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1831.] Review.--Nichols's Literary Illustrations, vol. VI. 445 short time, he condescended to write several justice to grant him a search warrant for letters to me on the subject; and, although stolen goods ! But this would be a real I could not succeed so well in my embassy fact.” as I wished, and the Prince expected, yet he The biographers of George IV. (and never laid any blame on me, but I was taken

such have been as industrious as old more into favour than before, and was invited to attend his Royal Highness in his

newspapers can make them) will regret field sports, both in hunting and shooting;

that this anecdote has been so long and to enable me to attend him in the kept from them, but it may not yet be former, he made me a present of a very fine

too late, and will certainly be consihunter. At that time, Mr. Napier, whom

dered of as great importance and origiI have before mentioned, was taken much nality as any with which they have notice of by his Royal Highness. He was a illustrated the character of our late spirited lad, and rode a very fleet poney of amiable monarch. his own, of the New Forest breed, which This sketch of Mr. Chafin's life was cost him four guineas; and he was in at written in 1816. “ At that time," he the death of many foxes after fine runs with the Prince's hounds.

says, in a letter to Mr. Nichols,


life, although a domestic one (for I “ About this time, a very remarkable cir- have never been more than 160 miles cumstance took place. One morning his

from birth-place, in the course of a Royal Highness called upon me alone, without any attendant, not even one servant, and peculiarities somewhat uncommon, and

very long life) has been attended with desired mne to take his information for a rob.

ihe situation I at this time stand in bery, and to grant him a search warrant. He insisted on my administering the oath

is so very particular, that it is imposto him, which I reluctantly did ; and he in

sible for any other person to be in the formed me, that the head groom of his same, for I believe that I am the oldest stables had his trunk broken open in the member of the University of Cam. night, and a watch and many valuable articles bridge, the oldest Clergyman in the stolen and carried away; and that it was diocese of Bristol, and the oldest masuspected that they were concealed in such gistrate in the county of Dorsel of and such places, and that he chose to come the two latter I am certain, but out of himself, lest an alarm may be given and the so many thousands there possibly may goods removed. His Royal Highness sat be a senior Member of the University, by my side, while I filled up a search war

but on the strictest inquiry I can hear raut, which his Royal Highness hastened

of no one.” For a minute history of home with, and saw the execution of it himself; the goods were found in the suspected of Cranborne Chase,” we must refer

his only publication, the “ Anecdotes places, a nest of thieves were detected, and

to the work before us.

He died at all brought to condign punishment. Should his Royal Highness become Sovereign, as

Chettle, in the mansion of his ancesgrace of God he may soon be, what

tors, at the age of 86, Aug. 14, 1818. a strange story it will be to tell, that a King He was the last male heir of his family. of Great Britain did apply to a poor country

(To be continued.)

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quent of tongues ! That they are the ornaApril 30. The anniversary dinner, pre- ment of prosperous fortune and the solace paratory to the opening of the sixty-third Ex- of adverse, give a zest to our daily toil, and hibition of the Royal Academy, took place watch with us through the sleepless night, this day. The Ministers of State, foreign enliven the solitude of the country, and tranMinisters and Consuls, and a great assemblage quillize the bustle and turmoil of the town of the nobility, were present. The Lord -all this is true, but it is not the whole Chancellor, in returning thanks on the truth. All this they do, and much more. part of the invited guests when their health The fine arts are great improvers of manwas proposed, made the following just and kind; they are living sources of refinement eloquent observations :

-the offspring, indeed, of civilization; but, " This is, indeed, not more a display of like her of Greece whose piety they have so the triumph of the fine arts than of the often commemorated, nourishing the parent deep interest which the most distinguished from whom their existence was derived, classes of the community take in their pro- softening and humanizing the characters of gress ; and well they may !

-assuaging the fierceness of the wilder suits what has not been said, what pane- passions ; substituting calm and harmless gyrics not prouounced, hundreds, almost enjoyment for more perilous excitementthousands, of years ago, by the most elo- maintaining the innocent intercourse of pa

Of those pur


Fine Arts.The Royal Academy.

[May, tions, and affording one more pledge of There is a stiffness and mannerism which are peace, their great patroness and protectress not altogether pleasing. Dignity and ease as she is, of all that is most precious and are in some degree wanting. most excellent among men.

