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METEOROLOGICAL DIARY, BY W. CARY, STRAND,

From Jan. 26 to Feb. 24, 1831, both inclusive.
Fahrenheit's Therm.

Fahrenheit's Thierm.
Barom.

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Weather.

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Day of
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28 38 31 31 26 27 34 30 40 85 34 47 50 54 55

30, 06 fair
29, 50 snow & rain

64 fair
, 93 cloudy
, 80 cloudy
,68 snow

10 snow
15 cly. & rain
80 rain
08 do.& hi.wind
, 70cloudy

80 do. & snow
52 cloudy

86 do. & rain
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30, 17 fait

18 fair
24 cloudy
17 do. & rain

20 fair
30, 00 fair
29, 90 cloudy
30, 04 fair

15 cloudy

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35 33 pm 174 210 15 14 pm.

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26 20 pm. 23

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19. 17 pm. New South Sea Ann. Feb. 1, 808; 2, 80$; 17, 80$; 23, 784.

Old South Sea Aon: Feb. 2, 818 ; 21, 798; 22, 79
J.J. ARNULL, Stock Broker, Bank-buildings, Cornhill,

late RICHARDSON, GOODLUCK, and Co.

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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

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[PUBLISHED APRIL 1, 1831.] London Gaz.-Times- Ledger

Norwich,Oxf., Portsm., Pres. Morn. Chron.-- Post Herald

ton, Sherb., Shrewsb., South. Morn. Advertiser--Courier

ampton,Truro, Worcester 2... Globe...Standard---Sub..Star

Aylesbury, Bangor, Barnst., Brit Trav, .Record-Lit. Gaz

Berwick, Blackb., Bridgew.. St. James's Chron. -Packet..

Carmar., Colch., Chesterf Eveo. Mail.c-English Chron.

Devizes, Dorch., Doncaster, 8 Weekly Pa... 29 Sat. & Sun.

Falmouth, Glouc., Halifax, Dublin 14--Edioburgh 12

Henley, Hereford, LancasLiverpool 9--Manchester 7

ter, Leaming. Lewes, Linc. Exeter 6 - Bath. Bristol, Stef

Lichf. Macclesf. Newark, field, York, 4.-- Brighton,

Newc. OD-Tyne, Northamp. Canterbury, Leeds, Hull,

Reading, Rochest., Salish., Leicester, Nottingh. Plym

Staff., Stockport, Taunton, Stamf. 3....Birming. Bolton,

Swansea, Wakef., Warwick, Bury, Cambridge, Carlisle,

Whiteh., Winches.. Windsor, Chelmsf.,Cheltenh , Chester,

Wolverhampton, 1 each. Coved., Derhy, Durh., Ipsw.

Ireland 61--Scotland 37 Keodal, Maidst., Newcastle,

Jersey 4- Guernsey 3 MARCH, 1831. Original Communications. Betham's Dignities, Feudal & Parliamentary 226 MINOR CORRESPONDENCE .......

........194

Lyoch's Feudal Dignities of Ireland.........230 Excavations for the City Approaches to the Recollections of the Mauritius

..............282 New London Bridge ...........195 Finati's Life and Adventures.

283 Michael de Tregury, Archbishop of Dublin 197 Head's Life of Bruce the African Traveller 234 Site of the Battle of Brunauburh

............200

Narrative of African Discovery and Adventure237 The Improvements near Charing Cross.. ... 201 Dawson's present State of Australia ......... 238 The Lowther Arcade.- Golden Cross Ion...206 Major Rennell's Geography of Herodotus . 239 Earl of Bantry's Family .... . 207 Rask's Anglo-Saxon Grammar

241 Grendon Family of Staffordshire...... ..ib. Mansel on Legal Education.

.242 Family of Bishop Berkeley...

208

Burges's Address to the Misguided Poor ...243 Sir Thomas Hunt, of Norfolk..................ib. Swain's Beauties of the Mind.

.244 Ancient Coins, Rings, &c.......... .209-212 Mundy's Life of Lord Rodney........ ..ib. Roman Antiquities found at Lancing Down 210 Mrs. Bray's Talba, 247.—The Tuileries. ...248 Greek Grasshopper Ring, &c. ....... .211 LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.- New Works. ... 249 Ancient Ring found at Castle Hedingham. 212 ANTIQUARIAN RESEARCHES, 252.-POETRY 254 On Cruelty to Animals...........................ib.

