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manner.

1831.]
Foreign Literary Fragments.

15 choice of such as shall receive that help; Barbier d’Aucour, a French advoand if the lord of the manor will not permit cate of talent, married the daughter of the copy plece therein to be applied to that his bookseller, as a discharge of his good use, then I give that copy piece, after

bill. Ambrose and his now wife's death, to Tho

A remarkable story is told of a Idas my youngest son, and his heirs ; the intent of me is that the headboroughs of French dog, in the Variétés sérieuses et Laneham have the estate of the land to the

amusantes. The bridge St. Michel at only use beforesaid.”

Paris fell down in 1616; a child, who Ambrose having died in or about

was buried among the ruins, owed the Nov. 1644, and Judith his wife on the

preservation of his life to two beams 3d of Nov. 1675, the charity was,

which struck against each other in soon after the demise of the latter, ap

falling, and formed a sort of shed over plied in accordance with the will of him. A dog happened to be close to

his side, and escaped in the same the testator. The following account of the first

Finding himself a prisoner,

he barked with all his might, and drew appointment of persons to partake of several persons to the spot, who extrithe charity, is extracted from the

cated him ; but missing the child, who “ Account Book :"

had not been observed, he returned to “Of all the five sonnes which the donor,

the ruins, resumed his former place, by his will, did appoint to joyne with the

and began to bark again, till he atparson and headboroughs of the towne, in tracted attention once more, and was the choice of the foure poore persons,

taken out, as well as the child. there was none that was alive at the death of Mrs. Judith Copinger, save only Mr. Henry,

Louis XII. said that lawyers treat who, being requested to joyne in the said the laws as shoemakers do leather ; choice, did refuse, and made his owne re

they stretch, bend, and batter them, quest to the other electors that he himself

till they bring them to what shape they might be chosen for one of the foure to par- please. take of the benefit. To whoin, being very Hobbes observes, that ignorance of aged and low in estate, his said request was true principles is less dangerous than readiely granted.”

pertinacity in false ones.

Manilius has a line well worth the FOREIGN LITERARY FRAGMENTS.

attention of Reviewers :-" Pro captu MR. URBAN,

Jan. 2. lectoris habent sua fata libelli.” ONE of the earliest specimens of a To think and reason justly in a conDiatessaron, is the third part of Le fined sphere, says a French writer, is Romant des trois Palerinaiges, 4to. b. by no means easy. This should be l. 15.-The first part contains the Life suggested to those who are fond of soof Man in this world; the second, litude. treats of the soul separate from the The well-known lines,“ Sunt aries, body; and the third is a life of Jesus taurus, &c.” were made by Anianus, Christ, compiled from the four Gos- an astronomer of the 15th century, pels. The author was Guillaume de author of a Latin poem on astronomy. Guileville, monk of Chaaliz (Chalus ?). Angran d'Alleray, a magistrate of

The first mention of the Small-pox Paris, was brought before the revoluis in an essay on that disorder, by Aa- tionary tribunal, in 1794, at the age ron of Alexandria, a priest and physi- of 69, on the charge of having forcian of the seventh century. He de- warded money to the royalists. He rives its origin from Egypt, where the acknowledged that he had done so to Arabs caught it, and introduced it by M. de la Luzerne, his son-in-law. their conquests into Europe.

Were you ignorant that the law forThomas d'Andrada, a Portuguese bade it ?” said one of the judges. monk of the Augustine order, followed “No,” he replied; “but the law of Don Sebastian into Africa, and was nature spoke louder to my heart than taken prisoner at the battle of Alcazer the law of the republic.” Kebir. The court sent over a suffi- The practice of computing by the cient sum of money to purchase his æra of Jesus Christ, was first invented freedom, but he nobly preferred re- by Dionysius, surnamed the Less, a maining in slavery, that he might Roman monk, in the year 532. console his fellow-captives. He com- Vosgieu (l'advocat) says, in his Dicposed a little treatise, on the Sufferings tionnaire Géographique, that one part of Christ, during his detention, which of the city of Orense, in Spain, which has been often re-printed.