It becomes us We shall proceed to notice a few of those all, then, most diligently to foster them. works which most prominently attracted our It is the duty of the government, it is the attention, during a cursory view. interest of the country. No station is so

GREAT ROOM. exalted, no fortune so spleudid, as not to derive lustre from bestowing such patron

No. 1. Margaret at Church, tormented by áge; no lot so obscure as not to participate the Evil One. R. Westall.—The subject of in the benefits they diffuse. And I have, this singular composition is from a passage therefore, a singular satisfaction in being at

in Goëthe's Faust, as translated by Lord F. liberty to announce to you upon this occa

Leveson Gower. The fantastic imagery of sion, that a society of much influence, over the poet is worthily sustained. The ghastly which I have the honour to preside, and of and livid aspect of the evil genius is finely which the object is the improvement of all

contrasted with the lovely form of the swoonconditions of the people, has been occupied ing fair one, and the colouring is introduced in maturing a plan, which has been success- with powerful effect. As we behold the fully completed, for extending the enjoy

ministers of the altar and the surrounding ment of the fine arts to the humblest classes devotees at their orisons, we perceive the of his Majesty's subjects.”

evil one, as it were, uttering the very lanMay 2. The exhibition was opened this guage which Goëthe has adopted, -- The day to the public. It affords many gratify- glorified are turning their foreheads from ing specimens of the steady progress of the

thee; the holy shud to join their hands in arts in this country. Though there are few thine ;-despair! despair !” of those splendid productions of lofty ge- Faust preparing to dance with the young nius in the present collection, which, like

witch at the festival of the wizards and those of West, or the great masters of anti

witches in the Hartz Mountain (No. 33), by quity, are calculated to throw all surround- the same artist, is evidently intended as a ing objects into shade, still it exhibits ta- companion picture to the preceding. The lent of a varied and highly pleasing charac- fore-ground of the composition is replete ter. There is now an ample field for young with beauty. The enchanting female fiand aspiring genius to distinguish itself, and gure is powerfully contrasted with the horJess probability of its efforts being overlooked, rid aspect of Mephistophiles, and the terriin the absence of those mighty masters of

ble concomitants of witchery, that appear the pallet and the easel, whose productions ready to destroy the victim of her allurewere wont to lead captive the minds of the astonished spectators, and to command al

“Remark her well,

Sileth her name, first wife of him who fellmost exclusive attention. The competitors

Your parent Adam ; look that you beware in the field are more numerous than for

Her glancing toilet and her flowing hair; merly, and their productions certainly of a If with that guise the sorceress lure more general and diversified character : so The passing youth, she holds him sure." that, on the whole, although the Fine Arts 32. Lord Byron reposing in the house of a of the present day are not distinguished by Turkish Fisherman, after having swum across the towering supereminency of a single indi- the Hellespont. W. Allan.—The event which vidual, as in different eras of their history, the artist has embodied in this composition we may safely conclude that they now pre- took place on the 3d of May, 1810, when sent more numerous specimens of prolific the noble poet, in imitation of Leander, genius and respectable talent than at ariy swam across the Hellespont, from the Eupreceding period -- the leading members of ropean shore to the Asiatic, about two the Academy having produced a larger num- miles wide. “After landing (says Mr. ber of pictures than in most former years ; Lake, in his Life of Byron, he was so and many of those pictures exhibiting ta- much exhausted, that he gladly accepted lent far above mediocrity. Thus Westall, the offer of a Turkish fisherman, and reCalcott, and Phillips, have each produced posed in his house for some time. He was eight

paintings; Turner seven ; Drummond very ill; and the Turk had no idea of the and Pickersgill six each ; Etty, Daniell, rank or consequence of his inmate, but paid Jones, Beechy, and Landseer, five each ; him most marked attention. His wife was Shee four; Howard and Collins three each ; his nurse; and at the end of five days he and many others of minor note in propor- left this asylum completely recovered.”— tion. Sir W. Beechy and Phillips have con- The figure of Lord Byron, who is reposing fined themselves to the more lucrative de- on a couch, presents an excellent likeness ; partments of the arts (though to the public and the subordinate details of the picture not the most interesting) – portrait-painting. are in perfect keeping with the subject. But we do not consider that Beechy has 38. A first-rate going down. Channel. been so happy in the portraits of the King W. Daniell, R.A.-What a splendid and and Queen, as the public might have wished. imposing sight! How magnificently she




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Fine Arts.-- The Royal Academy.

