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ST MARY'S CHAPEL, LASIBETH.

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Anshitect Sarage

HOLY TRINITY CHURCH, CHE".SE...

1831.)
St. Mary's Chapel, Lambeth.

297 NEW CHURCHES.—No. XXX. arch, a tolerably fair copy of a geSt. Mary's CHAPEL, LAMBETH

nuine window of the 15th century; Butts.

and in the side divisions are lofty Architect, Bedford.

niches with ogee canopies, of a per

fect modern design. The entire front THE distinction between a Church rises to a pediment, the cornice ornaand Chapel of Ease is purely eccle- mented in the same style as the porch. siastical; in point of architecture and Above the front is a turret of entirely arrangement, both descriptions of edi- modern design, rising from the ridge fice have every part and member in of the pointed roof. It consists first of common. We see a Chapel with the

a low square basement; then of an plan and detail of a Cathedral, and a

octangular plinth, with dials : to this Parish Church little raised in point succeeds a lantern of the same form, of appearance above the tithe barn, consisting of eight arches divided by Bụt our modern architects think and buttresses ending in pinnacles; and act otherwise ; they make a broad the whole is closed with a spire endistinction between the design of a riched with a few “ fancy” mouldings, church and that intended for a cha- and crowned with a cross. Yet, al. pel; if they have occasion to erect though it is made into so many parts, an edifice of the latter denomina- the entire steeple, possesses neither tion, they take the nearest Meeting- elevation nor magnitude. house as their model, and finding The flanks of the building are uniit necessary that some provision form ; they are each made into six should be made for a bell, they set divisions by buttresses terminated by a cage or turret upon one of the pinnacles. In every division, except gables, copied either from the watch

the first, is a window divided into box, when such things existed, or two lights by a mullion, with a quathe first public stables. - Lambeth trefoil in the head of the arch, of a Chapel, which forms the first sub

modern and unsanctioned design, difject of the engraving (Plate I.) is a fering from the window in the west building of this class, although it front, and very inferior to it. The differs from some others in being arch is most awkwardly constructed; erected in what the architect would, I it is slightly curved at the haunches, suppose, designate the Gothic style. but the remainder is formed of two The body of the structure consists of straight lines, ending in an obtuse an oblong square, without aisles or

angle. The first window from the chancel, and covered with a slated roof, west is lancet-formed, and below it is and the whole might pass for a verita. an entrance, which with admirable ble Meeting-house, were it not for a propriety is lintelled, instead of being pyramidal composition perched on the arched. western gable, and intended of course The east end “is a comely wall of for a steeple. Viewing the structure brick ;” it has a large window in the in detail, we shall observe on the on- centre with mullions and tracery, the set, that it is not an imitation of any latter crossed in the Chinese style. style which prevailed in the ancient

THE INTERIOR history of Pointed architecture, but is a production entirely of the Wyatt is equal in all its parts to the outside. school, a complete specimen of Car- It is made into a nave and aisles by penter's Gothic. The western front five clusters of columns; an arrangeis made by buttresses into three divi. ment perfectly unnecessary, and as it sions, the angles being crowned with is not indicated by the external con, slender and ill-formed pinnacles. 'struction, at variance with utility as In the centre is a porch with an well as precedent. The architect's obtuse arch and a low gable; the idea of a column is evidently taken inclined cornice being ornamented

from a scaffold pole ; four such poles with some puerile arch-formed or

united in a cruciform plan, with rings naments, copied perhaps from some round the tops to prevent their splitof the pasteboard watch-cases which ting, gives the design of each cluster are sold at the fancy stationers. Above -a genuine carpenter's composition; is a window of three lights, with per- and with admirable consistency, the pendicular mullions in the head of the four, though they have different capi. Gent. Mag. April, 1831.

298
Holy Trinity Church, Chelsea.

[April, tals, have a common base. From these and porches, with two octagon towers. piers a slender arch moulding divides The west front is the only decorated the ceiling into three divisions in part of the exterior. It consists of a breadth, and it is again made into six façade before the main building, not in length; the mouldings springing extending the whole breadth. This from the columns are intended for an façade is composed of a central porimitation of a groined stone roof. It tion between two towers; the former is, however, merely a flimsy modern commences with a porch, the arch of composition in plaster, neither re- which is pointed, and covered with sembling in substance or design the an ogee canopy, ending in a pedestal. groined roofs of antiquity. The three Within the porch are three entrances aisles are of equal altitude ; conse- to the Church, the arches of which quently the centre, which is broader are also pointed, and the roof is of than the lateral divisions, forms an stone groined; the bosses are not yet angle more obtuse than the others. carved. This entrance is an evident

A gallery occupies the two aisles, imitation of the principal entrance to and the western end of the Chapel; the Winchester Cathedral, built by Bp. front has no mouldings.