is situated at the foot of a hill, suffers

16 Remarks on French Writers.--Syrian Christians. (Jan. the severest cold, while another quar- nice, that of the Gracchi, and the hister enjoys the mildness of spring. tory of Don Carlos, are now regarded,

Who is the author of the pentame- and with reason, as ingenious roter, which alludes to the frequent vi- mances, which contain nothing true cissitudes of the Margraviate of Bran- but the names of the parties, and some denburgh?

facts which are too much adapted to Mutavit dominos Marchia sæpe suos.

his brilliant imagination. In spite of Kirloff, a living Russian poet, is the these defects, we cannot refuse him auth of several dramatic pieces, but the praise of genius, and of having his fame is chiefly owing to his talents shed over his style a seductive illusion, as a fabulist. The Countess Orloff, which makes us regret that we cannot an admirer of his writings, formed add conviction to the interest which the idea of extending their reputation he produces in the mind of his readers.

-Ibid. throughout Europe, by translations ;

CYDWELI. but her design was interrupted by death, in 1824. However, her hus- Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 3. band completed it, and published two THE Syrian Christians of St. Thovolumes with French and Italian ver- mas, in the South of India, appear, sions. The principal French poets, of from the narrative of Dr. Buchanan, both sexes, were concerned in the to be a very interesting people, though, work, particularly Ségur, Daru, Jouy, indeed, the late Bishop Heber, a less the Delavignes, Rouget de l'Isle (au- sanguine judge, was inclined to think thor of the Marsellais Hymn), Stassart, his representations overcharged. One Madame Delphine Gay, &c. The ty- of the most obscure points in their hispographical part was executed by Fir- tory is the origin of their name ; some min Didot. On account of the many referring it to St. Thomas the Apostle, composers, this work has been com- and others, I believe, to a Nestorian pared to the famous Garland of Julia. missionary of the sixth century.

CYDWELI. There is, however, a legend on this

subject, which ought to be examined, CRITICAL REMARKS ON FRENCH even if rejected at last. I mean the WRITERS.

Apostolical History of Abdias, discoCharacter of Crevier.-His arrange- vered by Wolfgang Lazius in a monasment of facts (in the History of the tery of Germany, and published in Roman Empire) does not want order: 1551. It is supposed to have been it contains just remarks, useful reflec. written about the sixth century, and tions, and good feeling in the course of to have been framed from older matethe narrative; but the style is heavy, rials, perhaps from the apocryphal diffuse, generally careless, faulty, and Acts of the Apostles. I have not seen without elevation.—Sabatier de Cas- it myself, but extract this information tres.

from a French miscellany. Maupertius.—Good philosopher, and The chapters are entitled as follow : able literatist. In his works, elegance 1. Peter; 2. Paul; 3. Andrew (nodoes not detract from depth, or pre- thing is said of his coming into Scot. cision from perspicuity. Method ren- land); 4. James the Great; 5. John; ders every thing intelligible, as well as 6. James the Less, Simon, and Jude; easy to retain. By turns, geometri. 7. Matthew; 8. Bartholomew; 9. cian, astronomer, naturalist, geogra- Thomas ; 10. Philip. The labours of pher, moralist, he is always an in- Bartholomew, as well as of Thomas, structive and amusing writer, because are placed in India, but in what part lessons are pleasing when they do not is not mentioned in the extract. The come as lessons, and when one has legend of Thomas is as follows : the art of informing, without the re- An Indian merchant passing through pulsive tone of dictation.-Ibid. Syria, stopped at Jerusalem. The

