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30
CLASSICAL LITERATURE.

[Jan. The translation is judiciously distri- 1. The Heavens declare the glory of buted into lines corresponding to the God,- And the expanse displayeth the work verses of the original. Few of our read- of His hauds. ers can need to be told that the original

2. Day after day it poureth forth iois in poetry, though it may often be dif-struction, –And night after night it pointeth ficult to ascertain the kind of metre, and

out knowledge.

“ 3. They have neither speech por lanthe laws by which it is regulated. In

guage, -They have not an audible voice; proving, however, the point, as to the «4. Yet their lesson goeth forth throughmetrical form of the original, there out the earth,--Andtheir eloquence unto the has, we believe, been little adduced extremities of the world !-In them He hath except from modern writers. The tes- placed a pavilion for the sun, timony, therefore, of an ancient, and “5. And he is like a bridegroom issuing one of all others best qualified to de- from his vuptial chamber,-Like a strong cide on the question, may be very ac

man who delighteth to run his course. ceptable; and we give it in the words 6. His going forth is from one end of of the Father of ecclesiastical history. end of them;--So that there is nothing hid

the heavens,—And his circuit unto the other Ο Δαυΐδης ωδάς εις τον θεών και

den from his heat. ύμνους συνέταξε, μέτρου ποικίλου

667. The law of Jehovah is perfect, rerojs uèv yàp Tpijét pous, tous dè viving the spirits ; — The revealed will of Jeπενταμέτρους εποίησε. Joseph. p. hovah is sure, making wise the simple. 319, 38, Ed. Hudson.

“8. The statutes of Jehovah are right, But to proceed to particulars. In the rejoicing the heart ;-The precepts of Jeho7th Psalm, ver. 14, Dr. F. and Mr. S.

vah are clean, giving light unto the eyes. well render—“ Behold he conceiveth during for ever; – The judgments of Jehovah

“9. The religion of Jehovah is pure, eniniquity,—And travaileth with mis

are true, all of them are righteous; chief,-And bringeth forth delusion."

“ 10. They are more to be desired than On which they remark that “here gold, even much fine gold ;–And sweeter is described the progress of the wick- than honey, even the droppings of the boedness of the wicked man, and in ney-combs. metaphors similar to those employed “11. By them, moreover, is Thy servant in other parts of Scripture.” And they enlightened ;-In keeping them there is great aptly cite Job, xv. 35, and James, i.

reward. 15. We would add, that this passage

"12. Oh that I might discern mine erof the Psalms, and that of Job, seem

rors !-Cleanse Thou me froin those which

are hidden from me. to have been in the mind of Philo Jud. 7, in a beautiful passage (p. 147, E.)

“13. From wilful transgressions also re

strain Thy servant,-Let them not have do. cited by Pott on the place of James.

minion over me ;-—Then shall I be upright, The finest passages, however, in which

And cleansed from much sin. this figure predominates, are three ad

“ 14. Let the words of my mouth be acduced by Dr. Bloomfield in his Recen

ceptable,—And the breathiugs of my heart sio Synoptica in loco; namely, Plato

present unto Thee,–0 Jehovah, my Rock Epist. 3, Leonidas ap. Brunck, Anal. and my Redeemer." 2, 190, and instar omnium) Æschyl.

On the 10th verse, which is very Pers. 826 :-"YBpus yàp éżavdovoa happily rendered “More to be desired εκάρπωσε στάχυν "Ατης, όθεν πάγ

are they,” &c., it may be observed κλαυτον εξαμα θέρος.

that by the “they” are meant all the On Thucyd. 111., 45, Dr. Bloomfield above particulars, the law, the testiadds another illustration of the passage mony, &c. And we would compare a of James, observing that “hence may noble passage of Plato, Leg. v. p. 205, be found the true key to the under- Πάς ο τ'επί γης και υπό γης χρυσός standing of a most sublime but ob- αρετής ουκ αντάξιος. Also Eschyl. scure passage of Æschyl. Agam. 772-9, Choeph. 369 : Taūra speiocova where Κότος, θράσος, and"Ατα are personited as sons of "Ύβρις, and χρυσού μεγάλης δε τυχής και υπερ

