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[Jan. particularly distinguished. He had As to Hurley Priory, except that been educated in the Monastery of Godfrey, the prior in 1258, exchanged Bec, in Normandy, under Lanfranc the greatest part of the tithes belongand Anselm, successive Archbishops ing to the original endowment, with of Canterbury, with the latter of whom the Abbot of Walden for the church he kept up a constant correspondence, of Streatley, in Berkshire, it remained founded on a sincere friendship. He nearly in the same condition for about was repeatedly employed in embassies 450 years.* It was suppressed, among by Henry I., and is said to have been the lesser monasteries, in the 26th a very honest and good-natured man, year of Henry VIII. 1535, when the and learned in all the sciences of the annual income, according to Dugdale, times. Some of his theological writ- amounted to 1211. 18s. 5d. ; accordings are still extant. He died in the ing to Speed, 1341. 10s. 8d.+ year 1117, and lies buried under one In the 33rd year of Henry VIII. of the three old stone effigies which the Priory of Hurley became the prostill remain in the pavement of the perty, by grant, of Charles Howard, great cloisters in Westminster Ab- Esq., and three years afterwards, the bey, near Mr. Pulteney's tomb. In site, then and ever since called Lady his time, Geoffry de Mandeville him. Place, from the convent having been self was interred in the little cloisters dedicated to the Virgin Mary, as alof Westminster Abbey, in a chapel, ready mentioned, became the property now a court yard, belonging to the of Leonard Chamberleyn, Esq. From house of the receiver of the Abbey rents. him it passed the same year to John
Geoffry, the son of the founder, Lovelace, Esq., who died in 1558. created Earl of Essex, was likewise The son of that gentleman went on an a benefactor. He married Roisia, expedition with Sir Frances Drake sister to Aubrey de Vere, first Earl of against the Spaniards, and with the Oxford. This lady caused a subter money acquired in this adventure, raneous chapel to be cut out of the built the present house on the ruins solid chalk, near the centre of the pre- of the ancient convent. sent town of Royston, in which she Of the original buildings belonging was buried. This chapel, on the walls to the Priory, the only visible parts of which many rude figures are still to remaining are the Abbey yard,ş bebe seen in relievo, after being lost and hind the parish church, on the North unknown for ages, was accidentally side, and some parts of a chapel, or discovered by some workmen in 1742, rather, as it is generally supposed, of and an account of it was published by the refectory, (now stables) of which Dr. Stukeley. It is well worthy the the window arches, though formed of attention of tourists ; and being per- chalk, are still as fresh as if lately fectly dry and easily accessible, is erected. The durability of chalk, inoften visited by strangers passing be- deed, is wonderful, when once it between London and Cambridge. comes indurated by the sun and air,
To return from this digression. The and fixed in an erect position. In the Earl of Essex was Standard-bearer of house itself, however, some remains England, in the times of the Empress of the form of the convent may still Maud and of King Henry II. The be traced. Under the great hall, family seems to have acquired consi- which strikes every spectator for its derable possessions, and probably gave grandeur and proportions, is a vault rise to several distinguished individu- or cellar, in which some bodies in als, who, in their posterity, may still monastic habits have been found be existing in honorable stations. buried, probably some of the priors, as
It appears from a deed executed in the 15th of Richard II. that Edith, sister of Edward the Confessor, had been buried at Hurley, on which and some other claims the prior and mouks obtained the appropriation of the church of Warefeld from the King.
+ In the valuation of Pope Nicholas we find this entry, “ Ecclesia de Hurle cu' vicar' indeci'abili, Prior Rector, 101. Taxatio decima, il."
It has been supposed that Lovelace the poet, who died in 1658, was of the same family.
§ In the walls bounding this quadrangle a former proprietor of Lady Place, Joseph Wilcocks, Esg. has put up tablets with inscriptions, recording some eminent persons cune nected with thie foundation of the Priory.
1831.) Lovelace, Wilcocks, and Kempen felt Families.
11 is indicated by the staff on the stones with Thomas Walker, Esq. of Woodcovering their remains. This hall, stock, from whose granddaughter and and the cross rooms at the East end, sole heir, Miss Freind, married to seem to have been the church, not of Henry Lord Viscount Ashbrook, it the parish, but of the convent; and has lately descended to their only surthe numerous small apartments at the viving son, the Hon. Henry Flower, west end, forming the boundary of who on coming into its possession, the parish cemetery, appear to have assumed, by royal authority, the name been the dormitories of the monks. of Walker.