Saint Real.- Pupil of Varillas, whose Deity appeared to him in open day, in style, taste, and love of the marvellous, a human form, and demanded what he has adopted. However, he excels brought him so far from his country. his master in purity of style, and ex- He replied, that he came from his actness of language, and has more master, King Gundafer, and was seekability, though he has written less. ing a skilful architect to build him a If he had rejected untrue anecdotes, palace. He was led to the house of and chosen better authenticated facts, St. Thomas, who was pointed out to his pieces of history might have passed him as a fit person, and they departed

inodels; but his conspiracy of Ve. together for India. They arrived after

17

But

1831.) Syrian Christians of St. Thomas in India. a journey of three months, which in deeply impressed during sickness. ordinary cases took as many years. The rapid acknowledgment of the gosThe merchant presented the apostle to pel by king and people is no more exthe king, who pointed out the site of traordinary than the conversion of our his future palace, outside the town, Ethelbert of Kent. I can imagine, and departed to another city till it also, that St. Thomas exhorted Christ-. should be finished. Coming one day ian married women to separate from to see it, he found no building what idolatrous husbands, when there was ever begun; and in his fury he bade no hope of converting them. And the apostle shew it, or prepare for in- this, by exasperating the men, might stant death. It is finished, said the have been the cause of his cruel death, apostle, but you cannot see it now; There is an account of the Syrian you will see it, and inhabit hereafter. Church, by Professor Lee, appended The king in a rage ordered him to be to the Seventeenth Report of the cast into prison.

Church Missionary Society. It

apAt this time the king's brother fell pears that John, Bishop of India, ill; some days after, he told the king signed the acts of the Council of Nice, that two men had led him to the pa- in 325. (Query, was he a titular Bilace which the apostle had built, and shop, residing nearer home?) he was so charmed with it, that he re- Cosmas Indicopleustes, who flourished quested it for himself. This struck in the sixth century, mentions exthe king (the legend says converted pressly church of the faithful in Ceyhim); he went in person to the prison, lon, and at Malabar. From this time asked the apostle's pardon, and de- downward, their history is clear. clared his belief in the Deity he Particulars concerning them are to be preached. Seven days after, St. Tho- found in all Histories and Dictionaries mas baptised the king, his brother, and of Religions, in the Asiatic Researches, all his people. After this, he traversed and in various recent works. the whole of India, preaching the gos- The wishes of many pious persons, pel, healing the sick, raising the dead, to promote an union between this and casting out devils. In the terri. church and the English in India, have tory of King Mesdeus, he exhorted his not yet been blest with any permanent female converts to quit their earthly effect. spouses, being now united to a hea- The name of Menezes, Archbishop venly one. This, and the strict conti- of Goa, is well known as the persecunence he enjoined, raised him invete- tor of these primitive protestants. The rate enemies; they complained to the Dictionnaire Historique, 1827, gives a king, who sent some of his soldiers to short notice of him. Alexis de M. dispatch him, which they did with was born at Lisbon, in 1559; entered

into the Augustine order ; was nomi. I have omitted in this abstract some nated Archbishop of Goa, on the union of the legendary tales, which only dis- of the two Crowns of Spain and Por. figure the story. There appears, how- tugal, and Viceroy of the Indies, in ever, to be a vein of truth running 1607. In 1608, he was appointed through it. Tradition leads us to be. Archbishop of Braga, and returned lieve that St. Thomas preached in In- home; in 1614, he was constituted dia. That he should have gone thither Viceroy of Portugal, and in 1616, he with a merchant whom he met at Je- fixed his residence at Madrid, as Prerusalem, is quite probable; he may sident of the Council for Portuguese have preached the gospel to King Affairs. He died at Madrid, in 1617. Gundafer by the metaphor of a palace, A journal of his voyage to the Indies as that monarch's thoughts were then (Visitation, I presume), was pubemployed on building one. Such is lished by Antonio de Gouveau, at the language of Rev. xxi. and of many Coimbra, in 1606. The Virorum illuspassages in the prophets ; though of trium ex ordine eremitarum div. Auguscourse I do not mean to imply that tini elogia, contains a tribute to his St. Thomas quoted his contemporary memory, far different from the horror John. The king, far from understand in which his memory is held at Maing the apostle, may have been irritated, labar. and have imprisoned him ;. while his Yours, &c.

