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Priory of Hurley, Berkshire.


Jan. 1. clesiâ Deo imperpetuum servientium.” THE parish of Hurley, in Berk. For the support of the religious shire, is beautifully situated on the order serving God perpetually in this banks of the Thames, about thirty church. And after some terrible immiles from London.* In the Norman precations, in imitation of Ernulphus survey, commonly called Domesday, Bishop of Rochester, against all perit is said to have lately belonged to sons who shall violate or diminish Efgen, probably a Saxon or Danish this his foundation, f he concludes with family, but to be then in the posses- these words :-“Ex hac vero donasion of Geoffry de Mandeville. This tione meâ et institutione, concilio properson had greatly distinguished him- borum sumpto virorum tria acta sunt self at the battle of Hastings, in which Brevia, unum apud Westmonasterium, King Harold was defeated, and re aliud apud eandem ecclesiam de Hurceived this estate from William the leia, tertium mihi et hæredibus meis Conqueror, among other spoils, as the succedentibus, pro loci integritate reward of his valour and attachment. æternâ et stabilitate reposui.” Towards the end of the Conqueror's William the Conqueror approved reign, that is A. D. 1086, Geoffry de and confirmed the endowment of the Mandeville founded here the Priory of founder of Hurley Priory; and afterSt. Mary, to this day commonly called wards Pope Adrian IV. in a Bull dated Lady Place, and annexed it as a cell 1157, confirmed, among other possesto the great Benedictine Abbey of sions, to the Abbey of Westminster, Westminster.

“Cellum de Herleya cum eadem villâ, The charter of the foundation is still cum omni obedientiâ et subjectione, et preserved in the archives there.In pertinentiis suis.” this instrument the founder calls him It may not be improper to observe, self Gosfridus de Magnavilla, and re- that the first subscribing witness to cites the motives of his donation : the charter, and indeed the person “Pro salute et redemptione animæ who consecrated the new convent, meæ, et uxoris meæ Lecelinæ, cujus was Osmund Bishop of Salisbury, consilio, gratiâ divinâ providente, hoc originally a Norman nobleman, Count bonum inchoavi, et pro animâ Athe- of Seez, in that province. He was, in laisæ primæ uxoris meæ (matris filio- the sequel, made Earl of Dorset, and rum meorum) jam defunctæ, necnon et Lord High Chancellor of England ; hæredum meorum omnium mihi suc- and, finally, Bishop of Salisbury, cedentium.”-For the salvation of my which diocese he governed with resoul, and that of my wife Lecelina, by markable goodness and assiduity from whose advice, under the providence of 1078 to 1099. He is commonly redivine grace, I have begun this good puted to be the author of the Ritual, work, and also for the soul of Athelais called the use of Sarum, and was my first wife, the mother of my sons, canonized long after his death. now deceased; and also for the souls Gilbert, Abbot of Westminster, an. of all my heirs who shall succeed me. other subscribing witness, was also of He then recites the particulars of his a Norman family, which had produced endowment, and its object :-“Ad sus several great men; among the rest, tentationem monachorum in eadem ec his grandfather and uncle, who were

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The Vale of Hurley, containing the town of Great Marlow and Bisham, Hurley, and Medmenham, ancient monastic establishments, (the latter on the Buckinghamshire side of the Thames, within less than two miles of each other, and interspersed with gentlemen's seats, farms, and all the variety of cultivation, and bounded by sylvan hills, between which the river winds in picturesque meanders,) is unquestionably one of the most charming scenes, though of limited extent, in England.—See Moritz's Travels through England in Mavor's British Tourists, vol. iv. p. 67.

+ In the splendid edition of Dugdale's Monasticon, lately published, vol. iii. p. 438, we find a copy of the charter of the foundation, with some slight variations, chiefly verbal, and sometimes literal : “Ex Regist. de Walden penes comitem Suffolciæ, an. 1650, hodie MS. Harl. Mus. Brit. 3697, fol. 51, b.

