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Review.-History of Maritime Discovery. [April, regard to the bread-fruit tree (which is and applicable to many other
purnot equal to the potatoe), there has poses. been a sad neglect. We mean, for The following extract will show one instance, the medico-botanical that Egyptian antiquities' ascend to the properties of different herbs ; a circum- earliest æras. stance which we mention, not from “ About fifteen yards from the landingany disrespect to the enterprising and place at Easter Island was found a perpendieminent voyagers, but from the possi- calar wall of square new stone, about eight bility of discovering many most impor- feet in height, and nearly sixty in length ; tant adjuncts to the materia medica, another wall parallel to the first, and about amounting to absolute specifics, in re- forty feet distant from it, was raised to the ference even to horrible diseases, such
same height; the whole area between the as hydrophobia. The reports of the
walls was filled up and paved with square Medico-botanical Society have sug- walls were so carefully fitted as to make a
stones of blackish lava. "The stones of the gested to us this iaiprovement; and we think that there may be others. Euof the area was a pillar, consisting of a sin
durable piece of architecture. In the midst ropeans have rather communicated gle stone about twenty feet high and about than borrowed public benefits; but al- five feet wide, representing the human figure though we do not know that any ad- down to the waist. The workmanship was vantage would be derived from im- rude, but not bad; nor were the features of portation of kangaroos, we still think the face ill formed, but the ears were long that opportunities are presented of beyond proportion. On the top of the head gaining fast-growing trees and shrubs, was placed upright a huge round cylinder of which might be naturalized in our
stone above five feet in height and in diameclimate. What an acquisition, for
ter; this cap, which resembled the beadinstance, would be the bamboo and dress of an Egyptian divinity, was formed of
a kind of stone differeut from that which prickly pear, if they could be grown composed the rest of the pillar, and had a here, which we by no means af- hole on each side, as if it had been made by firm. We only know, that hedging- turning. It did not appear that the statues stuff, of much faster growth than were objects of worship; and it is difficult quickset, would of itself alone be a to explain how the natives could carve such most valuable acquisition ; and there huge statues with tools made of boues and might be such entangling shrubs, as shells ; yet on the eastern side of the island would preserve game by being imper- they were pumerous enough to employ the meable even to dogs, and by their pli- male population for many centuries.”—p.53. ancy and durability presenting perhaps This book abounds with curious inan article of manufacture superior for formation, and is most judiciously basket-work to withies and rushes, compiled.
A Manual of the Rudiments of Theology Modern Fanaticism Unveiled.—Mr. Irving containing an abridgment of Bishop Tom- has certainly committed himself to a very line’s Elements; an analysis of Paley's Evi- imprudent extent, in his Human Nature of dences; a summary of Bishop Pearson on Christ;" and agaipst him this book is more the Creed; and a brief exposition of the particularly directed; but it would have Thirty-Nine Articles, chiefly from Bishop been better if it had been itself less mystical. Burnet; together with other miscellaneous matters connected with Jewish rites and
We doubt not the good character and ceremonies, &c. &c. By the Rev. J. B. intentions of the Gentlemen mentioned in SMITH.—The work is most satisfactorily the Rev. E. W. Grinfield's Sketches of the executed; and we recommend the following Danish Mission on the Coast of Coromandel ; extract to the perusal of those who believe but it is our rule to judge of these things that persons unauthorised by episcopal ordi- by their operation upon the manners of the nation can validly administer the sacred people. Most of the Missionaries of whom rites of the church." Au instance of the we have heard, seem to consider a volungenerally-received opinion of the invalidity tary martyrdom, as a sure title to salvation, of Presbyterian ordination in primitive times, rather their duty, than, by uniting the is seeu in the case of Ischyras, who was de- office of medical moralists and schoolmasposed by the Synod of Alexandria, because ters, the reform and civilization of the subCalluthus, who ordaiped him, was supposed jects whom they address. They seem to to be no more than a Presbyter, though he put practical behind theoretical Christianity. pretended to be a Bishop. It appears, therefore, that only episcopal church govern- Dr. Wheeler, iu bis Theological Lectures, ment and episcopal ordination have the says, that we are not authorized by Scripsanction of the primitive church of Christ.” ture to speak definitively concerning the
1831.] Miscellaneous Reviews.
