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324 Greek and English Lexicon.-Modern Latin Poetry. [April, used English instead of Latin, we can had been filled with wine, and pledged say, in the words of Johnson, who re- his guest by name to drink after him, plied to Boswell's question, whether a and at the same time presented him boy should learn Greek or Latin first. with the cup itself, which the guest Sir, it is no matter; it is only like

took away with him. From Pind. a man, with his breeches in his hand, Olymp, 7, 1, we learn that an opulent studying which leg he shall put in father was accustomed to pledge in first.” If Greek be the harder lan

this manner, in the midst of his relaguage, and requires more time, it is tions and friends, the youth, on whom plain that it should be commenced he had fixed for his son-in-law, tenfirst. Greek, however, is only of cir- dering to him a gold cup to drink afcumscribed application, compared with ter him, and at the same time making the Latin, and he who cannot learn him a present of the cup itself: it was bath, ought to prefer the latter.

a public announcement, and a solemn The present book is written for sanction of the intended nuptials."school use, and certainly a chest with Schol. abundance of tools is better than one

“'YWmW, Proprie dicitur de with few. We know that the work is pugile, qui cæstu suo plagam infert adexecuted by most competent persons, versario sub oculo, adeo ut inde tumor and we think that the following ex- oriatur lividus ; Latine suggillo dici tracts will prove it :

potest. Glossæ : YTÓTÁČW, suggillo. " IIpotriva, propino, præbibo, to Υπώπια ποιεί, suggillat. Yπωπιασθείς, drink first or before, at an entertain

suggillatus. Cic. Tusc. 2. cæstibus ment, from a cup of wine, which was contundere dixit. Occurrit h. v. ap. just raised to the lips with the right Diog. L. 6. Kpárns Nikó&pouos é tepehand, and slightly tasted by the host, dioas tòy kiðapodòv, ut wiáo On, in fawho stood up, (Suid.'ATéTTLVOV Pekpor ciem cæsus est. Inde metaphorice της κύλικος, και τότε παρείχοντο, ω άν etiam ad alia transfertur, ut nomen εβούλοντο, και την κύλικα, και εκαλείτο υπώπιον, Aristoph. Ρac. p. 661. πόλεις potrivelv.) Thence, to pass the cup ÚTWTlaquévas, urbes contusas dixit.' with the right hand to another, nam- -L. Bos. ing him, to drink to his health, offering the cup, to pledge him in drink

Mr. URBAN, ing, to invite him to drink after you, TO execute the task which Archto hand the cup to a guest, whom it deacon Wrangham declines (see p. 2), was intended in this way to compli- would require an unrelaxed cultivament, that he might drink after his

tion of that high class of literature host. Thence, to show respect, to ho

which does not belong to me. I am nour, (Ηesych. Πρoπίωμεν· διά του οίνου

convinced that two volumes of the Tiuhowuev.) Thence to give to drink :

best productions of modern Latin poets (** Videtur etiam adhiberi simpliciter would operate beneficially on the prepro dare bibere, vinum præbendum sent corrupt public taste. Some of præbere, Martial. Epigr. 3, 82. 10,

the Lyrics in the Selecta Poemata Ita49.” Forcellin. Lex. totius Latin). torum are exquisite. See “ Res LiteThence to offer or administer medi- rariæ,” vol. I, and III. where much cine : (De medicis pharmacum præ

Italian biography is to be found, that bentibus, Plin. 20, 10. 21, 2. 28, 16.”

no one who had not resided in Italy Forcellin.) Thence to offer, hand over, could collect. Vol. I. was printed at deliver. Thence, in a spirit of hospi- Naples during the three months of a tality, generosity, and friendship, to free press, 1820. make a present of. Thence to give

Herrick's famous line, away with convivial levity, wanton

“ Gather ye rosebuds while ye may,” ness, and extravagance. Thence to

is stolen from Spenser. And so is give up, surrender, over the intoxicating bowl, amidst merriment and re

Dryden's celebrated line in Cymon velry. Thence to sacrifice for some

and Iphigenia, momentary pleasure, abandon for some “Where two beginning paps were only sig

nified." paltry consideration, betray from some unprincipled motive. These various Mr. Nicolas has done much towards significations of the verb may be easily the elucidation of the Peerage. I know traced. At splendid entertainments, not of any book more valuable on given by kings, princes, and nobles, peerage law, than his “Report of the the host, desirous to shew his respect Lisle Claim,” which must always conand friendship for some particular tinue a text-book on the subject. guest, took a handsome cup.