“Omnes infractores seu diminutores hujus meæ elemosinæ excommunicari, ut habitatio illorum perpetua cum Juda maledicto proditore Domini, et viventes descendent in æterna proditionis baratrum cum Dathan et Core, cum maledictione æternâ," &c. Gent. Mag. January, 1831.

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Lady Place, Hurley, Berkshire.

[Jan. particularly distinguished. He had As to Hurley Priory, except that been educated in the Monastery of Godfrey, the prior in 1258, exchanged Bec, in Normandy, under Lanfranc the greatest part of the tithes belongand Anselm, successive Archbishops ing to the original endowment, with of Canterbury, with the latter of whom the Abbot of Walden for the church he kept up a constant correspondence, of Streatley, in Berkshire, it remained founded on a sincere friendship. He nearly in the same condition for about was repeatedly employed in embassies 450 years.* It was suppressed, among by Henry I., and is said to have been the lesser monasteries, in the 26th a very honest and good-natured man, year of Henry VIII. 1535, when the and learned in all the sciences of the annual income, according to Dugdale, times. Some of his theological writ- amounted to 121l. 185. 5d. ; accordings are still extant. He died in the ing to Speed, 1341. 10s. 8d.+ year 1117, and lies buried under one In the 33rd year of Henry VIII. of the three old stone effigies which the Priory of Hurley became the prostill remain in the pavement of the perty, by grant, of Charles Howard, great cloisters in Westminster Ab- Esq., and three years afterwards, the bey, near Mr. Pulteney's tomb. In site, then and ever since called Lady his time, Geoffry de Mandeville him- Place, from the convent having been self was interred in the little cloisters dedicated to the Virgin Mary, as alof Westminster Abbey, in a chapel, ready mentioned, became the property now a court yard, belonging to the of Leonard Chamberleyn, Esq. From house of the receiver of the Abbey rents. him it passed the same year to John

Geoffry, the son of the founder, Lovelace, Esq., who died in 1558. created Earl of Essex, was likewise The son of that gentleman went on an a benefactor. He married Roisia, expedition with Sir Frances Drake sister to Aubrey de Vere, first Earl of against the Spaniards, and with the Oxford. This lady caused a subter money acquired in this adventure, raneous chapel to be cut out of the built the present house on the ruins solid chalk, near the centre of the pre- of the ancient convent. sent town of Royston, in which she Of the original buildings belonging was buried. This chapel, on the walls to the Priory, the only visible parts of which many rude figures are still to remaining are the Abbey yard, bebe seen in relievo, after being lost and hind the parish church, on the North unknown for ages, was accidentally side, and some parts of a chapel, or discovered by some workmen in 1742, rather, as it is generally supposed, of and an account of it was published by the refectory, (now stables) of which Dr. Stukeley. It is well worthy the the window arches, though formed of attention of tourists ; and being per- chalk, are still as fresh as if lately fectly dry and easily accessible, is erected. The durability of chalk, inoften visited by strangers passing be- deed, is wonderful, when once it between London and Cambridge. comes indurated by the sun and air,

To return from this digression. The and fixed in an erect position. In the Earl of Essex was Standard-bearer of house itself, however, some remains England, in the times of the Empress of the form of the convent may still Maud and of King Henry II. The be traced. Under the great hall, family seems to have acquired consi- which strikes every spectator for its derable possessions, and probably gave grandeur and proportions, is a vault rise to several distinguished individu or cellar, in which some bodies in als, who, in their posterity, may still monastic habits have been found be existing in honorable stations. buried, probably some of the priors, as

• It

appears from a deed executed in the 15th of Richard II. that Edith, sister of Edward the Confessor, had been buried at Hurley, on which and some other claims the prior and mouks obtained the appropriation of the church of Warefeld from the King.

+ Io the valuation of Pope Nicholas we find this entry, “ Ecclesia de Hurle cu vicar' indeci'abili, Prior Rector, 101. Taxatio decima, 11."

1. It has been supposed that Lovelace the poet, who died in 1658, was of the same family.

s In the walls bounding this quadrangle a former proprietor of Lady Place, Joseph Wilcocks, Esq. has put up tablets with inscriptions, recording some eminent persons cune nected with the foundation of the Priory.