447 ploughs the azure deep. The lofty prow

which does not soar above mediocrity. It and swelling sails, the bristling guns, the is much to be regretted that this and a pordecks and fore tops full of activity and life, trait of Lord Melville are the only pictures at once rivet the attention with wonder and of Wilkie's in the exhibition. delight:

No. 64. Sir Calepine rescuing Serena. “ She walks the waters like a thing of life,

W. Hilton, R.A.-A truly poetical compoAnd seems to dare the elements to strife."

sition. The grouping is excellently conIn the distance, the artist has effectively ceived; and the figures are all in admirable introduced the Land's End, aud Longships drawing, a qualification for which this clever Lighthouse.

artist is pre-eminently distinguished. There 55. The Progress of Civilization. H.P. is at the same time a glowing richness of Briggs.—This picture was very appropriately colouring, without the appearance of gaudipainted for the Mechanics’ Institute at Hull. In this respect, we think the artist The Romans are represented as instructing has materially improved. The subject of the ancient Britons in the mechanical arts. the painting is taken from that great storeA British warrior, having relaxed his usual house of mediæval chivalry and enchantferocity of character, is examining with in- ment, Spenser's Fairie Queene, canto viil. teuse interest some graphic outlines of clas- “ Sir Calepine, by chaunce more than by choyce, sic architecture depicted on a scroll, which

The self same evening fortune hither drove, the Romans are in the act of explaining.

As he to seek Serena through the woods did rove, Two druidical priests are looking on with a

Eftsoons he saw one with a naked knife, scowling air of suspicion, as if apprehen- Readie to launch her breast, and let out loved life. sive of some dangerous mysteries being con. cealed under the einblems of instruction. With that he thrusts into the thickest throng." The rude and massy trolithons indicative of In the foreground, on the bare rock, apBritish masonry are represented in the back

pears the lovely form of Serena, naked and ground. The picture, on the whole, is an bound, and the high priest, with the upinteresting and pleasing composition. lifted knife, ready to sacrifice her as an of

56. Mary Queen of Scots meeting the fering to the gods. The extreme surprise Earl of Bothwell between Stirling and Edin- and terror of the priests and attendants at burgh. Cooper, R.A.—'This composition the sudden appearance of the noble and inrepresents an important occurrence in Scot- furiated warrior, armed in chain-mail, and tish history—the abduction of Mary by the his sword ready to drink their blood, together Earl of Bothwell to the castle of Dunbar. with the romantic and sequestered scenery, Mary is seated on a white steed, which -all tend to produce a soul-thrilling and Bothwell is holding by the bridle, while he deeply-interesting picture. is making his obeisance, with the evident 79. This splendid production, by Etty, is intention, at the head of a numerous force, - intended to form a companion picture to Juof taking possession of the Queen's person dith and Holofernes, which was painted by in defiance of her attendants. The artist

the same artist for last year's exhibition. It has displayed the most talent in the repre- represents the maid of Judith waiting outsentation of the horses, which may perhaps side the tent of Holofernes till her nistress be considered as Cooper's favourite study. has consummated the deed that deliThe animals are finely drawn, and their ap- vered her country from its invaders. The pearance bold and spirited. The person of head and countenance of the woman, and Mary is not so prepossessing as it is usually the fine herculean forms of the sleeping represented; it wants feminine loveliness ; guards, are every way worthy the genius of and the head-dress is entirely out of charac- Etty. The chiaro-oscuro of the painting is ter with the occasion. It has all the gaiety in perfect keeping with the subject, and and lightness of the drawing-room, and lit- the deep sombre shading adds to the sotle suited for a journey over the Scottish lemnity of the composition. The picture is hills and dales in the shower-descending painted for the Scottish Academy of Fine month of April.

Arts in Edinburgh. Nos. 57 and 77 are two admirable sea- 86. Interior of a Highlander's House, by pieces by Daniell, representing the splendid Landseer, is a production well calculated to naval exploits of Adm. Collingwond with the maintain the artist's superiority in depicting enemy-first on board the Royal Sovereign, animals of the chase. Here he has also and secondly on board the Excellent, in the given us examples of his power in painting battle off Cape St. Vincent.

objects of still life. His pencil is always 62. The Portrait of a Lady, by Wilkie, true to nature. is very striking, particularly as regards the 113. The Dinner at Mr. Page's House, fanciful head-dress with which her ladyship supposed to take place in the first act of the is decorated. Portrait-painting, however, is Merry Wives of Windsor. C. R. Leslie, unsuited to the genius of Wilkie. We have R.A. -Here (says a contemporary critic), been so loug delighted with the splendid ef- the most conspicuous personages in Shakforts of his genius, that we are apt to look speare's drama are introduced as if living bewith indifference upon any production of his fore us. The fat knight, Master Slender,





