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1831.) Review.-Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. 443
mistake that Oct. 14, instead of Oct. point is given up, and they allow once for
24, was recorded as the date of the all that the right is conferred upon the Re-
Queen's death, by the chronicler Hall, gent by the two Houses, I do not see their
who has been followed by the whole distinction, whether it is conferred by an
tribe of historians, excepting Strype, under commission with limitations ; in either

address without limitations, or by an act
who names the latter day from a MS.
in the College of Arms. "In a letter of

case it is an act of legislation equally, if it
Sir John Russell to Crumwell, written

constitutes an authority that is obligatory

upon the subject, and so far in the teeth of on the 24th, probably within a few

their maxim, that the two branches of the hours, or less, of the fatal occurrence, legislature can do nothing without the assent it is said, “ if she skape this night, of the third. To my plain understanding, the Fyshisiouns be in good hope that if the Parliament took the Regency under she is past all daunger.

their plain address, I should conceive, upon In p. 583 we have a curious account their reasoning, the difficulty insurmountof a visit to the shrine of Saint Thomas able. I should say to the Regent, · You à Becket, very shortly before its spolia- assumed the government : upon what aution. The stranger was “ the Lady of thority? you had no legal right in you, or Montreill,” who was on her return

you might have asserted it without the infrom the Court of Scotland to France :

tervention of Parliament: and if you had

not that right, nothing but the legislature
“ I showed her Saincte Thomas shryne, could give it you, and the two houses in-
and all such other thinges worthy of sight; viting you to do what you had no right to
åt the which she was not litle marveilled of do, and what they were incompetent to au-
the greate riches therof, saing to be innu-

thorize you to do, only renders them accom-
merable, and that if she had not seen it, all plices with you in an illegal usurpation.'
the men in the wourlde could never a made
her to belyve it. Thus, over looking and

Most of our readers must recollect
vewing more then an owre, aswell the shryne, that the faction by which the intended
as Sainte Thomas hed, being at both sett Regent was at that time influenced,
cousshins to knyle, and the Pryour, openyng lost all the popularity they had acquired
Sainct Thomas hed, saing to her 3 tymes, by the impeachment of Mr. Hastings,
This is Saint Thomas Hed,' and offered

or rather threw it entirely into Mr. her to kysse ; but she nother knyled, nor Pitt's hands, who a very few years after would kysse it, but still viewing the riches

stood in need of it all. I rejoice, therof."

says Lord C. “ in the lively part the It would seem that this French lady public seem to take in the contest. was a Protestant.

John is after all an honester gentleman

than I took him for, and has righter
Nichols's Illustrations of the Literary His feelings about him than I gave him
tory of the Eighteenth Century. Vol. VI. credit for.”
(Continued from p. 328.)

The Life of the Rev. Baptist Noel
ALTHOUGH it can scarcely be Turner, Rector of Denton, co. Lin-
expected that a legislator so far re-

coln, and Wing, co. Rutland, is much
moved from the scene of action as Lord enlarged from the account given in
Camelford was in 1789, could be very his death, and enriched with the anec-

the Gentleman's Magazine soon after
deeply in the secret of ministerial or
opposition measures at that eventful dotes of Dr. Johnson, first communi-
period, there is a shrewd sagacity in his cated by himself to the New Monthly
Lordship’s opinions which brings him Magazine. This relates to the learned
very close to the contending parties. lexicographer's visit to Cambridge, of

which there is no account in Boswell's
In his letter dated Jan. 23, he thanks
his correspondent for the information Life, probably because antecedent to
he gives him, which, he adds, makes his acquaintance with the Doctor. It
him as much present as he wishes to be. is not unlikely, however, that soine of

them will obtain a place in the forth-
“ The triumph of Thurlow over the
Scotch patriot, learned in the laws of the Hon. J. W. Croker. But although

coming edition of Boswell, by the Right
Constitution (Loughborough)is one of
those petites malices that I allow myself to

we allow that Mr. Turner had gene-
indulge in with a good conscience. 1 un-

rally, in conversation and correspondderstand nothing of the protest. Let them ence, the true spirit of humorous anecspeak out, and pledge themselves boldly to dote, he appears very deficient in Bose the indefensible right of hereditary regency, well's close imitation of Johnson's if they please, and stand to it. But if that language. What we find here is rarely