M. brother's mind may have been more Gent. Mag. January, 1831.

their spears.

18
Trial by Combat temp. Richard II.

[Jan. Mr. URBAN, Grimsby, Nov. 8. Goaded by the foul and groundless I SEND you a drawing,* taken accusation, Walsh laid himself at the from an illuminated Manuscript, which foot of the throne, and demanded the was made about the latter end of Ri- privilege of Trial by Combat. His chard the Second's reign, and is now suit was granted, the day named, and preserved in the Cotton Collection of on a Wednesday at St. Andrew's the British Museum, Nero, D. 17. It tide,” accompanied by his sponsor, he has been delineated as the representa- entered the lists completely armed, in tion of a combat which was fought the presence of the King and all his between a gentleman of Grimsby, and Court, at Westminster, and calling for a foreigner of some distinction; of his accuser, declared himself innocent which the following are the parti- of the crime alleged against him, and culars.

ready to prove its falsehood at the peIn the reign of Richard II. (1384), ril of his life. The challenge was acthe King of Navarre was in alliance cepted by his fierce accuser, who imwith England, and a friendly inter- mediately appeared, caparisoned in a community was preserved between the rich suit of armour, to answer the inhabitants of both nations. The town summons, and declared himself preof Great Grimsby, ever distinguished pared to substantiate the charge in the by sentiments of loyalty towards the utmost extremity of battle. The arSovereign, amidst every fluctuation of mour of both these champions is deits fortunes, was, at this period, agi- scribed, in reference to the illumination tated with consternation and terror by before-mentioned, as being “of silver, a formal charge of High Treason, and the plates at their elbows and which had been preferred against one their girdles gilt. The first figure to of its principal inhabitants. John the right is the same. The King is in Walsh, descended from the noble fa- light pink, with a blue robe lined with mily of St. Walerie, a man of honour- ermine. The figure next to the King able principles and unblemished repu. is in silver armour, the body of which tation, was the individual thus charged is purple. The back ground is red, with infamy by Martileto de Vilenos, flowered, the ground of the lists is a gentleman of Navarre. This dis- green, and the rails are red. The figraceful imputation was urged with gure of the King much resembles his all the inveteracy that attends a dis- portrait.”+ Before the commencement jointed friendship; for Vilenos con- of the battle, the usual oaths were ad. ceived himself dishonoured, and hoped ministered to the combatants, that to dismiss his suspicions, and satiate their cause was just, and that they his vengeance, by subjecting his oppo- did not bear about them any secret nent to an ignominious death. Walsh spell or charm which might interfere had been appointed to the office of with the righteous decision of heaven, Captain or Vice-Governor of Cher- and interrupt the course of equal fight. I burg, where the Navarrois resided ; And now the trumpets sounded to and they lived for some time in perfect the charge, and the battle began with harmony and friendship; but at length great fury on both sides ; but the his brain was fired with jealousy, and Grimsby champion, having truth and he suspected the English officer of an justice on his side, pressed his antagoimproper familiarity with his wife. nist so closely, that he soon gave way; Destitute of proof, however, he was and as he lay at length fainting under incapable of charging Walsh with the the conqueror's sword, he confessed fact, and adopted other means less that the charge was groundless, and honourable to remove his former emanated solely from feelings of jeafriend.

lousy. The King, indignant at his

This illumination has been engraveriin Strutt's “ Regal and Ecclesiastical Antiquities," pl. Iviči. ; and also in Dr. Meyrick's “ Critical Inquiry into Antient Armour,” p. 56 ; and described by Dr. Meyrick, in p. 81.

+ Strutt's Regal and Eccles. Antiq. p. 115.