Bopéov. where, for Kórov, Dr. Bloomfield con

We wish we could find room for jectures Kópov. We would add Diog. the translation of that difficult Psalm, Laert. (of Epicurus) Kodívwv TV the 22d, which (as the Translators reαπό του στόματος Καύχησιν τών mark) is sublimely prophetic of the OOPLOTIKõv. See also Zonaræ Hist. sufferings and subsequent exaltation T. 111. 21, 745 (of Julian).

of the Messiah, the allusions to whom We will now proceed to lay before are traced with piety, enlightened by our readers an entire Psalm, and it learning and judgment. The words will be that noble one the 19th :- "May your hearts live for ever," are

My

1831.]
The Greek Sapphic Ode.

31 most ingeniously, and, we think, justly, tion. The doctrine of a resurrection, as colsaid to be a friendly salutation ad. lected from this and other passages of the dressed to those who came to partake earlier Jewish scriptures, appears to be, of the sacrificial feast.

that the just and upright, the true worOur narrow limits permit us not to lay be taken to Him, and thus triumph over the

shippers of Jehovah, should, after death, the 40th Psalm (so strikingly prophetic wicked, who would for ever continue to dwell of the Messiah) before our readers.

in the grave, and would not again ‘see the Though we in general approve of the light. This resurrection is poetically decustom of the present translators in scribed in Ps. xvii. 15, as an awaking from changing harsh Hebraisms into more sleep; and, here, as a morniug succeeding intelligible correspondent idioms of to the night of death." our own language, yet there are a few

The last verse of this Psalm is obcases in which, by the rules which they have themselves so judiciously version of the present translators is as

scure, and variously rendered. The laid down in their preface, no change follows: “Man in honour, but withneed have been made. Of course this

out understanding, May be compared applies in a still stronger degree where the Hebraism contains any emphasis. have sometimes thought it might be

unto the beasts which perish.” We On one or other of these grounds the

rendered, A man in honour, and change ventured on at Ps. xlii. 2, "I who shall not understand [true wisam athirst for God," instead of “ soul is athirst for God,” is ill judged. the beasts are they cut off [and come

dom] has been [thus] compared. Like There is surely an intensity of sense

to an end].” expressed by this use of whi, which And here we must, for the prewas felt and beautifully expressed by sent, close our remarks on the imCowper in his Task, where, describing portant work before us ; but we shall the sailor returning from long travers- feel it our duty to resume them on ing the ocean, and approaching land, the earliest opportunity at greater he represents, “his very soul athirst for

length. nature in her green array.” So in a no

(To be continued.) ble passage of Æschines Socrat. Axi. och. 5-η ψυχή τον ουρανόν ποθεί, και ξύμφυλον αιθέρα και (even)

Mr. URBAN,

Jan. 4. διψα, της εκείσε διαίτης και χορείας the masterly judgment pronounced by

I WAS very much delighted with οριγνωμένη. On Ps. xliii. 7, there is the following duction to the Study of the Greek

Mr. H. N. Coleridge, in his “ Introinteresting remark.

" The deeps on either side of him are described

as agi- style and dialect of the Sapphic Odes,

Classic Poets,” (p. 7, note,) on the tated by torrents of water descending which have been so long elaborated into them in the form of water-spouts, for Sir William Browne's prize at and the roarings of these last are pof Cambridge ; and I cannot but hope etically represented as the voices of that the appeal to the Greek Professor the angry seas calling upon each other and to the Vice Chancellor in the last to join in overwhelming him.'

Gent. Mag. p. 513, may be attended The version in ver. 1, of the 45th

even yet with some practical good efPsalm, “My heart is overflowing with

fect. a goodly theme,” is greatly preferable

I
may

well be forgiven for taking a to that of our two authorized transla

more than common interest in the tions, the framers of which, as well as the antient interpreters, mistake the subject, when reference is made to

my own labours on this curious and ratio metaphoræ. The literal sense is “ boiling up with,” which is illus- somewhat difficult question. In the

“ Classical Journal, » Nos. ix. and trated by Herodo. vii. 46 — veórns xiii. (1812 and 1813,) there was inεπέδεσε, ώστε απορρίψαι έπεα ες

serted a regular Essay of mine on the &c. So in a passage cited by Matthiæ, Composition of the Greek Sapphic Ode, Gr. Gr. § 425-ée civ tivi, to be under the five following heads. warm upon any subject.

