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Letter of Hartlib on Death of Des Cartes. [April, tain to an old age, much longer and more shew'n you, if j had had the happines happy than we do now. However, twelve

to have seene you once more before years after this declaration was made, our

you went from hence. And that more philosopher died.”

and better observations may bee made, Samuel Hartlib, the writer of the j shal in like manner endeavor that present epistle, was the son of a Pofish merchant. He settled in England those

both the Univ. may bee endowed with

räre optical treasures from about 1640; and at the period when

Augsburg. the country was impoverished by the

Yesterday I received a most sad civil war, and the country gentlemen and inixpected answer from my friends were glad to forget their political mis

at Amsterdam, bidding mee not to fortunes, and repair their shattered estates by agricultural employment, d. Carts, in as much as hee was de

urge any more accounts from Mons. gained considerable celebrity by his parted this world at Stockholme the scientific treatises on “ Husbandry.” 1 of Febr. styl. nov. in the French Cromwell, in consequence, granted Ambassador's house there. Hee rehim a pension of 3001. a year. A me

fused to take any physick but when moir of him will be found in Chal

it was too late ; hee was let blood mers's Biographical Dictionary. Of his correspondent Dr. Henry Q. doth hugely lament his death, and

thrice a day, but all in vaine. The More, there is also an article in that hath caused his whole effigies cuvaluable repository of biography, and riously to bee made in wax. Hee his life was published in 8vo, 1710, dyed of the same disease that Dr. by the Rev. Richard Ward, M.A. On Kinner, w'ch was a pleurisy: One first repairing to Cambridge, More, as

that knew him pretty well, told mee he himself tells us, “plunged himself

lately some strange th* [things] of immediately over head and ears in

him. For hee said that hee had acphilosophy,” and in the course of his quainted some of his best friends with studies, he became so captivated with the Platonic writers and mystic di- dies, w'ch should mainly tend to give

the whole designe of his life and stuvines, as to acquire the character of an enthusiast. He passed the greater the prolongation of natural life. For,

us at last a compleate Philosophy, with part of his life in close retirement at privatly to his confiding friends Cambridge, pursuing his philosophical would not stick to assert that it was studies; and, we are told, “had a great esteem for Des Cartes, with health as that wee might live without

possible in nature so to order one's whom he held a correspondence upon sicknesses to a thous. y. and that several points of his philosophy.” hims. did not despaire to arrive at Notwithstanding his speculative opi- such a period. And to accomplish the nions, he was accounted a man of the

better his learned Designe, after he most ardent piety, and wrote, some

came from the Warres, he made choice theological works, particularly “The of the Low c. as the freest Co’monw. Mystery of Godliness,” which were

where hee might live without conexceedingly popular. He died Sept. troule and as hee pleased, having put 1, 1687, aged 72.

the sum’e of 10 thous. gilders or more London, the 16 of March, 1649. upon life-rent, as they call it, wherby SIR, I should have taken it for a hee had a full subsistence as long as great favor, if you had bestowed upon hee should live. I shal now enquire mee a second visit, when you were not so much after the truth of this last at London. For j suppose it story, as what hee hath left of those would not have been impossible, but excellent gifts yet vnpublished which that wee should have agreed with Mr. are likelier to last a thous. y. and Word concerning time and place, preserve the effigies of his soule far when and where to have entertained better then any wax can doe that of you with the rare Perspective Glasse his body. Thus beseeching God so to w'ch hee brought from beyond the teach us to number our days that wee Seas. But, to make amends, j shall may apply our hearts unto wisdome, never cease till j have obtained one of I subscribe myselfe alw. Sir, your Hevelius' Selenographia for the Pub very respective and faithful friend to lique Library at Camb. as j have done

serve you,

SAM. HARTLIB. already a most stately one for Oxf. For his worthy and much honoured Library, w'ch the Author sent lately Friend Mr. Henry More, Fellow to my hands, and w'ch j could have of Christ's Coll. in Cambridge.

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ROWDELL, IN THE PARISH OF WASHINGTON, SUSSEX.

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1831.]
Rowdell and Shermanbury, Sussex.