Yours, &c.



[ 325 ]



Illustrations of the Literary History of the which would probably have been pub

Eighteenth Century; consisting of Au- lished before, had they not in the orithentic Memoirs and Original Letters of ginal appeared too extensive to become eminent persons ; and intended as a sequel only portions of a volume.". These are to the Literary Anecdotes. By John the correspondence with Mr. Gough, Nichols, F.S.A. Volume VI. pp. 900.

of three eminent antiquaries: Mr. EsTHERE perhaps was never a period sex, the Cambridge architect; Mr. in which ignorance of literary history Brooke, Somerset Herald; and the

more observable, nor in which Rev. Samuel Denne. Of these we authors (perhaps we should say book- shall speak afterwards. makers, the tools of our miodern Curls) The other contents of this volume, seem either to want, or to despise all which may be deemed more recent, that have preceded them. Day after perhaps more original, are the Letters day we are presented with new his- of the late Lord Camelford ; the autotories, new systems, or new lives, com- biography of Mr. Chafin ; twelve biopiled by men who never have supposed graphical articles contributed by the ihat any information preceded theirs, Rev. James Ford, late of Ipswich, and and who therefore endeavour to amuse now vicar of Navestock in Essex, their readers with the most grossly er namely, the lives of George Richard roneous narratives, delivered with in- Savage Nassau, Esq.; the Reverend tolerable arrogance and conceit. Many William Clubbe, LL.D. and_John of these candidates for temporary or Clubbe, M. D. ; Rev. Samuel Darby, periodical fame, appear, when disco- A.M.; Rev. John Price, keeper of the vered, to be youths just emerged from Bodleian ; Richard Beatniffe ; Rev. school, pretending to the diffusion of a Johu Brand ; Rev. Richard Canning, knowledge which themselves hare M. A.; Edmund Gillingwater; Rev. never acquired, and know not where Thomas Bishop, D.D. ; the Dawson to look for.

family; Rev. George Burton, A. M.; Publications like that now before us, and Mr. John Mole. We have also are well calculated to check, by ex- some MSS. of the late Rev. B. N. posing, the perpetual intrusion of such Turner; Memoirs of the late Edmund crude efforts, and we hail with pleasure Turnor, Esq. F.R.S. communicated by the continuance of a work which may his brother; and of the late Mr. Kerdetect the general ignorance to which rich, librarian of Cambridge, by his we allude, and supply those defects in Memoirs of the Rev. Theophilus literary history, which have produced Buckeridge, Mr. Green, Rev. Thomas a disgraceful revolution in our periodi- Leman, &c. &c. &c. cal literature. This we trust may be The first article in the volume, to counteracted by the vast mass of infor- which we have not yet adverted as mation contained in the present vo- forming any part of it, is a long biogralume and its predecessors, and we are phical account of the late William happy to reinark that such authentic Gifford, Esq. the translator of Juvenal, materials for history, biography, and and for many years editor of the Quarantiquity, are likely to be continued terly Review. In this are many very with the zeal and spirit which animated interesting particulars of Gifford's early its original author, Mr. Nichols se- life, taken from his own account prenior, who might well have said, Non fixed to bis Juvenal, which is very proomnis moriar.

perly given here entire. As a reFrom the dedication to this volume, viewer, it is here said that " at times we learn that the editors are the son his pen was at least sufficiently severe, and grandson of Mr. Nichols. It con- but unless the articles he wrote were sists principally of “ selections from specified, it would be impossible to the yei far from exhausted stores of lite- know how far this character is just, as rary correspondence" in the possession depending only on his criticisms. We of the late editor. Of these stores are not, however, left to conjecture on “ three series of letters are included, this point. His avowed publications,

son ;



