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[ 41 ]
REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.
The History and Description of the Town' and breadth ; each pannel is bordered with a
Borough of Ipswich, including the Villages band, and alternately emblazoned with a coat and Country Seats in its Vicinity, more of arms, or filled up with a projecting oruaparticularly those seated on the Banks of ment, in the shape of an inverted pediment, the Orwell. 800. pp. 504.
with concave sides, richly carved, and peaEVERY commercial town of im- dentive six inches from the ceiling. Each portance should have a local his
of these projections terminates nearly in a tory, in matter and embellishment, beam intersects the ceiling, in the centre,
point, topped with a leaf or rose. One large worthy of it, and this we can truly the whole length of the room, and two say of the work before, us. The in smaller transverse ones.” fluence and utility of such books are pot indeed subjects of sense, but their
Whatever defect there may be in indirect action may be, and often is of the description, has been amply comthe most important consequence.
To pensated by the accurate and beautiful enter into an elucidation of this gene- engraving (here given) from a drawing ral position is unnecessary, because we by Mr. H. Davy, which at once stanips have often done so ; and have no room
him as a master of his profession. 10 spare, on account of copious ex
With regard to ceilings, it is known,
that among our ancestors these were Our author has exhibited superior rare, and that they had only two ideas taste in the selection of subjects for upon the subject : one, that if rooms his excellent plates. These, of course,
were lofty they must be arched; and, under such guidance, apply to archi
if low (for they had no idea of high tectural remains of curious construc
rooms, with horizontal ceilings), or
That tion and probable demolition. The namented and cross-beamed. chief of these is the subject of the plate the beams were intended for ornament before us (see Plate II.), viz. the in
as well as use cannot be doubted, beterior of a room at the Tankard Inn. cause they are often moulded and The history of this valuable relic is as
wrought, where they are crossed, in . follows.- Pp. 220-223.
rooms which had ornamented fire“Sir Anthony Wingfield, K. G. Vice- places. If the ceiling was carried up
io the roof, the mere barn and stable Chamberlain, Privy Counsellor, and one of the Executors of Henry VIII. had a resi
rudeness was relieved by a succession dence where the Tankard public-house and
of wooden arched timber couples, restthe Theatre now stand. In the former, ing upon brackets, as at Westminster some curious remains of the decorations of Hall, and the Grammar School bere Sir Anthony's mansion still exist, particu- engraved (p. 281). And we are inlarly in a large room on the ground floor ;. clined to think that arched windows the oak wainscot of which, beautifully carved were essential to this plan, when corin festoods of flowers, and a variety of de rect, and not the square transom winvices, was formerly gilt, but is now painted dows intruded in the school nienblue and white. The cieling is of groined tioned, for we must not condemn our work, carved and wrought something after
ancestors for want of taste in the pure the manner of Henry the Seventh's Chapel Gothic. An arched window, with a at Westminster. Ia various compartments fat ceiling, must be out of keeping; of this ceiling numerous coats of arms are. sculptured, and have been emblazoned in to the barbarisms of the Tudor style.
and the innovation condemned is due their proper colours, most of which are defaced; but still several of those of the Wings : Over the fireplace is a basso-relievo, field family, encircled with the motto of the rudely carved in wood, and coloured in a Order of the Garter, remain in tolerable tasteless style. It represents the Judgment preservation. This room 'is twenty-seven of Paris.* It is much mutilated.” feet long, sixteen feet' nine inches wide, and only nine feet five iuches high. The' ceil-'
It is a disgrace to the national chaing is divided into pannels sixteen inches atid racter, that Englishmen should feel a a half square; there are twelve of these in she length of the room, and eight in the : * This is 'engraved at large in our vol. GENT., Mag. January, 1831...
[Jan. schoolboy mischievous propensity to into a drawing-room, who would mutilation of fine objects, like children knock the ornaments from his vases, tired of toys. It is a disgrace, we say, and break his china? yet so do Engbecause it shows a defect of intellec. lishmen with splendid shrines and pubtual feeling in regard to fine subjects lic monuments, and no sarcasms can of art, and an indifference even to ho be too severe for such indubitable nesty. A thief only would hammer tokens of a brutal mind. into a lump, for sale, a piece of cu
We think that this room would, riously wrought plate; and a rascal upon a more enlarged scale, make an only would scrape the colour off a fine excellent plate for the Vetusta Monupainting. Who could admit a menta of the Society of Antiquaries.
