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pp. 958.

440
Review.- State Papers, Vol. I.

(May, beatific visions, where entire wonder and cretary are co-ordinate, and the division adoration are not judged to be incompatible of duty is merely matter of arrangewith the most ardent affection, and all

ment, for the more convenient despatch meaner and selfish regards are annihilated.” of business.

“ It will be readily conceived how rapidly State Papers published under the authority of mulated in the office of the Secretary of

the mass of correspondence must have accuHis Majesty's Commission, Vol. I, King State, after the revival of letters in the sixHenry the Eighth, Parts I. and II.

4to.

teenth century; yet no provision was, for

some time, made, for its being received into THIS is the first publication of the any certain depository. Each succeeding Commissioners appointed in 1825 10 Secretary had it in his own custody; the edit such of the documents deposited apartments provided for him were extremely in the State Paper Office, as they confined; and the future destination of his should consider " may be fitly printed official papers depended, in great measure, and published, with advantage to the upon accident, upon the care or the negliPublic, and without prejudice to the gence of the individual, or his clerks, and, Royal service.” It is very evident that above all, upon the good or evil fate which the latter condition can only apply to

awaited the Secretary when he resigned his papers of recent date; the sole requi- cil (the office, in which, in those days, and

seals. Even in the office of the Privy Counsites therefore with regard to early pe

until the Revolution, all the affairs of the riods of our history, are judgment in ihe

realm were debated and resolved on), Do selection, accuracy in the transcription, written record of the proceedings was preand skill in the arrangement. The served until 1540, when it was ordered that professional merits of Mr. Lemon, the a regular register should be kept, and two Deputy Keeper of State Papers, and clerks (Paget and Petre) were appointed to editor of the present volume, are per. keep it. This register commences on the fecily well known; and we have only 18th of August in that year. The necessity to regret that State-paper work, like of a repository for State Papers, began svon Church work, moves on so slowly.

afterwards to be felt; and, in 1579, an In the preface the history of the

office for keeping papers and records conState Paper Office is concisely detailed, cerning matters of state and council, was including that of the post of Secretary

established, and Dr. Thomas Wilson (who of State, 10 whose control it has natu

was then master of requests, and afterwards

became one of the Secretaries of State), rally devolved. The Secretaryship was

was appointed the keeper and register of formerly not a patent office, but con- those papers. Before this establishment ferred by the mere delivery of the was formed, it is not surprising that nuKing's signet; the names of the per- merous papers of great importance should sons who filled it are therefore only to have been entirely lost, and others have be incidentally gleaned among our an

fallen into the possession of private persons. cient records. There was only one Sir Robert Cotton, in the reign of James Secretary of State until the disgrace of the First, and Sir Joseph Williamson, in Thomas Cromwell, Earl of Essex;

that of Charles the Second, were most assiwhen Henry the Eighth, whose royal duous and successful collectors of those power had been almost merged in the

scattered papers. The collections of the infuence of that minister and his great the British Museum. Sir Joseph William

former now form a portion of the library of predecessor Wolsey, appears to have considered that he should ensure more

son placed his collections in the State Paper

Office, where they still remain. Another independence for the future, by ap

mass of papers, consisting principally of letpointing two Secretaries. In 1708 a ters addressed to Cardinal Wolsey, and to third was established for the affairs of Cromwell Earl of Essex, remained in the Scotland; but was discontinued in 1746. custody of the Crown; but, instead of being In 1768 a third was again appointed deposited in the proper place, found its way as Secretary for the Colonies; but was into the Chapter House at Westminster, suppressed by Mr. Burke's Act in 1782. and is there preserved. The three great reIn 1794 the Duke of Portland became ceptacles, therefore, of State Papers, antea third Secretary; and the arrangement

cedent to the year 1540, and partially down then established has since been undis

to the year 1578, are the State Paper Office, turbed. From an early period to 1782, brary. And so entirely accidental seems to

the Chapter House, and the Cottonian Lithe two departments were denominated the Northern and Southern ; and sub

have been the preservatiun of many of the

papers, that, of a series relative to the same sequently to that year the Home and subject, a part will frequently be found in Foreign; but the powers of each Se- each of these three libraries. Nay, of two

aras.

1831.]
Review.State Papers, Vol. I.