Respecting the Lovelace family, long The remaining part of the Lovelace the proprietors and occupiers of Lady estate, consisting of Lady Place and Place, it is proper to notice that it the Woodlands, was purchased by soon grew rich and powerful in this Mrs. Williams, sister to Dr. Wilcocks, country, and was ennobled in the Bishop of Rochester, which lady in reign of Charles I. under the title of one lottery had two tickets only, and Lord Lovelace, Baron of Hurley. In one of them came up a prize of 5001. the succeeding reign it lived in great the other of 20,0001. with which she splendour. Two or three ceilings, purchased the property here. The painted by Verrio, probably at the daughter of Mrs. Williams, married to same time with those in Windsor Dr. Lewin, Chancellor of Rochester, Castle, and more particularly the possessed it from her mother's death landscapes by Salvator Rosa, in the in 1745; and dying without issue, great room, attest the magnificence bequeathed it to her relative, Joseph and wealth of the family.
Wilcocks, Esq., son of the Bishop, During the short reign of James II. who on succeeding to it in 1771, and private meetings of some of the lead- not being able to let the house to a ing nobles of the kingdom were held tenant, came to inhabit it himself, here, in the subterraneous vault under and died at an advanced age. He the Great Hall, for calling in the was the author of a posthumous pubPrince of Orange; and it is said that lication under the title of the principal papers which brought Conversations," written when a young about the Revolution, were signed in man, but suppressed from a modesty the dark recess at the extremity of that of disposition, for which, as well as vault. It is certain, that after King every amiable virtue, he was distinWiliam obtained the crown, he visited guished through life. Lord Lovelace at Lady Place, and The next person in the entail was descended with him the dark stairs to the brave and unfortunate Admiral see the place. Inscriptions recording Kempenfelt,* who went down in the this visit, that of George III. and of Royal George, as is well known, in General Paoli, in 1780, to the same Portsmouth harbour. His brother, vault, as the cradle of the revolution, Gustavus Adolphus Kempenfelt, Esq. were put in it by a worthy proprietor, succeeded to Lady Place, and made it Joseph Wilcocks, Esq., who will his residence; but dying unmarried, again be mentioned in the sequel. as his brother and Mr. Wilcocks had
On the decline of the Lovelace fa- been, and being last in the entail, he mily, which speedily followed, the left the property to his relative, the estate was sold under a decree of late Mr.
Richard Troughton, of the Chancery—one part of it, by far the Custom House, who resided only ocmost valuable, the manorial rights, casionally here, and whose representhe impropriate rectory, and the ad- tatives sold the estate in lots, about vowson of the vicarage, became the three or four years ago. The manproperty of Robert Gayer, Esq., who, sion called Lady Place, and part of according to Bishop Tanner, possessed the estate, were purchased for the various accompts, rentals, and char- Hon. Henry Walker ; and the reters of the Priory; though no'register of it is known to exist, nor any regular
* It has been said, but the writer of this list of the priors. This estate, with
knows not on wbat authority, that the Kemits appurtenances, was subsequently penfelts were descended from the Will Wimpurchased of the Gayer family by the ble of the “ Spectator.” The portrait of late Duke of Marlborough, who died the Admiral in his uniform, is, or was lately, in 1817. His Grace afterwards ex- to be seen in the Great Room occupying changed them for lands in Oxfordshire the east side of Lady Place.
[Jan. mainder by the late Sir Gilbert East, trix; and who, dying on the 10th of of Hall Place, Bart., in the parish of March, 1532, was buried likewise in Hurley.
the same place, together with his wife, The old mansion of Lady Place, who deceased on the 2d of Feb. 1512, with its enclosure of fifteen acres, with the following memorial : having fish-ponds communicating with
“Walter Copyoger, gent. which died the the Thames, and venerable even in X. of Marche, an. MDXXXII. and Beatrix his decay, having been much neglected, wife, the second of February MDXI.” or inadequately occupied, for so many
The following curious grant, given years, is almost past repair as a mo
in the year 1513 to this Sir Walter dern habitation, nor is its future des
Copinger, by that ruthless monarch tination at present known. It cannot
Henry the Eighth, who, in this infail, however, to be agreeable to the
stance seems to have had a special renumerous readers of the Gentleman's Magazine, to have an accurate view of gard to the head of his loving subject,
is still extant in the Glebe-house at a place of such notoriety (see Plate I.)
