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1831.] Review.-Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. 443 mistake that Oct. 14, instead of Oct. point is given up, and they allow once for 24, was recorded as the date of the all that the right is conferred upon the ReQueen's death, by the chronicler Hall, gent by the two Houses, I do not see their who has been followed by the whole distinction, whether it is conferred by an tribe of historians, excepiing Strype, address without limitations, or by an act who names the latter day from a Ms. under commission with limitations; in either in the College of Arms. In a letter of

case it is an act of legislation equally, if it Sir John Russell to Crumwell, written

constitutes an authority that is obligatory

upon the subject, and so far in the teeth of on the 24th, probably within a few

their maxim, that the two branches of the hours, or less, of the fatal occurrence, legislature can do nothing without the assent it is said, “ if she skape this night, of the third. To my plain understanding, the Fyshisiouns be in good hope that if the Parliament took the Regency under she is past all daunger."

their plain address, I should conceive, upon In p. 583 we have a curious account their reasoning, the difficulty insurmountof a visit to the shrine of Saint Thomas able. I should say to the Regent, “ You à Becket, very shortly before its spolia- assumed the government : upon what aution. The stranger was “ the Lady of thority.! you had no legal right in you, or Montreill," who was on her return

you might have asserted it without the infrom the Court of Scotland to France :

tervention of Parliament: and if you had

not that right, nothing but the legislature “ I showed her Saincte Thomas shryne, could give it you, and the two houses inand all such other thinges worthy of sight; viting you to do what you had no right to åt the which she was not litle marveilled of do, and what they were incompetent to authe greate riches therof, saing to be innu- thorize you to do, only renders them accommerable, and that if she had not seen it, all plices with you in an illegal usurpation.'' the men in the wourlde could never a made her to belyve it. Thus, over looking and

Most of our readers must recollect yewing more then an owre, as well the shryne, that the faction by which the intended as Sainte Thomas hed, being at both sett Regent was at that time influenced, cousshins to knyle, and the Pryour, openyng lost all the popularity they had acquired Sainct Thomas hed, saing to her 3 tymes, by the impeachment of Mr. Hastings, This is Saint Thomas Hed,' and offered or rather threw it entirely into Mr. her to kysse ; but she nother knyled, nor Pitt's hands, who a very few years after would kysse it, but still viewing the riches stood in need of it all. “I rejoice," therof."

says

Lord C. “ in the lively part the It would seem that this French lady public seem to take in the contest. was a Protestant.

John is after all an honester gentleman

than I took him for, and has righter Nichols's Illustrations of the Literary His feelings about him than I gave him tory of the Eighteenth Century. Vol. VI. credit for.” (Continued from p. 328.)

The Life of the Rev. Baptist Noel ALTHOUGH it can scarcely be Turner, Rector of Denton, co. Linexpected that a legislator so far re

coln, and Wing, co. Rutland, is much moved from the scene of action as Lord enlarged from the account given in Camelford was in 1789, could be very his death, and enriched with the anec

the Gentleman's Magazine soon after deeply in the secret of ministerial or opposition measures at that eventful dotes of Dr. Johnson, first communiperiod, there is a shrewd sagacity in his cated by himself to the New Monthly Lordship’s opinions which brings him Magazine. This relates to the learned very close to the contending parties. which there is no account in Boswell's

lexicographer's visit to Cambridge, of In his letter dated Jan. 23, he thanks his correspondent for the information Life, probably because antecedent to he gives him, which, he adds, makes his acquaintance with the Doctor. It him as much present as he wishes to be. is not unlikely, however, that soine of

them will obtain a place in the forth“ The triumph of Thurlow over the coming edition of Boswell, by the Right Scotch patriot, learned in the laws of the Constitution (Loughborough), is one of

Hon. J. W. Croker. But although

we allow that Mr. Turner had genethose petites malices that I allow myself to indulge in with a good conscience. 1 un

rally, in conversation and correspondderstand nothing of the protest. Let them

ence, the true spirit of humorous anecspeak out, and pledge themselves boldly to dote, he appears very deficient in Bosthe indefensible right of hereditary regency,