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444 Review.- Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. [Ma y, Johnsonian; it is even now and then Emanuel College, Cambridge, at the vulgar. On one occasion, when in recommendation of Sir Jolin Cotton of Trinity College library, Mr. Turner Madingley, near Cambridge, an intiinfornis us that Dr. Johnson took up a mate friend of his father, and a near folio, which proved to be the Polybisior relation by the mother's side. Sir of Morhoff, and on opening the vo Joha, and Mr. Chafin's mother, he lume, exclaimed, “ Here is the book

says, were “grandchildren of Alderupon which all my fame was originally man Parsons, the greatest brewer of founded; when I had read this book, porter in London in those days; who I could teach my tutors." Now, in when he was Lord Mayor, at his great the first place, we would remark that city feast had twenty sons and daugh. no part of Dr. Johnson's fame could

ters grown up, sitting at table with be founded on the Polyhistor, a work him, of which he was no doubt a little of bibliography, a study in which Dr. proud; but such is the mutability of Johnson was very deficient, and in the huinan affairs, that not one male heir second place, there is no edition of of the family of the name of Parsons is Morhoff in folio. The best, it is well now in exisience." known, is in 2 vols. 410, 1747. There Mr. Chafin met with encourageare, however, many remarks in Mr. ment at Cambridge from various men Turner's letters, particularly those ad- of eminence, and prosecuted his studies dressed in the late Mr. Nichols, which with great success. After being adshow much critical taste, and contri mited into holy orders, he was prebute to enrich this volume. We par sented to the vicarage of St. Mary ticularly allude to bis“ Prolegomena Magdalen in Taunton, Somersetshire, to Alexander's Feast,” and his “ An which he held by dispensation with swer to the criticism of Dr. Knox." the rectory of Lidlinch, in the county Nor will the extracts from his manu. of Dorset, the gift of his own father, script volume, entitled “ Nugæ Ca more than forty years. noræ,” be read without interest.

Mr. Chafin reiained so much of his The Editors inform us that the Bio- early education, or rather no-education, graphical Memoirs in this rolume have

as to become a sportsman of great celein many cases been compiled from a brity, and this part of his character invariety of sources, and are therefore ge troduces us to an anecdote too curious nerally (and, we think, very justly) to be omitted. entitled to the terın original. “ The “ Some few years before I retired to autobiography," they add, "of Mr. Trumpingtou, his Royal Highness the Prince William Chafin, a clerical country of Wales occupied Mr. Sturt's superb mansquire, who in his old age turned au sion and large domains at Critchill, about thor, after a life spent in pursuits of a

three miles from Chettle. I was introduced very opposite character, will be found to his Royal Highness's notice by Mr. to possess many of the charms usually Churchill of Hanbury, a confident of his characteristic of that description of Royal Highness, and I believe chief manager writing." That of Mr. Chafin is, in

of his Household at Critchiil; and I was truth, not only one of the most amusing recommended by him as a proper person to lives, but one of the most amusing

execute a commission for his Royal Highnarratives of life, which we ever re

ness, no way political, but merely relative member to have met with. It must,

to fox-hunting His Royal Highness wished

to extend his hunting country, but was unhowever, be read entire, for we are at willing to do so without the consent of some a loss how to convey a proper idea of gentlemen, who were confederates in keepthe author's singularities by eithering another pack of fox-hounds, and hunted abridgment or extract.

in the country which his Royal Highness Mr. Chafin's youth appears to have wished to add to the Critchill Hunt. °I was been much neglected. From some

honoured and entrusted by his Royal Highstrange circumstances here detailed,

ness with a commission to negotiate this when he reached his fifteenth year, he important business, in which I used my best out having acquired any classical know- though they were all intimate acquaintances, was a poor, raw, ignorant youth, with endeavours, but I had persons to deal with

of tempers not very compliant; and, alledge whatever. Another year, not

I could not prevail upon them to grant my withstanding these defects, was spent suit in full. 'During this negotiation, which in following sports of the field, but no lasted some time, I had several private conschool-book was looked into the whole ferences with his Royal Highness; and time. He tells us he was then sent to when he was absent from Critchill for a

my

1831.] Review.--Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. 445 short time, he condescended to write several justice to grant him a search warrant for letters to me on the subject; and, although stolen goods ! But this would be a real I could not succeed so well in my embassy fact.” as I wished, and the Prince expected, yet he The biographers of George IV. (and never laid any blame on me, but I was taken

such have been as industrious as old more into favour than before, and was invited to attend his Royal Highness in his

