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342 Review.-Bp. of Llandaff's Charge.—Life of Geo. IV. (April, A Charge delivered to the Clergy of the Dio- Continent, to be a general, a philoso
cese of Llandaff, at his Primary Visitation pher, or a man of business. He is to in September 1830, by Edward Lord Bishop be umpire upon all concerns of state, of Llandaff. 8vo. pp. 34.
and studious of conciliating his subTHE Bishop, with his known ta- jects, by humouring their habits, cuslent, has ably vindicated the cause of toms, and prejudices. If he is a family the Church Ministers, who have been man, he best pleases the wisest part of of late years grossly libelled ; though, the nation, and George the Third in pojot of fact, they are persons who found the success of that policy: he endeavour to do all the good which was an esquire of moral character. they possibly can. But how can they George the Fourth was an officer, with be expected to succeed in religion, all the ton of that finishing school, the more than statesmen do in politics ? Guards. Our author has most ably Nothing but fear or interest can make and minutely dissected every bone, musmen unanimous in any thing; and cle, and sinew of their respective chawherever there is freedom of opinion racters; even tweezered out their grey and action, the variety of sects shows from their black hairs. That he has so in se the operation of that freedom, done with more contracted ideas than but not the right or wrong of the mat becomes a liberal man of good society, ter. The desire of kuowing this is not is, we fear, too true; but there is the the motive, and motive infuences highest value and precision in his reaction.
marks; and composed as England is, A clamour of the present day is par in the main, of stiff people and sectaticularly directed against the non-resi- ries, his work will be the more likely dence of beneficed clergymen. But to please them. There are thousands every man of fairness knows the truth who like to see characters through mi. of the following paragraph :
croscopes. We do not, because huma" Residence is, in many instances, a
num est errare, et nemo omnibus horis thing either physically or morally impossi- sapit ; and because we should not like ble. There is often a legal, or rather a ourselves always to live in state, and technical, non-residence, which in no degree act and move only as automatons. affects the spiritual interests of the parish. There are, too, more valuable machines There is often a non-residence of persons worked' by steam than by gravity. actively and zealously engaged in parochial Buonaparte and Talleyrand, who were duties, for which their talents are peculiarly worked by steam, did greater things qualified, while their own benefice is served
than the Emperor of Austria and Prince by a person equally appropriate to that situa
Metternich, inachines of clock-work. tion. A derangement of these plans might
Every body has heard of the strange improve the abstract symmetry of our Establishment, but it would be at the expense of person who turned the “Whole Duty the practical benefit, for which it was itself
of Man" into a libel, by marginal created. The end would be sacrificed to the notes, affixing to his neighbours sevemeans ; and a cruel disregard would be ma rally, by name, the vices denounced in nifested, not only of the feelings of the the text of the work. George the clergy, but of the more important interests Third did a similar thing, no doubt of the parishioners themselves.”—pp. 27,28. with the prudential motive of regulat
Does the master always do his own ing his conduct in regard to persons with work, in any one line of business whom he might have to deal, and who whatever? Is such a thing ever re
were too numerous to be satisfactorily quired as indispensable? If the work recollected.
recollected. We really do not put the is well done, or the goods well made,
harsh construction upon the matter does any one care who did the one, or
which our author has done. It was made the other?
evidently not a manuscript intended for publication or injury. It was well
known to be a habit of George III. to Memoirs of the Life and Reign of George write in various folios, for an hour after the Fourth. (Dr. Lardner's Cabinet Li
he rose in the morning. This practice brary.)
was not obviously consistent with his GEORGE the Third chose for his want of facility and taste in any sort of pattern character the English country composition ; but his manuscripts gentleman, and George the Fourth were only registers of names, with that of a man of fashion. A King of notes annexed, of the services, the ofEngland is not required, as on the fences, and the characters, as he
1831.] Review.- Annual Retrospect for 1831.