326 Review.-Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. [April, and his prefaces to the dramatic au- Thomas Pitt, first Lord Camelford, thors whose works he edited, suffi. was born March 3, 1733, and educated ciently betray the selfish irritability of at the university of Cambridge. It his temper. To this we may add, his was during his residence at Clare-hall, “ Examination ” of the article of his that he was favoured by his uncle the Juvenal, which appeared in the Criti. first and great Lord Chatham, with a cal Review, and “The Supplement 10 series of sensible, affectionate, and that Examination," written in great estimable letters, which, in 1804 were bitteruess of spirit, and much and low published by his son-in-law Lord Grenpersonal abuse ; but they were not ville, accompanied by an excellent

preanswers, nor did he know that the ar. face from the pen of that illustrious ticles in the Review were written by statesman. Omitting other particulars an Oxford scholar (still living) of clase of the parliamentary progress of Mr. sical abilities far superior to those of Thomas Pitt, until he was called to Gifford.

the House of Peers by the title of Lord This memoir is followed by short Camelford, all which are accurately but accurate lives of two eminent ma. detailed in the memoir prefixed to his thematicians, the Rev. John Hellins, “ Letters," it may be sufficient to menF.R.S. and the Rev. Malachi Hitchins. tion that the present letters begin in 1780,

The Letters of the Rev. Peter Cun- and end a short time before his death, inghain, addressed to the Rev. Thomas which took place at Florence, Jan. 19, Seward, father of the Poetess, afford 1793. This period, short as it may some instances, if any were wanted 10 seem, includes many important evenis complete her character, of her love for on which he imparted his opinions to the adulatory and the bombast in his correspondent Mr. Hardinge, with writing, as well as an excellent speci- great freedom and strong sense. The men of what Miss Seward considered principal of these events were the gene

an easy and elegant epistolary ral election in 1780, which brought style." We can well remember the Mr. Fox into parliament for Westfame of this lady, and of her fatterer minster—the change of administration Mr. Hayley: In this last article they -the coalition ministry—the trial of long carried on a successful partner. Mr. Hastings—the affecting illness of ship, and ran their course together. his Majesty George III. and the Fifty years ago no poetry was men- French Revolution, with all its mistioned but that of. Miss Seward and chiefs. What renders these letters the Mr. Hayley, or rather “ the Muse of more interesting is, that they embrace Lichfield" and the poet of Eartham.” many of those political dogmas which This exchange of titles inet the eye in are distracting the minds of men at the every Review and Magazine, but the very period (1831) at which we are fame that accrued was somehow short now arrived. lived. Their works are no longer On Mr. Fox's first election for Westsought after, and their biographers minster, his Lordship sayshave contributed largely to bury what remained.

6. Mr. Fox will run us hard at WestminOur readers are aware how much

ster at last, but it is our own fault, in suffer

ing him to pull not only all the legal votes Mr. Nichols's preceding volumes were

his Duchesses could seduce by every mode indebted to the valuable communica

of application, but troops from Spital-fields, tions of Mr. Justice Hardinge. The and

any where else, which the indolence of correspondence of Lord Camelford in the High Bailiff, and the treachery of his the present volume is, as the editors deputy, have admitted.” observe," the composition of a highly cultivated mind, of a literary turn, and

On this event, it was well remarked, polished by an intercourse with the that it would not be difficult to prove best society of Europe ; and, although that Mr. Fox was upon the whole no their theme is in a great degree poli- great gainer by representing a city in tics,” they were the politics of a very

which the arts of popularity, even interesting period both of English and

when most honestly practised, are no continental history, and the noble security for its continuance; and inwriter's sentiments cannot fail to be deed the time was not far distant when read even now with considerable inte he had to experience the fatal effects of

preferring a seat which the purest vir. 1831.] Review.-Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. 327 tues only can neither obtain nor pre- such a measure madness and absurdity. If, serve, and, in contesting which, corrup


however, the circumstances were never so tion on one side must be opposed by favourable, the utmost length I can go to is corruption on the other.