newspapers can make them) will regret field sports, both in hunting and shooting;

that this anecdote has been so long and to enable me to attend him in the kept from them, but it may not yet be former, he made me a present of a very fine

too late, and will certainly be consihunter. At that time, Mr. Napier, whom

dered of as great importance and origiI have before mentioned, was taken much nality as any with which they have notice of by his Royal Highness. He was a illustrated the character of our late spirited lad, and rode a very fleet poney of amiable monarch. his own, of the New Forest breed, which This sketch of Mr. Chafin's life was cost him four guineas; and he was in at written in 1816. “ At that time," he the death of many foxes after fine runs with the Prince's hounds.

says, in a letter to Mr. Nichols,

my

life, although a domestic one (for I “ About this time, a very remarkable cir have never been more than 160 miles cumstance took place. One morning his

from birth-place, in the course of a Royal Highness called upon me alone, without any attendant, not even one servant, and peculiarities somewhat uncommon, and

very long life) has been attended with desired mne to take his information for a rob.

ihe situation I at this time stand in bery, and to grant him a search warrant. He insisted on my administering the oath

is so very particular, that it is imposto him, which I reluctantly did ; and he in

sible for any other person to be in the formed me, that the head groom of his same, for I believe that I am the oldest stables had his trunk broken open in the member of the University of Cam. night, and a watch and many valuable articles bridge, the oldest Clergyman in the stolen and carried away; and that it was diocese of Bristol, and the oldest masuspected that they were concealed in such gistrate in the county of Dorsel of and such places, and that he chose to come the two latter I am certain, but out of himself, lest an alarm may be given and the so many thousands there possibly may goods removed. His Royal Highness sat be a senior Member of the University, by my side, while I filled up a search war

but on the strictest inquiry I can hear raut, which his Royal Highness hastened

of no one.” For a minute history of home with, and saw the execution of it himself; the goods were found in the suspected of Cranborne Chase,” we must refer

his only publication, the “ Anecdotes places, a nest of thieves were detected, and

to the work before us.

He died at all brought to condign punishment. Should his Royal Highness become Sovereign, as

Chettle, in the mansion of his ancesgrace of God he may soon be, what

tors, at the age of 86, Aug. 14, 1818. a strange story it will be to tell, that a King He was the last male heir of his family. of Great Britain did apply to a poor country

(To be continued.)

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by the

FINE ARTS.
ROYAL ACADEMY.

quent of tongues ! That they are the ornaApril 30. The anniversary dinner, pre ment of prosperous fortune and the solace paratory to the opening of the sixty-third Ex of adverse, give a zest to our daily toil, and hibition of the Royal Academy, took place watch with us through the sleepless night, this day. The Ministers of State, foreign enliven the solitude of the country, and tranMinisters and Consuls, and a great assemblage quillize the bustle and turmoil of the town of the nobility, were present. The Lord -all this is true, but it is not the whole Chancellor, in returning thanks on the truth. All this they do, and much more. part of the invited guests when their health The fine arts are great improvers of manwas proposed, made the following just and kind; they are living sources of refinement eloquent observations :

-the offspring, indeed, of civilization; but, " This is, indeed, not more a display of like her of Greece whose piety they have so the triumph of the fine arts than of the often commemorated, nourishing the parent deep interest which the most distinguished from whom their existence was derived, classes of the community take in their pro- softening and humanizing the characters of gress ; and well they may !

-assuaging the fierceness of the wilder suits what has not been said, what pane- passions ; substituting calm and harmless gyrics not prouounced, hundreds, almost enjoyment for more perilous excitementthousands, of years ago, by the most elo- maintaining the innocent intercourse of pa

Of those pur

men

446
Fine Arts.- The Royal Academy.

[May, tions, and affording one more pledge of There is a stiffness and mannerism which are peace, their great patroness and protectress not altogether pleasing. Dignity and ease as she is, of all that is most precious and are in some degree wanting. most excellent among men.