448 Royal Academy.--Gallery of Greenwich Hospital. [May, “ sweet Ann Page,” the merry wives, and trees or human visages, or such a daub of several of the other characters, breathe upseemly colouring—a mere chaotic mass from the canvas. It is beyond question one of pink and yellow. of the most perfect illustrations of the subject that has ever been produced. The cos

193. Cain. G. J. L. Noble. A montumes, the interior, and all the slightest details of the picture, are painted with an ac

strously gigantic figure, only fit to be repre

sented with effect in a room of unusually curacy and effect quite of the highest order. The picture is very properly placed in the large dimensions, which would adnit of a

distant view. It is miserable judgment to most conspicuous and favourable situation in the room.

exhibit a colossal figure in a small room, as

is here the case. 162. Caligula's Palace and Bridge. J.M. Turner, R.A.- This is a bold specimen of

An Alligator attacking a Bullock, Turner's peculiar genius. The design is by W. Daniell, R.A. is a bold and spirited gorgeously imposing, and full of wild and production. The ferocious tenacity of the poetic dariug. The picture conveys to the

ove, and the apparent agony of the other, mind the idea of immeasurable distance, as

are powerfully depicted. The scene is on the eye looks through the misty atmosphere the margin of a river in the island of Ceyof the artist into unfathomable space. The lon. The colouring is extremely vivid, and

well suited to oriental scenery. frowning ruins of the mouldering walls enveloped in mist, and the rays of the morn

258. Domestic Affliction, by W. E. West, ing sun darting through the mural inter- is the representatiou of melancholy madness, stices, with the russet trees in the fore

the victim of which is a fine and interesting ground, and the azure misty skies in the female, whose relatives and friends are grouped distance, present a splendid specimen of around, exhibiting countenances full of symcreative genius. Although we are ready to

pathy and melancholy interest. The comadmit Turner to be one of the most poetical position is replete with feeling, delicacy,

and spirit. of landscape painters, at the same time, without aspiring to superior critical pretensions, we believe that he frequently, perhaps

The Golden Age, by Danby, is a from mere wantonness of genius, oversteps perfect scene of enchantment. Nature ap. the sober modesty of nature, and even out- pears in the most lovely and captivating garb rages the acknowledged principles of art. He that the imagination can conceive. The appears sometimes to mystify the subject poets of old never exceeded it in description. by an erratic wildness of colouring, and, with All is beauty, serenity, and delight. Soft a fullness of pencil, to introduce dabs of verdure, unruffled lakes, shady groves, and light and shade, that seem to set the woodland nymphs, with gold and azure tints rules of criticism and the laws of nature at of the softest hue, convey the beau-ideal of defiance.

the poet's golden age, and make us sigh at 168. The Angel releasing Peter from the reflection of that happy period having Prison. W. Hilton, R.A.-A magnificent for ever fled. picture, executed on a large scale. The de- 356. Landscape, at twilight, by Westall, siga is taken from Acts xii. The figure of is full of rustic nature, and is worthy of the the angel is not perhaps to be compared best productions of Claude. The cattle in with many productions of the Italian mas- the foreground are cleverly executed. ters ; but the sleeping guards and the opeu

(To be continued.) ing iron gates, which are less the objects of creative genius, are evidence of Hilton's skill as a judicious and skilful artist.

The Gallery of Greenwich Hospital ; com169. The View of Salislury Cathedral, prising Portraits of celebrated Naval Comby J. Constable, R. A. appears to have been manders, and Views of their most memortaken immediately after a suow.storm, al

able Actions ; illustrated with biographical though the artist professes to have embodied and historical Memoirs by Edward Hawke on canvas the description of a scene from Lockyer, Esq. F.R.S. F.S.A. one of the Thomson's Summer, when "a glittering Commissioners of the Institution. robe of joy invests the fields." The nume

The Royal Hospital at Greenwich is well rous patches of dead white, intended for the

calculated to inspire the most exalted emolights of the picture, or perhaps for drops tions; not so much from the beauty of its of rain after a shower, have all the chilling design and the splendour of its lufty domes, coldness of a winter's moro.

eminent as these undoubtedly are, as from 178.· The Vision of Medea, by J. M. the benevolence of its objects, and the inTurpe presents a mixture of bold genius teresting groups of veterans, to aud monstrous absurdity. The awful legend reposing under its protection in the evening of the burning palace, into which Medea's of their days, after many a well-fought battwin offspring are thrown, is poetically con- tle. These patriotic emotious, which canceived ; but no mortal ever beheld such not fail to strike every casual visitor, are


