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1831.] The Improvements near Charing Cross.

203 premises of the British Museum are which has been rebuilt by the Comsufficiently extensive for whatever ad missioners. The corner house marked ditional buildings are likely ever to be with the letter A is appropriated to the required; but any new situation might West London Provident Institution ; be found too confined, when the op that marked with the letter B is for portunity for enlarging it with advan- the Royal Society of Literature, tage no longer existed. The national On the opposite side of St. Martin's pictures at present remain in Pall Lane stands the new residence of the Mall, at the house of the late Mr. An incumbent of the parish; in a line gerstein ; all the sculpture belonging' with which are a new Vestry-room to the nation is at the British Museum. and National School. The two former

The building formerly the Royal Sta- of these have been erected by the Combles, although possessed of some archi, missioners, in the place of those which tural merit,* will not be allowed to re gave way to the improvements. From main. It would not stand in the mid the old vestry room to the new one has dle of that side of the area, but in been removed a bust of a parochial the western half of it; a more impor benefactor, under which is the follow. tant reason for its removal, however, ing inscription : is that the direction it takes is diffe

“The effigies of Richard Miller, esq. rent from that which will be required ; who has given to ye Charity Schools of this since the new street, in order to lead parish 500l., to the Library and Free School directly to the noble portico which is 3001., and for the building of the Vestrythe great centre of attraction, must house 300l. ; in memory of whose uocompass over the site of its eastern wing. mon benefactions, ye Vestry in his lifeThese stables, part of a more exten time caus’d to be made and set up this his sive design never executed, were built effigies A.D. 1726-7." in 1732, six years after St. Martin's There also are placed some portraits of church. They are now temporarily eminent Vicars, including Archbishops appropriated to two public objects; the Lamplugh and Tennison, Bishops ground floor to the menagerie formerly Lloyd (of Worcester), Green (Ely), at Exeter Change, and the upper story and Pearce, and Archdeacon Hamil. to the “ National Repository for the ton;t as well as others of Gibbs the exhibition of specimens of new and im architect of the church, and Sir Ed. proved productions of the artizans and mundbury Godfrey, a parishioner manufacturers of the United Kingdom.” chiefly immortalised by the tragical

In the centre of the square it was circumstances of his death. designed to erect a large building, The National School has been after the model of the Parthenon, to be erected by subscription, on ground devoted to the Royal Academy. This given by his Majesty King George IV. I intention has been relinquished; and The passage in front of these build the site remains free for some national ings leads directly to the new Lowther monument, which may reflect honour Arcade, the direction of which is calcuon the patriotism and the taste of the lated to entice a numerous concourse country. On each side stations are of passengers. A Bazaar, intended to marked for equestrian statues of George take the place of that removed at Exethe Third and George the Fourth. ter Change, was, in Mr. Nash's oriig

Behind the old Royal stable on the nal plan, laid down on the ground benorth-west, some extensive foot bar. hind the spot where Exeter Change racks have been erected on what was stood. But, as this would have been the upper court of the Mews. The stack no thoroughfare, its failure might of building to the east of this consists reasonably have been anticipated. In principally of the Workhouse of St. the present situation, the reverse may Martin's parish, the back part of be expected.

*The stables in the Meuse are certainly a very grand and noble building; but then they are in a very singular taste, a mixture of the rustic and the gothic together ; the middle gate is built after the first, and the towers over the two others in the last."--Kalph.

+ See Malcolm's Londinium Redivivum, vol. iv. p. 193. 1 The Library School adjoining the workhouse® (founded by Archbishop Tennison in 1685, which the Charing-Cross Act enabled the Commissioners to take dowu,) has not been disturbed, an alteration in the plan of the new barracks having made such encroachment unnecessary.

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The accompanying Engravings originally appeared in the Atheneum ; and are here inseried by fuvour of the Edilor of that excellent weekly Paper.