It becomes us We shall proceed to notice a few of those all, then, most diligently to foster them. works which most prominently attracted our It is the duty of the government, it is the attention, during a cursory view. interest of the country. No station is so

GREAT ROOM. exalted, no fortune so spleudid, as not to derive lustre from bestowing such patron

No. 1. Margaret at Church, tormented by áge; no lot so obscure as not to participate the Evil One. R. Westall.—The subject of in the benefits they diffuse. And I have, this singular composition is from a passage therefore, a singular satisfaction in being at

in Goëthe's Faust, as translated by Lord F. liberty to announce to you upon this occa

Leveson Gower. The fantastic imagery of sion, that a society of much influence, over the poet is worthily sustained. The ghastly which I have the honour to preside, and of and livid aspect of the evil genius is finely which the object is the improvement of all

contrasted with the lovely form of the swoonconditions of the people, has been occupied ing fair one, and the colouring is introduced in maturing a plan, which has been success with powerful effect. As we behold the fully completed, for extending the enjoy

ministers of the altar and the surrounding ment of the fine arts to the humblest classes devotees at their orisons, we perceive the of his Majesty's subjects.”

evil one, as it were, uttering the very lanMay 2. The exhibition was opened this guage which Goëthe has adopted, -- The day to the public. It affords many gratify- glorified are turning their foreheads from ing specimens of the steady progress of the

thee; the holy shud to join their hands in arts in this country. Though there are few thine ;-despair! despair !” of those splendid productions of lofty ge Faust preparing to dance with the young nius in the present collection, which, like

witch at the festival of the wizards and those of West, or the great masters of anti witches in the Hartz Mountain (No. 33), by quity, are calculated to throw all surround the same artist, is evidently intended as a ing objects into shade, still it exhibits ta companion picture to the preceding. The lent of a varied and highly pleasing charac- fore-ground of the composition is replete ter. There is now an ample field for young with beauty. The enchanting female fiand aspiring genius to distinguish itself, and gure is powerfully contrasted with the horJess probability of its efforts being overlooked, rid aspect of Mephistophiles, and the terriin the absence of those mighty masters of

ble concomitants of witchery, that appear the pallet and the easel, whose productions ready to destroy the victim of her allurewere wont to lead captive the minds of the astonished spectators, and to command al

“Remark her well,

Sileth her name, first wife of him who fellmost exclusive attention. The competitors

Your parent Adam ; look that you beware in the field are more numerous than for

Her glancing toilet and her flowing hair; merly, and their productions certainly of a If with that guise the sorceress lure more general and diversified character : so The passing youth, she holds him sure." that, on the whole, although the Fine Arts 32. Lord Byron reposing in the house of a of the present day are not distinguished by Turkish Fisherman, after having swum across the towering supereminency of a single indi the Hellespont. W. Allan.—The event which vidual, as in different eras of their history, the artist has embodied in this composition we may safely conclude that they now pre took place on the 3d of May, 1810, when sent more numerous specimens of prolific the noble poet, in imitation of Leander, genius and respectable talent than at ariy swam across the Hellespont, from the Eupreceding period -- the leading members of ropean shore to the Asiatic, about two the Academy having produced a larger num miles wide. “After landing (says Mr. ber of pictures than in most former years ; Lake, in his Life of Byron, he was so and many of those pictures exhibiting ta much exhausted, that he gladly accepted lent far above mediocrity. Thus Westall, the offer of a Turkish fisherman, and reCalcott, and Phillips, have each produced posed in his house for some time. He was eight

paintings; Turner seven ; Drummond very ill; and the Turk had no idea of the and Pickersgill six each ; Etty, Daniell, rank or consequence of his inmate, but paid Jones, Beechy, and Landseer, five each ; him most marked attention. His wife was Shee four; Howard and Collins three each ; his nurse; and at the end of five days he and many others of minor note in propor left this asylum completely recovered.”— tion. Sir W. Beechy and Phillips have con The figure of Lord Byron, who is reposing fined themselves to the more lucrative de on a couch, presents an excellent likeness ; partments of the arts (though to the public and the subordinate details of the picture not the most interesting) – portrait-painting. are in perfect keeping with the subject. But we do not consider that Beechy has 38. A first-rate going down. Channel. been so happy in the portraits of the King W. Daniell, R.A.-What a splendid and and Queen, as the public might have wished. imposing sight! How magnificently she

ments.

ness.

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1831.]
Fine Arts.-- The Royal Academy.