305 OLD MANSIONS IN SUSSEX, of Washington, Bart. The estate afTHE accompanying views are spe terwards passed through several hands cimens of the vignettes with which, to Charles Goring, Esq. who died in in addition to an unusual number of 1821 ; he pulled down the old manplates, the recently published volume sion, and built the present house, of the History of Western Sussex, by which is of a much less picturesque the Rev. Edmund Cartwright, F.S.A. appearance. is very richly embellished. * They SHERMANBURY is a parish contirepresent two old mansions in Sussex, guous to West Grinstead on the east. one of which has been entirely pulled From the time of the Conquest to the down, and the other materially altered. year 1349, the manor belonged to the

Washington is a name well known family of de Bucy. In 1349, Hugh to the visitants of Worthing, as one de Bucy died, leaving two daughters, of the last places on the road to that Sibil, the wife of Sir John de Islesbon, flourishing watering-place, on the and Joan, the wife of Sir William de confines of the downs. RowDELL, an Fyfhide. Although a fine had been estate consisting of 277 acres, is si- levied, in 1336, for settling the manor tuated about a quarter of a mile on of Shermanbury on the former parthe west of the church. It was the ties, on a division of the property, residence of Thomas Byne, who died John and Sibil assigned it to Sir Wiíin 1513, directing his body to be bu- liam de Fyfhide and Joan his wife ; ried before the image of St. Nicholas and also, by another deed, renounced in the church of Washington, and be

in favour of William and Joan their queathing his estate of Rowdell to his claim to the right of the coat of arms, son William. William married Alice, crest, and helmet belonging to the late daughter of Richard Culpeper of Hugh de Bucy. Sir William de FyfWakehurst, by whom he had John, hide dying in 1362, the manor dewhose epitaph'in Washington Church scended to his son of the same names; is as follows:

on whose death, in 1387, this manor “Hic jacet corpus Johannis Byne, ar

and advowson were found to be held mig. qui duxit Elizabetham Bowyer, filiam

of the Earl of Nottingham, as of his Joh'is Bowyer de Camerwell (Camberwell Castle of Bramber, by the service of near London], armig. et suscepit ex ea fi- one-fourth of a Knight's fee, and that lios quinque filiasque duas, et obiit vice- Joan, the wife of John Sonde, was simo-primo die Julii 1600, ao ætatis suæ his cousin and next of kin. In 1542, 63."

this manor was sold by William Lord Sir John Byne was one of the nu Sandys, to William Comber, Esq. the merous body of Knights dubbed by grandfather of Thomas Comber, Dean King James the First, on the day be of Carlisle, and great-grandfather of fore his Coronation, at Whitehall, John Comber, Dean of Durham. EliJuly 23, 1603. He was probably the zabeth, great-granddaughter of Wilbuilder of the house represented in liam, was the heiress of the family, the view ; and to him and his family and wife of Thomas Gratwick, Esq.; belongs the following entry in the his great-granddaughter Ann was the parish register :

wife of Thomas Lintot, Esq. who left “ 1631. Mem. the 14th of February. an only daughter Cassandra, married Lycence was granted from the Ordinary, to Henry Farncombe, Esq.; his only, under the Lord Bishop's seale, upto Sir daughter and heiress, Cassandra, was John Byne, Knight, and Lady Awdrey his the wife of John Challen, Esq. whose wife, and unto Mr. Edmund and Mr. John

son, the Rev. John Gratwick Challen, Byne their sonnes, and unto Mrs. Elizabeth

D.D. is the present possessor. Byne, wife of the said Edmund, to eat flesh in time of Lent, at the which time straightly ing representation of which is from a

The old mansion, the accompanyby the King's proclamation according unto an ancient statute all

persons were prohibit- drawing in the Burrell collection, + ed from eating of flesh.” The last of the family of Byne at

+ In further illustration of the county of Rowdell was Edmund, who married Sussex, Mr. J. C. Smith, the engraver of Elizabeth, sister to Sir Henry Goring, wright's volume, has issued proposals for

the most important plates in Mr. Cart* See the Review department of our last publishing a series of plates from the valuand present numbers.

able collection of views presented to the Gent. Mag. April, 1831.