Buxhall :from a recent drawing by that celebrated artist, John Buckler, Esq.
Henry R.- Henry, by the grace of God F.A.S., to whom and his son, John King of England and of France, and Lord of
Ireland. Chessell Buckler, Esq. author of “Observations on the original architecture the spiritual pre-eminence and dignities, as
“ To all manor our subjects, as well of of Magdalen College, Oxford,” and of of the temporal auctority, these our Letters “An Account of the Royal Palace at hearing or seeing, and to every of them
our ecclesiastical and other greeting. Whereas we be credibly informed antiquities are under the highest ob- that our trusty and well-beloved subject ligations for correct delineation and Walter Copinger is so diseased in his head description.
W. M. that without his great danger he cannot be
conveniently discovered of the same : Ja
consideration whereof, we have by these Some brief Notices of the Fumily of presents licensed him to use and wear his COPINGER, of Buxhall, co. Suffolk. Bonet upon his said head, as well in our preGlebe House, Nave
sence as elsewhere, at his liberty. Whereof MR. URBAN,
we will and command you and every of you stock, Essex.
to permit and suffer him so to do, without SUBJOINED are a few scattered any your challenge, disturbance, or interNotices of the Family of Copinger; a ruption to the contrary, as ye and every of family which was once so famous for you tender our pleasure. Given under its hospitality, that “to live like Co. our signet, at our manor of Greenwych, the pinger” became a proverbial expres
24th day of October, in the fourth year of sion throughout the county of Suffolk.
our reigne.--Henry R." They were originally, and at a very They had issue two sons, viz. Henry, early period, seated at Farcings Hall, of whom hereafter, and William,“ who in the parish of Buxhall, and were was bred a fishmonger in London, and lords of that manor. Here they flou- so prospered, through God's good prorished in great repute for many gene- vidence, in his trade, that he became rations.
Lord Mayor of that city in the year The first of this ancient and highly- 1512, and received the honour of respectable family, of whom I find any knighthood. What estate God gave authentic account on record, is John him, which was very large, he divided Copynger, who was twice married. at his death to God and man; that is, His first wife appears to have been half to the poor, and other pious uses, Anne, the only daughter of John Sor- and half to his heirs and kindred.” rel, from whom he inherited the ma
“ His bounty," says Fuller, “mindeth nor of Bucks-hall. He deceased in
me of the words of Zaccheus to our Sa1517, and was interred in the church viour : Behold, Lord, the half of my goods of Buxhall, with the following inscrip- I give to the poor; and if I have taken any tion, as given by Weever :
thing from any man by false ace tion, I re“ John Copynger, Esquire, Lord and Pa
store him fourfold.' – Luke, xix. 8. tron, Anne and Jane his wives, who had vii.
“ Demand not of me whether our Copiachildren, and dyceased an. MDXVII."
ger made such plentiful restitution, being
confident there was no cause thereof, seeing II. He was succeeded by his son, he was never one of the publicans; persons Walter Copinger, who married Bea. universally infamous for extortion. Other
1831.] Notices of the Rev. Henry Copinger, of Lavenham. 13 wise I confess, that that charity which is brace, he answered, he intended to be a diont bottomed on justice, is but built on a vine.
“ I like it well," said the old gentlefoundered foundation. I am sorry to see “ otherwise what shall I say to Martin this gentleman's ancient arms (the epidemi- Luther, when I shall see him in heaven ; cal disease of that age) substracted (in point and he knows that God gave me eleven sons, of honour) by the addition of a superfluous and I made not one of them a Minister ?" Bordure."