well's close imitation of Johnson's if they please, and stand to it. But if that language. What we find here is rarely 444 Review.-Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. [May, Johnsonian; it is even now and then Emanuel College, Cambridge, at the vulgar. On one occasion, when in recommendation of Sir John Colton of Trinity College library, Mr. Turner Madingley, near Cambridge, an intiinfornis us that Dr. Johnson took up a mate friend of his father, and a near folio, which proved to be the Polyhisior relation by the mother's side. Sir of Morhoff, and on opening the vo- John, and Mr. Chafin's mother, he lume, exclaimed, Here is the book says, were “grandchildren of Alderupon which all my fame was originally man Parsons, the greatest brewer of founded; when I had read this book, porter in London in those days; who I could teach my tutors." Now, in when he was Lord Mayor, at his great the first place, we would remark that cily feast had twenty sons and daughno part of Dr. Johnson's fame could

ters grown up, sitting at table with be founded on the Polyhistor, a work him, of which he was no doubt a little of bibliography, a study in which Dr. proud; but such is the mutability of Johnson was very deficient, and in the human affairs, that not one male heir second place, there is no edition of of the family of the name of Parsons is Morhoff in folio. The best, it is well now in exisience.' known, is in 2 vols. 410, 1747. There Mr. Chafin met with encourageare, however, many remarks in Mr. ment at Cambridge from various men Turner's letters, particularly those ad- of eininence, and prosecuted his studies dressed 10 the late Mr. Nichols, which with great success. After being adshow much critical taste, and contri- mited into holy orders, he was prebute to enrich this volume. We par- sented to the vicarage of St. Mary ticularly allude to his “ Prolegomena Magdalen in Taunton, Somersetshire, to Alexander's Feast," and his “ An. which he held by dispensation with swer to the criticism of Dr. Knox.” the rectory of Lidlinch, in the county Nor will the extracts from his manu- of Dorser, the gift of his own father, script volume, entitled “ Nugæ Ca- more than forty years. noræ, ,” be read without interest.

Mr. Chafin reiained so much of his The Editor's inform us that the Bio. early education, or rather no-education, graphical Memoirs in this rolume have as to become a sportsman of great celein many cases been compiled from a brity, and this part of his character invariety of sources, and are therefore

ge- troduces us to an anecdote too curious nerally (and, we think, very justly) to be omitted. entitled to the terın original.

* The

“ Some few years before I retired to autobiography," they add, " of Mr.

Trumpington, his Royal Highness the Prince William Chafin, a clerical country of Wales occupied Mr. Sturt's superb mansquire, who in his old age turned au- sion and large domains at Critchill, about thor, after a life spent in pursuits of a

three miles from Chettle. I was introduced very opposite character, will be found to his Royal Highness's notice by Mr. to possess many of the charms usually Churchill of Hanbury, a confidant of his characteristic of that description of Royal Highness, and I believe chief manager writing." That of Mr. Chafin is, in

of his Household at Critchill; and I was truth, not only one of the most amusing recommended by him as a proper person to lives, but one of the most amusing

execute a commission for his Royal Highnarratives of life, which we ever re

ness, no way political, but merely relative

to fox-hunting. His Royal Highness wished member to have met with. It must,

to extend his hunting country, but was unhowever, be read entire, for we are at willing to do so without the consent of some a loss how to convey a proper idea of gentlemen, who were confederates in keep; the author's singularities by eithering another pack of fox-hounds, and hunted abridgment or extract.

in the country which his Royal Highness Mr. Chafin's youth appears to have wished to add to the Critchill Hunt. I was been much neglected. From some

honoured and entrusted by his Royal Highstrange circumstances here detailed, ness with a commission to negotiate this when he reached his fifteenth year, hé important business, in which I used my best was a poor, raw, ignorant youth, with

endeavours, but I had persons to deal with out having acquired any classical know- though they were all intimate acquaintances,

of tempers aot very compliant; and, alledge whatever. Another year, notwithstanding these defects, was spent suit in full. 'During this negotiation, which

I could not prevail upon them to grant my in following sports of the field, but no school-book was looked into the whole ferences with his Royal Highness; and

lasted some time, I had several private contime. He tells us he was then sent to when he was absent from Critchill for a

a

.

his own,

1831.] Review.-Nichols's Literary Ilustrations, vol. VI. 445 short time, he condescended to write several justice to grant him a search warrant for letters to ne on the subject; and, although stolen goods! But this would be a real I could not succeed so well in my embassy fact.” as I wished, and the Prince expected, yet he The biographers of George IV. (and never laid any blame on me, but I was taken

such have been as industrious as old more into favour than before, and was invited to attend his Royal Highness in his

newspapers can make them) will regret field sports, both in hunting and shooting ;

that this anecdote has been so long and to enable me to attend him in the kept from them, but it may not yet be former, he made me a present of a very fine

too late, and will certainly be consihunter. At that time, Mr. Napier, whom dered of as great importance and origiI have before mentioned, was taken much nality as any with which they have notice of by his Royal Highness. He was a

illustrated the character of our late spirited lad, aod rode a very fleet poney of amiable monarch.

