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THE

GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE.

APRIL, 1831.

ORIGINAL COMMUNICATIONS.

ORIGINAL LETTER OF KING CHARLES I.

Dalby Terrace, am therfor confident that you ar in a MR. URBAN,

City Road, March 1. good forwardness, for the sending I INCLOSE you a copy of an ori over to me a considerable supply of ginal Letter in my possession from men, artillery, and amunition; all the unfortunate Charles to the Mar that I have to add is, that the necesquis of Ormond. The Letter is in sity of your speedy performing them perfect preservation, and the copy is is made much more pressing, by new exact in every particular. The com disasters; so that I absolutly Comand mencement and conclusion are parti- you, (what hazard soever that kingcularly striking. Indeed, the forlorn dome may run by it,) personally to and melancholy situation in which bring me all the Forses, of what sort the unhappy Monarch was placed by soever you can draw from thence, and his adverse fortunes, is depicted leave the Governement there (during throughout in language well calcu your absence) in the fittest hands, lated to draw

that you shall judge, to discharge it; iron tears down Pluto's cheek.” for I may not * want you heere to Co

mand those forces wch will be brought Nay, even down the cheeks of that

from thence, and such as from hence stern republican John Milton himself.

shall be joyned to them: But you The Letter is indorsed in the hand

must not understand this as a perwriting of the time thus :-“ His Maties 31 July, 1645."-Rec. 18 Au

mission for you to grant to the Irish

(in case they will not otherwais have gust. By Robi Smith.” In all probability, therefore, it was intercepted. Religion, then what I have allowed

a Peace) any thing more, in matter of Yours, &c.

J. BAKER.

you alreddy; except only in some con

venient parishes, where the much ORMOND, Cardif, 13 July, 1645. greater number ar Papists, I give you

It hath pleased God, by many suc power to permitt them to have some cessive misfortunes, to reduce my af.. places, web they may use as Chapells faires, of late, from a verry prosper

for theire Devotions, if there be no ous condition, to so low an eb, as to other impediment for obtaining a be a perfect tryall of all mens integri- Peace; but I will rather chuse to sufties to me; and you being a person fer all extremities, then ever to abanwhom I consider as most entyrly and don my Religion, and particularly generously resolved to stand and fall ether to English or Irish Rebells, to with your King, I doe principally rely wch effect, I have com’anded Digby to upon you, for your utermost assist wryt to their Agents that were imance in my present hazards : I have ployed hither, giving you power to com’anded Digby to acquaint you at cause, deliver, or suppresse the letter, large, with all particulars of my con as you shall judge best, for my serdition ; what I have to hope, trust vice: To conclude, if the Irish shall too, or feare; wherin you will fynde so unworthily take advantage of my that, if my expectation of Relife out of weake condition, as to press me to Irland be not in some good measure

that wch I cannot grant with a safe and speedely answered, 1 am lykely conscience, and, without it, to reject to be reduced to great extremities. Í a Peace; I com’and you, if you can, hope some of those Expresses I sent to procure a further Cessation ; if you since my misfortune, by the Bat- not, to make what devisions you can taile of Nazeby, ar come to you, and

So in the original.

pray, &c."

son, &c."

292

Petition of Mr. Hickman to Charles II. [April, among them, and rather leave it to

petitioner as in duty bound will for ever the chance of Warr betweene them and those Forces wch you have not Underneath this petition, in the power to draw to my assistance, then same handwriting, but written at a to give my consent to any such al different time, is this observation : lowance of Popery, as must evidently

“ This petition was presented att London bring distruction to that Profession, several times, but to no purpose, about wch, by the grace of God, I shall ever

ye yeare 1688." maintaine through all extremities : 1

And in the margin, this know, Ormond, that I impose a verry hard Taske upon you, but if God pros- sity (his name being Samuell), and made him

“ His eldest son he took from y Univerper me, you will be a happy and glo, captaine of a troop of horse which was all rious subject; If otherwais, you will maintained at his owne proper charge. He perishe nobly and generously, with was killed at Newbery first fite by a cannon and for him, who is

ball, as he was waiting on yo King's perYour constant reall faithfull Frend,

On the back of the paper are some

CHARLES R. verses, written by the petitioner's The Marquis of Ormond.

“ brother Edmund,” to the memory of The words printed in Italics are his father, who died “ye 19th day of interlined.

