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ons had

1831.) Families of Hickman, Pilkington, and Mey.

293 Walker's “ Sufferings of the Clergy." lousy of Queen Elizabeth, who in conIt is there in the name of Elizabeth sequence deprived the Bishopric of the widow of the ejected Divine, and 10001, a year, which she settled on the addressed to Lord Chancellor Claren- garrison of Berwick.* In the Bishop's don. Walker adds : “I am loth to epitaph this wife and the four children tell the reader what success, or rather already enumerated are alone named ; what disappointment this moving pe- and the executors appointed by his tition met with, from the hands of that will, were “ Alice Kyngsmill, my now great person to whom it was pre. knowne wife, and Deborah and Ruth sented; and have only to add that Mr. my daughters.” His two Hickman had a temporal estate of died in infancy. about 201. per annum, on which his This evidence might be considered wife and four or five children subsisted sufficient to disprove the accuracy of during the Usurpation; and that his Mr. Hickman's poetical genealogy, immediate successor was one Bradish, did not he claim so immediate a de. an Irishman, of whose ridiculous scent from the Bishop. The precision preaching (not to give it the worse of his statements, however, aided by name which it deserveth) I could let the mystery which involves the prethe reader have a very particular in- late's early domestic history, may jusstance, if modesty would permit me tify the belief that they present some to relate the story."

adumbration of the truth. His other Thomas Hickman was instituted to episcopal descent, from Bishop Mey the rectory of Upton Lovel as early as of Carlisle, is corroborated by several 1619, on the presentation of the authorities, as will be seen hereafter. Crown. It might, perhaps, be difficult Wood gives, in his Athenæ Oxonito trace further the history of his fa. enses, a short article on Dr. Richard mily; but the statement made in the Pilkington. He states him to have verses regarding their episcopal de. been descended from the ancient fascent, will admit of a few observations. mily seated at Pilkington in Lanca

The family of Pilkington was a very shire, which was that of the Bishop; numerous one, as will be seen by re- and adds, somewhat remarkably, “but ference to the pedigree in the first vo- where born (unless in the County Pal. lume of Surtees's History of Durham, of Durham) I cannot justly say. p. Ixxix, and to that of another branch was sent to St. John's College, Camin Nichols's History of Leicestershire, bridge, “at about 17 years of age,' vol. III. p. 650. But the “great doc- and took the degree of M.A. in 1598. tor of Hambledon," whose name was These dates would fix his birth hardly Richard, and who was also Archdea before 1578, and the Bishop died in con of Leicester, does not occur either 1575-6, which forms another reason among the Bishop's children, or his for discrediting the genealogical poet. numerous nephews. The particulars However, he was instituted to the recpreserved of Bishop Pilkington's do tory of Hambledon in Buckinghammestic history are, that he married shire, on the presentation of Lord late in life, and at first, perhaps from Scrope of Bolton, May 27, 1596.7 In the prejudices of Queen Elizabeth and 1597 he was collated by his father-inher times against a married clergy, law, Bishop Mey, to the Archdeaconry concealed the connection ; that he had of Carlisle ; but he resigned it about four children, whom, after the taste of the end of the next year. The Bishop families inclined to puritanism, he was then dead, and Mr. Pilkington named Joshua, Isaac, Deborah, and was probably no longer anxious to reRuth; that the sons died young; and tain a preferment so distant from his that he saved such large fortunes for living. In 1599 he removed to Queen's the daughters as to provoke the jea. College, Cambridge, and was incorpo

* “ I have heard that Queen Elizabeth, being informed that Dr. Pilkington, Bishop of Durham, had given ten thousand pound in marriage with his daughter, and being offended that a Prelate's daughter should equal a princess in portion [i. e. herself by Henry the Eighth's will), took away one thousand pound a year from that Bishoprick, and assigned it for the better maintenance of the garrison of Berwick."-Strype's Church History, book v.p. 253 ; compare with book ix. p. 109.

† Langley's Desborough Hundred, p. 270.

* Willis's Cathedrals, vol. 1. p. 307. In Hutchinson's Cumberland the name is mis · printed Pickington.