1831.] Lovelace, Wilcocks, and Kempenfelt Families.

11 is indicated by the staff on the stones with Thomas Walker, Esq. of Woodcovering their remains. This hall, stock, from whose granddaughter and and the cross rooms at the East end, sole heir, Miss Freind, married to seem to have been the church, not of Henry Lord Viscount Ashbrook, it the parish, but of the convent; and has lately descended to their only surthe numerous small apartments at the viving son, the Hon. Henry Flower, west end, forming the boundary of who on coming into its possession, the parish cemetery, appear to have assumed, by royal authority, the name been the dormitories of the monks. of Walker.

Respecting the Lovelace family, long The remaining part of the Lovelace the proprietors and occupiers of Lady estate, consisting of Lady Place and Place, it is proper to notice that it the Woodlands, was purchased by soon grew rich and powerful in this Mrs. Williams, sister to Dr. Wilcocks, country, and was ennobled in the Bishop of Rochester, which lady in reign of Charles I. under the title of one lottery had two tickets only, and Lord Lovelace, Baron of Hurley. In one of them came up a prize of 5001. the succeeding reign it lived in great the other of 20,0001. with which she splendour. Two or three ceilings, purchased the property here. The painted by Verrio, probably at the daughter of Mrs. Williams, married to same time with those in Windsor Dr. Lewin, Chancellor of Rochester, Castle, and more particularly the possessed it from her mother's death landscapes by Salvator Rosa, in the in 1745; and dying without issue, great room, attest the magnificence bequeathed it to her relative, Joseph and wealth of the family.

Wilcocks, Esq., son of the Bishop, During the short reign of James II. who on succeeding to it in 1771, and private meetings of some of the lead not being able to let the house to a ing nobles of the kingdom were held tenant, came to inhabit it himself, here, in the subterraneous vault under and died at an advanced age. He the Great Hall, for calling in the was the author of a posthumous pubPrince of Orange; and it is said that lication under the title of “Roman the principal papers which brought Conversations,” written when a young about the Revolution, were signed in man, but suppressed from a modesty the dark recess at the extremity of that of disposition, for which, as well as vault. It is certain, that after King every amiable virtue, he was distinWiliam obtained the crown, he visited guished through life. Lord Lovelace at Lady Place, and The next person in the entail was descended with him the dark stairs to the brave and unfortunate Admiral see the place. Inscriptions recording Kempenfelt, * who went down in the this visit, that of George III. and of Royal George, as is well known, in General Paoli, in 1780, to the same Portsmouth harbour. : His brother, vault, as the cradle of the revolution, Gustavus Adolphus Kempenfelt, Esq. were put in it by a worthy proprietor, succeeded to Lady Place, and made it Joseph Wilcocks, Esq., who will his residence; but dying unmarried, again be mentioned in the sequel. as his brother and Mr. Wilcocks had

On the decline of the Lovelace fa- been, and being last in the entail, he mily, which speedily followed, the left the property to his relative, the estate was sold under a decree of late Mr. Richard Troughton, of the Chancery—one part of it, by far the Custom House, who resided only ocmost valuable, the manorial rights, casionally here, and whose representhe impropriate rectory, and the ad tatives sold the estate in lots, about vowson of the vicarage, became the three or four years ago. The manproperty of Robert Gayer, Esq., who, sion called Lady Place, and part of according to Bishop Tanner, possessed the estate, were purchased for the various accompts, rentals, and char Hon. Henry Walker ; and the reters of the Priory; though no register of it is known to exist, nor any regular

* It has been said, but the writer of this list of the priors. This estate,' with knows not on what authority, that the Kemits appurtenances, was subsequently penfelts were descended from the Will Wimpurchased of the Gayer family by the ble of the “Spectator.” The portrait of late Duke of Marlborough, who died the Admiral in his uniform, is, or was lately, in 1817. His Grace afterwards ex to be seen in the Great Room occupying changed them for lands in Oxfordshire the east side of Lady Place.

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Notices of the Family of Copinger.