345 modes of our future rewards and punish- ported by a very extensive List of SubWe therefore decline giving any
scribers. The typographical elegance and opinion concerning Mr. Cowland's Spark ornamental illustrations are very inviting, to illumine, but refer him to the Divinity and the price extremely reasonable. This Professor whom we have named.
Work will embrace a general history of the
County, followed by the history of each The Bible-Lyrics, and other Verses, are Hundred, arranging the parishes in each not without poetical spirit; but we do not hundred according to their local connecthink it in good taste to play country-dances tion. The manufactures and commerce of and waltzes on the Bible, as if it were a the County will be fully investigated. From fiddle, and dance to them. We allude to the large collections formed by Mr. Baines, p. 35, &c. where we find the poetical mea- and the success of his former labours, we sure proper to light poetry thus employed. auger well for his present undertaking. We
are glad to observe that the biographical We wish Mr. BERNAY's German Poetical collections of Mr. W. R. Whattun, F.S. A. Anthology every success; for, as a class- relative to eminent Natives of Lancashire, book for students, is seems to deserve it. have been transferred to this work, to which
they will doubtless form a valuable addition. There is much solid reason and energetic eloquence in the Rev. JOHNSON Grant's The ultimate Remedy for Ireland, (written, Sir Lectures on Liberality and Expedience. it is believed, by Mr. Rowley Lascelles,)
is the entire amalgamation of it, as one With the ordinary Gospel we are fully Country with England. However difficult satisfied; extraordinary ones we do not re- may be some of the plans in the execution, cognize; and, therefore, when Mr. Strat- it is known that petty federalities and disTON, in his Book of the Priesthood, allegates tinctions obstruct the "good working” of that no Hierarchy or Priesthood was ever Government. The principal object of the intended or conferred by authority of Scrip- writer is to amalgamate the two Kingdoms ture, we conceive his work to be got up in a into a kind of fellow-feeling with regard to factious spirit, regardless of veracity, for a their reciprocal interests, and for this pursinister object.
pose he strongly recommends an extensive
plan of colonization from England--a plan, The Young Christian's Sunday Evening, we apprehend, too Utopian for adoption. is a good book for instructing young per
“These Colonies,” he observes, "might sons in the early History of the Bible. be distributed into villages, as so many sta
tions, of 500 or 1,000 families strong, Remarks on the present Distresses of the along the Shannon, branching out into Poor. By George Henry Law, &c. &c. Munster ; along the canals, and lining the Lord Bishop of Bath and Wells. 8vo. pp. 26. edges of all reclaimable marsh and moun2d edit. We are sure, in the writings of tain lands; or elsewliere, in all directions, this Prelate, to which we have always paid assuming Athlone as a centre. Their numthe most respectful attention, to find excel- bers, thus distributed, would be too few lent good sense united with philanthropy. to excite the apprehensions of Government, The present pamphlet refers to the bene- on the one hand, and they would be too ficial effects of allotments to the poor ; and many to dread midnight plunder or assassito that system, upon a proper, limited scale, nation, on the other." we most cordially assent. It certainly is ia the power of many landlords, where there is We heartily wish that the Retired East a scanty population, to have no poor at all, India Officer, who, in his Friend to Austraand, in various manufacturing parishes, by lia, has recommended to Government an institutions similar to friendly societies, and ingenious plan for exploring the interior of the encouragement of moral and providen- that wilderness, may find the attention cial habits, to alleviate the pressure of severe which the importance of the subject and
Mr. Becher has proved both these his public spirit demand. positions. They have also been partially exemplified elsewhere, but having treated Mr. Crocker's Poems have a merit which, the subject more copiously at various times, considering that he is a self-educated man, we can only pray that the example of the put to shame many who, from superior Prelate whose tract is before us, may make means, ought to sing at least like Rübins, that impression which the importance of yet only chirp like Sparrows. the subject merits.
We are glad to see that the concluding History of the County Palatine of Lan- volume (No. V.) of Murphy's Tacitus, caster By EDWARD Baines, Esq. 4to. being a continuation of the Family Classical The first Number of a regular History of Library, has passed Mr. Valpy's press. This this important County has appeared, sup
volume has notes ancexed to the Manncrs of Gent. Mag. April, 1831.