By the favour of our author we If
any man or woman be in blame are enabled to give an engraving of concerning bread or beer, let the baker that well-known machine for curing (pistor) be put upon the collistrigium, scolds, the “ ducking-stool." The cut which is called pillorie, and the brewess is a spirited sketch, made by Mr. G. (brasiatrix) upon the tumbrell, which Campion, late of Ipswich, of a scene is called castigatorium," the word tumexhibiting persons preparing to carry brel being a derivative from the French this ceremony into execution. It was tomler. We have a loose recollection evidently a punishment intended by of having somewhere read, that among our ancestors for female delinquents, certain northern nations it was custoas the pillory was for males. In the mary not to hang but to drown woLeges Scoticor. Burgor. c. 21 (quoted men, when under sentence of capital by Ducange v. Tumbrellum), we have, punishment; and at the present day
43 the Turks use a similar practice. From Dictionary says, "marche-pane, massehence might have been derived the dis- pain, f. (9. massa panis) sugared paste tinction between the pillory and tum
made into little cakes. At the inthrobrel. – To return : In an apartment of nization feast of Archbishop Warham, the Custom-house at Ipswich, is an
all his honours and offices were drawn, original ducking-stool.
depicted, and delineated, in gilded “ It is in the form of a strong backed
Inarch-paine, upon the banqueting arm chair, with a wrought iron rod, about
dishes. -(Weev. Fun. Mon. 232. ed. an inch in diameter, fastened to each arm,
fol.) To make march-paine was a fein front, meeting in a segment of a circle
male accomplishment; for Drayton above. There is also another iron rod says (Ecl. iv.) affixed to the back, which curves over the " The silk well couth she twist and twine, head of a person seated in the chair, and is And make the fire march-pane." connected with the others at the top, to the centre of which is fastened an iron ring, It appears from Nichols's Progresses for the purpose of slinging the machine of James the First (i. 597), that cerinto the river. In the Chamberlain's Book tain cooks, and the apothecary of the are various entries of money paid to por- King, sent each a marchpane, for a ters for taking down the ducking-stole ;' new year's gift, in 1605-6. and in the year 1597 three unfortunate fe
The King sent his picture, in return, males underwent this opprobrious ceremony. to Mr. Bailiff Sparrow; a custom which The fee for inflicting the punishment was
seems to have succeeded that of acIs. 6d.”
knowledging such gifts by presents of Having now given illustrations of the plate. engravings, with which the kindness The following is a very extraordiof the author enables us to embellish nary case: this article, we proceed to other curious May 7th, 1762. In the paper of this matters contained in this work.
date is an account of a most extraordinary Nothing is better known than the case of affliction in a family at Wattisham, famous Corpus Christi pageants. 11
attested by Dr. Wollaston of Bury, and vaHen. VIII. the great Court ordered,
rious magistrates, in which a family, conthat every person absent from Corp. sisting of a mother and five children, being Chr. mass should forfeit a pound of they all of them, in the course of a few
first seized with a pain in one of their legs, wax.-P. 18. Flagged pavements for pedestrians are recent, and formerly mortification ensued, and it was necessary to
days, lost the use of their lower limbs; a kennels were in the middle of the
perform amputation upon the whole of streets ; and in 1663 was inade the fol
them; and, what is remarkable, during this lowing order of Court, that
affliction, they all of them appeared to be in “ For the better preservation of children, perfect healthi, and suffered very little pain.” which are walking or playing in the common streets of this town, every person com The first attempt here at a Hortiing with cart or tumbril shall, for the time cultural Society was made in 1823, coming, lead the horse of such team in such
under the appellation of the “ Goosemanner, that one wheel may roll on one side
berry Society.” The members were, of the channel, and the other on the other
in side ; and such as offend herein, shall forfeit
consequence, nicknamed “Goose12d. for the use of the poor."-P. 49.
berry Fools ;” and the result was, a
change of denomination, and a more So late as 1734, we find an election improved institution.-p. 183. for Members of Parliament held upon Our author, speaking of Wolsey's a Sunday.-P. 91.
birth, says, judiciously, Mr. Bailiff Sparrow presented George
The occupation of Wolsey's father matthe First with a marchpane of extraor ters but little; for Cavendish, who was the dinary dimensions. Our author says, servant of this mighty prelate, states that “ This confectionary composition was
a poor man's son of Ipswich.”— made of cake, chio-nu
sugar, sweetmeats, and comfits.”—P. 92.
