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SCHOOL OF PAINTING.
448 Royal Academy.--Gallery of Greenwich Hospital. [May, “ sweet Ann Page,” the merry wives, and trees or human visages, or such a daub of several of the other characters, breathe upseemly colouring—a mere chaotic mass from the canvas. It is beyond question one of pink and yellow. of the most perfect illustrations of the subject that has ever been produced. The cos
193. Cain. G. J. L. Noble. A montumes, the interior, and all the slightest details of the picture, are painted with an ac
strously gigantic figure, only fit to be reprecuracy and effect quite of the highest order.
sented with effect in a room of unusually The picture is very properly placed in the large dimensions, which would admit of a
distant view. It is miserable judgment to most conspicuous and favourable situation in the room.
exhibit a colossal figure in a small room, as
is here the case. 162. Caligula's Palace and Bridge. J.M. Turner, R.A.—This is a bold specimen of
241. An Alligator attacking a Bullock, Turner's peculiar genius. The design is by W. Daniell, R. A. is a bold and spirited gorgeously imposing, and full of wild and production. The ferocious tenacity of the poetic daring. The picture conveys to the
ove, and the apparent agony of the other, mind the idea of immeasurable distance, as
are powerfully depicted. The scene is on the eye looks through the misty atinosphere
the margin of a river in the island of Ceyof the artist into unfathomable space. The
lon. The colouring is extremely vivid, and
well suited to oriental scenery. frowning ruins of the mouldering walls enveloped in mist, and the rays of the morn
258. Domestic Affliction, by W. E. West, ing sun darting through the mural inter
is the representatiou of melancholy madness, stices, with the russet trees in the fore
the victim of which is a fine and interesting ground, and the azure misty skies in the fencale, whose relatives and friends are grouped distance, present a splendid specimen of around, exhibiting countenances full of symcreative genius. Although we are ready to
pathy and melancholy interest. The comadmit Turner to be one of the most poetical position is replete with feeling, delicacy,
and spirit. of landscape painters, at the same time, without aspiring to superior critical preten
ANTE-ROOM. sions, we believe that he frequently, perhaps
The Golden Age, by Danby, is a from mere wantonness of genius, oversteps perfect scene of enchantment. Nature ap. the sober modesty of nature, and even out. pears in the most lovely and captivating garb rages the acknowledged principles of art. He that the imagination can conceive. The appears sometimes to mystify the subject poets of old never exceeded it in description. hy an erratic wildness of colouring, and, with All is beauty, serenity, and delight. Soft a fullness of pencil, to introduce dabs of verdure, unruffled lakes, shady groves, and light and shade, that seem to set the woodland nymphs, with gold and azure tints rules of criticism and the laws of nature at of the softest hue, convey the beau-ideal of defiance.
the poet's golden age, and make us sigh at 168. The Angel releasing Peter from the reflection of that happy period having Prison. W. Hilton, R.A.—Ă magnificent for ever fled. picture, executed on a large scale. The de- 356. Landscape, at twilight, by Westall, siga is taken from Acts xii. The figure of is full of rustic nature, and is worthy of the the angel is nut perhaps to be conipared best productions of Claude. The cattle in with many productions of the Italian mas- the foreground are cleverly executed. ters; but the sleeping guards and the opeu
(To be continued.) ing iron gates, which are less the objects of creative genius, are evidence of Hilton's skill as a judicious and skilful artist.
The Gallery of Greenwich Hospital ; com169. The View of Salislury Cathedral, prising Portraits of celebrated Naval Comby J. Constable, R. A. appears to have been manders, and Views of their most memortaken immediately after a suow.storm, al- able Actions ; illustrated with liographical though the artist professes to have embodied and historical Memoirs ly Edward Hawke on canvas the description of a scene from Lockyer, Esq. F.R.S. F.S.A. one of the Thomson's Summer, when “a_glittering Commissioners of the Institution. robe of joy invests the fields.” The nume- The Royal Hospital at Greenwich is well rous patches of dead white, intended for the
calculated to inspire the most exalted emolights of the picture, or perhaps for drops tions; not so much from the beauty of its of rain after a shower, have all the chilling design and the splendour of its lufty domes, coldness of a winter's morn.
