death

my.
life assail'd,

“ Here under lyeth the body of Dame And as I liv'd, I dy'd, belov'd, bewail'd." Ann Reeve, who departed this life the last “ Here resteth the body of Rob. Fyon, who

day of April, 1692.' depurted this life the 6th of July, 1686." VI. Henry Copinger, the eldest son

the ayer.

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1831.] Notices of the Family of Copinger.

111 of William and Mary his wife, succeed. sole heiress of Henry Copinger, esq., Lord ed his father as Lord of the Manor of of this Manor, by whom he had several Buxhall. He married Mary the daugh.

children. He died Sept. 4th, 1743, in the ter of Henry Herris, of Shenfield, in sixty-fifth year of his age, and rests in hopes Essex, gent., and of Mary his wife,

of a blessed immortality. Disce quid es, the daughter of Sir Harbottle Grim

quid eris, memor esto quod morieris. ston, Bart., and dying on the 4th of Hill, esq., Lord of this Manor, and Patron

“Near him lyes his eldest son, Thomas October, 1675, was buried in the

of this Church; he died Sept. 5, 1746, chancel of the church of Buxhall,

aged 35 years. where, on a black marble slab, is this

“ By the side of his grave are deposited inscription to his memory, in capitals: the remains of his wife, who departed her

Arms : Copioger, impaling, on a bend life May 4th, 1748, aged 23. And pear this. wavy, three estoilettes.

marble lye two sons and a daughter of the “ Henrici Copinger, Armri, hic habes to

Rev. Mr. Henry Hill. tum qd cælum d' habet. Qui uxorem duxit

" Thomas died Feb. ll, 1747, aged 2 Mariam, filiam Xri Herris de villa Shen- years and 9 months. Susan died April 22, field, in agro Essexiensi, Arm', ex quà sus

1755, aged 8 months ; and Thomas died tulit quinquies quaterq. puerperâ ; supersti

June 15, 1756, aged 5 weeks and 4 days.tes filium filiasq. tres. Hos omnes, licet

Lydia, daughter of Thomas Hill, esq. died charissimos, lubens reliquit Xris die iv. Ano

May 8th, 1759, aged 13 years.—Martin, D'ni MDCLXXV°. Properavit scili quo sanc

son of H. Hill, D.D. died Feb. 26, 1761, tius celebraret maximum cum superis patale.

aged 12 years.—Sarah Hill, relict of Thos. Ætats Ano LIV°. Hoc monumentum dicta

Hill, D.D, died Jan, 17, 1762, aged 75 Maria pietatis ergo posuit.”

years.-Copinger, son of H. Hill, D.D.

died Sept. 3, 1765, aged 6 years." He left issue a son and three daughters, viz. :

Dr. Hill left issue several children, VII. William, who received his of whom, Thomas, the eldest, deceased academical education at St. John's on the 5th of September, 1746, leaving College, Cambridge, where he pro

issue by his wife, who died on the 4th ceeded to the degree of A.B. in 1677, of May, 1748, an only daughter, Lyand to that of A. M. in 1681. In 1685 dia, who departed this life on the 8th he was presented by his father to the of May 1759, in the 13th year of her age. Rectory of Buxhall, and deceased in IX. Henry, the second son, was 1708. Anne, who was born in 1661, educated at Caius College, Cambridge, and, dying on the 21st of Sept. 1693, where he proceeded to the degree of was interred in the chancel of that A.B. in 1737, to that of A.M. in 1751, church, where, on a flat stone, is this and to that of S. T. P. in 1763. In inscription to her memory:

1741, he was presented to the Rectory Arms of Copioger in a lozenge.

of Tostock, and in 1743 to that of “Here lyeth the body of Anne Copinger, Buxhall. He deceased on the 8th of one of the daughters of Henry Copinger of Nov. 1775, and was interred in the Buxhall in the county of Suffolk, esq., who chancel of the church of Buxhall, departed this life the 21st of September where, on a mural tablet, is this in1693, and in the yeare of her age 32.” scription to his

memory : VIII. And Sarah, who married Henry Hill, D. D. obiit 8th Noybr. Thomas Hill, clerk. He was born in 1775, anno ætatis 60.” 1678; and received his academical edu

He married Susan who dying on cation at St. John's College, Cam

the 8th of Sept. 1794, was interred in bridge, where he proceeded to the de

the same place, where, on another mugree of A.B. in 1700; to that of A.M.

ral tablet, is this inscription to her in 1704 ; and to that of S. T. P. in

memory : 1719. In 1709, he was presented by his mother-in-law, Mrs. Sarah Co

“Susan Hill, relict of Henry Hill, D.D., pinger, widow, to the Rectory of Bux

obiit Sept. 8, 1794, aged 77." hall; and, dying on the 4th of Sept. They left issue son and 1743, was interred in the chancel of daughters, viz. : that church, where, on a mural tablet, X. Henry, who was born in 1747, is this inscription to his memory :

a brief memoir of whom is given at pp. “In memory of Thomas Hill, Doctor of 282 and 648 of vol. xcvi. pt. 2. He Divinity, many years Rector of this Parish, was interred in the chancel of the and in commission of the peace for this church of Buxhall, with this inscripcounty. He married Sarah, daughter and tion to his memory :

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