346 Miscellaneous Reviews.
[April, the Germans, and Life of Agricola, very in- (p. 92), because it is grossly untrue. The teresting to the English reader. We think Catholics who were hunted down by Elizathat the site of the battle between Galcacus beth were neither innocent nor peaceable. and Agricola is satisfactorily shown to have been in Strathearn, near the Kirk of Co- We see merit in Mr. Howitt's Puems, merie. The inimitable conclusion of the particularly in the Sonnet to Emma, p. 144. Agricola is in the translation as fine as in the original. Of the translation here given The Familiar Law Adviser; or, Familiar it is, according to our knowledge, the best, Summary of the Laws respecting Masters, i, e, the best translation an untranslata- Servants, Apprentices, &c. must be exceedble author, so far as literary character, not ingly useful, because he who must observe mere uarrative, is concerned.
law ought of course to know what it is. many persons who cannot read the original at all, and others who cannot decipher its We approve of Mr. Rowbotham's Cours meaning without the Latin text, which even de Litterature Francaise; not that we rethe interpolation of an auxiliary verb would commend, in general, instruction through enfeeble.
translation, but because it is here used to
show the differences of the French and As to the Rev. Sam. Charles Wilks's English idioms. Duty of prompt and complete Abolition of Slavery, no man of right feeling will contest Mr. Burton has, to our coinplete satisthe position, and no fair man dispute the faction, advocated the cause of elevation of eloquence and ability of the author. But sentiment, and grandeur of composition, in when we find in the anti-slavery publications his Treatise on the importance and utility of uncalled-for calumnies against the bishops Classical Learning. The difference in the and regular clergy, and an utter disregard literature of the classical and middle ages of life or property, we are inevitably in- shows, in se, the vast benefit conferred upon clined to suspect, that the motives of the mankind. violent abolitionists are not pure; and that they are most improper persons to be en- Mr. Guy's Geographia Antiqua cannot, trusted with political power. In our Review as a valuable school-book, be too warmly of Capt. Kotzebue's work, we have shewn in recommended. what manner missions have been abused, viz. to the establishment of a more pernicious and selfish priestcraft, that of
We have read with much pain the dis
purposely keeping the people in a state of bar- gusting details in the Voice of Humanity, barism, and murdering them by thousands No. 3, and think it a national disgrace that in wars of opinion. If Goveroment can de
so little attention should be paid to the revise a safe and eligible method of abolishing screened, when not a beast of prey tortures its
forms proposed. Why should brutality be slavery, we shall be among the first to rejoice; but we have no favourable opinion of
unfortunate victim to the extent which “cooks who spoil broth,” who meddle with
man goes in regard to the useful animals. the business to disseminate ruin and misery, from bad or erroneous motives.
Capt. Forman, in his Letter to Mr. Alt
wood on the Currency Question, states elaboThe Anti-slavery Reporters of January rately, and we think correctly, that the rise 5th and February 1st, state the speeches in the price of provisions after the commade on the subject. We wish that law mencement of the late war in 1793, was a and civilization obtained in Africa ; then
real increase, occasioned by an increased deslaves would not be there vendible; but mand, and not a nominal increase occauntil that is effected we do not see how it sioned by a depreciation of the currency can be stopped ; because they must be (see p. 5). The truth is, that the increase worsely enslaved at home than in the West arose from two causes, the increased deIndies, and are known to be so. It is im- mand for commodities on one side, and the possible to stop an effect without beginning depreciation of the currency on the other. with the cause, to suppress an inundation Between the years 1815 and 1827 an enorwithout cutting off the feeding springs. mous amount of paper was circulated, and
the price of provisions rather fell than ruse. The Rev. Bend. Godwin's Lectures on British Colonial Slavery state acts of cru- Suggestions for combining an improved elty which most certainly ought to be put System of Taxation with a wide diffusion of down by the strong arm of law.