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The Lowther Arcade.-Golden-Cross Inn. [March, The Lowther Arcade, which receives this item. We may here notice with its name from the late very efficient approbation the handsome iron railing First Commissioner of Woods and Fo- with which the church-yard is now rests, Lord Viscount Lowther, will be enclosed. It has been cast to the 245 feet long, 20 feet wide, and 35 massive pattern of the old wrought feet high. It will contain twenty-five iron railing in the front of the church; shops, the whole of which will have and has been fixed on a substantial eighteen feet frontage, and the greater wall of granite. But, with respect to part will be 32 feet deep. All will that same old iron railing, there is an have light and air in the rear. In the important consideration to be regarded, same triangular stack of building, there which we would beg to enforce, on will be 20 shops in the Strand, 18 in better authority than our own: William-street, and 9 in Adelaidestreet; making in the whole, with will be the duty of the parish to remove the

“ When the new street is completed, it those in the Arcade, sixty-seven dwel. iron railing which now encloses the portico ; lings. The whole building terminates and if such a fence be necessary, (which at each of the angles by a circular doubiless it is), to set it back quite clear of aræostyle octastyle temple of a com the columns, into which it has been origiposite order, surmounted by a balus, nally very injudiciously introduced. The cotrade, and a cupola crowned with a lur.ns have already received much injury dome and a tholus. The architect and from this circumstance, by the perpetual builder of the whole comprised in this

contraction and expansion of the metal, por triangle is Mr. William Herbert, of is it less injurious to the majestic effect of Farm-street, Berkeley -square. The

the portico of this elegant Church.” buildings were commenced in Novem

Memoir, l'y Joseph Guill, Architecl, in

Brillon's and Pugin's Public Buildings." ber last, and we understand will be finished fit for occupation by Michael

In the smaller triangle of building

at the westernmost end of the Strand, mas next. On the eastern boundary of the im.

Mr. Nash assigned stations for the provements will be Agar-street, so

Vicar's house, the Athenæum, and the named from the present first Commis. Golden Cross inn, with its extensive sioner, the Rt. Hon. G. J. W. Agar have already described, has been

stables. The first of these, as Ellis. This will, in fact, be an enlargement of Castle Court, the houses

erected to the north of the church; the on one side of which are sufficiently second has found another locality in good to remain. The opposite side

Waterloo Place ; the great coach inn will be occupied by the Charing-Cross will occupy a considerable portion of Hospital; and at the other angle of this space (as shown in our plan), althe same triangle of building, between though not exactly as Mr. Nash origiWilliam-street and Chandos-street,

nally designed it. It has been stated will be the Opthalmic Hospital.

in the newspapers that a society of Returning up the continuation of gentlemen are in treaty for the contiPall-Mall East, the road passes over

guous ground, " for erecting a suite of part of the old burial-ground of St.

rooms, to be let for concerts, balls, Martin's church. By the Act of Par: masquerades, theatrical and other exliament, persons were allowed the ex

hibitions relating to the arts,”-in penses (in no case to exceed 101.) of re

short, to be applied to the various uses moving the bodies of their relations* ;

served by the late Argyll Rooms in and we find that by the account made Regent-street, which were burnt last up on the 5th Jan. 1830, no less than

year, and have since been converted 19531. 43. 8d. had then been spent on

into shops.

The purchase of the old Golden Cross * « Not less than 700 bodies have already sioners had to make. It was con

was by far the largest the Commisbeen removed from this ancient burial-place cluded on the 28th Dec. 1827, when to the newly consecrated ground at Camden- those extensive premises, town, and the church-yards of St. Clement's, with three houses in St. Martin's

together St. Bride's, St. James's, and St. Anne's. The remaining bodies, &c. as yet to be ex

Lane, and two houses and workshops humated, are calculated at 1000. The cof

in Frontier Court, were bought of fins are lodged so close to each other, as the George Howard and others for the excavation proceeds, that they have the ap

sum of 30,0001.t pearance of a subterrauean boarded floor." Times, Oct. 3, 1827.