of the New Forest breed, which This sketch of Mr. Chafin's life was cost him four guineas; and he was in at written in 1816. “ At that time," he the death of many foxes after fine runs with

says, in a letter to Mr. Nichols, “.

my the Prince's hounds.

life, although a domestic one (for I “ About this time, a very remarkable cir- have never been more than 160 miles cumstance took place. One morning his from

my birth-place, in the course of a Royal Highness called upon me alone, with

very long life) has been attended with out any attendant, uot even one servant, and

peculiarities somewhat uncommon, and desired me to take his information for a rob.

ihe situation I at this time stand in bery, and to grant him a search warrant. He insisted on my administering the oath

is so very particular, that it is imposto him, which I reluctantly did ; and he in

sible for any other person to be in the formed me, that the head groom of his same, for I believe that I am the oldest stables had his trunk broken open in the

member of the University of Cam. night, and a watch and many valuable articles bridge, the oldest Clergyman in the stolen and carried away; and that it was diocese of Bristol, and the oldest masuspected that they were concealed in such gistrate in the county of Dorsel ; of and such places, and that he chose to come the two latter I am certain, but out of himself, lest an alarm may be given and the so many thousands there possibly may goods removed. His Royal Highness sat be a senior Member of the University, by my side, while I filled up a search war

but on the strictest inquiry I can hear rant, which his Royal Highness hastened

of no one.” For a minute history of home with, and saw the execution of it himself; the goods were found in the suspected of Cranborne Chase," we must refer

his only publication, the “ Anecdotes places, a nest of thieves were detected, and

to the work before us. He died at all brought to condigo punishment. Should his Royal Highness become Sovereign, as

Chettle, in the mansion of his ances. by the grace of God he may soon be, what tors, at the age of 86, Aug. 14, 1818. a strange story it will be to tell, that a King He was the last male heir of his family. of Great Britain did apply to a poor country

(To be continued.)

FINE ARTS.
ROYAL ACADEMY.

quent of tongues! That they are the ornaApril 30. The anniversary dinner, pre- ment of prosperous fortune and the solace paratory to the opening of the sixty-third 'Ex- of adverse, give a zest to our daily toil, and hibition of the Royal Academy, took place watch with us through the sleepless night, this day. The Ministers of State, foreign enliven the solitude of the country, and tranMinisters and Consuls, and a great assemblage quillize the bustle and turmoil of the town of the nobility, were present. The Lord -all this is true, but it is not the whole Chancellor, in returning thanks on the truth. All this they do, and much more. part of the invited guests when their health The fine arts are great improvers of manwas proposed, made the following just and kind; they are living sources of refinement eloquent observations :

-the offspring, indeed, of civilization ; but, “ This is, indeed, not more a display of like her of Greece whose piety they have so the triumph of the fine arts than of the often commemorated, nourishing the parent deep interest which the most distinguished from whom their existence was derived, classes of the community take in their pro- softening and humanizing the characters of gress ; and well they may! Of those pur- men-assuaging the fierceness of the wilder suits what has not been said, what pane- passions ; substituting calm and harmless gyrics not pronounced, hundreds, almost enjoyment for more perilous excitementthousands, of years ago, by the most elo- maintaining the innocent intercourse of na

GREAT ROOM.

446
Fine Arts.- The Royal Academy.

[May, tions, and affording one more pledge of There is a stiffness and mannerism which are peace, their great patroness and protectress not altogether pleasing. Dignity and ease as she is, of all that is most precious and are in some degree wanting. most excellent among men.