An expression proportionable enough to III. Henry Copinger, the eldest son,
Luther's judgment, who maintained, some
hours before his death, that the saints in succeeded his father at Buxhall. He married Agnes, the seventh daughter another. Laneham liying fell void; which
heaven shall knowingly converse one with of Sir Thomas Jermyne, of Rushbroke,
both deserved a good minister, being a rich Knt., by Anne his wife, the daughter Parsonage ; and needed so, it being more of Thomas Sprynge, of Lavenham, than suspicious that Dr. Reinolds, late inesq. They had issue eleven sons, of cumbent, who ran away to Rome, had left whom Ambrose was presented by his some superstitious leaven behind him. The father, in 1569, to the rectory of Bux
Earl of Oxford, being patron, presents Mr. hall, and died in the following year. Copinger to it, but adding withal that he IV. Henry, the fourth son, was
would pay no tithes of his park, being alborn in 1550, and received his acade
most half the land of the parish. Copinger mical education at St. John's College, rather than by such sinful gratitude to be
desired to resign it again to his lordship, Cambridge, of which Society he was elected Fellow. On entering into holy you be of that mind, then take the tithes,'
tray the rights of the church. Well ! if orders, he was promoted to a Preben
saith the Earl, I scorn that my estate dal stall in the cathedral church of should swell with church goods. However, York. By a mandate from Queen it afterwards cost Master Copinger sixteen Elizabeth, he was elected Master of hundred pounds, in keeping his questioned Magdalen College, Cambridge, which, and recovering his detained righis, in suit at her request, and to avoid a forcible with the agent for the next (minor) E. of removal, he afterwards resigned; but Oxford and others; all which he left to his soon after this, viz. in 1577, he was
churches quiet possession; being zealous in presented by the Earl of Oxford, the
God's cause, but remiss in his own. He then patron, to the rectory of Laven
lived forty and five years the painful parson ham. He was an intimate friend of
of Laneham, in which market town there
were about nine hundred communicants ; that eminent scholar and renowned
amongst whom, all his time, no difference wit of the seventeenth century, the
did arise which he did not compound. He Rev. George Ruggle, A.M. and Fellow had a bountiful hand and plentiful purse of Clare Hall, Cambridge, the inge- (his paternal inheritance, by death of elder nious writer of that celebrated drama- brothers, and other transactions, descending tic satire, the comedy of “Ignoramus," upon him), bequeathing twenty pounds in and from him received the following money, and ten pounds per annum, to the legacy :
poor of the parish; in the chancel whereof
he lieth buried under a fair monument, dying “ Item, I give and bequeath to my wor
on St. Thomas his day, in the threescore thy friend, Mr. Henry Copinger the elder,
and twelfth year of his age.” of Lavenham, fifty shillings to make him a ring."
Mr. Copinger deceased on the 21st
of December, 1622, and was interred Dr. Fuller, in his “Church His
in the chancel of the church of Laventory,” gives the following interesting ham; where, on the north side of the account of this spirited divine :
altar, a very handsome monument is “1622, Dec. 21.-Henry Copinger, for- erected to his memory, of marble and merly Fellow of St. John's College, in Cam. alabaster, gilt and painted. It consists bridge, Prebendary of Yorke, once Chaplain of an arched recess, between two Coto Ambrose Earl of Warwick (whose fune
rinthian pillars, supporting a cornice ral sermon he preached), made Master of
surmounted with the arms of the faMagdalene College in Cainbridge, by ber Majesty's mandate, though afterwards re
mily. In this recess are represented,
in alto relievo, the reverend divine and sigoing his right at the Queen's (shall I call it?) request, to prevent trouble, ended
his wife, facing each other, and kneelhis religious life. He was the sixth son of ing before a table, with their hands in Henry Copinger of Bucks Hall, in Suffolke,
the attitude of prayer. They are both esquire, by Agnes, daughter of Sir Thomas habited in black, with white ruffs Jermyn. His father, on his death-bed, ask- round their necks. Under the princiing him what course of life he would en- pal figures are three compartments.
14 Notices of the Rev. Henry Copinger, of Lavenham. [Jan. In the middle are seen their children years, died peaceably the 21st of Dec. A. habited in black, and kneeling before
1622." a covered table; eight sons, two and
On a tablet underneathtwo, on one side, and four daughters, “ This monument of Dr. Henry Copinger singly, on the other. The first of the was new beautified, Auno Domini 1721, by former is represented cross-gartered Mrs. Judith Brinkley, daughter of Thomas down the leg, in the fashion alluded Burly, gent. and Margaret, his wife, third to by Shakspeare in the fifth act of his daughter and coheir of Ambrose Copinger, Twelfth Night. On either side of the D. D. by Judith his wife, only daughter of monument, upon a pedestal, stands an
Roger Keddington, gent. ; which Ambrose
was second son of the said Henry, and also angel at full length, with a scroll in his hand, on one of which is written, he was buried."