343 judged them, of the respective persons. the whole property of the soil, Tory " In addition," says a publication of members have almost always been re1779, “ to the numerous private regis- turned to Parliament; in others, the ters always kept by the King, and reverse : for it is happily noted by Pluwritten with his own hand, he has tarch, that when wealth is dispersed lately kept another, of all those Ameri- among the people, the desire of liberty cans who have either left the country increases with it. But democracy may voluntarily rather than submit to the be ruinous, and monarchy conservarebels, and also of such as have been tive; where and how, our author tbus driven out by force; with an account excellently shows. The Allied Powers of their losses and services.”
had resolved to make Greece a monarchy, and the decision, he says, was
right; for Annual Retrospect of Public Affairs for 1831. (Dr. Lardner's Cabinet Library.) “Every attempt which the Greeks them
selves had made to establish a government AT a time when public opinion, the had only begun in faction and ended in “popularis aura," or rather o procella,” anarchy; because they adopted the demoprofesses to have a capacity of ruling, cratic model, for which neither their proan Eolus is necessary to control it. gress in civilization nor the structure of That Eolus ought to be the public their society had fitted them. Ambitious press ; and it should be conducted upon and unpriocipled chieftains, accustomed unthe principles of sound political science der the Turkish dominion to a life of rapine and high reason; otherwise it is merely and violence, habituated to constant fends, a follis fabulis. Now, a better model unacquainted with the restraints of social for newspaper writing on political sub- life, and unable to relish the blessings of jects, than this book, we know not.
peace and order, could neither be safely en
trusted with the administration of a repubIt is impartial, and gives the scientific laws of the respective subjects upon mit to its feeble control. In such hands,
lican government, nor be expected to subwhich it treats. If it leans to party, it
a republican auministration would have deis rather to praise the talents of the generated into an oligarchy of turbulent caleaders than to vindicate mistakes, if pitani, or rapacious primates, oppressive to there are such. The character of Geo. the people, and factiously hostile to each IV., though verging upon severity, is other, affording no guarantee of internal given with a stern justice and unim- order, and as little qualified to promote sopeachable accuracy, that show it to be cial happiness or to extend civilization as ihe best ever written : but it is too the Turkish pachas whom they succeeded. long to extract.
Nothing but a nonarchical government, With regard to the Press, our au
with sufficient power and resources to comthor, speaking of the late Bourbon go
mand the obedience, iustead of consulting
the passions of the emancipated slaves of vernment, justly says:
despotism, could establish order amid such “ The very complaint that journalism, elements of confusion, restore industry and or the periodical press, had declared war cultivation on the traces of a Jesolating against the government, was an admission
war, and render the interference of the althat public opinion was their enemy: for lies a blessing to the great body of the peojournals, in order to possess influence, must ple. The parties to the treaty of London be read; in order to be read, they must be were therefore right in deciding on the approved of; and in order to be approved of, form of government to be given to the must coincide with the doctrines or flatter Greeks.”—p. 49. the prejudices of those by whom they are purchased.”—p. 25.
The History of Maritime and Inland DiscoSo true is this remark, that the va very, Vol. III. Geography. (Dr. Lardrious
newspapers of England are baro ner's Cabinet Cyclopædia.) meters of the opinions of the several VOYAGES and Travels grow out of parties to whose political biasses they a principle similar to thatof Columbus's are respectively addressed.