It becomes us We shall proceed to notice a few of those all, then, most diligently to foster them. works which most prominently attracted our It is the duty of the government, it is the attentiou, during a cursory view. interest of the country. No station is so exalted, no fortune so spleudid, as not to derive lustre from bestowing such patron

No. 1. Margaret at Church, tormented by åge; no lot so obscure as not to participate

the Evil One. R. Westall.—The subject of in the benefits they diffuse. And I have, this singular composition is from a passage therefore, a singular satisfaction in being at in Goëthe's Faust, as translated by Lord F. liberty to announce to you upon this occa

Leveson Gower. The fantastic imagery of sion, that a society of much influence, over the poet is worthily sustained. The ghastly which I have the honour to preside, and of and livid aspect of the evil genius is finely which the object is the improvement of all

contrasted with the lovely form of the swoonconditions of the people, has been occupied ing fair one, and the colouring is introduced in maturing a plan, which has been success- with powerful effect. As we behold the fully completed, for extending the enjoy

ministers of the altar and the surrounding ment of the fine arts to the humblest classes devotees at their orisons, we perceive the of his Majesty's subjects."

evil one, as it were, uttering the very lanMay 2.

The exhibition was opened this guage which Goëthe has adopted, - The day to the public. It affords many gratify- glorified are turning their foreheads from ing specimens of the steady progress of the thee; the holy shun to join their hands in arts in this country. Though there are few thine ;-despair ! despair !" of those splendid productions of lofty ge

Faust preparing to dance with the young nius in the present collection, which, like witch at the festival of the wizards and those of West, or the great masters of anti

witches in the Hartz Mountain (No. 33), by quity, are calculated to throw all surround- the same artist, is evidently intended as a ing objects into shade, still it exhibits ta- companion picture to the preceding. The lent of a varied and highly pleasing charac

fore-ground of the composition is replete ter. There is now an ample field for young with beauty. The enchanting female fiand aspiring genius to distinguish itself, and gure is powerfully contrasted with the horless probability of its efforts being overlooked, rid aspect of Mephistophiles, and the terriin the absence of those mighty masters of ble concomitants of witchery, that appear the pallet and the easel, whose productions ready to destroy the victim of her allurewere wont to lead captive the minds of the ments. astonished spectators, and to command al

“ Remark her well,

Sileth her name, first wife of him who fellmost exclusive attention. The competitors

Your parent Adam ; look that beware in the field are more numerous than for

Her glancing toilet and her flowing hair; merly, and their productions certainly of a If with that guise the sorceress lure more general and diversified character : so

The passing youth, she holds him sure." that, on the whole, although the Fine Arts 32. Lord Byron reposing in the house of a of the present day are not distinguished by Turkish Fisherman, after having swum across the towering supereminency of a single indi- the Hellespont. W. Allan.—The event which vidual, as in different eras of their history, the artist has embodied in this composition we may safely conclude that they now pre- took place on the 3d of May, 1810, when sent more numerous specimens of prolific the noble poet, in imitation of Leander, genius and respectable talent than at ary swam across the Hellespont, from the Eupreceding period - the leading members of ropean shore to the Asiatic, about two the Academy having produced a larger num- miles wide. “After landing (says Mr. ber of pictures than in most former years ; Lake, in his Life of Byron,) he was and many of those pictures exhibiting ta- much exhausted, that he gladly accepted lent far above mediocrity. Thus Westall

, the offer of a Turkish fisherman, and reCalcott, and Phillips, have each produced posed in his house for some time. He was eight paintings; Turner seven ; Drummond

;

very ill; and the Turk had no idea of the and Pickersgill six each ; Etty, Daniell, rank or consequence of his inmate, but paid Jones, Beechy, and Landseer, five each; him most marked attention. His wife was Shee four ; Howard and Collins three each ; his nurse; and at the end of five days he and many others of minor note in propor- left this asylum completely recovered.”tion. Sir W. Beechy and Phillips have con- The figure of Lord Byron, who is reposing fined themselves to the more lucrative de- on a couch, presents an excellent likeness; partments of the arts (though to the public and the subordinate details of the picture not the most interesting) – portrait-painting. are in perfect keeping with the subject. But we do not consider that Beechy has

A first-rate going down Channel. been so happy in the portraits of the King W. Daniell, R.A.-What a splendid and and Queen, as the public might have wished. imposing sight!

imposing sight! How magnificently she

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1831.]
Fine Arts.-- The Royal Academy.