Historical Chronicle. Walk through the Highlands--Kenmore, &c. 213 Proceedings in present Session of Parliament. 256 Loch Katrine—The Trosacks-Stirling ....217 Foreigo News, 261.--Domestic Occurrences.262 On the formation of Cathedral Universities 218 Promotions, 263–Marriages, &c............ 264 Royal Token Farthing of Charles I............ib. OBITUARY ; with Memoirs of Visc. Sydney; Classical Literature.

Lady de Roos; Lord Rivers ; Bp. of Cork;

Bp. Hobart; Sir T. Frankland; Rear-Adm. New Translation of the Psalms .........219 Sir E. Berry ; Thomas Payne, Esq. ; CarSignification of Kaunaos.

.

.224

rington the Poet, &c. Heview of New Publications. Bill of Mortality.—Markets, 286.-Shares. 287 Cartwright's History of the Rape of Bramber 225 Meteorological Diary.-Prices of Stocks..288

Embellished with a Plan of the IMPROVEMEnts in the vicinity of CHARING CROSS ;
Views of the New BUILDINGS in West STRAND, and the LowTHER ARCADE ;

A Plate of Miscellaneous Antiquities ;
and a Representation of the Monumental Effigy of ARCHBISHOP TREGURY,

.....

...265

By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

Printed by J. B. Nichols and Son, Cicero's HEAD, 25, Parliament Street, Westminster ;

where all Letters to the Editor are requiested to be sent, Post-PAID.

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MINOR CORRESPONDENCE. We are happy to announce that our report D. remarks, “ The materials from which of the death of Commissioner Briggs (see Lord Orford compiled his interesting acvol. c. ii. p. 644) is not correct; an account count of English Painters, Engravers, and of that excellent officer being in good health other Artists, are still preserved in the liin February last, having since arrived. brary at Strawberry-hill, among a great

Mr. James Townley says, “ It is a sin- many other papers likewise in the handgular fact, that, although Salomon Negri, writing of, or collected by Mr. Vertue. They a learned native of Damascus, is stated by are probably of po use to the present noble Bishop Marsh and Le Long, as well as by owner, and it would be rendering an essenFreylinghausen, the editor of a Latin me- tial service to literature, could be be prevailed moir of him, to have been the editor of the on to transfer them to the British Museum. Arabic New Testament, published by the The same remark would apply to that very

Society for Promoting Christian Know- interesting volume of old poetry and metriledge' early in the last century, there is cal romances, formerly belonging to Bishop not, at least so far as I know, any biogra- Percy, most of the contents of which are phical account of him in our own language. specified in his elegant work the Reliques I shall therefore be obliged to any of your

of Ancient Poetry.' Correspondents who will give a detail of his H. says, that the fact of the Duchess of proceedings in England; and as it appears, Burgundy visiting England in 19. Edw. IV. from the Memoria Negriana' of Freyling (see p. 156) is thus noticed in Arnold's hausen, that he died in England in 1728 or Chronicle, 4to. 1811, p. xxxvii : “ This yere 1729, it would afford additional gratification the Kingis suster Duches of Burgo, com if it could be stated where he was buried, into England, to see her brodyr." and whether any monument be erected to Mr. John HENRY Clive would feel his memory."

obliged if the gentlemen who furnished the CLERICUS (of Maidstone) observes, “ The curious particulars of the family of Copsatisfaction I have received on the perusal of inger, at pp. 12, 110, 112, can give him two original letters from the pen of the cele- any account of Susannah the daughter of brated Bp. Berkeley, in your last number, Henry Copinger, who married perhaps about induces me to express a hope that your Cor- 1580 Sir George Clive, and afterwards John respondent A. P. who contributed them, Poole, of Poole in Cheshire. She was a may be inclined, if it be in his power, to widow about 41 Eliz., as appears by an infurnish your readers with a few more. It quisition taken in that year. She called one may also be no small gratification to A. P. of her sons Ambrose, a name quite new in and the other admirers of that eminently the Clive family, but familiar in that of great and good prelate, to know that the Copinger of Buxhall. Sir George's arms original portrait of him, painted by John were : Argent, on a fess, between three Smibert the artist, to whom one of the wolves' (or griffin's) heads erased Sable, above letters is addressed, is taken care of in three mullets. Crest, a griffin. my possession, and that therein the be- A CORRESPONDENT states, that there is nignity of the Bishop is strikingly pourtrayed in the possession of Mrs. Deerman of Barin every feature.”