eminent as these undoubtedly are, as from 178. · The Vision of Medea, by J. M. the benevolence of its objects, and the inTurper, presents a mixture of bold genius teresting groups of veterans, to be seen aud monstrous absurdity. The awful legend reposing under its protection in the evening of the burning palace, into which Medea's of their days, after many a well-fought battwin offspring are thrown, is poetically con- tle. These patriotic emotious, which canceived ; but no mortal ever beheld such not fail to strike every casual visitor, are
1831.] Fine Arts.—Gallery of Greenwich Hospital, d
449 much increased on a more minute inspection The next is an early portrait of Viscount of the Naval Gallery, to which many addi- Bridport, by Sir Joshua Reynolds. The tional paintings have been recently transfer- character of this officer cannot be better exred by the King from the Royal Collections. pressed than by the single word “Steady,' We hail therefore, with peculiar pleasure, à which he adopted for his motto. " Sir, be work like the present, published under the steady in all your resolves,' was his freimmediate patronage and sanction of His quent admonition to his young officers. Majesty, by a gentleman so intimately con- Under a stern and reserved deportment, nected with the naval profession, who Lord Bridport is said to have concealed a bears the talismanic name of Hawke in ad- generous and affectionate disposition. dition to his own patronymic, derived from The third portrait is of that ancient fahis late worthy father, the tutor of the im- vourite of our Tars, the brave but uufortunate mortal Nelson, and a brave and worthy Admiral Benbow, “whose death, recorded Captain in the Royal navy, who died Lieut.- in one of their most popular, ballads, still Governor of this excellent institution. cheers the middle watch of many a stormy
This work is published in the same form night at sea.” This portrait is by Sir Godand style as Mr Lodge's Portraits and Me- frey Kneller, and was presented to the Hosmoirs of Illustrious Persons. The first pital by George IV. Another portrait, preNumber contains a beautiful copy of the sented by one of his sisters, still remaining portrait of Lord Hawke, painted by F. in the Town Hall of Shrewsbury, was copied Cotes, one of the finest in our recollection. in our vol. lxxxix. ii. p. 9. from a drawing, The memoir of Hawke is ably and spiritedly and with a memoir, by Mr. Parkes. written, and the following character rests The fourth portrait is that of Captain on “ the authority of a very dear relation of James Cook, one of the most eminent of the author, * whose gallant conduct in the those self-educated patriots that we delight same profession introduced him to a long to honour. His parents were humble peaand intimate association with Lord Hawke, sants, at Marton, in Cleveland, who by inthough even gratitude could not bias that dustry and integrity contrived to rear nine sound judgment, and still sounder probity, children ; but his powerful genius surunder the guidance of which he formed this mounted all disadvantages, and forced its estimate of his patron's character :
way to fame. This memoir is of high in6. The character of Hawke furnishes an excellent example to every candidate for na- The last print in this number is an etchval reputation. He possessed all the quali- ing after Loutherbourgh's painting of the ties necessary to form a thorough seaman, Defeat of the Spamish Armada, presented and an enterprising, intrepid commander ; to this Collectiou by Lord Farnborough. and he employed these with a simplicity of purpose which served his country highly and Lodge's Portraits and Memoirs of Illushimself honourably. His gentlemanly deport- trious Persons. The third Edition of this ment and propriety of conversation effected a highly interesting work continues to be pubsalutary improvement among his officers. He lished in monthly numbers. Thirty have steadily discountenanced that coarseness of already appeared, and these contain 90 exlanguage and deineanour which disgraced quisite engravings. When the whole work too many of the old school, and still clings is completed, it will embrace 60 additional to some of the present. Hawke's genius subjects, completing the work to the prewas peculiar to the profession he had sent period. The lives of the modern emi. chosen. In political affairs he exhibited no nent characters will be found to be worthy great talents for business. Lord Hawke of the pen of Mr. Lodge, whose fame as a