the one additional county member; but that It may be remembered, that soon af

I consider as an experiment, and as a comter Mr. Pitt, in consequence of a disso

pounding to prevent further mischief. This Jution of parliament, became fairly if ever it gets thither, and shall think (what

I shall certainly say in the House of Lords, seated at the head of the administration, he endeavoured to redeem a pledge liament who goes further. If, from your

I shall not say) that he is an enemy to Parhe had given, to introduce a bill for general wish to support the Minister, or the reform of parliament. This was from your attachment to Lord Camden, or introduced in 1785, and was defeated. from a conscientious opinion upon the subSome at that time doubted whether he ject, you cannot think as I do, at least abwas sincere, and it is certain that a sent yourself upon this occasion, and do not considerable proportion of his oppo

distress me so far as to make me appear to nents were not sincere. At this time, hold two languages, at the same time that Lord Camelford's correspondent, Mr. you oppose one of the most decided political Hardinge, sat as member for Old Sa- tenets I can ever form, and oppose it with rum, and it would appear had stated

the weapon I have put into your hands. some embarrassment as to what part

“ As to the democratical principle, how he should act. This produced the fol

far that is likely to he gratified by enabling

three or four great families in every county lowing letter from his Lordship, which

(generally Peers) to add to their influence in we shall copy entire, as applying very the House of Commons, or by rendering closely to the great question which now such additional influence still more powerful agitates the public inind.

in extinguishing the balance of the open bo“My dear Hardinge,

Oxford-street, Jan. roughs, I leave to your reflection. I profess 28, 1785.

to wish that power and property may go to“ A few words upon the last sentence in

gether, and am therefore not very anxious your pote as to your democratical principles

for the plebeian system. of Reform, of which you say you gave me

“ All I shall add is, that, if I were to conearly notice. The question now grows more

sider only my own emolument and that of serious, and therefore let us understand one

my son (for I look no further), I should be another. I never wished you to vote against happy that any scheme took place that your opinion upon any subject, nor do I

would enable me to convert my privilege wish it now. Your principles, however, can

into an increase of income, which is a far not be more decided upon the business of more solid advantage than what is called Reform than mine; nor are they half so

importance and consideration. Weigh all strongly pledged to the public. . Old Sarum

this calmly in your own mind, and assure has two representatives ; upon one of them yourself that no difference of opinion will I have not the smallest claim, because I ne

ever make an alteration in the affectionate ver pretended any kindness to him in the

regard with which I am faithfully seat I gave him. It is to be sure, even in


CAMELFORD.” his instance, however, a whimsical thing, Perhaps, however, we cannot do that from his connection with Pitt he feels justice to his Lordship's opinions, either himself under a necessity of subverting, as

as to good sense or purity, without exfar as his vote goes, the seat he is entrusted with by his constituents, or,

tracting a passage from the letter which if you chuse to

follows the above :call it so, by his constituent. But were he to vote against what Pitt, to whom he owes

" At this moment neither you nor I are it, professes to have at heart, I am well acquainted with the plan Mr. Pitt has aware it might be interpreted by the ene- adopted; all we know with certainty is, that mies of his friend as inconsistency and dou- any augmentation of county members alone ble dealing. What is your case ? the argu- is quite unsatisfactory to the wishes of the ment cuts exactly the other way. Who reformers, and in the teeth of their prowill believe, if they see you take a part in fessed principles, either of democracy or direct opposition to what I have so often equality in proportion, or the right of acdeclared to be my deliberate opinion, that tual representation; and that


extinction there is not a game played between us for of boroughs, without proof of delinquency or the sake of flattering the Minister's favour- forfeiture, is either an act of arbitrary vioa ite object! My line has been distinct, and lence, and therefore in every sense of the I have never departed from it. I dread every word unconstitutional, or it is liable to objecchange; and at this moment in particular tions insuperable, if it is attempted to be put think it not only unnecessary, but, consider- into a shape that will make it optional withing the state of Scotland and Ireland, I think out injustice.