net, a portrait of King Charles the First, A CORRESPONDENT states, that “ Wells painted on glass. The King is habited in a Leigh near Wells (noticed in vol. c. ii. 614), scarlet dress fitting close to the body, orgamay be the place from whence the ancient meuted with jewelled clasps, the sleeves family of De Welesley, Welseley, Wellesley, loose, with a white underdress, a falling or Wesley, for so it has been variously writ- band, and on his head a kind of embroidered ten, derives its pame; but the Duke of Wel- white cap. The hands are slightly raised up. , lington is Baron Douro of Wellesley, not Above, from a dark cloud, is a hand holding Wells Leigh, and the Marquess Wellesley a crown, from which issues a stream of scarsits as Baron Wellesley of Wellesley, not let or bloody rays, and forms a cloud of Wells Leigh, as Mr. Cassan supposes, erro- blood around, or rather behind the head. neously. The origin of Wesley, the cele- From the worm-eaten and decayed state of , brated preacher, is unknown beyond a de- , the frame, it has the appearance of being in

scent or two; but the Wesleys or Welles- its original setting. Jeys of Iceland, have an authenticated pedi- P. 93. Mr. Canning's ancestors were seatgree as far back as 1:172, when the first an- ed at Foxcote, in the male line, since the cestor came to Ireland from Somersetshire reign of Henry VI. and in the female line as Standard-bearer to King Henry II. and through the Le Marshalls, since the time of had large grants of land in Meath and Kil. Edward I. There is a pedigree of the Candare. William de Wellesley was summoned nings at Foxcote, drawn up in 1622, by Sir as a Baron of the Realm in 1339; the same William Segar. George Canning of Gare was in after times written Wesley, an abbre- vagh, co. Londonderry, temp. Q. Eliz. anwiation of Wellesley, until the present Mar- cestor of Lord Garvagh, and of the late qaese Wellesley and his brothers, re-assumed Premier, was the eighth son (not fourth, as the ancient name, just as the Seymours now stated in the Peerages) of Richard Canding style themselves St. Maurs," &c.

of Foxcote,

THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

MARCH, 1831.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

EXCAVATIONS FOR THE CITY APPROACHES TO LONDON BRIDGE. Mr. URBAN,

March 25. small and homely thing, and the THE very deep excavations which ground thereabout a filthy plot, being are now making for purposes connected used by the butchers of Eastcheap as with forming the northern approaches a laystall. W. de Burgo in 1317 gave of the New London Bridge, between two messuages in Candlewick-street 30 and 40 feet below the surface of to this Church. John Lovekin,

mayor the ground on which the city now of London, rebuilt it, and was bustands, must put the antiquary upon ried with his lady in the choir, the alert. Such an opportunity, per- under a fair tomb, bearing their rehaps, has never before presented itself cumbent images in alabaster. The of obtaining a section of the factitious bold Sir William Walworth, who surface of the streets of modern Lon- made such short work with the chief don and its substratum, or of demon- of the radicals of his day, sometime a strating some facts connected with the servant of the said Lovekin, (for when foundation of the city. But to speak in England has sober worth and hoin the first place of the immediate nesty been incapable of rising to wealth scene of these excavations, which have and honour ?) rebuilt the choir, added now approached so near as almost to side chapels, and founded a college for undermine the south wall of the little a master and nine priests. Sir Wilchurch of St. Michael, Crooked-lane, liam dying in 1385, was buried in the the successor of a very ancient struc- chapel north of the choir.* Stow ture, which Stow says at first was a says his monument was defaced temp.

* I was present at that portion of the last service which took place in this sacred edifice, and as this may be said to have completed its history, I may be allowed to put the particulars on record. During last week the walls of the city exhibited the following placard, - St. Michael's Church, Crooked-labe, being about to be pulled down for the approaches of the new London Bridge, divine service for the last time will take place on Sunday morning next, 20 March, 1831, when a Sermon will be preached by the Rector, the Rev. W. W. Dakins, F.S.A. Chaplain to his Royal Highness the Duke of Gloucester, for the benefit of nne hundred poor children of the Charity-schools of Bridge, Candlewick, and Dowgate Wards, Divine service to begin at 11 o'clock." While the Curate, on the occasion above announced, was reading the second lesson, a piece of plaister fell from over the circular east window, and descended near Dr. Dakins, who was seated within the Communion rails; this occasioned some alarm in the congregation, but they were tranquillized by an address from the pulpit by Dr. Dakins, it being generally thought that some idle person had thrown a fragment of rubbish through the window, ia which there appeared a broken pane. Further to compose the assembly, the ninety-third psalm was given out, during the singing of which a shower of loosened plaister descended over the Communion-table, the Rector hastily retired from his seat, the major part of the congregation rushed out in consternation, the communion plate was tremblingly removed from the apparently dangerous place by one of the attendants, and that portion of the assembly who had the presence of mind to observe no alteration in the perpendicular of the walls, or fissures in the ceiling, retired through the west door, giving their contribution towards the charity, which by this unfortunate occurrence must have fallen very short of expectation. The last words which were chanted on this venerable consecrated site, were not inexpressive of the stability of the Church uni. versal under all worldly mutations.