Cavendish must have known who Our author will see from Coigrave and what he was, and if his extraor(v. Pain d'Amande), that not pistachio- dinary elevation as prime minister, and nuts but almonds were used. Percy, his ostentatious habits (the beggar on Ballads (i. 358), calls march-paine a horseback) had not excited the bitkind of biscuit. Coles in his English terest feelings, he would, if an ascetic,
[Jan. have been deemed a martyr. Histo In p. 428, we have a wood-cut of ay rical criticism should always go back
oaken chest of great antiquity, curito contemporary, ideas. It is well ously carved, in bas-relief; which known, that in those days few or no chest contains the corporation records. laymen were either sufficiently learned It is certain, that the costumes of the or intellectual to conduct ihe high figures may be found in the fourteenth offices of state; and that, in those century; that two of them have the days, the clerks were, in the main, long pole-axe, which Dr. Meyrick lawyers also. In the present times, makes the distinction of a general ; public business cannot be conducted that one is an archer, with a quiver of in either house of parliament without arrows; and that all are soldiers, exa commixture of lawyers. Wolsey was cept one, who holds in his hand a a clever business man, useful to bis large bird. From the principal figure sovereign, and valued by him because being in the act of sheathing his sword, obsequious. In a clerk of those days somne victory may have been the subpedigree was not regarded, because it ject, for he is plainly narrating news was not expected. “ Yeomen,” says to the others. Perhaps it was some Holinshed, “ sent their sons to the matter in which the Ipswich men had universities," and Thomas Cromwell a concern. Our author states, p. 389, and Wolsey were mere pet dogs of so that Edward III. after the battle of vereigns, whom they could victimate Cressy, in 1338, confirmed at Walton, when political necessity required, with in the vicinity, the charters of Ipsout any public feeling being interested wich; and taking into consideration in their behalf, unless they were saints the uses to which the chest is applied, also. It is certain that Wolsey raised we conceive that the carving may have himself, and that if he had favour he been intended to commemorate that had also merit; Piers Gaveston, on the contrary, was a royal favourite, and We here leave this work, with feel. it was evidently a preference to which ings of high satisfaction; and warmly office did not entiile him.
recommend it. It has been observed by men who know the army and navy well, that, if English Monastic Libraries. I. A Catalogue mobs are scientifically managed, it has of the Library of the Priory of Bretton, in often been by deseriers. We know Yorkshire. II. Notices of the Libraries such a man, who shot dead a consta belonging to other Religious Houses. By ble in broad daylight, Aled to a naviga the Rev. Joseph Hunter, F.S.A. 4to. pp. ble river adjacent, unloosed an an
xii. 30. Nichols and Son. chored barge, landed on the other side, IF it were proper courtesy to speak concealed hiaself in a large wood, and
so of a small tract like the present, by nocturnal progresses reached a coal- compared with the larger works of an mine in Glamorganshire, where he lay eminent author, we should say that the secreted for weeks; and though three elegant manner in which a subject of his gang were hanged, as aiders that seems to possess a confined interest, and abettors, has eluded pursuit from has been treated by Mr. Hunter in the that day to this. There can be little tract before us, is highly creditable to doubt, therefore, of the following his acknowledged abilities. story:
The former of the articles described “ April 21st, 1787, Richard Kedgson in the title, is taken from the Chartuwas hanged at Rushmere; when he made lary of the Priory of Bretton, “ prethe extraordinary confession, that he had served in the library of a neighbouring enlisted forty-nine times into different regi- family;” and being printed for insertion ments in England, Scotland, and Ireland, in a topographical work nearly ready and had obtained 397 guineas, as bounty- for publication, the editor has acted money, thereby.”—p. 363.
wisely in subtracting from that book The mischief of pseudo-patriots is, which has a different general subject, that they make rascals wholesale by the valuable facts and observations the hundreds, when they hold their with which he was able to illustrate it; tumultuous assemblages; and in like and thus to contribute a considerable manner a deserter, like Robin Hood, body of information on an important will organize a gang of banditi with part of Literary History, which has not iHost annoying success, at least for a yet received sufficient attention from considerable period.