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328 Review.-Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. [April,

“Do not imagine, however, my dear In a letter dated Lyons, Nov. 19, 1788, friend, that I wish to persuade you against he begins : your conviction; use your own discretiou,

“ Heavens! what a misfortune does your act upon your own feelings in perfect free

letter announce to me! I can think of nodom; all I have to beg of you is, that if you thing else. I loved him (George III.) as a apprehend your duty obliges you to take a

man who bore his faculties so meekly. I part contrary to my opinions, you will at the same time find an opportunity of making it

feel gratitude to him as one who so lately clearly understood, that it is so far from be

honoured me with proofs of his esteem and ing in concert with me, that it is in direct gracious distinction; but what are my priopposition to those sentiments which I have

vate feelings to those of the public? I con

clude, before this answer reaches you, our so repeatedly declared, and which I shall

fate will have been decided; in truth, I al. entertain to my dying day. “ Having now explained our thoughts ready look upon the stroke as past. I dare

not look forward. What a revolution we are to each other freely on both sides, let us drop the subject, and hope that it will be

to expect; not only England, but all Euthe only important one upon which there

rope, trembles at the expected change of

men and measures! Our situation was too will ever be such a difference of sentiment between you and your faithful and affection

prosperous ; happy in our interior governo ate,


ment and respected abroad, every power

looked up to us to restore and to preserve In 1787, Lord Camelford visited the peace of Europe. Young as our minister several parts of the Continent, particu- is in years, the wisdom of experience seemed Jarly Italy, where he continued to pass

to be born with him, and he was regarded as the greater part of the remainder of his a consummate statesman in the wisest cabi, life. His letters from abroad, although

nets. What will succeed him we are to see ; his health was much decayed, are writ

but we know already that they are likely to ten with great vivacity, and contain

be such as will be neither possessed of the

confidence of the nation or the reverence of many curious remarks, both on what foreign princes. Pitt' has shewn himself was passing at home, and on the man

great power,

it remains for him to supners, &c. of the country he visited.

port when deprived of office the high opinion While at Rome, Lord C. exerted him

he has acquired. If he is betrayed into the self to procure an order of treasury, or an petulance of opposition, and lends himself, act of parliament, if the latter should be as all have done before him, to be at the thought necessary, to relieve the English head of a faction, instead of consistently eso artists and students froin the heavy du- pousing the cause of his country, whether ties imposed upon the importation into the proposition comes from one side of the this country of moulds, plaister casts,

House or the other, he will be no more in models, or other auxiliaries of the arts,

future than a common man with good parts.” and was successful. A young noble- But his Lordship was soon informed man, now Earl Grosvenor, being on his that he had no cause for despair, and return home, was intrusted by Lord C. although at a distance from the scene with this commission, and it is perhaps of action, he was statesman enough to unnecessary to add that he afterwards follow, from his own judginent, the distinguished himself by forming one measures by which Mr. Piti's rash and of the finest collections of pictures in impatient 'enemies rendered his trithis country. We well recollect, but umphs easy, and defeated their own with shame, that the commencement purposes in a manner which he could of Mr. Pitt's administration was not hardly anticipate. For all this they remarkable for much liberality in the were chiefly indebted to the unconstipromotion of art and science; witness tutional politics of Lord Loughbothe sale of the Houghton collection, rough, and the frantic and ungovernathe rejection of Dr. Hunter's offer of ble passions of Mr. Burke, who, disaphis museum, &c. At that time, taxation pointed in the popularity he expected was every thing. Another and a better from his favourite hobby, the impeach, spirit now prevails; and we trust will ment of Hastings, thought that he had render the last two reigns as illustrious now got hold of a force which nothing for arts as for arms, although we may

could overturn; but which was overstill be annually disgusted by the turned by the hand of Providence, the wretched parsimony that would hazard voice of the nation, and his own infathe destruction of our choicest mu- tuation. We shall return with pleaseums and libraries.

sure to this subject, and to the sentiDuring Lord C.'s residence abroad,

ments of Lord C. in our next. his Majesty's alarming illness occurred.

(To be continued.)

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