“ With glory clad! with strength arrayed,

The Lord that o'er all nature reigns,
The world's foundations strongly laid,
And the vast fabric still susiains,

6. How

196 E.scavations for the City Approaches to London Bridge. [March, Edw. VI., when this college fell into and Thomas, being in Eastcheap at the hands of the crown, but was re- supper, or rather breakfast, for it newed by the fishmongers; who, from was after the watch had broken ignorance of true history, in his epi. up, betwixt two or three of the clock taph, following a fabulous book, made after midnight, a great debate haphim the slayer of Jack Straw instead of pened between their men and other of Wat Tyler.

the Court, &c. &c.” Lidgate's song, The only existing traces of Wal- called London Lickpenny,' tells us, worth's college will be soon swept he continues, " that in Eastcheap the away; these are two pointed arches cooks cried hot ribs of beef roasted, in the wall bounding the church-yard pies well baked; there was clattering of St. Michael ; wherein, by the bye, of pewter pots, harp,ộ pipe, and sawthe disinterment of the dead (a pain- trie.” The customers of the cooks in ful desecration!) is now in progress. Eastcheap had no doubt their wine Stow notices an ancient house in brought them in these pewter“canniCrooked-lane called the leaden porch,t kins," from the vintner's cellars on belonging temp. Edw. IV. to Sir John the river side hard by; and this arMerston, knight, in his time converted rangement had existed from a very into a tavern called the Swan, pos- early date; for, says Fitz Stephen, “Est sessed of strangers selling Rhenish in Londonia supru ripam fluminis inter wine. Above Crooked-lane, at the vina, in navibus et cellis, vinaria recorner of Eastcheap, he says was a nalia, publica coquina."|| Honest Wilgreat house builded of stone, belonging liam Stephanides goes on then to deto Edward the Black Prince, who was scribe the dainties which may be in his life-time lodged there ; this was

promptly had for money to refresh afterwards turned into a common hos- the weary traveller ; and tells us, that telrie, having the Black Bell (qu. while the meats are cooking, the table Bull ?) for its sign. This, therefore, set out, and the vessels for ablution was the city residence of the Princes produced, one runs down to the river's of Wales, and thus the extravagancies bank, where all more that is wanted of Prince Henry and his companions (desiderabilia) are to be found; the at the Boar's Head in Eastcheap, on bread and meat having been before which Shakspeare has so delightfully named, these desiderabilia must have amplified, will be found to have taken been the wines. place within a stone's throw of the Let the Antiquary now therefore Prince's own dwelling; and it is watch the progress of the mattock and moreover probable, extraordinary as the spade ; for the northern approaches the assertion may sound to modern of that majestic structure the new ears, that the riot in which the king's London Bridge are destined to pass sons were embroiled, occurred at a over ground rendered sacred by no orcook's shop, having that ancient dainty dinary historical recollections. The the Boar's Head for its sign; “ for, bones of the champion of civil order, says my venerable authority, "of old Sir William Walworth, may not have time, when friends were disposed to yet found their last resting place, and be merry, they went not to dine and the foundation-stones of the dwelling sup in taverns, but to the cook's. In of the heroes of Poitiers and Azincour, the year 1410, the 11th of Henry the may in a few days see the light to be Fourth, upon

the even of St. John obliterated for ever. the Baptist, the king's sons, John My next notice will contain some

“ How surely 'stablish'd is thy throne

Which shall no change or period see ;" --and here the Psalm was broken off. I have since understood that there was no real ground for alarm, but that some persons having been on the flat roof of the Church to examine its state previously to removal, had, from the concussion occasioned by the tread of their feet, loosened a portion of the plaister of the ceiling beneath.

+ A covering of lead being in these days a costly distinction for a building, sometimes gave a name to the whole edifice; we have a striking example of this in that emporium for civic gastronomists Leadenhall.

Survey of London, Candlewicke-street Ward, edit. 1613, p. 404. § Those who quaff their wine at the Shades hard by, are at this day regaled with the clear enlivening notes of the harp.

ll Descriptio Nobilissimæ Civit. London. De dispositione urbis.

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