1831.] REVIEW.-English Monastic Libraries.
45 This Catalogue was made fourteen Turning from this Catalogue to exyears after the dissolution of the mo amine the accompaniments produced nastery, when the books were at the
of Mr. Hunter, we observe village of Worsborough, in the custody that his preface is interesting, and eleof some of the members of the dis- gant, and the remarks which it consolved institution. Like most other tains, on the probable losses caused by ancient Catalogues, it describes the dis the destruction of monastic libraries, tinct works separately; several of which and the uses to which the MSS. might being sometimes bound in one volume, be now applied, are very just and and others consisting of several volumes, striking. He has given a judicious though the whole number of volumes analysis of the kinds of books whereof may be uncertain, it may be generally those collections were mostly composed, estimated equal to the number of ar in sixteen classes. But we cannot asticles. Thus the Bretton books were sent to the remark, that “complete Cn143 ; of which 31 were in the house talogues of the Libraries of the English of William Brown late Prior, on the religious houses, are very rare remains 21st of July, 1558 ; 29 in the chamber of the middle ages ;” because we perof Thos. Wilkinson and Ric. Hinch- ceive that Mr. Hunter's information clyf, formerly purchased and given by on this subject, just and accurate as it Thos. Frobyseer, late sub-prior; 15 in is, is very limited, in proportion to the chamber of the same T. Wylkyn what we know to be accessible. He son alias Bolton ; 52 in the chamber of seems to be aware of the existence of R. Hynchclyff alias Woollay, some of only eight Catalogues, including that which, it seems, were wriiten by his which his book contains ; those of own hand (sumptibus ejus et manu ad- Glastonbury, Peterborough, Leicester, quisiti); there were also 10 books on Reading, and Deping, being in print, Physic, and 6 on Grammar, belonging and those of Ramsey and Dover in Ms. to the same studious person.
The accounts of the ancient Libraries The following are some of the most which form the second part of this original and remarkable books. Page 3, work, are drawn from the inva“Liber Introductorius pro Novitiis, de luable notices of Leland,” in whose ritu et ceremoniis religionis ; collectore Collectanea were recorded the chief Thoma Frobisher, sub-priore R. Tyc books that he observed in his monastic kyll.” — 4. Explanationes Roberti researches. The scattered notices in Holcote, in Proverbia Salomonis.”-5. that great man's work, “ De Scripto“ Polleantheon : opus suavissimis flo ribus Britannicis,' are incorporated, ribus exornatum, tam de novo quam and some valuable facts from other de veteri testamento, et Dicta Docto sources. The names of the Libraries rum.”—“ Dictionarius Pauperum, et being arranged alphabetically, afford a Figuræ Bibliæ; ambo in uno libro.” convenient reference to any particular
“ Consolatorium Theologicum Jo- one; and the whole is closed by a hannis de Tambaco.”—7.“ Musica Mo beautiful contrast of the state of York nachorum Johannis Norton, Prioris de library, in the respective times of LeMonte Graciæ.”—“ Seneca moralissi- land and of Alcuin, from whose poem mus cum commento.”* Many of the on that city is given an interesting acbooks were evidently printed, and some count of its pristine literary treasures. of them were in English; and from It will, we conceive, afford pleasure the account of their proprietors, it to Mr. Hunter to be assured, that he seems that few could have been an is in error where he observes, that tiently the property of the monastery,
66 beside what we
can learn from which was established so early as the Leland and the existing catalogues middle of the twelfth century.
[afore mentioned], there is little to
be recovered ; the whole of what The following emendations are suggest- could be now collected on this subed, as not interfering with the barbarous phraseology of the Catalogue. P. 6, line ject, would lie in a small compass.”23, “ Cronica cronicorum,” read—arum;
A considerable mass of information P. 6, 1. 10, supply moralistatibus] ; last line, for “ usibus” read versibus (u'sibus),
relative to those ancient treasures of the “ Aurora" being a poetical version of learning, and a great number of Catathe Scriptures in hexameter verse; p.7, 1. logues of them, have been collected by 14,“ tractatus de Vivis a Mag. Arnoldo de one of our Correspondents, who has Media Villa [Middleton ?] editus,” read Vinis. for several years pursued the investiga