441 letters, written by the same person, to the (assone as I had the sight therof) deviding same correspondevt, ou the same day, one my company on bothe handes, in most revewill be discovered in one of these receptacles, rent maner, sole and alone, I did accelerate the other in another, and the answer in the my repaire and accesse; and His Grace doing third ; and several instances will be seen, the senıblable for his parte, being dis-cowhere one portion of a letter is found in vered, with his bonnet iu his hande, encounone part, and the residue in another part of tred and with most herty, kinde, loving the same collection. A few are to be met countenance and maner, embraced me." with in the Lambeth Library, the Harleian

Asier many compliments passed on Collection, the University Library of Cam

both sides, the Cardinal was conducted bridge, and in private hands.”

in triumph through the city, in the It appears that there are no docu

principal places whereof were pageants ments in the State Paper Office of an

expressing the great desire the people earlier age than those of the reign of bad for peace; and was accompanied Henry the Eighth, with which this

to his lodging by the King. The Carpublication is commenced. These, in dinal of Lorraine conducted the Engorder that the continuity of series might lish Cardinal not be broken, have been arranged in

“ into my lodging, which I founde richely the following classes :

and pomposely apparelled with the Frenche 1. The correspondence between the King Kinges own stuff; as the utter chamber and Cardinal Wolsey.

with riche clothe of tyssue and sylver, paned, II. That between the Kiug and his other embrodered with freres [friars'] knottes, Ministers at Home.

wherin was a grete and large clothe of 111. That between the Governments of astate of the same stuff and sorte. The reEngland and Ireland.

cord chamber was apparelled with cryinyson IV. That between the Government and the velvet, embroderd, and replenished with large

King's Representatives on the Scot- letters of gold, of F and A* crowned, with tish Border.

an other veray large clothe of astate, of fyne V. That between the Government and the

And the third chamber, being my King's Representatives at Calais and bedd chamber, was apparelled with riche its dependencies.

clothe of tyssue, raised, and a great sparver VI. That between the Court of England and counterpointe to the same. And the

and Foreigo Courts, each forming a 4th, being as a closet, was hanged with separate subdivision.

clothe of bawdikya, wherunto was annexed a VII. Miscellaneous.

litle gallary, hanged with crymyson velvet. The present voluine embraces the

“ And after a litle pawse, and shifting of two first of these classes. The first

my self, ther was sent into my lodging the

Cardinall of Burbon, the Duke of Vandome, consists of one hundred and two docu.

with many other prelates and noble men, to ments, nearly one half of which are

conduc'e me to my Ladies presence, who was letters from Wolsey to his Royal mas

lodged in the Bishops palaies; in the hall ter; and the remainder either addressed

wherof, being large and spacious, richely by Wolsey to other persons, or ad- hanged and apparelled with aras, was placed dressed to him; among the latter are and set in right good order, on bothe sydes several of Sir Thomas More and of the Frenche Kinges garde, my Lady his Cromwell.

moder, the Quene of Navarre [his sister], The papers

illustrative of the Cardi- Madam Reynet [Renata, daughter of Louis nal's splendid Embassy to France in XII.), the Duchess of Vandom, the King of 1527, are particularly complete. In Navarre's sister, with a greate nomber of one of them Wolsey gives a long de

other ladies and gentlewomen, stonding in scription of his reception by the French

the myddes, to whose presence I sum what King at Amiens.

approaching and drawing nigh, my said

Lady (the Queen) also avauncing her self “ Within a myle and a half of the cite, forwardes, in most loving and pleasant the French King, riding upon a grey jenet, maner, encountred, welcomed, and embraced apparelled in a cote of blok velvet, cut in

me, and likewise saluted my Lord of London diverse places for shewing of the lynyng [Bishop Tunstall], my Lord Chamberlain thereof, which was white satyn, accompaayed (Lord Sandys], Master Comptroller (Sir with the King of Navarre, the Cardinal of Henry Guildford], the Chaunceler of the Burbon, the Duke of Vandome, the Counte

Duchy [Sir Thomas More], and most parte Saintpole, Mons' de Gize, Monst Vandamont, the Grete Mastre, the Seneshall of * • Probably for Francis, Angoulême” Normandy, with diverse Archbishops, -but qu. as the name of Francis's Queen Bishops, and other noble men, avaunced was Eleanor, might not that be spelt with him self towards me ;

to whose person

the initial A. Gent. Mag. May, 1831.

ral son.