1 The Words of this Oath were as follows :-" This heare, you Justices, that I have this day neither eate, druvke, nor have upon me either bone, stone, nor glasse, or any enchantment, sorcerie, or witchcraft, where through the power of the Word of God might be inleased, or diminished, and the devil's power increased : and that my appeale is true, so helpe me God, and his saintes, and by this booke.”—Antiq. Repert, vol. I. p. 118.

1831.] Organic Remains at Blackdown Hills, Devon.

19 baseness, commanded that the van- of the earth, strewed over with count. quished Frenchman should be de- less coloured Aints of various hues, spoiled of his armour, and conveyed in many of them magnificent, and of the disgrace to Tyburn, where he termi- brightest colours ; I selected some of nated his career by a death of infamy. the choicest to deposit in my cabinet The victor returned to Grimsby full of collection, as a precious addition, far honour, amidst the universal acclama. surpassing any I possessed before ; tions of his townsmen, and having se- among them were some singularly fine, cured the esteem of King Richard, viz. one that the greater part had passed equally by his valour and loyalty, he into a light transparent crystallization, was appointed High Sheriff of Lin- bordered with a rich ruby-red; ancolnshire; and the execution of vari. other that had turned into an orangeous confidential trusts was committed red carnelian, but more diaphanous ; to him in 1396. GEO. OLIVER. one into a deep crimson jasper, and

another of a light amber complexion, MR. URBAN,

Upper Southernhay, speckled with flowery golden spots,

Exeter, Jan. 11. &c. These flints, which are so dif. HAVING frequently received seve- fusely scattered over the Blackdown ral interesting specimens of organic and Halsdown Hills, seemed to perremains from the caves of Blackdown plex Deluc how they could come there. Hills, (Devon), I had long contem- I consider that they were an immense plated to visit them, more especially shower of large and small pebbles having also another object in view, of which were thrown from the coast at examining the curious variegated Aints the deluge, and in process of time oband siliceous substances, with which tained their present siliceous quality ; I knew the surface of those eminences for the loose fossil, shells found here was overspread; and lately, in a mi. near the surface are often of the same neralogical excursion in that neigh- substance ; as I have met with large bourhood, I accomplished my design, fossil bivalve shells become black flints ; and beg leave to submit to your notice also clumps of fossil univalves and a few cursory sketches and observa- bivalves from the same hills, that have tions on the subject connected with passed into red jasper of a very fine my ramble.

texture. The north-east side of Blackdown Proceeding on my route easterly, 1 is situate within twenty miles of this stretched at too great a distance becity, and is plainly observed at no yond the caves; I then turned to the great distance on the road from Cul- left to a steep declivity, and with diffilumpton to Wellington. I was in- culty descended, it being almost performed that the estate where the pendicular, and about half way down greater number of these caves are si- the hill alighted on a compact sandtuated, consist of three hundred acres bank terrace, which extended the of land, the property of a gentleman whole length and range of the enof Honiton, but that the strata con- trances to the different caves, which taining the caves were let separately, were of a western aspect, and nearly for the purpose of excavating a sand- similar to each other at the openings, stone of a peculiar quality for sharp- from five to six feet in height, and four ening iron; these whetstones are ma- broad, but wider and higher internufactured on the spot, and considered nally, extending horizontally more or the best of the kind in England; and less from 200 to 300 feet, and some a small trade is carried on of them at ancient ones, which are now closed, Cullumpton, and sent to different were 400 feet and upwards ; but the parts of the kingdom. On my arrival length of time it required in convey. at a short distance from Blackdown, I ing the sand-stones to the mouth of ascended to the summit of the hill, the the cave, rendered it more convenient prospect from which is very extensive, to cut new apertures, as it would be grand, and imposing ; towards the liable to imminent danger to widen S.W. about sixteen miles distant, part the caves too near each other ; for of the English channel is seen ; though should the mass give way, the workthis delightful picturesque scenery was men must inevitably be crushed to so animating, I was still more grati- death. The fine ruby complexion of fied on looking beneath my feet, to the youths employed in excavating the behold the chequered, mossy coating earth excited my surprise, as it ex

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