British Museum by Sir William Burrell.

306
Bougier-Bouche au Court.

[April, was partly pulled down about fifty Knights, allowing them bouch of court, years ago, and the present house, with livery of hay, oats, horse-shoes erected on its site, was built by the and nails, as other Bannerets usually late John Challen, Esq. It is enclosed had. And in time of peace attending in a small deer park, which gives it him to Parliament, or other assemthe present name of Shermanbury blies, with all his knights in livery, Park.

to have bouch of court, as also hay,

oats, horse-shoes and nails, for eight Mr. URBAN,

and twenty horse, and wages for as IN your last Supplement, p. 608, many grooms, with livery of wine, and inquiry is made regarding the mean candles for his chamber. And when ing and derivation of Bougier, the he should come himself, with one name formerly given to twelve officers Knight, then to have bouch of court, or privileged practitioners in the Court with hay and oats for seven horses, of Chancery. It was found by your wages for so many grooms, and livery Correspondent P. R. in a “ Discourse of wine, and candles for his chamber. on the office of Master of the Rolls," In Cowel's Law Dictionary, under ascribed to the great Lord Hardwicke; Bouche, we find a similar document and I conceive that some light will be of the 6 Richard II. (1383), printed at thrown on the term by the following length in the original French. It is extract from an old manuscript, quoted an indenture by which Sir John Rusin a late Treatise by Mr. Bennet on sel of Strensham, covenanted to live the office of Master in Chancery : during life with Thomas Beauchamp,

“ They (the Masters) had diett at the Earl of Warwick; to receive in time King's charge, as may appear by the ac of peace an annual fee of 201. from compts of the Hanaper from tyme to tyme the Earl's manor of Chedworth in remayning in the Pipe Office, and they had

Gloucestershire, and whenever he was Baidge in Court, as may appear by Otholon's summoned to attend the Earl, bouche Legative Constitution.'

au cour, for himself, a chamberlein" A query is added “whether ‘Baidge'

or valet, and a

garson” or groom, means Badges of Honour?" but it may

and hay, provender, and farriery (ferbe safely replied, that the word (if not

rure) for three horses; and in war merely misread) has been miswritten

401. bouche au cour or livery for himfor Budge or Bouge. It is therefore self, chamberlain, and three grooms, probable that the Bougiers derived their name from Bouge. This word vender, and farriery, for five horses,

or wages in proportion, and hay, pro(sometimes under its correct ortho

in the same manner as others of his graphy, Bouche,) appears in the seve rank with the said Earl. And in case ral Law Dictionaries.

he were taken prisoner, that it should Its derivation is from the French

be with him as with the other bachebouche ; whence also has come our

lors who were of the Earl's retinue modern butcher. The old English name

for term of life. for that trade was flesher, which is

in the book of Household regulastill not unknown as a surname. tions of Edward the Fourth, called Cotgrave gives, Avoir bouche à

Liber Niger Domus Regis,t the term court, to eat and drink scot-free, to have budge-a-court, to be in ordinary the number of retainers which peers of

continually occurs in its English form; at court;" and Puttenham, in his each rank, and the several Officers of Art of English Poesie,” speaks of a good allowance of dyet, a bouche * Kennett's Parochial Antiquities, p. 378. in court as we use to call it.'

- In the Glossary the Bishop gives, in adThe phrase was employed not only dition to the derivation from the French at the King's palace, but at the resi vouche a mouth," various other far-fetched dences of all those powerful lords who, derivations for budge; but, as we find the in the days of feudalism, exercised

word louche in these early documents, and an authority, and lived with a state,

the perversion is so obvious, any further little interior to that of the Sovereign. etymological inquiries are surely gratuitous

and needless. Archdeacon Nares has not Of this we have an instance so early thought it necessary to notice them in his as 1318, when the Earl of Lancaster

very judicious Glossary. “ retained Sir John de Ewre, Knight,

+ Included in the Royal Household Orto serve him with ten men-at-arms in dipances, published by the Society of Antitime of war, whereof three to be quaries, 4to, 1790.

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