an upright, honourable, and Biographer was so firmly established by the pious man. His anxious attention to the former editions of this popular work. We health and comfort of the seamen secured take this opportunity to announce, that to him their constant attachment; while Messrs. Harding and Lepard have again the steady patronage of his most deserving liberally opened their rooms for the exhibifollowers surrounded him with officers zea- tion of the original drawings made for the lously devoted to the King's service and work, and this interesting exhibition has to their commander's glory. He was a been enriched since last year by the addition strict, but temperate disciplinarian-affable of 40 new characters, chiefly of eminent rather than familiar with his officers, re- Admirals, Soldiers, Philosophers, and Statesproving with sternness all approaches to men who flourished in the eighteenth cenribaldry or impiety in their conduct and
tury: conversation. His mind, impressed with a The First Volume of the English School devout regard for the faith in which he had of Painting and Sculpture is now completed, been educated, loved to dwell on the many and we are glad to hear that its deserved mercies he had experienced, and to ascribe success calls for the gratitude of its proevery success to "the Giver of all Victory." prietors. Vol. II. will include Barry's Pic
tures at the Society of Arts in the Adela * His father, Lieut.-Governor Lockyer. phi, and Hogarth's Marriage à la Mode. Gent. Mag. May, 1831,
[ 450 ]
LITERARY AND SCIENTIFIC INTELLIGENCE.
New Works announced for Publication. An Account of the Life and Writings of
The English and Jewish Tithe Systems Henry Pestalozzi ; with copious Extracts compared, in their origin, their principles, from his Works, selected chiefly with a view and their moral and social tendencies. By to illustrate the Practical parts of his MeT. Stratten.
thod of Instruction. By Ďr. BIBER. A Narrative of the Ashantee War, in- The Route of Hannibal from the Rhone cluding the Particulars of the Capture and to the Alps. By HENRY LAwes LONG, Esq. Massacre of Sir Charles M.Carthy, Go- Ivan Vejeeghen, or Life in Russia, a vernor of the Western Coast of Africa; and novel, by Thaddeus BULGARIN ; contaioing the subsequent Military Operations of the a delineation of the state of society in MosBritish and Native Allied Forces on that cow and St. Petersburg, &c. Coast from 1892 to 1828. By Major A Panorama of Constantinople, and its Rutherts.
Environs, from Scutari, drawn from Sketches Descriptive Sketches of Tunbridge Wells, by J. Pitman, Esq. and engraved by Mr. and the Improvements on the Calverley Es- Clark, accompanied by a descriptive pamphlet. tate; also, of the Picturesque Scenery, Elements of the Differential and Integral Seats, and Antiquities in the vicinity. The Calculus, comprehending the Theory of work will be under the superintendence of Curve Surfaces and of Curves of Double Mr. BRITTON.
Curvature. By J. R. Young. Rev. H. Raikes on Clerical Education,
BOUCHER's MSS. A Third Volume of Mrs. SHERWOOD's
The Proprietors of Dr. Webster's English Henry Milner.
Dictionary have purchased from the family The History of Abraham. By the Rev. of the late Rev. Jonathan Boucher, Vicar H. Blunt.
of Epsom, the MSS. wbich he had preAn Exposition of the Eighth Chapter of pared for a Glossary of Provincial and ArRomans, together with Five Discourses on chæological Words, (intended originally as Justification by Faith. By the Rev. C. D.
a Supplement to Dr. Johnson's Dictiovary, MAITLAND.
of which one part, containing letter A, was Memorials of the Stuart Dynasty, in- published in 1807 ; see our vol. 74. p. 592 ; cluding the Constitutional and Ecclesiasti
79, 310). These will now be published as a cal History of England from the decease of
Supplement to Dr. Webster's English DicElizabeth to the abdication of James II.
tionary By Robert VAUGHAN, author of “ The Life and Opinions of Wycliffe.”