Septm'. 1703, aged 77.” These verses

are written in a quaint style; but, as MR. URBAN, Mere, April 6.

they express generally only the most I SEND you a copy of an old paper

common sentiments, I shall forbear to in the possession of one of my neigh- transcribe more than a few lines which bours. It is the counterpart of a pe

refer to his pedigree. tition to King Charles the Second,

“ All that I hear shall mention of his line from a Mr. Hickman; whose family is that’twas noble, loyall, and divive (clerical] had suffered from its adherence to the Two Bishops his greate grandsiers by his mo

ther,

[of Carlile t'other. King in the civil war.

Great Pilkington of Durham one, and Mey “ To the King's Most Excellent Mastle. The eldest son of Durham maried Carlile's « The bumble Petition of Nathaniell Hick daughter; [a 12 months after.

man, of West Knoyle, in ye county of From whom his ino'er had her birth about

Wilts ; most humbly sheweth: (In holy orders he) at last they came Dread Soveraigne,

To live at Hambledon i'th' shier of Buck« That in ye late usurpation your Maties

ingham. poore petitioner's father, Thomas Hickman, « Tho's father's line was not so high in was invested of a parsopage in Upton Louell, blood,

[and good; in ye county aforesaid, and dureing the same Yet 'twas devine [clerical] and loyall, just did wholy imploy him selfe at his owne pro He from the worth near the same place did per charges in providing horses and armes and sending forth of his sones and servants Whence this great doctor did of Hambledon ; in vindication of your Maties sacred Father Not meane nor low, as plainly doe appeare, of blessed memory, and in restoration of His grandf' haveing at lest five hundred youre most sacred person, for which your pounds a year; poor petitioner's father was throwne out of Breeding his second son for the priesthood, his parsonage, worth one hundred and twenty A studiant came to th' University. [he pounds p' ann.; plundered of his goods, and Where marring this great Doc's eldest divers times and in severall places imprisoned, daughter, and constrained to purchase his life at great They came to live in Wiltshire shortly after.” cost, and to borrow a hundred pounds to sa The petition, it seems, was pretisfie the avaritious Com’itte; all which ferred "to no purpose :” a fact that losses amounting to one thousand eight coincides with the statement recorded hundrd pounds and upwards. And yor poore petitioner's father, after fourteen years ex

on the page of History, that Charles

the Second “ took no care to reward pulsion from his liveing, departed this miserable life, leaving your poore petitioner two

his former friends, as he had taken hundred pou indebted, and hardly any

few steps to be avenged of his former thing wherewithall to subsist.

enemies." “ Youre petitioner humbly prays your

Yours, &c.

DILETTANTE. sacred Maties commisseration of his sad and deplorable condic'on in some releife as shall This correspondent will find the seeme good to your princ’ly mercy, and yor petition in another form printed in

conie,

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1831.) Families of Hickman, Pilkington, and Mey.

293 Walker's “ Sufferings of the Clergy." lousy of Queen Elizabeth, who in conIt is there in the name of Elizabeth sequence deprived the Bishopric of the widow of the ejected Divine, and 10001, a year, which she settled on the addressed to Lord Chancellor Claren- garrison of Berwick.* In the Bishop's don. Walker adds : “I am loth to epitaph this wife and the four children tell the reader what success, or rather already enumerated are alone named ; what disappointment this moving pe- and the executors appointed by his tition met with, from the hands of that will, were “ Alice Kyngsmill, my now great person to whom it was pre. knowne wife, and Deborah and Ruth sented; and have only to add that Mr. my daughters.” His two Hickman had a temporal estate of died in infancy. about 201. per annum, on which his This evidence might be considered wife and four or five children subsisted sufficient to disprove the accuracy of during the Usurpation; and that his Mr. Hickman's poetical genealogy, immediate successor was one Bradish, did not he claim so immediate a de. an Irishman, of whose ridiculous scent from the Bishop. The precision preaching (not to give it the worse of his statements, however, aided by name which it deserveth) I could let the mystery which involves the prethe reader have a very particular in- late's early domestic history, may jusstance, if modesty would permit me tify the belief that they present some to relate the story."