the Elective Franchise. The improved sys
tem of taxation is a poll-tar, which, accordThe Tales of other Days, with Cruik. ing to our recollection, has always turned shank's Illustrations, are interesting. But out a detested tax, sure to terminate in we must beg to protest against the tirade failure; and as to the elective franchise, we concerning our celebrated maiden Queen do not think that property can be safe
347 unless the qualification is high, and of course Lions, however, are not to be fed with not too diffusive.
sugar-plums; and though in his own phra
seology he “ hoists all his civilities,” still Mr. Mac Bean's Force of Beauty, and the majestic mane cannot be made obedient other original Poems, may please the religious to the curling irons, nor a white glove con. public; as may also Mr. CORKINDALE's ceal the tremendous paw. We had marked Sketches of Genius, and other Poems,
for extract several specimens of the author's
talent for humour ; but our limits compel Mrs. Lachlan's Agape, or the Sacred us to refer our readers to the work itself, Love-pledge, though we do not like the with which we assure them they will be title and the foolish frontispiece, is unoh- anused. jectionable, because it consists of extracts from the Bible, under general heads; and The Rev. ROBERT Grant's Six Lectures therefore may be a very useful book of re- on the Parable of the Prodigal Son, treat ference.
the subject in a new and more religious
light than we have hitherto seen it. There The Proposal for the establishment of Vil- are many happy passages. lage Schools of Industry, is that of placing seminaries on waste or other lands, where
Mr. Webster's Delectus Grammaticus is boys are taught field-work and trades, and an elementary book, very serviceable in that girls sewing and scrubbery, besides reading difficult part of tuition, the advance of boys and religious instruction. It is also pre
from the Latio grammar to construing. sumed, that they could thus maintain themselves. To şuch experiments upon a limited
Mr. PINNOCK's Comprehensive Grammar scale we have no objection; but in regard of Sacred Geography and History is so exto an indefinite extent of pauperism, we beg cellently compiled as to place it among the to ask what is to become of infants under first class of school-books; and so great is ten years old, which would absolutely swarm
the merit of these in the present day, that like gnats? If in China and other coun
ours is no small praise. In the event of a tries infanticide has been connived at, how new edition, we beg Mr. Pinnock's attention absurd is it to instigate measures which to parallelisms, the chief form of Hebrew imply unlimited pauperism ; and in north- poetry, and which from p. 1:3, § 8, we ern climates too, which nature never in- think has escaped his recollection. tended to be over-peopled.
The Walks about Town, with Cruikshank's
Illustrations, excite a smile. Some of the The Didoniad, a semi-Virgilian nautic puns are very good. Epic, in nine Cantos. Edited by Paul HEIDIGER, Esq. late Lieutenant of the The Emperor's Rout is a good imitation Royal Navy. The mighty powers of Virgil of the Butterfly's Ball, and in a story written could not elevate Æneas above what he in easy verse, with explanatory notes, much really is, a sneaking fellow ; but our au- instruction to the juvenile entymologist is thor, with far better contrivance, has sub- combined with amusement. The plates are stituted for a hero a fine British Admiral, tastefully coloured. Plates I. and III. are and converted Dido into a modern Circe.
wrong numbered, being transposed.
FINE ARTS. Part XI. of the Landscape Illustrations of
The second Number of C. Heath's Histothe Waverley Novels, contains Views of Fast rical Illustrations of Sir W. Scott's Novels, Castle, by Copley Fielding, in which a ship- consists of six engravings of scenes in Rob wreck is appropriately introduced in the Roy. The plates are well designed by H. desolate scene ; Castle Rushin, by Gasti- Corbould, H. Richter, and J. M. Wright, neau; Bothwell Bridge, by D. Roberts; and and finished in the highest style of line York Minster, that most “august of tem- engraving by C. Heath, Rolls, Bacon, and ples," as Sir W. Scott justly calls it. This Goodyear. They richly deserve success. View, by Nash, is taken from the City walls, and gives a good representation of the S. E. A fine line engraving of The Interior of of the cathedral.