BIBLIOTHECA ANGLO-SAXONICA. Sir E. Seward's Narrative of bis Ship
Messrs. Black, Young, and Black have wreck, and consequent discovery of certain undertaken the publication of a body of AnIslands in the Caribean Sea. By Miss glo-Saxou MSS. illustrative of the Early Jane Porter. 3 vols.
Poetry and Literature of our Language, Life and Death of Lord Edward Fitz-Ge- most of which have never yet been printed. rald. By Tho. Moore, Esq.
The collection is to be edited by a distinJournal of a Residence at the Courts of guished learned Dane, now resident in this Germany, in 1822, 1825, and 1826. By country, the Rev. N. F. S. Grundtvig, D.D. W. Beattie, M.D.
of Copenhagen. The following is a brief Select Works of the British Poets, from outline of the plan.* The first work proChaucer to Johnson. By R. SOUTHEY, LL.D. posed to be published by Dr. Grundtvig, is
A Manual of the Land and Fresh Water a new Edition of the Saxon poem-Beowulf, Shells hitherto discovered in Great Britain. with an introduction and literal English verBy W. TURTON.
sion. This will form two volumes.--The Letters to a Young Naturalist on the third volume will coutain Caedmon's poetiStudy of Nature and Natural Theology. cal paraphrase of Genesis, with the contiBy J. L. DRUMMOND, M.D. &c.
nuations or imitations that are to be found Memoirs and Correspondence of the late in the old edition, in the Heptateuch, or Sir J. E. Smith, M.D. President of the elsewhere. The fourth volume will contain Linnæan Society, &c.
a collection of miscellaneous Anglo-Saxon The Mosses, and the rest of the Crypto- poems, chiefly extracted from the great gamia ; forining the Fifth Volume of the book at Exeter, bequeathed to the library of British Flora. By Dr. HOOKER.
that Cathedral by Bishop Leofric, at the Oriental Customs applied to the Illustra- close of the eleventh century. In the same tion of the Sacred Scriptures. By S. BurDER, M. A. &c.
* The Anglo-Saxon translation of Bede, Researches into the Nature and Affinity the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, and the Angloof Ancient and Hindu Mythology. By Saxon Laws are to be passed by, as they all Lieut.-Col. Vans Kennedy.
will be included in the “ Corpus HistoSelect Female Biography, by the author ricum," printed under the superintendence of Wonders of the Vegetable Kingdom, &c, of Mr. Petrie and Mr. Price.
451 volume will be inserted the triumphal song the tact and talent by which the chair was of the battle of Brunanburh, and the other filled, there existed a very grateful feeling metrical pieces in the Saxon Chronicle; and of respect for the noble Lord, who, himself also the funeral dirge over Brithnoth, who a literary man of the first eminence, and fell gloriously at the battle of Meldun. ex officio the guardian of literary rights, The fifth, sixth, and seventh volumes will had made time amidst the almost endless contain the Rhythmical Chronicle of Bri- engagements of his high station to preside tain, supposed to have been written by a at the festival of a society the most congenial priest named Layamon, at the close of the perhaps with his present tastes and early as13th century.
The eighth, ninth, and sociation, of any charitable institution that tenth volumes are intended to make up an could be proposed to him. Nor should the Anglo-Saxon Homilarium, or mirror of the kindness of His Grace the Duke of Somerdivinity of our Anglo-Saxon preachers, who set, the President of the Institution, be forwere the great instructors of the new Chris- gotten on this occasivn—with a feeling that tian world. The work is to be printed by does honour to his rank and character, he subscription, in 8vo volumes of about 30 not only readily forewent his claim to the sheets, and a volume to be published about chair, but assisted in supporting the Lord every six months.