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442
Review.-State Papers, Vol. I.

[May, of suche gentlemen as came with me, and them the cawse I came thether for. And most specially thErle of Derbye, whom it then the sayd Robert Aske, with a crewell liked Her Grace to kisse, and right lovingly and a inestemable prowde countenance, to welcome.”

stretched hym self, and toke the herynge of After this lively description of the

my tale ; whiche I openyd to hym at large, royal salutations, the writer proceeds to

in as moche honor to our Soverayne Lord

the Kyng as my reason wold serve me; describe the more weighty transactions

wiche che sayd capetayne Aske gave no reof the embassy, the whole dispatch ex

verence to, and superstyciusly* demandyd tending to nineteen quarto pages, being the seyght of my proclainacion. And then written in the name of Wolsey, but I toke yi owt of my purse, and delyvered ye with all the verbose minuteness charac

to hym, and then he redd yt openly, with teristic of the chroniclers of that age. out reverence to anny person, and sayd ye

In p. 328 we have a striking in- shold nott ned to calle no counsell for the stance of the unparalleled rapacity and answar of the same, for he wold of his presumption of Wolsey. It is a letter howne whyt gave me thanswar, wiche was written the very hour he heard of the thys;-he, standynge in the heghest place death of Richard Fox, Bishop of Win

of the chamber, takeyug the hygh astatte chester; in which he not only asks upon hym, sayd, Herald, as a messynger the King for that rich see, but requests you ar wellcome to me, and all my company, to be allowed to transfer Durham, intendynge as I doo. And as for this pro

clamacion sent frome the Lordes, from whens which he then held in commendam

you com, shall nott be redde at the market with the Archbishopric of York, to

crosse, nor in no place amongest my peple, my poore scoler the Deane of Welles,'s

wiche be all onder my gydyng; nor for -who was Thomas Winter, his natu. feare of losse of landes, lyffe, and goodes,

In the former part of his pe- not for the power wiche ys agenste uş, tition, after some months delay, he dothe not enter in to owr herttes with feare, prevailed; but Durham was given to

bott ar all of on accorde, with the poynttes Tunstall.

of our artecles, clerly intendyoge to se a reIn pp. 462 et seq. is comprised an

formacion, or ells to dye yn thoys cawses. important series of papers relative to the rebellion in Lincolushire and After some further parley, the herald Yorkshire, called the Pilgrimage of had recourse 10 intreaty, and “ fell Grace. It appears that the popular down on his knee” before the Captain, leader known as Captain Cobler, was beseeching bia for permission to read not Dr. Makerel the Abbot of Barlings, the proclaination; and this appears 10 as it has been generally supposed, but have been Miller's great crime that he a distinct person named Melton. Re

knellid downe on his knees, beffore Robert garding the Yorkshire leader, Robert Aske and the other treators, with the Kynges Aske, there is a curious Report froin most honorable Cote of Armys on his bak; Thomas Miller, the herald who was whyche comforted, coraged, and made them dispatched to the rebels' head quarters in suche pryde and arragoncye, to see the at Pontefract, and who because he was Kynges Cote of Armys so humble used considered to have encouraged them

beffore them, that they stode the more by his craven demeanour, subsequently styflyer and lengor in ther detestable and suffered the extreme penalty of a traitor.

cursed wyllies and pretenses." It is not surprising that the natural

There are several letters on the exfirmness of character which enabled hilarating occasion of the birth of the rebel captain to assume the coin

Prince Edward, and the consequent mand over a band comprising many

misfortune of the Queen's death. It is individuals of superior rank and wealih, proved, however, that there was an inshould have succeeded in intimidating terval of at least twelve days between the unfortunate herald.

those two events; and that the story

of the Cæsarian operation having been “ The sayd Haske sentt for me in to his chamber, and theyr kepynge his porte and

performed is a mere invention. It was countenance, as thowgh he hade bene a first propagated by the Jesuit Nicolas greatt prynce, with great regor and lyke a Sanders. In a despatch to the Ambas.

was accompanyd with the sadors in France, the calamity is ascribed Archebeshop of Yourke, the Lord Darcy, to the Queen having been suffered to Sir Robert Counstable, Mr. Magnus, Sir take cold, and to eat improper food. Crystofer Danby, and dyvers other. And, It appears to have been by an accidental as my dewte was, I saluted the Archebyshop of Yorke and my Lord Darcy, showynge to