[Jan. mainder by the late Sir Gilbert East, trix; and who, dying on the 10th of of Hall Place, Bart., in the parish of March, 1532, was buried likewise in Hurley.

the same place, together with his wife, The old mansion of Lady Place, who deceased on the 2d of Feb. 1512, with its enclosure of fifteen acres, with the following memorial : having fish-ponds communicating with

“Walter Copynger, gent, which died the the Thames, and venerable even in

x. of Marche, an. MDXXXII. and Beatrix his decay, having been much neglected, wife, the second of February MDX11." or inadequately occupied, for so many

The following curious grant, given years, is almost past repair as a mo

in the year 1513 to this Sir Walter dern habitation, nor is its future destination at present known. It cannot Copinger, by that ruthless monarch fail, however, to be agreeable to the Henry the Eighth, who, in this in

stance seems to have had a special renumerous readers of the Gentleman's Magazine, to have an accurate view of gard to the head of his loving subject,

is still extant in the Glebe-house at a place of such notoriety (see Plate I.)

Buxhall :from a recent drawing by that celebrated artist, John Buckler, Esq.

Henry R.–Henry, by the grace of God F.A.S., to whom and his son, John King of England and of France, and Lord of

Ireland. Chessell Buckler, Esq. author of “Observations on the original architecture the spiritual pre-eminence and dignities, as

To all manor our subjects, as well of of Magdalen College, Oxford,” and of of the temporal auctority, these our Letters “ An Account of the Royal Palace at hearing or seeing, and to every of them Eltham,” our ecclesiastical and other greeting. Whereas we be credibly informed antiquities are under the highest ob that our trusty and well-beloved subject ligations for correct delineation and Walter Copinger is so diseased in his head description.

W. M. that without his great danger he cannot be

conveniently discovered of the same : Ja

consideration whereof, we have by these Some brief Notices of the Fumily of presents licensed him to use and wear his Copinger, of Buxhall, co. Suffolk. Bonet upon his said head, as well in our preGlebe House, Nave

sence as elsewhere, at his liberty. Whereof MR. URBAN,

we will and command you and every of you stock, Essex.

to permit and suffer him so to do, without SUBJOINED are a few scattered any your challenge, disturbance, or interNotices of the Family of Copinger; a ruption to the contrary, as ye and every of family which was once so famous for you tender our pleasure. Given under its hospitality, that “to live like Co. our signet, at our manor of Greenwych, the pinger” became a proverbial expres

24th day of October, in the fourth year of sion throughout the county of Suffolk.

our reigne.-Henry R." They were originally, and at a very They had issue two sons, viz. Henry, early period, seated at Farcings Hall, of whom hereafter, and William,“ who in the parish of Buxhall, and were was bred a fishmonger

in London, and lords of that manor. Here they flou so prospered, through God's good prorished in great repute for many gene vidence, in his trade, that he became rations.

Lord Mayor of that city in the year The first of this ancient and highly- 1512, and received the honour of respectable family, of whom I find any knighthood. What estate God gave authentic account on record, is John him, which was very large, he divided Copynger, who was twice married. at his death to God and man; that is, His first wife appears to have been half to the poor, and other pious uses, Anne, the only daughter of John Sor and half to his heirs and kindred.” rel, from whom he inherited the ma

“ His bounty," says Fuller, “mindeth nor of Bucks-hall. He deceased in

me of the words of Zaccheus to our Sa1517, and was interred in the church

viuur: Behold, Lord, the half of my goods of Buxhall, with the following inscrip- I give to the poor; and if I have taken any tion, as given by Weever : viz.

thing from any man by false accusation, I re

store him fourfold.'- Luke, xix. 8. “ John Copynger, Esquire, Lord and Patron, Anne and Jane his wives, who had vii.

“ Demand not of me whether our Copinchildren, and dyceased an. MDXVII."

ger made such plentiful restitution, being

confident there was no cause thereof, seeing II. He was succeeded by his son, he was never one of the publicans; persons Walter Copinger, who married Bea- universally ivfamous for extortion. Other

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