Chancellor in it; thus evincing, that the LITERARY Fund Society.
first object of his regard was the welfare of
the Society over which he has so long preMay 11. The forty-second anniversary of sided. this Institution was celebrated at Freemason's It is almost needless to recommend this Hall, where upwards of 200 gentlemen of Society to the notice of every man who the first respectability sat down to dinner. values the importance of Literature, and The Lord Chancellor was in the chair, and
can appreciate its moral, civil, and religious was supported amongst others by the fol- effect upon the national character. Its lowing noble and distinguished persons. His
purpose is simply to afford pecuniary asGrace the Duke of Somerset; Lords Mahon, sistance to authors of merit in times of unSelkirk, and Portmore; the Attorney Gene- foreseen distress ; " to stand," as one of its ral, Right Hon. Robert Grant, Judge Hali- Registrars emphatically asserted in the lanburton (Nova Scotia); Sirs John Malcolm, guage of Holy Writ," between the living J. E. Swinburne, and W. Clayton ; the and the dead, that the plague may be President of the Royal Academy; Sir Jef- stayed;" to speak the language of hope fry Wyatville, Sir
William Beechey, Henry and consolation, at the same moment that it Ellis, Esq. M.P., H. L. Bulwer, Esq. M.P.; administers substantial relief; and to do this Mr. Gurney the King's Counsel ; Drs. without offending the delicacy, or wounding Conolly, Arnot, Ainslie, and A. T. Thomp- the instinctive jealousy of the person reson ; Professors Milman, M‘Culloch, and
lieved. Objects thus benevolently intended Puets Croly, Sotheby, Montgomery, have been amply realized; and although &c. &c. The body of the hall, we observed, more than forty years' experience of the vawas graced by the presence of almost every lue of this Society could attest its usefulness, literary man in London. The spectacle was the pathetic statement made by the Rev. most gratifying, and it would be difficult to Mr. Croly, on this last anniversary meeting, assemble a more enlightened and intellectual would alone vindicate the claims of the Limeeting than that which did honour to this
terary Fund upon public patronage, and festival. Here was the neutral ground on place it in the very highest rank of national which men of all parties had gathered in institutions. amicable parley-every distinction which
ROYAL SOCIÉTY. separates men of talent into sects and little communities was unknown-every feeling of April 28. The Duke of Sussex, President. selfish exclusiveness was banished the voice A paper was read, On the Anatomy and of faction or of political enmity was hushed. Physiology of the minute and capillary vesOne sentiment animated the whole, and it sels, by Marshal Hall, M.D, F.R.S.E. The was a sentiment than which nothing tends list of the Council was filled up with the to elevate, to ennoble, and dignify our na- names of George Dollond, esq., John Fred. ture more—for it was connected with the Daniell, esq., and Charles König, esq. ámenities of literature, the exercise of cha- May 5. H. R. H. the President in the rity, and the gratification of taste.
chair.—Three papers were read: “On the În proposing the toast of “ Prosperity to effects of Hot Water on the Batrachia," by the Literary Fund," the Lord Chancellor Dr. M. Hall; an account of a new method very eloquently advocated the objects of the of propelling Vessels, by Mr. W. Hale; and Society, and whilst he vindicated the inde- " Additional thoughts on the use of the pendence of the literary character, he did Ganglions in furnishing Electricity for the not conceal the vicissitudes of the literary production of animal secretions,” by Sir career. His speech was listened to through Everard Home, Bart. F.R.S. out with deep attention, interrupted only by May 12. H.R.H. the President in the vehement applause ; for independently of chair. Capt. Geo. Wm. Manby of Yar
Literary Intelligence.- Antiquarian Researches. [May, mouth, was elected Fellow.-A paper was the British government, took place in Jan, read, “On a peculiar class of Acoustic Fi- 1830. gures, and un certain forms assumed by The Landers, after having reached Youri, groups of particles upon vibrating elastic embarked in a cance on the Niger, or, as it substances,” by Michael Faraday, Esq.F.R.S. is called there, the Quarra, and came down
May 19. J. W. Lubbock, Esq. V P. the stream until they reached the sea, in the and Treasurer in the Chair.— The following Bight of Biafra. The branch by which they papers were read : An Experimental Exami- came to the coast is called the Nun, or nation of the Blood found in the Veni Por- Brasse River, being the first river to the tæ, by
- Thackeray, esq., communicated eastward of Cape Formosa. On their way by Sir A. Cooper, Bart. V.P.R.S.; a Table, down the river, they were attacked by the facilitating the Computations relative to Hibboos, (a fierce nation that inhabit its Suspension Bridges, by Davies Gilbert, esq. banks), and made prisoners, or rather capV.P.R.S.; Researches on Physical Astrono- tives ; but the King of Brasse happening my, relating to the Theory of the Moon, by to be in that country buying slaves, got J. W. Lubbock, esq. V. P. and Treas. R.S. ; them released, by giving the price of six au Account of the Construction and Verifi- slaves for each of them. In the scuffle that cation of the Imperial Standard Yard, for ensued at the time they were taken, one of the Royal Society, by Capt. Kater, F.R.S. them lost his journal.