* Qu. superciliously?

tyrant; who

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1831.) Review.-Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. 443
mistake that Oct. 14, instead of Oct. point is given up, and they allow once for
24, was recorded as the date of the all that the right is conferred upon the Re-
Queen's death, by the chronicler Hall, gent by the two Houses, I do not see their
who has been followed by the whole distinction, whether it is conferred by an
tribe of historians, excepting Strype, under commission with limitations ; in either

address without limitations, or by an act
who names the latter day from a MS.
in the College of Arms. "In a letter of

case it is an act of legislation equally, if it
Sir John Russell to Crumwell, written

constitutes an authority that is obligatory

upon the subject, and so far in the teeth of on the 24th, probably within a few

their maxim, that the two branches of the hours, or less, of the fatal occurrence, legislature can do nothing without the assent it is said, “ if she skape this night, of the third. To my plain understanding, the Fyshisiouns be in good hope that if the Parliament took the Regency under she is past all daunger.

their plain address, I should conceive, upon In p. 583 we have a curious account their reasoning, the difficulty insurmountof a visit to the shrine of Saint Thomas able. I should say to the Regent, · You à Becket, very shortly before its spolia- assumed the government : upon what aution. The stranger was “ the Lady of thority? you had no legal right in you, or Montreill,” who was on her return

you might have asserted it without the infrom the Court of Scotland to France :

tervention of Parliament: and if you had

not that right, nothing but the legislature
“ I showed her Saincte Thomas shryne, could give it you, and the two houses in-
and all such other thinges worthy of sight; viting you to do what you had no right to
åt the which she was not litle marveilled of do, and what they were incompetent to au-
the greate riches therof, saing to be innu-

thorize you to do, only renders them accom-
merable, and that if she had not seen it, all plices with you in an illegal usurpation.'
the men in the wourlde could never a made
her to belyve it. Thus, over looking and

Most of our readers must recollect
vewing more then an owre, aswell the shryne, that the faction by which the intended
as Sainte Thomas hed, being at both sett Regent was at that time influenced,
cousshins to knyle, and the Pryour, openyng lost all the popularity they had acquired
Sainct Thomas hed, saing to her 3 tymes, by the impeachment of Mr. Hastings,
This is Saint Thomas Hed,' and offered

or rather threw it entirely into Mr. her to kysse ; but she nother knyled, nor Pitt's hands, who a very few years after would kysse it, but still viewing the riches

stood in need of it all. I rejoice, therof."

says Lord C. “ in the lively part the It would seem that this French lady public seem to take in the contest. was a Protestant.

John is after all an honester gentleman

than I took him for, and has righter
Nichols's Illustrations of the Literary His feelings about him than I gave him
tory of the Eighteenth Century. Vol. VI. credit for.”
(Continued from p. 328.)

The Life of the Rev. Baptist Noel
ALTHOUGH it can scarcely be Turner, Rector of Denton, co. Lin-
expected that a legislator so far re-

coln, and Wing, co. Rutland, is much
moved from the scene of action as Lord enlarged from the account given in
Camelford was in 1789, could be very his death, and enriched with the anec-

the Gentleman's Magazine soon after
deeply in the secret of ministerial or
opposition measures at that eventful dotes of Dr. Johnson, first communi-
period, there is a shrewd sagacity in his cated by himself to the New Monthly
Lordship’s opinions which brings him Magazine. This relates to the learned
very close to the contending parties. lexicographer's visit to Cambridge, of

which there is no account in Boswell's
In his letter dated Jan. 23, he thanks
his correspondent for the information Life, probably because antecedent to
he gives him, which, he adds, makes his acquaintance with the Doctor. It
him as much present as he wishes to be. is not unlikely, however, that soine of

them will obtain a place in the forth-
“ The triumph of Thurlow over the
Scotch patriot, learned in the laws of the Hon. J. W. Croker. But although

coming edition of Boswell, by the Right
Constitution (Loughborough), is one of
those petites malices that I allow myself to

we allow that Mr. Turner had gene-
indulge in with a good conscience. 1 un-

rally, in conversation and correspondderstand nothing of the protest. Let them ence, the true spirit of humorous anecspeak out, and pledge themselves boldly to dote, he appears very deficient in Bose the indefensible right of hereditary regency, well's close imitation of Johnson's if they please, and stand to it. But if that language. What we find here is rarely