Edington A. D. 1330. Immediately In the western portion is an organ over the porch is a triple lancet winin a case of oak, ornamented with dow, in the style of the Temple pinnacles. At the east end of the Church, A.D. 1260, but which is imaisles a small portion is taken off for proved according to the architect's a vestry on one side, and on the other notions, by the addition of sweeps a porch. Both these portions are of Tudor architecture, to the soffites fronted towards the altar with pews. of the heads of the lights. Above Some iron-work is here applied, of a this is a handsome trefoil richly ornaspurious design, having something mented in the style of the 14th centhe appearance of the canopy of an tury, which incloses a circle for a dial. ancient tomb.

The whole is finished with a gable, The altar screen is beneath the surmounted by a cross.

The towers eastern window; it is made into six are each made into two principal stoarched compartments, with the usual ries, and are manifest imitations of inscriptions. In the window above the oriel windows seen in domestic is some ornamental glass, among buildings of Tudor architecture. The which is a cross surmounted by a first story is lofty, and commences holy Lamb.

with a plain stylobate, to which suc. The pulpit and desks are grouped ceeds two series of Tudor lights with in the centre aisle, and have nothing cinquefoil heads, inscribed in squares ; remarkable about them.

above this is a frieze and blockings, The font is octangular, on a pan

and an embattled parapet, each angle nelled pedestal. It is placed in the of the structure being ornamented central aisle below the western gallery. with a pinnacle. To this oriel window

The Chapel will contain 613 per- or tower, or whatever else it may be sons in pews, and 1347 in free seats, called, of the 16th century, succeeds making a total of 1960. The amount an addition in the style of two centuof the contract was 76341. 10s. 4d. ries earlier, being an octagon lantern

It was commenced in May 1827, and spire; the first has lancet lights and consecrated by the present Bishop in four of its faces, each accompanied of Winchester on the 26th Aug. 1828. by two pinnacles, within which rises

a spire remarkably slender in its proTHE CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY, portions ; it is ribbed at the angles, SLOANE-STREET, CHELSEA. and of an earlier period than the lanArchitect, Savage.

tern and pinnacles : it is crowned

with a large finial. The façade which This Church is situated near the we have described is flanked by two bottom of Sloane-street; it is partly sub-porches, which make up the concealed by adjacent buildings, the breadth of the west front. This ill. west part ranging with the houses on consorted jumble of the architecture the eastern side of the street.

of all ages is a perfect anti-climax. The plan is a parallelogram. At If the architect designed to display the east end is a small chancel, and his ingenuity in the union of every at the western extremity are lobbies period and variety of Pointed archi

1831.]
Holy Trinity Church, Chelsea.

299 tecture, ecclesiastical as well as civil, The altar screen is an imitation of he has taken an odd method of effect- stone; it is formed of six arched coming his intention : he commences with partments, surmounted with angular the latest, he continues with an early canopies ; it is not inscribed with the specimen, to which he adds another still Decalogue or any other subject.* earlier, and crowns the whole by revert- The pulpit and reading desk are ing back to the period he set out with ; alike; they are situated on each side he begins with the style in its dotage, of the Church at a short distance from and ends with it in its infancy, form- the chancel, and are obtrusive and ing an association as unfortunate as inelegant. many other ill-starred unions in this The font, in a pew near the west world—as an aged bridegroom and a entrance, is an octagon basin, ornayouthful bride ; and in the contrast mented with quatrefoil panels, on a of the richness of the Tudor decora- pillar of the same form. tions with the plainness of the spire, It has been our lot on more than as ridiculous as the affected finery of one occasion to deprecate the anomathe said old beau by the side of the lies which modern architects introunadorned beauty of his consort. duce into buildings which deservedly

The flanks of the Church are not enough bear the appellation of Gothic, visible in a front view; they are built but never in our experience did we of brick, and each has two series of witness a structure containing such a windows, the lower square, with series of essays against propriety as a mullion in the alms-house style; the present displays. Of Mr. Savage the upper pointed and divided by a we augured better things from the pamullion into two lights, with a large rish church; but, as if determined to quatrefoil in the head of the arch, a show how completely he could disapcommon introduction in windows of point his admirers, he has here set up the 14th century.

a structure without any uniformity in The east end has no windows; the its parts, and possessing no resemflanks of the chancel have each a sin- blance to any style of decoration gle light, with cinquefoil head, and which prevailed in this country in the eastern elevation is finished with any one period. It is unnecessary to a gable and cross.