Whilst at Youri they got the Prayer-book African ExpeditiON, AND Discovery
that belonged to Mr. Anderson, the brotherOF THE Niger.
in-law and fellow-traveller of the celebrated The important geographical problem re- Mungo Park. They were upwards of a specting the termination of the Niger is at month at Fernando Po, whence they emlength solved by the discoveries of the barked, about ten days ago, in an English Messrs. Lander, whose departure from merchant vessel bound to Rio Janeiro, on England to Africa, under the auspices of their way to England.—Literary Gazette.
slung at his back. His head is covered with April 28. H. Gurney, esq. V.P. a Phrygian bonnet, and his buskins remark
Some observations on the definite article ably pointed. At his side sits a greyhound, The, by Richard Duppa, Esq. F.S. A. were turning round his head to look in his masread. He remarked that the Latin language ter's face. At the back, is slightly carved has no article ; the hic, hæc, hoc of the in outline what is supposed to be a harp, grammar being clearly a pronominal adjec- and the two sides are ornamented with long tive, signifying this. " whenever slips of laurel. See p. 390. fully uttered, has a similar import. Dr. Henry Ellis, Esq. Sec. communicated a Johnson has censured the practice of sink- Declaration of all such fees and allowances ing the final e in poetical versification; but, as were lawfully allowed in the Court of Exas maintained by Mr. Duppa, it is only chequer in the time of Elizabeth. when that letter is so dropped in pronuncia- A further portion was also read of the tion, that th' is really an article,--in which Rev. John Skinner's letters on Camelorespect the modern English agrees with its dunum. Saxou original. It was added, that it is May 12. Mr. Gurney, V. P. in the chair. evideut, from a comparison of several lan- Andrew Fountaine, Esq. exhibited a feguages, that genders have been generally male bust in bronze, fron the collection of adopted from euphony; and that it is not a his ancestor Sir A. Fountaine. philosophical opinion to suppose them con- Mr. Ellis, by permission of the Bishop of nected with any presumed natural analogy. Llandaff, laid before the Society three leto
Mr. Grover's dissertation on Classical ters, addressed to Sir William Morice, SeChronology was afterwards continued. cretary of State to King Charles the Second,
May 5. H. Hallam, Esq. V.P.-John and M.P. for Cornwall.-1. From Mr. Quin, Amery, of Birmingham, esq.; and William Knight of the Shire for Devon, in CromWatkin Edward Wynne, Esq. of Peniorth, well's Parliament of 1654 ; relative to an co. Merioneth, and of Old Cavendish-street, interview with the Protector. Mr. Quin, were elected Fellows.
after having consulted with a learned and Mr. Hardwick, the architect, exhibited a conscientious divine, had come to the deterRoman altar, found about fifteen feet below mination that to take an unlawful oath was the surface, in digging the foundations of pot sinful, inasmuch as the sin must lie at the new Goldsmiths' Hall, in Foster-lane. the door of the imposer—the miserable cant It is about 21 feet high; on its front is epitomised in those lines of Butler, carved a very graceful figure of a huntsman,
“ 'Tis he that gives an oath that breaks it, standing erect, holding in his left hand á bow, and his right hand raised over his right
Not he who by compulsion takes it." shoulder to draw an arrow from the quiver Mr. Quin concludes by persuading his friend