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When black’ning clouds, the sky o'ercast
And gloomy is the day.
He's safe with Alice Grey.
A small and glim'ring ray, He views the close of all his woes
In Heaven with Alice Grey. Newcastle, April 6th, 1831. H.G.
LONG LIVE OUR SAILOR KING.
A NEW LOYAL SONG, COME, raise the goblet high,
While with heart and voice we sing And all England makes reply,
Long live our Sailor King !" The vessel of the State
Has a seaman at the helm, And howe'er our foes may hate
They old England can't o'erwhelmFor while we rule the waves
We may firm and fearless sing, “ Britons never will be slaves
While they have a Sailor King !” May we lead a life of peace
While we live beneath his sway“ Though, should enemies increase,
He'll to vict'ry lead the wayWhile the cannon's thunder roars
He'll “Rule Britannia,” singAnd the British seventy-fours
Shall protect our Sailor King ! Our blessings on the Queen
Who shares our monarch's throne, And who gilds the courtly scene
With virtues like his own
And each bill and valley ring-
“ Long live our Queen and King !" Come raise the goblet high
While with heart and voice we singAnd all England makes reply,
“ Long live our Sailor King !"
MOMENTARY THOUGHTS, No. III.
To me so dear or sweet,
Of Boyhood's gladness meet :
Display some long-lived trace,
Of some forgotten face.
The dearest place on earth,
As thou wert of my birth.
My tomb, and think of me
That now I feel for thee.
Lines written as an Answer to the Favourite
Song of “ Alice Grey."
Neglected and forgot,
For chang'd is now his lot.
is light and gay,
Belov'd by Alice Grey.
His eye is bright as day,
His all with Alice Grey.
Is now dispers'd away,
For him and Alice Grey.
And she is bright and gay; Despair has flown, and now his own
Fond bride is Alice Grey.
THE SAILOR'S TOMB. THE rolling waves receive the placid corse, Its only winding sheet the foaming surge, And to the caves profound commit their
trust. Thus based on living adamantine rocks, What monument e'er sculptur’d by man's
art So fit to hold enshrin'd the last remains Of an immortal soul!
The solemn funeral peal ne'er ceases here. The summer breeze, and ev'ry wintry blast, Produce a sad remembrance of the tomb. Not Memnon's head, when the last evening
beams Illum'd its awful front, did e'er pour
forth Such deep-toned sourds, or solemn mystic
strains. What regal tomb, enrich'd by human art, But must decay and crumble into dust, While this shall stand immutable and bright, 'Till the Archangel's voice shall reach the
depth Of Ocean's caves, and summon forth the
dead. O God, in that tremendous day, again Unite in holy love those kindred bands Whom death has rent, and scattered far and wide.
PROCEEDINGS IN PARLIAMENT.
House Of LORDS, March 24. been made in the population returns, which On the presenting of a petition, by Earl
might work an injustice, it was not the inGrey, from the freeholders of the county
tention of his Majesty's Ministers to abide of Down, in favour of Parliamentary by these returns.—Lord John Russell disREFORM, the Duke of Wellington said, that
claimed all intention of doing any injustice, the proposed Bill would throw down all the and expressed his willingness to lay those established institutions of the country, and
returns before the House. If it should turn that in his opinion there was no reason
out that the rule applied to parishes, rather whatever for altering the constitution of Par
than to the boroughs only in which those liament. He could not look at the mea- parishes were interested, was more favoursure without considering the day on which it able to an extension of the franchise, he should pass as the moment from which they thought it ought to be applied. might date the downfall of the country.-- Earl
In a Committee of Supply, Sir J. Graham Grey, in reply, said that he considered him
moved various items connected with the self completely committed by and identified
Navy Estimates, the whole of which were with the measure, and by this measure he
agreed to. The House afterwards went into should stand or fall, and as far as depended
a Committee on the Civil List. The Chancelupon him he would suffer wo alteration to lor of the Exchequer proposed that a revenue be made that would detract from its effi of 510,000l. be granted to his Majesty durciency; and without throwing out any threat
ing his life, which was agreed to. of dissolution, he had no objection to say, that in order to support and carry into
House of LORDS, March 28. effect this measure, there were no means sanctioned by the principles and practice of
Lord Wharncliffe rose for the purpose of the constitution, and by' a devoted sense of moving for returns of the population of the public duty, from the employment of which
different counties in England and Wales ; he would shrink. The Noble Earl in con
and in the course of a very long and able clusion observed, that the measure would speech took occasion to enter at large into
the details of the Bill now in progress support the dignity of the aristocracy, and would keep up their respectability by throw- through the Lower House, which, although ing from them that power which made them undoubtedly a most efficient, was not by any odious to the people.