1. The scansion of the Sapphic verse, On Ps. xlix. 14, “The upright shall as to the feet composing it. have dominion over them in the morn

2. The structure of it, in the aring,” we have the following instructive rangement and division of words. note :

3. The prosody, to determine the In the morning : i. e. of the resurrce- long and short of single syllables.

32
CLASSICAL LITERATURE.

(Jan. 4. The style, and sort of words, of 2. If a distinct and complete mowhich the language should consist. del then be required, on which a Greek

5. The dialect, or forms, flexions, ode in the Æolic dialect may be at&c. in the words admitted. Again, tempted with any chance of success; at a later period, in Nos. xxiii. and the only Æolian poet yet extant prexxxvi. (1815 and 1818), my attention sents his lyric treasures, in sufficient was drawn by particular circumstances abundance and variety for the purpose. to the Prosody of Greek verse as con- PINDAR, in the most brilliant age nected with dialect, &c. : and in the of Greece, enjoyed unexampled celelatter of the two articles alluded to brity; marked indeed with a dialectic (pp. 375, 6,) I ventured to propose a character of his own, yet not provingeneral law for the composition of cial and rude, but elegant at once and that ode, arising out of a criticism on popular—from Thebes to Athens, and Mr. Hall's prize Poem ; which may from Syracuse to Cyrene. now, perhaps, Mr. Urban, be sub- "3. But why should not a third mitted to your academical readers sect arise, discarding the study of with better chance of successful at. Pindar as arduous or unnecessary, tention.

and the model of Sappho as quite im

practicable? A general pattern might “In settling the dialect, or forms easily be found in the collective manand flexions of Greek words, which ner and matter of the Choral odes of the modern Sapphic ode may most the three Greek Tragedians. Nothing properly exhibit, we have to encoun- of the kind perhaps has yet been atter much diversity of practice, and tempted or avowed: though in the find very little to guide us in any simplicity of its style and dialect principles hitherto laid down.

Mr. (from the slight use of a few Doric Hall, like most of his predecessors, forms which the Tragics allow) such oscillates betwixt the Æolic of Sappho a composition could hardly fail of and the late Doric of Theocritus,-a succeeding. At any rate, that plan strange mixture of ages as can well would effectually banish the chaos of be imagined.

dialect and style, which now so dis“Wherever some determinate rule agreeably prevails. All would then is wanting, inconsistency and discord be of a piece; and we should not be must naturally follow. And it is not offended by Pindar conflicting with therefore at present imputed as any Theocritus, or by Sappho jostling with fault to Mr. H. that in the course of Menander, in the very same verse. twenty-six stanzas many points of etymology and accent occur, which “Here, it may be said, are two cannot be reduced to any one system, rules proposed, clear enough, each of and which can just as little be recon- them, and consistent, to be sure ; but ciled to each other.

much too strict and narrow for the “Let us once more attempt to de- young scholar to observe, who in cide this question in a practical way,

school or in college is called upon to and to lay down a clear and consis- write the Greek Sapphic stanza. tent line for the guidance of young

“Some indulgence may seem fairly scholars in writing the Greek Sapphic due to so candid a plea : and he who stanza.

makes the plea honestly, will not be 1. Grant that the text of Sappho's condemned, if in any exercise where few reliques has received from the cri- the muse of Pindar predominates, he tical acumen and depth of Mr. Blom- harmoniously introduce the diction of field its most elaborate and perhaps the Tragic ode, or with the matter final castigation. Yet surely, even and manner of the Tragic ode consisnow, no modest man would under- tently unite the style and the dialect take, for the labour of a life-time, to of Pindar. write on a new subject, six and twenty “Only, at all events, in this adstanzas, exactly and purely after the vanced and advancing period of Greek manner of Sappho! One might defy literature, let the Prolusiones Acadeany man living to do it, and to de- micæ have a steady bearing to some monstrate it rightly done. The thing age, to some character, to some plan. is impossible: and it palpably is so, The great, the only rational object, from the want of materials for imita- proposed in these prizes of our Unition in the archetype.

versity, is to encourage the cultiva

was

1831.] Removal of the Screen at York Minster.