egg; one enterprising man shows the As io the predominance of aris. way, and others follow. New objects locracy or democracy, it generally in natural history, and admirable speturns upon one point. here pro- cimens of mechanical skill, are discoperty is in few hands, the former rules; vered; but nothing which has the aswhere it is much subdivided, the lat. pect of construction upon scientific ter. In counties, where one, two, or principles, or growing out of them. very few individuals have held nearly But in these researches, except with
Review.-History of Maritime Discovery. [April, regard to the bread-fruit tree (which is and applicable to many other
purnot equal to the potatoe), there has poses. been a sad neglect. We mean, for The following extract will show one instance, the medico-botanical that Egyptian antiquities' ascend to the properties of different herbs ; a circum- earliest æras. stance which we mention, not from “ About fifteen yards from the landingany disrespect to the enterprising and place at Easter Island was found a perpendieminent voyagers, but from the possi- calar wall of square new stone, about eight bility of discovering many most impor- feet in height, and nearly sixty in length ; tant adjuncts to the materia medica, another wall parallel to the first, and about amounting to absolute specifics, in re- forty feet distant from it, was raised to the ference even to horrible diseases, such
same height; the whole area between the as hydrophobia. The reports of the
walls was filled up and paved with square Medico-botanical Society have sug- walls were so carefully fitted as to make a
stones of blackish lava. "The stones of the gested to us this iaiprovement; and we think that there may be others. Euof the area was a pillar, consisting of a sin
durable piece of architecture. In the midst ropeans have rather communicated gle stone about twenty feet high and about than borrowed public benefits; but al- five feet wide, representing the human figure though we do not know that any ad- down to the waist. The workmanship was vantage would be derived from im- rude, but not bad; nor were the features of portation of kangaroos, we still think the face ill formed, but the ears were long that opportunities are presented of beyond proportion. On the top of the head gaining fast-growing trees and shrubs, was placed upright a huge round cylinder of which might be naturalized in our
stone above five feet in height and in diameclimate. What an acquisition, for
ter; this cap, which resembled the beadinstance, would be the bamboo and dress of an Egyptian divinity, was formed of
a kind of stone differeut from that which prickly pear, if they could be grown composed the rest of the pillar, and had a here, which we by no means af- hole on each side, as if it had been made by firm. We only know, that hedging- turning. It did not appear that the statues stuff, of much faster growth than were objects of worship; and it is difficult quickset, would of itself alone be a to explain how the natives could carve such most valuable acquisition ; and there huge statues with tools made of boues and might be such entangling shrubs, as shells ; yet on the eastern side of the island would preserve game by being imper- they were pumerous enough to employ the meable even to dogs, and by their pli- male population for many centuries.”—p.53. ancy and durability presenting perhaps This book abounds with curious inan article of manufacture superior for formation, and is most judiciously basket-work to withies and rushes, compiled.
A Manual of the Rudiments of Theology Modern Fanaticism Unveiled.—Mr. Irving containing an abridgment of Bishop Tom- has certainly committed himself to a very line’s Elements; an analysis of Paley's Evi- imprudent extent, in his Human Nature of dences; a summary of Bishop Pearson on Christ;" and agaipst him this book is more the Creed; and a brief exposition of the particularly directed; but it would have Thirty-Nine Articles, chiefly from Bishop been better if it had been itself less mystical. Burnet; together with other miscellaneous matters connected with Jewish rites and
We doubt not the good character and ceremonies, &c. &c. By the Rev. J. B. intentions of the Gentlemen mentioned in SMITH.—The work is most satisfactorily the Rev. E. W. Grinfield's Sketches of the executed; and we recommend the following Danish Mission on the Coast of Coromandel ; extract to the perusal of those who believe but it is our rule to judge of these things that persons unauthorised by episcopal ordi- by their operation upon the manners of the nation can validly administer the sacred people. Most of the Missionaries of whom rites of the church." Au instance of the we have heard, seem to consider a volungenerally-received opinion of the invalidity tary martyrdom, as a sure title to salvation, of Presbyterian ordination in primitive times, rather their duty, than, by uniting the is seeu in the case of Ischyras, who was de- office of medical moralists and schoolmasposed by the Synod of Alexandria, because ters, the reform and civilization of the subCalluthus, who ordaiped him, was supposed jects whom they address. They seem to to be no more than a Presbyter, though he put practical behind theoretical Christianity. pretended to be a Bishop. It appears, therefore, that only episcopal church govern Dr. Wheeler, iu bis Theological Lectures, ment and episcopal ordination have the says, that we are not authorized by Scripsanction of the primitive church of Christ.” ture to speak definitively concerning the
1831.] Miscellaneous Reviews.
345 modes of our future rewards and punish- ported by a very extensive List of SubWe therefore decline giving any
scribers. The typographical elegance and opinion concerning Mr. Cowland's Spark ornamental illustrations are very inviting, to illumine, but refer him to the Divinity and the price extremely reasonable. This Professor whom we have named.