adumbration of the truth. His other Thomas Hickman was instituted to episcopal descent, from Bishop Mey the rectory of Upton Lovel as early as of Carlisle, is corroborated by several 1619, on the presentation of the authorities, as will be seen hereafter. Crown. It might, perhaps, be difficult Wood gives, in his Athenæ Oxonito trace further the history of his fa. enses, a short article on Dr. Richard mily; but the statement made in the Pilkington. He states him to have verses regarding their episcopal de. been descended from the ancient fascent, will admit of a few observations. mily seated at Pilkington in Lanca

The family of Pilkington was a very shire, which was that of the Bishop; numerous one, as will be seen by re and adds, somewhat remarkably, “but ference to the pedigree in the first vo where born (unless in the County Pal. lume of Surtees's History of Durham, of Durham) I cannot justly say. p. Ixxix, and to that of another branch was sent to St. John's College, Camin Nichols's History of Leicestershire, bridge, “at about 17 years of age,' vol. III. p. 650. But the “great doc- and took the degree of M.A. in 1598. tor of Hambledon," whose name was These dates would fix his birth hardly Richard, and who was also Archdea before 1578, and the Bishop died in con of Leicester, does not occur either 1575-6, which forms another reason among the Bishop's children, or his for discrediting the genealogical poet. numerous nephews. The particulars However, he was instituted to the recpreserved of Bishop Pilkington's do tory of Hambledon in Buckinghammestic history are, that he married shire, on the presentation of Lord late in life, and at first, perhaps from Scrope of Bolton, May 27, 1596.7 In the prejudices of Queen Elizabeth and 1597 he was collated by his father-inher times against a married clergy, law, Bishop Mey, to the Archdeaconry concealed the connection ; that he had of Carlisle ; but he resigned it about four children, whom, after the taste of the end of the next year. The Bishop families inclined to puritanism, he was then dead, and Mr. Pilkington named Joshua, Isaac, Deborah, and was probably no longer anxious to reRuth; that the sons died young; and tain a preferment so distant from his that he saved such large fortunes for living. In 1599 he removed to Queen's the daughters as to provoke the jea. College, Cambridge, and was incorpo

* “ I have heard that Queen Elizabeth, being informed that Dr. Pilkington, Bishop of Durham, had given ten thousand pound in marriage with his daughter, and being offended that a Prelate's daughter should equal a princess in portion [i. e. herself by Henry the Eighth's will), took away one thousand pound a year from that Bishoprick, and assigned it for the better maintenance of the garrison of Berwick."-Strype's Church History, book v.p. 253 ; compare with book ix. p. 109.

† Langley's Desborough Hundred, p. 270.

* Willis's Cathedrals, vol. 1. p. 307. In Hutchinson's Cumberland the name is mis · printed Pickington.

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294 Preservation of St. Saviour's Church recommended. [April, rated Master of Arts in that Univer- part of the Church is in the same sity, Oct. 30. He proceeded B.D. style of architecture as the choir so 1600, and D.D. 1607. In 1618 he lately restored with so much effect by published Parallela : or, the grounds Mr. Gwilt; it was a part of the Church of the new Roman Catholic and of the built in the reign of Henry III. by ancient Christian Religion, out of the Bishop de Rupibus; and, as in all perholy scriptures, compared together; fect Churches the Lady Chapel forms in answer to a late Popish pamphlet, a complete and tasteful finish to the entitled A Manual of Controversies, edifice, more especially so does the ele&c. by A. C. S.” On the 16th of Au. gant structure which forms the eastern gust, 1625, he was collated to the extremity of St. Saviour's. To destroy Archdeaconry of Leicester; and on it would be to inflict on the Church the 19th of September 1631, he was an injury equal to the removal of the buried in the chancel of his church at head from the body of a statue, and Hambledon, in the midst of a violent without it the Church will appear an tempest, on which Anthony à Wood unfinished, half-destroyed, awkward enlarges from the account given to a pile of building. It is true that considersubsequent rector by Dr. Pilkington's able sums of money have been raised by servant; thus concluding: “ certain the parish for the repairs of the choir it is that that most unusual storm did and the transepts, and now, the nave occasion certain odd reports concern

being declared dangerous, a large sum ing the said doctor to be made by the must necessarily be expended upon it; R. Catholics, to whom in general he 20,000l. it is said ; but if the parish had been a bitter enemy in his preach funds are not sufficient, or are not ing and writing.” No epitaph appears

considered applicable to the purposes to have been put over his grave.