means, in his opinion, a moderate reform.
On the contrary, he believed that it would In the House of COMMONS, the same
put in danger all the best institutions of the day, the “ Bill to amend the REPRESENTA
country; and for this reason it was, that he tion of IRELAND,'
felt compelled to oppose it. The Bill would was brought in by Mr.
give the commercial a great preponderance Stanley, and an extended debate ensued, in
over the landed interest, cause the number the course of which the Chancellor of the
of electors to be inconveniently large, and, Exchequer stated that Government had made up their minds irrevocably “ to persevere ia
short, prove as great a delusion as had
ever been offered to the country. In times the proposition for cutting off sixty boroughs. They would listen to po compro
of excitement (and it was sometimes necesmise. They considered the disfranchise
sary for Ministers to counteract popular ment of rotten boroughs essential to the opinion) the Government, should this Bill public welfare, and they trusted that the
be adopted, could not go on, since it would House and country would stand by them in
be impossible for the members of it to ob
tain seats in Parliament.-Lord Durham, carrying it into effect.” The Bill was read a first time, and the second reading appointed Clanricarde, and Lord Plunkett, spoke in
the Duke of Richmond, the Marquis of for the 18th of April.
favour of the measure.—The Lord Chancel
lor said, that the supporters of things as March 25. In reply to some observa- they are had formerly reproached the friends tions of Sir Robert Peel on the population of reform with having no settled plan to returns of the boroughs intended for dis offer to Parliament. At present, however, franchisement, Lord Althorp said, that it was a measure had been brought forward which the determination of Ministers to abide by had met the approbation of the whole the rule of disfranchising those boroughs country; while its opponents, although they whose population fell short of the number all admitted that some sort of reform was nelimited in the Bill; but if a mistake had cessary, had not in a single instance submitted Gent. Mag. April, 1831.
Proceedings in Parliament.-Reform Bill. [April, a plan which might be placed by the side of was ordered of the number of houses rated the Ministerial Bill, and thus be subjected at 101. and upwards, in the districts of the to a comparison with it. The Noble Lord Tower Hamlets, Holborn, and Lambeth. observed, that up to the period of the union Both Houses adjourned to the 12th of with Scotland it had been the undoubted April. right of the Crown to send writs to what boroughs it pleased, and to cease to send House of COMMONS, April 12. them when it thought proper; and Mini In answer to some questions relative to siers now only proposed to do that which the REFORM Bill, Lord John Russell said, before that period was not an unfrequent
that Ministers had endeavoured to procure occurrence. -The Duke of Wellington said, as correct a return as possible of the poputhat in his opinion the state of the repre lation of each city and borough which sent sentatiou ought not to be changed. They Members to Parliainent.
His Lordship could, on priociple, no more deprive one of stated, he should have several alterations to these Boroughs of its franchise, without de make that would not change the principle linquency in proof, than they could deprive of the Bill, but would render it more corhim of his seat in that house or of his estate. For instance, in consequence of fur-Earl Grey thought the measure recom ther information, Buckingham would not be mended by the Ministers of the Crown was retained in the disfranchising schedule, A. of the greatest importance to the well-being There would likewise be several amendments of the country: to that measure he was coin in the wording of the Bill, as regarded the mitted heart and soul, and he would not shrink existing rights of those who had freedoms from giving any advice to his Majesty to by service or birth, &c. His Lordship also adopt every constitutional means to carry stated, that the objections to the proposed it into effect. The Bill had been introduced, reduction of the number of Members had and had received the general approbation been anxiously considered; and he added, of the country.