33 tion of classical taste along with ex- wrong, six we will say, when there actness of critical knowledge. And are eight held up, the other repeating how far that object can be effected by the following formula, is obliged ima long Poem which is allowed to mediately to change the number of blend in one mass almost any thing them—“six you say and eight there and every thing, from Theocritus to are ; butt, butt, how many fingers do Homer, it must be left to older and I hold up?” While the under one higher Heads to determine.”

continues to guess wrong, the process Yours, &c.

R.S.Y. is repeated until he hits upon the

right number, when they both change Mr. URBAN,

places, and the other party becomes YOUR learned correspondent Mr. * butt” in his turn. This game, it Barker, in his account of the game of would seem, then, depends entirely “Micatio Digitorum,” which upon the degree of confidence which practised by the ancient Romans and the parties mutually place in each Greeks, and by the modern Italians other's integrity ;- ;-whatever

may

have and Chinese, has omitted to state the taken place in that respect among the instance of a similar pastime practised Romans, whether according to the at this day among English youth, de- commentator on Cicero, and perhaps rived probably from the above. Though even Adams himself, they are supposed it is not very common, I have seen it to have played their game occasionally pursued occasionally in schools after in the dark, or whether, according to the manner I am about to describe. Mr. Barker, they never did. That the When two lads agree upon playing, game I mention is in some manner the one mounts the back of the other, allied to the Italian, if not derived the latter generally resting his elbows from it, is rendered pretty evident, I on a bench, or some such supporter, think, from the coincidence of some while his hands cover his face and words made use of with those of Foreyes. The one who is mounted hold- cellinus, as quoted by Mr. B. “ quod ing up a number of fingers cries out- nos Longobardi dicimus fare, o givo

Butt, butt, how many fingers do I care, O BUTT are al tocco.' hold up?" If the under boy guesses Yours, &c.

T. GRIMES.

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PROPOSED REMOVAL OF THE SCREEN AT YORK MINSTER. THE meeting at York to decide the ques- the Archbishop as chairman, refused to tion of the removal of the organ Screen took receive; but, at the last meeting, Mr. place on the 28th of December; and not- Vernon, finding himself in a minority, withstanding all the ingenuity of the party brings forward 623 proxies, thus attempting opposed to good taste and the arrangement to quash the proceedings of the day; and of antiquity, the advocates for its preserva- after a discussion of six hours, tacitly adtion in its ancient proportions and situation mitting that the question was already defeated their scheme, as at the former settled before the chairman took the chair, meeting in July ; but to turo victory into a by the overwhelming majority of proxies. defeat, if possible, the prince of modern in- Surely then, after so protracted a discussion, Dovators advanced suddenly with a list of and after their own decision against proxies, 623 proxies, collected, as Mr. Morritt ob- it was rather too bad to contend for the adserved, “ from the last place in the world mission of written opinions, obtained by from which he should expect to look for a means not the most likely to obtain the decision on Gothic architecture-the stand seuse of the subscribers on a question of at Doncaster !"' Ladies canvassed their part

taste.* Ders at a ball; a vote to deface the Minster At the meeting in York, in July, of 200 was the “ result of a bet made at Doncaster persoas present, about twenty or thirty only as to the issue of that meeting;" and clergy- voted for the measure ; of fifty-eight letters men canvassed fór votes in their respective read, fifty were for the Screen remaining as parishes. These proxies outoumbered the it now stands! The friends of antiquity, and above meeting, which consisted of 211, and of the Minster as it was, felt consoled and which was called to decide the question. comforted that this was finally settled, and The unfairness of the removalists in this settled it certainlyought to have been to all incase is very strongly evinced. At the meet- teots and purposes; but, a few weeks after, to ing in July Mr. Scott, a staunch advocate their great astonishment and grief, this matter for the preservation of the Screen, produced two proxies, which the Dean, and afterwards

* Yorkshire Gazette. GENT. MAG. January, 1831.