Work will embrace a general history of the
County, followed by the history of each The Bible-Lyrics, and other Verses, are Hundred, arranging the parishes in each not without poetical spirit; but we do not hundred according to their local connecthink it in good taste to play country-dances tion. The manufactures and commerce of and waltzes on the Bible, as if it were a the County will be fully investigated. From fiddle, and dance to them. We allude to the large collections formed by Mr. Baines, p. 35, &c. where we find the poetical mea and the success of his former labours, we sure proper to light poetry thus employed. auger well for his present undertaking. We
are glad to observe that the biographical We wish Mr. BERNAY's German Poetical collections of Mr. W. R. Whattun, F.S. A. Anthology every success; for, as a class relative to eminent Natives of Lancashire, book for students, is seems to deserve it. have been transferred to this work, to which
they will doubtless form a valuable addition. There is much solid reason and energetic eloquence in the Rev. JOHNSON Grant's The ultimate Remedy for Ireland, (written, Sir Lectures on Liberality and Expedience. it is believed, by Mr. Rowley Lascelles,)
is the entire amalgamation of it, as one With the ordinary Gospel we are fully Country with England. However difficult satisfied; extraordinary ones we do not re may be some of the plans in the execution, cognize; and, therefore, when Mr. Strat it is known that petty federalities and disTON, in his Book of the Priesthood, allegates tinctions obstruct the "good working” of that no Hierarchy or Priesthood was ever Government. The principal object of the intended or conferred by authority of Scrip- writer is to amalgamate the two Kingdoms ture, we conceive his work to be got up in a into a kind of fellow-feeling with regard to factious spirit, regardless of veracity, for a their reciprocal interests, and for this pursinister object.
pose he strongly recommends an extensive
plan of colonization from England--a plan, The Young Christian's Sunday Evening, we apprehend, too Utopian for adoption. is a good book for instructing young per
“These Colonies,” he observes, "might sons in the early History of the Bible. be distributed into villages, as so many sta
tions, of 500 or 1,000 families strong, Remarks on the present Distresses of the along the Shannon, branching out into Poor. By George Henry Law, &c. &c. Munster ; along the canals, and lining the Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells. 8vo. pp. 26. edges of all reclaimable marsh and moun2d edit. We are sure, in the writings of tain lands; or elsewliere, in all directions, this Prelate, to which we have always paid assuming Athlone as a centre. Their numthe most respectful attention, to find excel- bers, thus distributed, would be too few lent good sense united with philanthropy. to excite the apprehensions of Government, The present pamphlet refers to the bene on the one hand, and they would be too ficial effects of allotments to the poor ; and many to dread midnight plunder or assassito that system, upon a proper, limited scale, nation, on the other." we most cordially assent. It certainly is ia the power of many landlords, where there is We heartily wish that the Retired East a scanty population, to have no poor at all, India Officer, who, in his Friend to Austraand, in various manufacturing parishes, by lia, has recommended to Government an institutions similar to friendly societies, and ingenious plan for exploring the interior of the encouragement of moral and providen that wilderness, may find the attention cial habits, to alleviate the pressure of severe which the importance of the subject and
Mr. Becher has proved both these his public spirit demand. positions. They have also been partially exemplified elsewhere, but having treated Mr. Crocker's Poems have a merit which, the subject more copiously at various times, considering that he is a self-educated man, we can only pray that the example of the put to shame many who, from superior Prelate whose tract is before us, may make means, ought to sing at least like Rübins, that impression which the importance of yet only chirp like Sparrows. the subject merits.
We are glad to see that the concluding History of the County Palatine of Lan volume (No. V.) of Murphy's Tacitus, caster By EDWARD Baines, Esq. 4to. being a continuation of the Family Classical The first Number of a regular History of Library, has passed Mr. Valpy's press. This this important County has appeared, sup
volume has notes ancexed to the Manncrs of Gent. Mag. April, 1831.