that if the sense of the House should appear The motion for the returns of the popu to be fairly against that reduction, the Golation of counties, cities, and towns, was vernment were prepared to relax in that then agreed to without a division.
part of the plan.-After some desultory
observations on the measure, Mr. Hunt reIn the House of COMMONS, the same marked, that he had just returned from day, Mr. F. Lewis brought in a Bill for the tour in Staffordshire, Warwickshire, and better regulation of the vend of Coals in other counties, and he openly declared that London. It proposed that henceforth coals there was now a re-action with respect to should be sold by weight, by the ton instead tbe Reform Bill. He had addressed very of the chaldron; that the several city large assemblies of the people, and had not charges and orphans' dues should be reduced met a single individual among those who to 1s. per ton, and id. per ton for the mar would be excluded, under this Bill, from ket, &c. ; that the system of meters at the the elective franchise, who was not opposed ships and wharfs should be abolished, and to it.
These poor people had recovered that there should be no party between the from their delusion. They were not now collier and the merchant, por any person be so much in love with this measure as they tween the wharf and the consumer; that at first were. They had found out that they city and orphans' dues should be collected hail been deceived. They expected that the by the Customs, the parties compounding Bill would give them cheap brearl, cheap according to the tonnage of the vessels ; meat, fewer hours of labour, and higher and that the compensations to the meters, wages; but they had discovered that this &c. should be adjusted by the city autho expectation was a mere delusion. For his rities out of the one-penny rate. The Bill own part, he voted in favour of the Bill, was read the first time.
because he thought that it was an inroad
(Cheers)-yes, an inroad, on that accursed March 30. Mr. Baring brought up the system which had plunged this country report of the Select Committee appointed to in debt and distress.- Colonel Davies deinquire into the salaries of the Great Officers nounced, in warın terms, the speech of the of State, with a view to their reduction, Hon. Member for Preston, who, although After a few words from Sir C. Wetherell, professing himself a reformer, had that Mr. Baring, Sir H. Hardinge, and Sır G. evening done more to injure the cause than Warrender, the report was brought up, and the most determined eneiny of reform. ordered to be printed.
Mr. Stanley moved for aud obtained leave Lord Althorp moved that the Lord Lieu to bring in a Bill for the promotion of public tenant be permitted to issue Exchequer Bills works in Ireland. to the extent of 50,000l. to meet the tem Mr. Crampton moved for and obtained porary and local distress of Ireland. After
leave to bring in a Bill to improve the ada short conversation between several Mem ministration of the law in Ireland. The obbers, the vote was agreed to.
ject of the Bill was, to assimilate the laws On the motion of Mr. Wiks, a return of Ireland to those of England,
1831.] Proceedings in Parliament.-Reform Bill.