Rector of this parish, and of Buxhall, where “ dilecti accipite coronam vitæ;" and
In a circle-"Justorum memoria on the other, “mortui venite ad judi
benedicetur.” cium.” Over one angel, on the cor
On the top of the monument are nice, “novissimus lectus sepulchrum;'
three escutcheons, viz. :and over the other, “ viventes sequen
1. The arms of Copinger. tur mortuos." On a tablet, on the left hand, is this
Jermyn, Sable, a cres
cent between two mullets in pale, Arg. inscription :
3. In the centre, six quarterings; viz. “ Sacrum memoriæ Henrici Coppingeri, Ist, Copioger ; 2d, on a bend four ... ; 3d, antiquissima Coppingerorû familiâ, in agro Clopton, Sabl. a bend Arg. between two hoc Suffolcieosi, oriundi, hujus ecclesiæ per cotises lancette ; 4th, Arg. a fess between quadraginta et quinque annos pastoris ; pa- three boars' heads couped ; 5th, Arg. a fess cifici, fidelissimi, et vigilantissimi. Monu. between three bugle horos stringed proper ; mentum hoc, amoris et pietatis ergo, dilec- 6th, Copinger. tissima uxor, Anna, marito optimè merenti,
Under the arch, Clopton impaling heu invita superstes, mærens posuit.
viz. Gul. a chevron between Amans maritus, prole fæcundus pater, Sancti pius pastor gregis,
three lions passant Or. Qui sensa dextrè codicis docuit sacri Mr. Copinger devised by his will, * Nec voce quàm vitâ majus ;
dated the 31st Dec. 1621, as follows : Qui largâ abundè favit indigis manu
“ To four of the most aged, needy, and Securus annonæ domi.
impotent persons in Lanehame, which shall Hic plenus annis, plenior deo, jacet,
be after the death of Ambrose my son, and Secum polo gregem trahens
Judith his now wife, I give all the benefit Mutus jacet; sed lingua quæ vivo decus, and profit which shall arise of the tenement Vitam paravit mortuo.'
and yard, which now James Write dwelleth
in and used, and all the free meadow called On a tablet on the left side
the Church Meadow, and the three rood, 66 This monument was erected at the sole
more or less, of copie lying in that meadow, cost of Mrs. Ann Coppinger, in memory of if the lord of that manor will consent thereher deare husband, the Rev'd and godly unto, to the use of four such parties as bedivine Mr. Henry Copinger, (fourth son of fore be named successively for ever; which Heory Copinger, of Buxhal, in this county, four persons, proposed to receive that beneesq. by Agnes his wife, daughter to Sirfit, are to be nominated by my sons, WilTho's. Jermine, of Rushbrooke Hall, knt.) liam, Henry, Ralph, Francis, and Thomas, the painful aud vigilant Rector of this church the parson of the town then being, the headby the space of 45 years, Prebendary of the boroughs of that town, or the greater nummetropolitan church of St. Peter's in Yorke, ber of them; and if all my sons be dead, or Lord of the towne, aud patron of the church being requested to join in choice of any of of Buxhall aforesaide ; who marryed Ann, these, refuse, then my mind is, that the daughter to Henry Fisher, of Lione, in Nor
parson and leadboroughs, if the parson be folk, gent., and by her had 8 sonues and 4 resident, otherwise the greater part of the daughters ; and, after he had lived godly 72 headboroughs without the parson, to make
* For the copy of this will, I am indebted to Mr. M.Keon's interesting “ Inquiry into the Charities of Lavenham;" a work recently published, and which, in its execution, evinces great talent and research. It affords much matter for serious reflection; and if it should, unfortunately, not lead to the reform of any present misapplication of the large bequests which belong to that parish, it will at least serve as a record to preserve the existing funds from future malversation, as well as a lasting proof of the author's benevolent intentions.