36

Removal of the Screen at York Minster. [Jan. destroying them, what would become of the the lantern had been extolled, and every great pillars of the lantern tower themselves? thing most beautiful in the Minster must which were all of different shapes and di- give way to the setting them off to the mensions ; or of the leaning columns in the greater advantage. No person admired that transept, crushed by the superincumbent part of the fabric more than himself; but weight ? or of the leaning tower at Pisa ? he inust contend that it was not the finest or the Assinelli at Bologna ? (Applause.) part of the cathedral. (Hear.) The choir But there was another reason for pulling it unquestionably had the pre-eminence, and down. Mr. Smirke says,

" that a large had always been considered as the finest proportion of its enrichments are the work choir in Europe by all persons of taste in of a plasterer now living.” Why not men- this as well as in all other countries. (Aption the name of this plasterer? Bernas- plause.) It surprised him too, to see the coni, a most ingenious artist, who had within composure with which the removal of the the last ten years erected an ornamental Altar altar Screen was contemplated; as if that Screen in Westminster Abbey of this same were not, in itself, a glaring innovation. plaster, under the direction of Benjamin That was deemed too trivial even to menWyatt; he believed there was also one in St. tion, as the removal of it one arch further George's Chapel, Windsor. “My brother," east, was considered nothing; it made not said the Rev. Speaker, “did introduce plaster the slightest difference to the eye; as they into the organ Screen, and he lived to see had before been told that the diminishing his error.

No sooner did he see it than ho the choir 30 feet in 220, would never be repented of it; and sincerely lamented that perceived. Supposing, however, that, as which the poverty of the Minster funds Mr. Smirke said, no one would miss 30 compelled him to do. If the meeting, then, feet in 220, that is one arch out of nine, saw the error of removing the Screen, which they surely would be able to detect the he hoped they would, let them imitate him, taking away of one arch out of three, benot in what he did amiss, but in acknow- tween the altar Screen and the east window; ledging that they were wrong; and de- if not, it showed him what he had always pend upon it," added the Rev. Gent. much thought, how incompeteat the generality of affected, “ if you never did more harın to people were to form correct opinions from the Minster than Dean Markhanı did, it looking at a plan. He would coptend that will still continue to stand unrivalled among it was the present situation of the altar the cathedrals of Europe." (Cheers.) No Screen which gave magnificence and granone, he presumed, would deny that the pre- deur to the whole choir. It was not the sent Screen was built for the spot where it space between the altar and organ Screen now stood; and that the architect built it which gave the grand effect, but the whole in proportion to the situation it occupied. length from the organ Screen to the east The Screen, being 23 feet six inches high, window; that noble waste of room, that was in the proportion of about one-eighth disregard of space between the altar Screen to the height of the tower, which was near and the east window which was so striking, 200 feet high : now, when brought east- and which constituted that sublime effect ward to the first column in the choir, its which was so imposing. proportion would be about one-fourth to The Reverend Mr. Landon, of Aberford, the height of the canopy, which was not followed in a speech expressive of his utter 100 feet high. This was, he supposed, one contempt of the original design of the Minof Mr. Smirke's substantial restorations ; ster, and he called the Screen an

" incumany thing more contrary to architectural vrance which disgraced the finest part of the rules he could not conceive. (Applause.) If Minster," - the same Screen which immediit was an innovation, in its day, to place the ately after the fire was spoken of with admiScreen against the great pillars, it surely ration, and its escape from injury regarded must be equally an innovation now to place with unfeigned and universal delight. it against a column in the choir, for which Rich. Bethell, Esq. then moved, “That it was never intended. (Applause.) The the plan of Mr. Smirke for the removal of argument, “that the pillars concealed by the organ Screen be adopted.” the Screen were constructed with a view to Mr. Fawkes seconded the resolution. be seen on every side, and that their shafts Mr. Scott moved as an amendment, that and moulded bases were worked down to the “ It is the opinion of this meeting that the level of the pavement," proved nothing. decision of the meeting held in this place on The same thing would be found in different the 29th of July last, was, and ought to be parts of the Minster tabernacle-work itself; final.” and was also recently found to be the case in Mr. Slapylion was for the alteration, and removing an old screen in the cathedral at

marle a long speech, in which he invoked Norwich. It was a curious thing that, in disapprobation. He was frequently interall remarks that had been made in favour rupted by coughing, and other symptoms of of the removal of the Screen, not one word impatience and censure. had been said of its appearance when viewed Lord Morpeth asserted that it had been from the east end; but the great pillars of proved that “ the position of the Screen was

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