355 April 13. On Mr. Western presenting a Excellency the Lord Lieutenant, from the petition from the county of Essex in favour Grand Jury of Clare, relative to the disturof Reform, Mr. Stanley said, that as a mis bances which had taken place in that county. apprehension existed, both in that House This led to an extended discussion. Whatand elsewhere, as to the intentions of Mi ever differences there were on particular nisters with regard to the Reform Bill, he points, nearly all the speakers admitted the thought it right to state most unequivocally, necessity of introducing poor laws into Irethat his Majesty's Ministers did not mean, land, as the only means of protecting the in any, even the slightest degree, to deviate poor, and securing them against the consefrom the broad and plain principle on which quences of absentee landlords. It appears they had founded that great measure. They from the memorial, the production of which were determined on the entire disfranchise was agreed to, that eight, nine, ten, and ment of those Boroughs which did not come even eleven pounds annual rent had been up to a certain standard of population, and demanded for a single acre of unreclaimed on the partial disfranchisement of those bog or inountain, whereon the famished peawhich did not come up to another given sant might plant potatoes for his family. staudard. The only alteration intended was this—that if any Boroughs could fairly and April 14. After some acrimonious conplainly show that they did not come within versation between Mr. Hunt and Mr. O'Conthe fixed rule and line marked out by the nell, on the subject of the Reform Bill Bill, then those Boroughs would be justly (during which the latter Member accused entitled to be excluded from the schedules Mr. Hunt of having been bought over by of disfranchisement, or partial disfranchise the Tories), the Chancellor of the Exchement. If it should appear to be the quer brought a message from the King to firevalent feeling of the House, that the the following effect :number of the Members should be aug. “ His Majesty, trusting to the affectionate mented beyond the amount contemplated by regards of his faithful Commons, both for the Bill, the disfranchised Boroughs would himself and his Queen, took that opportunity not le restored, but the Members to be to express his hope, that they would take imadded would be taken from such important mediate steps to make an adequate provision towns, or populous districts, as might be for maintaining the Royal dignity of her considered to have, under such circum Majesty, in case she should survive the destances, a fair claim to representation.—Lord mise of his Majesty.” Althorp, in reply to a question from General Gascoyne, also spoke in explanation of the House of Lords, April 15. ministerial plan; and be begged to be dis The Earl of Roseberry presented a petitinctly understood, that the retaining the tion praying that some coin pulsory rate whole number of Members was, in no one might be established in Ireland, for the redegree to touch that principle which went lief of the poor of that country. The Earl to the disfranchisement of the rotten Bo of Limerick doubted the expediency of inroughs. If the House should, by a division, troducing the Poor Laws into Ireland. compel Ministers to increase the number of Those laws in England operated as a bounty Members, then they would take in populous upon population ; and if such a system were towns, or populous bodies of constituency, adopted in Ireland, tbere would be no knowand bestow the elective franchise on them. ing what effect it would have in that prolific -Sir R. Peel said that by these alterations country. the Bill became a new one, and an exten In the COMMONS, the same day, the House sion of time ought to be allowed for its con went into a Committee on the King's Messideration.
sage, when, on the motion of the Chancellor Lord Nugent moved for, and obtained leave of the Exchequer, it was agreed, that a sum to bring in, a Bill to abolish certain oaths of 100,0001. should be secured to the Queen, taken in the Customs and Excise. In one year if she should survive his Majesty, to sup101,590 oaths had been taken in the Customs, port her Royal dignity, payable out of the and 194,612 in the Excise. In answer to Consolidated Fund, together with Marlboan application from the Treasury, the Boards rough House, and the house and lands of of Customs and Excise had reported, that Bushy Park. out of 94 classes of oaths 92 might be abo Mr. Buxton brought forward a motion for lished, without injury to the public service. the immediate abolition of Slavery. The In place of the oaths it was proposed to sub motion was seconded by Lord Morpeth, and stitute a declaration, the breach of which opposed by Mr. Keith Douglas.-Lord Alwould subject the offender to a penalty of thorp objected to the motion, on the ground 1001.
that the state of the slaves should be graMr. O'Brien brought before the consi dually ameliorated. At the same time, he deration of the House the present dreadfully wished to ascertain what steps the local Ledisturbed state of certain parts of Ireland, gislatures would take upon the subject. and moved, that there be laid upon the table After considerable discussion the debate was a copy of the memorial presented to his adjourned until the 26th instant.
Proceedings in Parliament.--Reform Bil. [April, House of LORDS, April 17.
motion were carried it would prove destrucThe Earl of Limerick brought forward a tive to the Bill. He implored all those who formal complaint against the Editor of the were sincerely disposed to carry the Bill, to Times newspaper, whom he accused of vio
support Ministers in their opposition to the lating the privileges of the House, by the amendment.-Lord Stormont submitted that scurrilous language he had adopted when the proposed alterations changed the princianimadverting on the noble Earl's senti ple of the Bill.-General Duff was in favour ments with regard to the introduction of of a wholesome salutary Reform, and would Poor Laws in Ireland. In the paragraph give his support to Ministers.-Lord Loughcomplained of the writer observed : “'There borough supported the ameodment, and deare men or things with human pretensioos, signated the Bill as revolutionary.--Colonel nay, with lofty privileges, who do not blush Wood should oppose the Bill without very to treat the mere proposal of establishing a considerable alterations were made in it. fund for the relief of the diseased or helpless The debate was adjourned. Irish with brutal ridicule and almost impious scorn.” After some discussion the printer April 19. The debate on General Gasof the Times was ordered to appear at the coyne's amendment was resumed. Mr. Lytbar of the House.