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1831.] Fine Arts.Gallery of Greenwich Hospital, 8c. 449 much increased on a more minute inspection The next is an early portrait of Viscount of the Naval Gallery, to which many addi- Bridport, by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The tional paintings have been recently transfer- character of this officer cannot be better exred by the King from the Royal Collections. pressed than by the single word “Steady,' We hail therefore, with peculiar pleasure, a which he adopted for his motto. “Sir, be work like the present, published under the steady in all your resolves,” was his freimmediate patronage and sanction of His quent admonition to his young officers. Majesty, by a gentleman so intimately con- Under a stern and reserved deportment, nected with the naval profession, who Lord Bridport is said to have concealed a bears the talismanic name of Hawke in ad- generous and affectionate disposition. dition to his own patronymic, derived from The third portrait is of that ancient fahis late worthy father, the tutor of the im- vourite of our Tars, the brave but uufortunate mortal Nelson, and a brave and worthy Adiniral Benbow, “whose death, recorded Captain in the Royal navy, who died Lieut.- in one of their most popular, ballads, still Governor of this excellent institution. cheers the middle watch of many a stormy

This work is published in the same form night at sea.” This portrait is by Sir Godand style as Mr Lodge's Portraits and Me- frey Kneller, and was presented to the Hosmoirs of Illustrious Persons. The first pital by George IV. Another portrait, preNumber contains a beautiful copy of the sented by one of his sisters, still remaining portrait of Lord Hawke, painted by F. in the Town Hall of Shrewsbury, was copied Cotes, one of the finest in our recollection. in our vol. lxxxix. ii. p. 9. from a drawing, The memoir of Hawke is ably and spiritedly and with a memoir, by Mr. Parkes. written, and the following character rests The fourth portrait is that of Captain on " the authority of a very dear relation of James Cook, one of the most eminent of the author, * whose gallant conduct in the those self-educated patriots that we delight same profession introduced him to a long to honour. His parents were humble peaand intimate association with Lord Hawke, sants, at Marton, in Cleveland, who by inthough even gratitude could not bias that dustry and integrity coiitrived to rear nine sound judgment, and still sounder probity,

children ; but his powerful genius surunder the guidance of which he formed this mounted all disadvantages, and forced its estimate of his patron's character :

way to fame. This memoir is of high in". The character of Hawke furnishes an terest, excellent example to every candidate for na- The last print in this number is an etchval reputation. He possessed all the quali- ing after Loutherbourgh's painting of the ties necessary to form a thorough seaman, Defeat of the Spamish Armada, presented and an enterprising, intrepid commander ; to this Collection by Lord Farnborough. and he employed these with a simplicity of purpose which served his country highly and Lodge's Portrails and Memoirs of Illushimself honourably. His gentlemanly deport- trious Persons.—The third Edition of this ment and propriety of conversation effected a highly interesting work continues to be pubsalutary improvement among his officers. He lished in monthly numbers. Thirty have steadily discountenanced that coarseness of already appeared, and these contain 90 exlanguage and deineanour which disgraced quisite engravings. When the whole work too many of the old school, and still clings is completed, it will embrace 60 additional to some of the present. Hawke's genius

subjects, completing the work to the prewas peculiar to the profession he had sent period. The lives of the modern emichosen. In political affairs he exhibited no nent characters will be found to be worthy great talents for business. Lord Hawke of the pen of Mr. Lodge, whose fame as a

an upright, honourable, and Biographer was so firmly established by the pious man. His anxious attention to the former editions of this popular work. We health and comfort of the seamen secured take this opportunity to announce, that to him their constant attachment; while Messrs. Harding and Lepard have again the steady patronage of his most deserving liberally opened their rooms for the exhibifollowers surrounded him with officers zea- tion of the original drawings made for the lously devoted to the King's service and work, and this interesting exhibition has to their commander's glory.

He was

been enriched since last year by the addition strict, but temperate disciplinarian-affable of 40 new characters, chiefly of eminent rather than familiar with his officers, re- Admirals, Soldiers, Philosophers, and Statesproving with sternness all approaches to men who fourished in the eighteenth cenribaldry or impiety in their conduct and tury. conversation. His mind, impressed with a The First Volume of the English School devout regard for the faith in which he had of Painting and Sculpture is now completed, been educated, loved to dwell on the many and we are glad to hear that its deserved mercies he had experienced, and to ascribe success calls for the gratitude of its proevery success to “ the Giver of all Victory." prietors. Vol. II. will include Barry's Pic

tures at the Society of Arts in the Adel * His father, Lieut.-Governor Lockyer.

phi, and Hogarth's Marriage à la Mode. Gent. Mag. May, 1831.



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