294 Preservation of St. Saviour's Church recommended. [April, rated Master of Arts in that Univer- part of the Church is in the same sity, Oct. 30. He proceeded B.D. style of architecture as the choir so 1600, and D.D. 1607. In 1618 he lately restored with so much effect by published “ Parallela : or, the grounds Mr. Gwilt; it was a part of the Church of the new Roman Catholic and of the built in the reign of Henry III. by ancient Christian Religion, out of the Bishop de Rupibus; and, as in all perholy scriptures, compared together; fect Churches the Lady Chapel forms in answer to a late Popish pamphlet, a complete and tasteful finish to the entitled A Manual of Controversies, edifice, more especially so does the ele&c. by A. C.S.” On the 16th of Au- gant structure which forms the eastern gust, 1625, he was collated to the extremity of St. Saviour's. To destroy Archdeaconry of Leicester; and on it would be to inflict on the Church the 19th of September 1631, he was an injury equal to the removal of the buried in the chancel of his church at head from the body of a statue, and Hambledon, in the midst of a violent without it the Church will appear an tempest, on which Anthony à Wood unfinished, half-destroyed, awkward enlarges from the account given to a pile of building. It is true that considersubsequent rector by Dr. Pilkington's able sums of money have been raised by servant; thus concluding: “ certain the parish for the repairs of the choir it is that that most unusual storm did and the transepts, and now, the nave occasion certain odd reports concern- being declared dangerous, a large sum ing the said doctor to be made by the must necessarily be expended upon it; R. Catholics, to whom in general he 20,000l. it is said ; but if the parish had been a bitter enemy in his preach- funds are not sufficient, or are not ing and writing.” No epitaph appears

considered applicable to the purposes to have been put over his grave.

of the repairs of the Lady Chapel, Regarding the marriage of Dr. Pilk- why is not a subscription solicited ? ington with the daughter of Bishop Let the diocese of Winchester be Mey, the connection is traced not appealed to; for this portion of the only in the preferment of our “great building has an especial claim on the doctor” to the Archdeaconry of Car- diocese at large, being the spiritual lisle; but in an entry in the parish court for the deanery of Southwark. register of Hambledon, which records To the public it has claims of an exthe burial, Dec. 20, 1620, of Amey tensive nature; as a beautiful specimen Mey, widow to the Bishop of Carlisle.* of ancient architecture it would inte. It is also mentioned by Anthony à rest the antiquary and the man of Wood, in his memoir of William taste, and as the scene of the trials of Crompton, the author of several works some of the martyrs of the Reformain divinity, and preacher of the word tion, it has claims upon all who cherish of God at Little Kimble in Bucking- an object on account of historical recol. hamshire. “Being acquainted with lections connected with it. But the exDr. Rich. Pilkington, rector of Ham- pense of the reparations necessary for bleton in the said county, he married the stability and decency of appearance one of his daughters, begotten on the of the structure, is not the only reason body of his wife the dau. of Dr. John for its destruction. The London Bridge Mey, sometime Bishop of Carlisle, approaches, which are peculiarly iniand received from him instructions to mical to Churches, are said to interproceed in his theological studies, and fere with it, and that the Committee withal an inveterate averseness to which directs these works has depopery, or any thing that looked that

creed its destruction; for what reason I cannot tell, as a carriage road now

passes between it and the Bridge, and Mr. URBAN,

March 30. which will become useless when the THE altar-screen of York Minster Bridge is finished. has been saved from destruction by I therefore take this opportunity of the exertions of the press. I have appealing, through your pages, to all now to call for the aid of the same interested in the preservation of a power to avert the threatened de- structure so elegant, with the confident molition of the Lady Chapel of St. hope that when it shall be known that Saviour's Church, Southwark. This this wanton act of mischief and barba

rity is to take place, that a degree of * Willis, 1. 293.

interest commensurate with the im+ Athenæ (edit. Bliss), vol. 111. col. 23. portance of the structure, will be ex


1831.) Remains at St. Michael's, Crooked-lane.

295 cited, and that its threatened fate will to have been constructed about the be averted.

conclusion of the twelfth century. The proposed mutilation of St. Sa- The angle of the centre pier was viour's Church leads me to another worked into a small pillar between a sacred edifice destroyed by the same torus and a cavetto, the latter situated system of improvement which threa. on the return of the pier; the capitals tens so severe a visitation to this inte- of the small columns are now mutiresting structure ; and with reference lated, but were enriched with simple to St. Michael's Church, I beg to ob- leaves. This style of decoration was serve that the two pointed arches re- essentially Norman, and is found in ferred to by A. J. K. (March Mag. p. the earliest specimens of pointed ar196,) could not have formed any part chitecture. From the circumstances of a College built by Sir William Wal- of the Norman mouldings being acworth, inasmuch as the style of ar. companied with pointed windows, I chitecture of the remains belongs to a am induced to fix the conclusion of period nearly two centuries earlier. the 12th century as the age of the This relic of ancient London adjoined structure; and I do not assign an earthe southern wall of the vestry room lier period, because the Temple Church, of St. Michael's Church, and was pre- built in 1185, of which the main arches vious to the destruction of that edifice are pointed, has circular-headed winconcealed by some vaults which were dows, and the circumstance of Nortenanted by a basket-maker, and ap- man mouldings being found, forbid proached from Crooked-lane by a flap the assumption of a more recent date. door. The remains consisted of the The accompanying slight sketch piers appertaining to two vaulted preserves the appearance of the recompartments of a crypt, and appear mains.