ton Bulwer, Mr. Campbell, Mr. Wilbraham,
and Mr. Hawkins opposed the amendment, In the COMMONS, the same day, Lord J. as being destructive to the principles of the Russell moved that the Houise go into a Bill.-Mr. Fane, Mr. C. Douglas, Mr. W. Committee on the REFORM Bill, when he Wynn, Sir G. Clerk, and Sir J. Malcolm, stated the alterations proposed by Ministers supported it.—Sir R. Wilson said, that he in that measure. The noble Lord said, that had been sent into that House as the friend in consequence of more perfect details as to of a full and free representation, and he the population of particular places, Aldbo never could agree to a measure that would rough, Buckingham, Malmesbury, Oak have the effect of producing a decimation of hanıpton, and Reigate, were to be trans the English Members. He supported the ferred to schedule B; or, to send one Mem measure up to the present momeut; and ber, instead of being disfranchised; their po under the feeling that it was the intention pulation having been fouud to exceed 2000. of his Majest.y's Government to submit the Leoninster, Northallerton, Morpeth, Tamo principle of oumbers to the consideration of worth, Tavistock, Calne, Truro, and West- ihe House, he had promised the gallant Gebury to be taken out of schedule B,~in neral who brought forward the amendmeat other words, to continue to send two Mem. his support. He had done so, because he bers, their population exceeding 4000. The did not think that such an amendment was most important alteration was regarding the in opposition to the principle of the Bill. counties. To attain a greater number of If however the course which he should purMembers than the Ministers first proposed, sue would be such as would not satisfy his there was to be an additional one to each constituents, he was ready to resign his seat. county of upwards of 100,000 inhabitants -Mr. Stanley replied to Sir Robert Wilson, in England and Wales. Those counties and implored those who were anxious for were Berkshire, Buckinghamshire, Cam Reform to reject the present amendment.-bridgeshire, Dorsetshire, Herefordshire, Sir G. Murray and Mr. North supported the Hertfordshire, Oxfordshire, and Glamor amendment.—Sir R. Peel spoke against the ganshire, in Wales. Counties having a po measure of Reform. What might be the pulation of 150,000 or upwards, were to consequences of the Bill he would not say; send four Members. They proposed to give but if it should prove prejudicial to the into Salford, Bury, Oldham, and Rochdale, terests of the country, he should hold resin the county of Lancaster, to the Potteries ponsible for it that Ministry which had prein Staffordshire, and to Wakefield, Whitby, pared the Bill without due consideration to and Halifax, one member each. The effect its importance ; and by so doing, had reof these alterations would be to make the duced them to such a state of embarrassment whole number of Members of the United that they must either acquiesce in what Kingdom 627, thus causing a diminution of they believed to be injurious to the Constionly 31 in the present number.-General tution, or witness the inelancholy prospect Gascoyne said that the Bill introduced by of the affairs of this realm being submitted the noble Lord was a different and distinct to misrule and anarchy.—Sir J. Graham Bill from that which the noble Lord had warned all the friends of the measure, that previously introduced upon the subject of Re if they had hitherto been sincere in its supform. He condemned the whole measure, port, this present step was a most important as calculated to subvert the constitution of one.—The Attorney-General concluded a the House. He then moved as an amend- long speech by saying, he conceived that ment that the number of representatives for the vote of the present night would be deEngland and Wales might not be decreased. cisive to the question of Reform.-Lord J. -Mr. Sadler seconded the amendment. Russell spoke agaiust the amendment, and Lord Althorp strongly resisted it ; for if the entreated all who were friendly to the mea