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444 Review.- Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. [Ma y, Johnsonian; it is even now and then Emanuel College, Cambridge, at the vulgar. On one occasion, when in recommendation of Sir Jolin Cotton of Trinity College library, Mr. Turner Madingley, near Cambridge, an intiinfornis us that Dr. Johnson took up a mate friend of his father, and a near folio, which proved to be the Polybisior relation by the mother's side. Sir of Morhoff, and on opening the vo- Joha, and Mr. Chafin's mother, he lume, exclaimed, “ Here is the book

says, were “grandchildren of Alderupon which all my fame was originally man Parsons, the greatest brewer of founded; when I had read this book, porter in London in those days; who I could teach my tutors." Now, in when he was Lord Mayor, at his great the first place, we would remark that city feast had twenty sons and daugh. no part of Dr. Johnson's fame could

ters grown up, sitting at table with be founded on the Polyhistor, a work him, of which he was no doubt a little of bibliography, a study in which Dr. proud; but such is the mutability of Johnson was very deficient, and in the huinan affairs, that not one male heir second place, there is no edition of of the family of the name of Parsons is Morhoff in folio. The best, it is well now in exisience." known, is in 2 vols. 410, 1747. There Mr. Chafin met with encourageare, however, many remarks in Mr. ment at Cambridge from various men Turner's letters, particularly those ad- of eminence, and prosecuted his studies dressed in the late Mr. Nichols, which with great success. After being adshow much critical taste, and contri mited into holy orders, he was prebute to enrich this volume. We par- sented to the vicarage of St. Mary ticularly allude to bis“ Prolegomena Magdalen in Taunton, Somersetshire, to Alexander's Feast,” and his “ An- which he held by dispensation with swer to the criticism of Dr. Knox." the rectory of Lidlinch, in the county Nor will the extracts from his manu. of Dorset, the gift of his own father, script volume, entitled “ Nugæ Ca- more than forty years. noræ,” be read without interest.

Mr. Chafin reiained so much of his The Editors inform us that the Bio- early education, or rather no-education, graphical Memoirs in this rolume have

as to become a sportsman of great celein many cases been compiled from a brity, and this part of his character invariety of sources, and are therefore ge- troduces us to an anecdote too curious nerally (and, we think, very justly) to be omitted. entitled to the terın original. “ The “ Some few years before I retired to autobiography," they add, "of Mr. Trumpingtou, his Royal Highness the Prince William Chafin, a clerical country of Wales occupied Mr. Sturt's superb mansquire, who in his old age turned au- sion and large domains at Critchill, about thor, after a life spent in pursuits of a

three miles from Chettle. I was introduced very opposite character, will be found to his Royal Highness's notice by Mr. to possess many of the charms usually Churchill of Hanbury, a confident of his characteristic of that description of Royal Highness, and I believe chief manager writing." That of Mr. Chafin is, in

of his Household at Critchiil; and I was truth, not only one of the most amusing recommended by him as a proper person to lives, but one of the most amusing

execute a commission for his Royal Highnarratives of life, which we ever re

ness, no way political, but merely relative member to have met with. It must,

to fox-hunting His Royal Highness wished

to extend his hunting country, but was unhowever, be read entire, for we are at willing to do so without the consent of some a loss how to convey a proper idea of gentlemen, who were confederates in keepthe author's singularities by eithering another pack of fox-hounds, and hunted abridgment or extract.

in the country which his Royal Highness Mr. Chafin's youth appears to have wished to add to the Critchill Hunt. °I was been much neglected. From some

honoured and entrusted by his Royal Highstrange circumstances here detailed,

ness with a commission to negotiate this when he reached his fifteenth year, he important business, in which I used my best out having acquired any classical know- though they were all intimate acquaintances, was a poor, raw, ignorant youth, with endeavours, but I had persons to deal with

of tempers not very compliant; and, alledge whatever. Another year, not

I could not prevail upon them to grant my withstanding these defects, was spent suit in full. 'During this negotiation, which in following sports of the field, but no lasted some time, I had several private conschool-book was looked into the whole ferences with his Royal Highness; and time. He tells us he was then sent to when he was absent from Critchill for a

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