repeat that the Pointed style, accord

ing to the æras of its existence, exhi. THE INTERIOR

bits various and different forms in the Is approached from the lobbies be- construction of its arches, in the arhind the western façade. The inter- rangement of its parts, and in the nanal openings are lintelled, and in the ture of its decorations; it is also untowers are winding stairs communi- necessary to add that the domestic cating with the galleries. The body architecture of the Tudor period, of the Church is not divided into nave though alike in detail, differed in arand aisles ; it is covered with an ho- rangement from ecclesiastical buildrizontal ceiling pannelled by mould- ings. Dr. Milner enumerates three ings into square compartments, the distinct orders of pointed architecture. principal mouldings drop down the To blend them together in one buildside walls, and end in corbels. The ing, is an evidence not only of bad whole is coloured in imitation of taste, but of defective information. stone, though it would be a bold step We may be answered, that if the to construct such a ceiling of that building is an elegant object, it matmaterial. A gallery with oak front ters not of what parts it is composed. occupies the west end and the two To so futile an argument we reply sides of the Church, and a smaller that it would have been equally beaugallery is also constructed above it at tiful, if the eye of the critic and man the west end, with seats for charity of taste had not been insulted by its children, and intended, we presume, discrepancies. Suppose an architect to contain an organ.

was possessed with a fancy to add the

* The omission of the usual inscriptions in the altar screens of this and the parish churches, may be attributed to the remarks made on the subject in our description of St. Luke's Church (vol. xcvi. i. p. 204), and a subsequent correspondence thereon between A Looker on," G. C. and E.I.C. vols, xcvi. ii. page 588, xcvii. i. p. 212, ibid.

P

413.

300
Account of St. Bees, Cumberland.

[April, capital of the Corinthian order to a our country, may in a great measure Tuscan column, and crown the whole be attributed to the essays and the with the Doric entablature; if, with a criticisms which have appeared in our view to novelty, he was moreover to pages, and to the exertions of no one make the Doric triglyphs give way to individual more than the late J. cartouches, and the mutules to a den- Carter. til band, his professional brethren This Church will accommodate 752, would unanimously laugh at him; he persons

in
pews,

and 650 in free seats, would be cried down as an ignorant making a total of 1402. The archiblunderer, and it would avail him tect's estimate was 70251. It was nothing to say, that if his building commenced in May, 1828, and conlooked well as a whole, he cared not secrated May 8, 1830.

E.I.C. for the harmony of the parts.

We shall be told that such a combina- Mr. URBAN, tion as we have instanced, is too ab- THE village of Saint Bees is situsurd to have a moment's existence.

ated on the coast of Cumberland, iri We believe so, as far as classical archi

that quintuple division of the county tecture is concerned; yet quite as in- called Allerdale Ward* above Derwent. consistent is the combination which

Its position is remarkable. From Saint we have shown to exist in the structure

Bees to Whitehaven, a distance of about now under consideration. To account

four miles, there is a narrow vale enfor the erection on the reason assign- tirely separating the high lands on the ed for the sometimes discordant parts coast from the interior. From the of genuine ancient building, viz. that general appearance of the soil, and the whole is not the work of one pe- the discovery of an anchor some years riod, it will be necessary to suppose since, about the centre of this vale, it that Mr. Savage first constructed his

is probable that it was formerly an spires in the 13th century, and left arm of the sea. This opinion is corthem suspended in the air for four

roborated by the descent of the ground hundred years,

when he tardily added each way, which is evinced by the an oriel window to support them; but small rivulet Poe, or Poe-beck, rising as this did not reach to the spire, a about the middle of the vale, and flowlantern of a period between both, is ing with an easy current into the sea wedged in to fill up the gap; and to

at Whitehaven, while the other part keep the taper finish in its place, a

of it, rising nearly at the same spot, heavy finial, of a date coeval with the

falls into the ocean at Saint Bees. In basement, is added to the top. The fact, the hilly ground supposed to be architect then turns his attention to

thus formerly isolated, is distinguishhis principal window, which, con- ed in ancient deeds by the appellation trasted with his spires, hangs like Ma- of Preston Isle. Proceeding along the homet's coffin in the air for at least

summit of Preston Isle, or, as it is two centuries, when a porch and a

now called, Preston Quarter, a distant gable are built, both differing from the

view of the Isle of Man, with its earlier work, and equally at variance northern bicephalous mountain, may with the accompanying spires and be obtained with the naked eye. Here oriel windows.

too is the disjointed rock standing at We have treated this building at

some distance from the rest, separated great length, because we wish to ex

by a tremendous chasm called “Lawpose such fallacies, to show them in

son's Leap,” some adventurous Nimtheir proper light, to prove that they rod of that name having formerly are the spurious creations of the pen- cleared it in the excitation of the cil of a fantastic designer, and not fair chase. Nature has been here exerting specimens of the truly beautiful Point,

herself in the formation of the rocks ed style, and by so doing to warn into the rude semblance of the ruins architects from following (what they of a church, called Kelsoe Kirk. Asare very prone to do) the flimsy productions of each other, instead of re

* When England was divided iv 878, the curring to original examples and ge

subdivisions in Cumbria were called wards, nuine models ; and we feel the more and not hundreds as in most other couninterested, as we are convinced that

ties, from the watching and warding necesthe present advanced state of know

sary against the incursions of the Scots and ledge of the national architecture of Irish.

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