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The windows being placed so high, the cellar, that it closely resembled show that it was a crypt to which the vaults discovered on the site of the they belonged, the vaulting in all New Post Office. These cellars, howbasement structures being made to ever, did not form any part of the rise in a sloping direction to the crown crypt, but were not earlier than the of the window arch, which it would Reformation, or perhaps the Fire of otherwise conceal.

London. I always considered the The cellar which contained the re- vaults of St. Martin's to have no older mains was groined in stone, the vault- date than the destruction of the moing being sustained on square piers; and nastery; and I felt this opinion to be it will occur to the historian of St. Mar- corroborated by the cellar in Crookedtin-le-Grand, who doubtless recollects lane.

296 Family of Rodney.-- Registers of London Chapels. [April,

I think it will now be admitted that which Sir George Rodney wrote in his the remains in question cannot form blood in the Topographer, vol. I. part of a College built by Sir Wm. George Brydges of Avington was Walworth late in the 14th century; maternal half-brother to the Duke of and so far A. J. K. will acknowledge Shrewsbury, and descended from Tho. the correction. Might not these arches mas Brydges of Keynsham, co. Som. have formed part of the mansion call- and Cornbury, co. Oxon, in which last ed the Leaden Porch ? A similar crypt

church he was buried,—who was and nearly coeval with it, belonged younger brother of John first Lord to Gisor's Hall. There are some very

Chandos. See the succession of Moconsiderable remains eastward of the numents and Inscriptions in Keynsham site of the destroyed Church, the Church, printed in the last edition of origin of which I am happy to see is Collins's Peerage. likely to be elucidated by a gentleman George Brydges was the last of the who has bestowed so much attention male line of his own very honourable upon the early history and antiqui- branch, and left his large estates to ties of the Metropolis as your Corre- the last Duke of Chandos, who died spondent, and I anticipate much re- 1789, to keep up the name and honours search and information from his en- of the family. See also Hargrave's suing communications.

Law Tracts, regarding the manor of I would in conclusion observe, that Villiers in Ireland, which came from the old Church is said to have had its the Countess of Shrewsbury, the mosite where the parsonage house was ther of George Brydges, who was subsequently built; if so, we must be drowned in his canal at Avington near led to seek for the foundations of the Winchester,

M. L. earlier structure among the remains of the ancient and massy walls which


April 12. were disclosed near the south-east IT will be well known to your reaangle of the modern Church, but ders that previously to the Marriage which do not indicate that the origi- Act in 1753, marriages were performnal was a “small mean building,” as ed at the several Chapels in and about it is said to have been. I shall there- London, Since the Act came into fore read with interest A. J. K.'s con- operation, the registers of these marjectures on the probable antiquity and riages have in many instances found destination of walls so compactly and their way into private hands; but as it strongly built as are the remains in is most desirable that their existence question.

E. I. C. and the place of their deposit should

be known, I have to request that any Mr. URBAN,

April 10. information which your readers can GENERAL MUNDY, in his Life contribute, may be contributed through

à List of of Lord Rodney (reviewed in p. 244), your medium. I annex has given rather à blundering account Chapels, the Registers of which I have of the great Admiral's ancient family. not hitherto been able to discover. He was not brought up under the pa- Lamb's Chapel. St. John's (Bedfordtronage of the Duke of Chandos, to Knightsbridge. row). whom he was not at all related; but Berwick-street. Serjeants' Inn. of old George Rodney Brydges of Bancroft’s. Spring Garden.

Dacre's. Avington and Keynsham, whose grand

Wheeler's, Spital-fids. Dean-street, Soho.

Wood-st. Compter. mother was the heiress of the elder

Ely House.

Hammersmith. branch of the Rodneys. It is doubtful whether the Admiral could produce Grosvenor-square.

Great Queen-street. Chelsea College.

Southgate. strict proof of his descent from a

Hill's, Rochester-row. Poplar, younger son of that venerable house; Kingsland.

Ilford. though he is called grandson of An- King-st. Oxford-st. Brentwood. thony, stated to be son of George by Long Acre.

Romford. Anne Lake (misprinted Jakes, p. 26), London House. Ashford. widow of Lord Roos, of whom see the Westminster, New. Hounslow. curious history in Memoirs of King New-st. St. Giles's. Hampton Court. James's Peers; and see the prosecu


Fulhani Palace. tion against her husband for incest, Oxford (Marylebone). Highgate. and the consequences to her father Sir Queen-sq. (Westmr.) Kentish Town. Thomas Lake; * see also the poem

Yours, &c,

J. S. B. * If Lord Rodney was descended from this George Rodney by this Anne Lake, then he was related also to the Duke of Chandos's branch, though very remotely.

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