346 Miscellaneous Reviews.
[April, the Germans, and Life of Agricola, very in- (p. 92), because it is grossly untrue. The teresting to the English reader. We think Catholics who were hunted down by Elizathat the site of the battle between Galcacus beth were neither innocent nor peaceable. and Agricola is satisfactorily shown to have been in Strathearn, near the Kirk of Co We see merit in Mr. Howitt's Puems, merie. The inimitable conclusion of the particularly in the Sonnet to Emma, p. 144. Agricola is in the translation as fine as in the original. Of the translation here given The Familiar Law Adviser; or, Familiar it is, according to our knowledge, the best, Summary of the Laws respecting Masters, i, e, the best translation an untranslata- Servants, Apprentices, &c. must be exceedble author, so far as literary character, not ingly useful, because he who must observe mere uarrative, is concerned.
law ought of course to know what it is. many persons who cannot read the original at all, and others who cannot decipher its We approve of Mr. Rowbotham's Cours meaning without the Latin text, which even de Litterature Francaise; not that we rethe interpolation of an auxiliary verb would commend, in general, instruction through enfeeble.
translation, but because it is here used to
show the differences of the French and As to the Rev. Sam. Charles Wilks's English idioms. Duty of prompt and complete Abolition of Slavery, no man of right feeling will contest Mr. Burton has, to our coinplete satisthe position, and no fair man dispute the faction, advocated the cause of elevation of eloquence and ability of the author. But sentiment, and grandeur of composition, in when we find in the anti-slavery publications his Treatise on the importance and utility of uncalled-for calumnies against the bishops Classical Learning. The difference in the and regular clergy, and an utter disregard literature of the classical and middle ages of life or property, we are inevitably in- shows, in se, the vast benefit conferred upon clined to suspect, that the motives of the mankind. violent abolitionists are not pure; and that they are most improper persons to be en Mr. Guy's Geographia Antiqua cannot, trusted with political power. In our Review as a valuable school-book, be too warmly of Capt. Kotzebue's work, we have shewn in recommended. what manner missions have been abused, viz. to the establishment of a more pernicious and selfish priestcraft, that of
We have read with much pain the dis
purposely keeping the people in a state of bar- gusting details in the Voice of Humanity, barism, and murdering them by thousands No. 3, and think it a national disgrace that in wars of opinion. If Goveroment can de
so little attention should be paid to the revise a safe and eligible method of abolishing screened, when not a beast of prey tortures its
forms proposed. Why should brutality be slavery, we shall be among the first to rejoice; but we have no favourable opinion of
unfortunate victim to the extent which “cooks who spoil broth,” who meddle with
man goes in regard to the useful animals. the business to disseminate ruin and misery, from bad or erroneous motives.
Capt. Forman, in his Letter to Mr. Alt
wood on the Currency Question, states elaboThe Anti-slavery Reporters of January rately, and we think correctly, that the rise 5th and February 1st, state the speeches in the price of provisions after the commade on the subject. We wish that law mencement of the late war in 1793, was a and civilization obtained in Africa ; then
real increase, occasioned by an increased deslaves would not be there vendible; but mand, and not a nominal increase occauntil that is effected we do not see how it sioned by a depreciation of the currency can be stopped ; because they must be (see p. 5). The truth is, that the increase worsely enslaved at home than in the West arose from two causes, the increased deIndies, and are known to be so. It is im- mand for commodities on one side, and the possible to stop an effect without beginning depreciation of the currency on the other. with the cause, to suppress an inundation Between the years 1815 and 1827 an enorwithout cutting off the feeding springs. mous amount of paper was circulated, and
the price of provisions rather fell than ruse. The Rev. Bend. Godwin's Lectures on British Colonial Slavery state acts of cru Suggestions for combining an improved elty which most certainly ought to be put System of Taxation with a wide diffusion of down by the strong arm of law.
the Elective Franchise. The improved sys
tem of taxation is a poll-tar, which, accordThe Tales of other Days, with Cruik. ing to our recollection, has always turned shank's Illustrations, are interesting. But out a detested tax, sure to terminate in we must beg to protest against the tirade failure; and as to the elective franchise, we concerning our celebrated maiden Queen do not think that property can be safe