447 ploughs the azure deep. The lofty prow

which does not soar above mediocrity. It and swelling sails, the bristling guns, the is much to be regretted that this and a pordecks and fore tops full of activity and life, trait of Lord Melville are the only pictures at once rivet the attention with wonder and of Wilkie's in the exhibition. delight:

No. 64. Sir Calepine rescuing Serena. “ She walks the waters like a thing of life,

W. Hilton, R.A.-A truly poetical compoAnd seems to dare the elements to strife."

sition. The grouping is excellently conIn the distance, the artist has effectively ceived; and the figures are all in admirable introduced the Land's End, aud Longships drawing, a qualification for which this clever Lighthouse.

artist is pre-eminently distinguished. There 55. The Progress of Civilization. H.P. is at the same time a glowing richness of Briggs.—This picture was very appropriately colouring, without the appearance of gaudipainted for the Mechanics’ Institute at Hull. In this respect, we think the artist The Romans are represented as instructing has materially improved. The subject of the ancient Britons in the mechanical arts. the painting is taken from that great storeA British warrior, having relaxed his usual house of mediæval chivalry and enchantferocity of character, is examining with in ment, Spenser's Fairie Queene, canto viil. teuse interest some graphic outlines of clas “ Sir Calepine, by chaunce more than by choyce, sic architecture depicted on a scroll, which

The self same evening fortune hither drove, the Romans are in the act of explaining.

As he to seek Serena through the woods did rove, Two druidical priests are looking on with a

Eftsoons he saw one with a naked knife, scowling air of suspicion, as if apprehen Readie to launch her breast, and let out loved life. sive of some dangerous mysteries being con. cealed under the einblems of instruction. With that he thrusts into the thickest throng." The rude and massy trolithons indicative of In the foreground, on the bare rock, apBritish masonry are represented in the back

pears the lovely form of Serena, naked and ground. The picture, on the whole, is an bound, and the high priest, with the upinteresting and pleasing composition. lifted knife, ready to sacrifice her as an of

56. Mary Queen of Scots meeting the fering to the gods. The extreme surprise Earl of Bothwell between Stirling and Edin and terror of the priests and attendants at burgh. Cooper, R.A.—'This composition the sudden appearance of the noble and inrepresents an important occurrence in Scot- furiated warrior, armed in chain-mail, and tish history—the abduction of Mary by the his sword ready to drink their blood, together Earl of Bothwell to the castle of Dunbar. with the romantic and sequestered scenery, Mary is seated on a white steed, which -all tend to produce a soul-thrilling and Bothwell is holding by the bridle, while he deeply-interesting picture. is making his obeisance, with the evident 79. This splendid production, by Etty, is intention, at the head of a numerous force, - intended to form a companion picture to Juof taking possession of the Queen's person dith and Holofernes, which was painted by in defiance of her attendants. The artist

the same artist for last year's exhibition. It has displayed the most talent in the repre represents the maid of Judith waiting outsentation of the horses, which may perhaps side the tent of Holofernes till her nistress be considered as Cooper's favourite study. has consummated the deed that deliThe animals are finely drawn, and their ap vered her country from its invaders. The pearance bold and spirited. The person of head and countenance of the woman, and Mary is not so prepossessing as it is usually the fine herculean forms of the sleeping represented; it wants feminine loveliness ; guards, are every way worthy the genius of and the head-dress is entirely out of charac- Etty. The chiaro-oscuro of the painting is ter with the occasion. It has all the gaiety in perfect keeping with the subject, and and lightness of the drawing-room, and lit- the deep sombre shading adds to the sotle suited for a journey over the Scottish lemnity of the composition. The picture is hills and dales in the shower-descending painted for the Scottish Academy of Fine month of April.

Arts in Edinburgh. Nos. 57 and 77 are two admirable sea 86. Interior of a Highlander's House, by pieces by Daniell, representing the splendid Landseer, is a production well calculated to naval exploits of Adm. Collingwond with the maintain the artist's superiority in depicting enemy-first on board the Royal Sovereign, animals of the chase. Here he has also and secondly on board the Excellent, in the given us examples of his power in painting battle off Cape St. Vincent.

objects of still life. His pencil is always 62. The Portrait of a Lady, by Wilkie, true to nature. is very striking, particularly as regards the 113. The Dinner at Mr. Page's House, fanciful head-dress with which her ladyship supposed to take place in the first act of the is decorated. Portrait-painting, however, is Merry Wives of Windsor. C. R. Leslie, unsuited to the genius of Wilkie. We have R.A. -Here (says a contemporary critic), been so loug delighted with the splendid ef the most conspicuous personages in Shakforts of his genius, that we are apt to look speare's drama are introduced as if living bewith indifference upon any production of his fore us. The fat knight, Master Slender,

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