Westminster Abbey (size 22 in. by 17) has Part XII. contains Solway Sands, " illu- been executed by Mr. W. Woolnoth, from minated by the beams of the setting sun, a drawing by George Cattermole, esq. drawn by Copley Fielding; Stirling Castle, The view is taken from the Poets' Corner, by Robson, but the artist has forgot to across the Choir, and is terminated by the hang the Union Flag over the battlements ; superb circular window of the N. Transept. Wharncliffe woods, in Yorkshire, by De This is a fine point of view for the exhibiWint; and Manor Glen, from a sketch by tion of the noble proportions of this majestic J. Skene, esq.
pile, and from the entire omissiou of the
Pompeiana. purity. The funeral of Henry the Fifth is
Part VI.of Sir W. Gell's Observations on represented, not as it actually took place, Pompeii contains four Plates. 1. Fac-simile with the contemporary costume and contem
of a juvenile head, supposed by Sir W. Gell porary pomp: hut as it might be exhibited with the paltry and inadequate means of original, when first found, “ had the trans
to represent Achilles. The colouring in the theatrical display. How very differently
of 'Titian." 2. Venus and Cupid
parency the Abbey was furnished on a Royal cere
angling, two graceful figures, engraved in mony in Catholic times, is ingeniously ima- outline.
3. A view of the Street of the gined by our old friend John Carter, in the Mercuries ; 4. The Pedestals in the Forum ; frontispiece to his “ Ancient Sculpture and these are two interesting and good plates. 5. Painting.” As an architectural View this Section of a Caldarium or Warm Bath. print has the highest merit : but the only figures should have been a groupe of the
The English School. monastic architects.
Nos. XI. and XII. of this pleasing little Our favourable opinion of Mr. Major's include Pictures from West, Wilkie, Lou
work have been imported from Paris. They cabinet Edition of Hogarth is fully confirmed by the Second Part, which contains therbourg, Flaxman, Chantrey, &c. &c. The five Plates of Industry and Idleness ; Pl. 3 of selection is judicious and the execution of the Election ; Pl. 3 and 4 of Marriage-a
these diminutive copies commendable. la-mode; PI, 1 and 3 of Four Times of the
Sale At Mereworth Castle, Kent. Day ; Enraged Musician; Distressed Poet; and Southwark Fair. The expression and Lord Le Despencer's superb collection of character of the original engravings are un. Pictures, which has long and justly been commonly well preserved in these excellent celebrated, was lately dispersed by the hamminiature copies. We like Mr. Major's mer of the auctioneer. The focus of at. notes better than Dr. Trusler's text, and are traction was Correggio's Sigismunda, said to glad to see him consulting the Essays of Mr. be worth 5,000 guineas; but for some unPhillips and Mr. Lamb. Some of the ex- known reason it was not put up for sale. planatory notes of Dr. Trusler might have There were above one hundred very excelbeen omitted ; such for instance as “ Wes
lent pictures. Lots 19 and 22, Ruins in ley [misspelt Westley and afterwards Westly] Italy, by Pannini, were splendid specimens a leader of a sect called Methodists."
of the picturesque, and sold for ten and
twelve guineas. Lot 21, Portrait of Van Halfpenny's Gothic Ornamenls in York Dyck, by himself, known as “the SunCathedral has always been allowed by artists flower,” which brought only eight guineas. and amateurs as a work of high authority Lot 25, The 'Temptation of St. Katherine, on the subject of Gothic architecture ; ex- by Teniers, 401. The purchaser has been hibiting a great variety of ornaments, drawn since offered 2001. for it. Lot 41, A View with much precision from the finest speci- of Mereworth Castle, by Tennant, painted on mens of the art. We are happy therefore the spot for 50l. was sold for ten guineas to announce that this valuable collection of and a half, about the cost of its splendid Plates is re-publishing in Numbers. Six frame. Lot 59, Portrait of Catrini Hoogh, have already appeared. Several of the sub- painted by Rembrandt in 1657, sold for jects in these Numbers are particularly 108l. A Saint Francis, by Guido, in that graceful; and some knots of figures in the master's best style, brought only 161. One cieling of the choir, which were burnt and of Claude's most excellent Landscapes, have not been restored, but merely re- bought by Mr. Alderman Lucas for 24 placed by leafy tracery, will be found pre- guineas only; its companion fetched 301,
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
Books announced for Publication. of the Paintings, Sculptures, and Conserva-
cluding Notices of the Rev. C. Wesley. By