447 ploughs the azure deep. The lofty prow which does not soar above mediocrity. It and swelling sails, the bristling guns,

the is much to be regretted that this and a pordecks and fore tops full of activity and life, trait of Lord Melville are the only pictures at once rivet the attention with wonder and of Wilkie's in the exhibition. delight:

No. 64. Sir Calepine rescuing Serena. “ She walks the waters like a thing of life,

W. Hilton, R.A.-A truly poetical compoAnd seems to dare the elements to strife.”

sition. The grouping is excellently conIn the distance, the artist has effectively ceived; and the figures are all in admirable introduced the Land's End, and Longships drawing, a qualification for which this clever Lighthouse.

artist is pre-eminently distinguished. There 55. The Progress of Civilization. H.P. is at the same time a glowing richness of Briggs.—This picture was very appropriately colouring, without the appearance of gaudipainted for the Mechanics' Institute at Huli. ness. In this respect, we think the artist The Romans are represented as instructing has materially improved. The subject of the ancient Britons in the mechanical arts. the painting is taken from that great storeA British warrior, having relaxed his usual house of mediæval chivalry and enchantferocity of character, is examining with in- ment, Spenser's Fairie Queene, canto viii. tense interest some grapbic outlines of clas- “ Sir Calepine, by chaunce more than by choyce, sic architecture depicted on a scroll, which

The self same evening fortune hither drove, the Romans are in the act of explaining.

As he to seek Serena through the woods did rove. Two druidical priests are looking on with a

Eftsoons he saw one with a naked knife, scowling air of suspicion, as if apprehen- Readie to launch her breast, and let out loved life. sive of some dangerous mysteries being con. cealed under the emblems of instruction. With that he thrusts into the thickest throng." The rude and massy trilithons indicative of In the foreground, on the bare rock, apBritish masonry are represented in the back- pears the lovely form of Serena, naked and ground. The picture, on the whole, is an bound, and the high priest, with the upinteresting and pleasing composition. lifted knife, ready to sacrifice her as an of

56. Mary Queen of Scots meeting the fering to the gods. The extreme surprise Earl of Bothwell between Stirling and Edin- and terror of the priests and attendants at burgh. Cooper, R.A.—This composition the sudden appearance of the noble and inrepresents an important occurrence in Scot- furiated warrior, armed in chain-mail, and tish history—the abduction of Mary by the his sword ready to drink their blood, together Earl of Bothwell to the castle of Dunbar. with the romantic and sequestered scenery, Mary is seated on a white steed, which

-all tend to produce a soul-thrilling and Bothwell is holding by the bridle, while he deeply-interesting picture. is making his obeisance, with the evident 79. This splendid production, by Etty, is intention, at the head of a numerous force, intended to form a companion picture to Juof taking possession of the Queen's person dith and Holofernes, which was painted by in defiance of her attendants. The artist the same artist for last year's exhibition. It has displayed the most talent in the repre- represents the maid of Judith waiting outsentation of the horses, which may perhaps side the tent of Holofernes till her mistress be considered as Cooper's favourite study. has consummated the deed that deliThe animals are finely drawn, and their ap- vered her country from its invaders. The pearance bold and spirited. The person of head and countenance of the woman, and Mary is not so prepossessing as it is usually the fine herculean forms of the sleeping represented; it wants feminine loveliness ; guards, are every way worthy the genius of and the head-dress is entirely out of charac- Etty. The chiaro-oscuro of the painting is ter with the occasion. It has all the gaiety in perfect keeping with the subject, and and lightness of the drawing-room, and lit- the deep sombre shading adds to the sotle suited for a journey over the Scottish lemnity of the composition. The picture is hills and dales in the shower-descending painted for the Scottish Academy of Fine month of April.

Arts in Edinburgh. Nos. 57 and 77 are two admirable sea- 86. Interior of a Highlander's House, by pieces by Daniell, representing the splendid Landseer, is a production well calculated to naval exploits of Adm. Collingwond with the maintain the artist's superiority in depicting enemy-first on board the Royal Sovereign, animals of the chase.' Here he has also and secondly on board the Excellent, in the given us examples of his power in painting battle off Cape St. Vincent.

objects of still life. His pencil is always 62. The Portrait of a Lady, by Wilkie, true to nature. is very striking, particularly as regards the 113. The Dinner at Mr. Page's House, fanciful head-dress with which her ladyship supposed take place in the first act of the is decorated. Portrait painting, however, is Merry Wives of Windsor. C. R. Leslie, unsuited to the genius of Wilkie. We have R.A.—Here (says a contemporary critic), heen so loug delighted with the splendid ef- the most conspicuous personages in Shakforts of his genius, that we are apt to look speare's drama are introduced as if living bewith indifference upon any production of his före us. The fat knight, Master Slender,

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