+ Report of Commissioners, 1829.

we

1831.] Earl of Bantry's Family.--Grendon Family.

207 The highly desirable project for a he knew to be the stronger of the two, renewal of Hungerford Market, the for the purchase of the fee simple of plan of which is included in our plate, the estate. I am not acquainted with is the independent enterprise of a the manner in which the suit termiJoint Stock Company. The architect nated, but it was of course in favour is Mr. Charles Fowler, and we shall of White, whose family are in possestake an early opportunity of publish- sion of the estate. ing some details, in addition to what The modern peerages state that the has already appeared in our last vo- family of White have resided at Banlume, part 1. p. 264.

try since the period of the Common

wealth ; but they carefully abstain We may here add that the Commis- from giving the early particulars of sioners of Woods and Forests have a the family, and confine themselves to Bill now passing through Parliament, general statements. I would suggest a to enable them

probable descent. The name of Simon 1, to form a new Street from the prevails in his Lordship's family. Strand opposite Waterloo Bridge to Hence it seems probable that they are Charles-street, Covent Garden; descended from a Simon White, who

2, to improve Bow-street, by widen. obtained a grant of land in the county ing the north end into Long Acre ; of Limerick soon after the Restoration.

3, to close up part of Gloucester He and a Robert Wilkinson jointly court, St. James's-street, now ren had a grant of a good estate in the dered useless in consequence of the barony of Ownybeg, in that county. wider communication formed into Mr. White, the first settler at Bantry, King-street; and

was, I think, great-grandfather of the 4, to grant to the Westminster Na.

Earl of Bantry. tional Free School the site of its pre As I am on the subject of geneamises, at a small nominal rent, for the logies, I wish to make some inquiries term of ninety-nine years.

of your Correspondents. I find an

old paper containing pedigrees of the Mr. URBAN, Cork, Jan. 20. different families through whom the THE inquiry in your Minor Corres- estate of Shenston in Staffordshire pondence for December, regarding the passed. Among them is a particular trial between James Annesley, Esq. and account of the eminent family of GrenRichard Earl of Anglesea, refers to cir- don, one of whose members was sumcumstances intimately connected with moned to Parliament in the reign of the foundation of the Earl of Bantry's Edward III. The account terminates family.

with the falling of the estate into the At the period in question, the land hands of the Crown, temp. Hen. VII. which formed the subject of the law- Notwithstanding which, the following suit, consisting of the fertile island of note is at the foot of the paper : Whiddy near Bantry, and a yast tract 7ber 1668. This is the coppie of what of mountains round the Bay, was I fouade amongst my old writings at Shenfarmed by two persons named White ston, parte of which land I enjoy to this and Despard, who had emigrated from day.

Tho. GRENDON." the Queen's County. At Whiddy, how On the back is a note by another ever, they realized good fortunes, os person, stating that this was a copy tensibly by agriculture, but much in- of his grandmother's pedigree from creased, as was reported, by illicit trade, his uncle Grendon of London. for which this remote and almost in Now it is clear, from Thomas Grenaccessible district at that time afforded don’s note, that he had an ancient regreat facilities. Despard, satisfied with sidence of Shenston, where his ancient his acquisitions, sold his share of the family papers remained. Perhaps some farm to White, and returned to the of your Correspondents can give some Queen's County: The son of the lat- account of this family of Grendon, ter was at this time in London, study- and how the estate of Shenston fell a ing for the Bar, and having formed second time to the family, and at what some acquaintance with the celebrated period, and who is the present posLord Mansfield, found means to ascer sessor ? Indeed, that part which Thotain that learned Lord's opinion on mas Grendon inherited, may have dethe subject in dispute, whereupon his scended to him from the original Grenfather contracted with that party which dons, and been originally separated

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