of the repairs of the Lady Chapel, Regarding the marriage of Dr. Pilk why is not a subscription solicited ? ington with the daughter of Bishop Let the diocese of Winchester be Mey, the connection is traced not appealed to; for this portion of the only in the preferment of our great building has an especial claim on the doctor” to the Archdeaconry of Car diocese at large, being the spiritual lisle; but in an entry in the parish court for the deanery of Southwark. register of Hambledon, which records To the public it has claims of an exthe burial, Dec. 20, 1620, of Amey tensive nature; as a beautiful specimen Mey, widow to the Bishop of Carlisle.* of ancient architecture it would inteIt is also mentioned by Anthony à rest the antiquary and the man of Wood, in his memoir of William taste, and as the scene of the trials of Crompton, the author of several works some of the martyrs of the Reformain divinity, and preacher of the word tion, it has claims upon all who cherish of God at Little Kimble in Bucking an object on account of historical recol. hamshire. Being acquainted with lections connected with it. But the exDr. Rich. Pilkington, rector of Ham pense of the reparations necessary for bleton in the said county, he married the stability and decency of appearance one of his daughters, begotten on the of the structure, is not the only reason body of his wife the dau. of Dr. John for its destruction. The London Bridge Mey, sometime Bishop of Carlisle, approaches, which are peculiarly iniand received from him instructions to mical to Churches, are said to interproceed in his theological studies, and fere with it, and that the Committee withal an inveterate averseness to which directs these works has depopery, or any thing that looked that

creed its destruction; for what reason way.”'t

I cannot tell, as a carriage road now

passes between it and the Bridge, and Mr. URBAN,

March 30. which will become useless when the THE altar-screen of York Minster Bridge is finished. has been saved from destruction by I therefore take this opportunity of the exertions of the press. I have appealing, through your pages, to all now to call for the aid of the same interested in the preservation of a power to avert the threatened de structure so elegant, with the confident molition of the Lady Chapel of St. hope that when it shall be known that Saviour's Church, Southwark. This this wanton act of mischief and barba

rity is to take place, that a degree of * Willis, 1. 293.

interest commensurate with the im+ Athenæ (edit. Bliss), vol. 111. col. 23. portance of the structure, will be ex

66

1831.) Remains at St. Michael's, Crooked-lane.

295 cited, and that its threatened fate will to have been constructed about the be averted.

conclusion of the twelfth century. The proposed mutilation of St. Sa- The angle of the centre pier was viour's Church leads me to another worked into a small pillar between a sacred edifice destroyed by the same torus and a cavetto, the latter situated system of improvement which threa. on the return of the pier; the capitals tens so severe a visitation to this inte- of the small columns are now mutiresting structure ; and with reference lated, but were enriched with simple to St. Michael's Church, I beg to ob- leaves. This style of decoration was serve that the two pointed arches re essentially Norman, and is found in ferred to by A. J. K. (March Mag. p. the earliest specimens of pointed ar196,) could not have formed any part chitecture. From the circumstances of a College built by Sir William Wal- of the Norman mouldings being acworth, inasmuch as the style of ar. companied with pointed windows, I chitecture of the remains belongs to a am induced to fix the conclusion of period nearly two centuries earlier. the 12th century as the age of the This relic of ancient London adjoined structure; and I do not assign an earthe southern wall of the vestry room lier period, because the Temple Church, of St. Michael's Church, and was pre- built in 1185, of which the main arches vious to the destruction of that edifice are pointed, has circular-headed winconcealed by some vaults which were dows, and the circumstance of Nortenanted by a basket-maker, and ap man mouldings being found, forbid proached from Crooked-lane by a flap the assumption of a more recent date. door. The remains consisted of the The accompanying slight sketch piers appertaining to two vaulted preserves the appearance of the recompartments of a crypt, and appear mains.

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The windows being placed so high, the cellar, that it closely resembled show that it was a crypt to which the vaults discovered on the site of the they belonged, the vaulting in all New Post Office. These cellars, howbasement structures being made to ever, did not form any part of the rise in a sloping direction to the crown crypt, but were not earlier than the of the window arch, which it would Reformation, or perhaps the Fire of otherwise conceal.

London. I always considered the The cellar which contained the re- vaults of St. Martin's to have no older mains was groined in stone, the vault- date than the destruction of the moing being sustained on square piers; and nastery; and I felt this opinion to be it will occur to the historian of St. Mar- corroborated by the cellar in Crookedtin-le-Grand, who doubtless recollects lane.

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