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Topographical notices of Ruerdean.

[June,
ways). Now, Hathways, according to latter fashion chiefly commenced in
an inquisition of the 4 Rich. II. lies the reign of Henry the Third, and,
both in St. Briavel's and Ruerdean ; in according to Sir William Dugdale in
another of 11 Edw. IV. in Ruerdean his Warwickshire, spires were pur-
only. From these records I am in posely annexed to churches in woody
clined to think that the old castle of countries, that they might be land-
Dean was this of Ruerdean, but that marks, and such this spire remains to
after the erection of that of St. Bria the present day. That arches were
vel's, the services were transferred. It made anew in the wall of this old
appears to have been a small square church of St. George, seems to be
strong-hold, like a Norman keep, with shown by a round thirteenth-century
a barbican. Several of the stones moulding, resting upon a corbel,
were removed for mending roads in placed in the wall sideways, as having
memory of man; but I suspect that been worked up. Under the white-
the chief dilapidation took place when wash are perceptible inscriptions in
the manor house, not far off, was the stiff black-letter gothic of the fif-
built, apparently, by the architecture, teenth and sixteenth centuries; and
in the beginning of the sixteenth cen I once saw the ostrich feathers of the
tury. All that now remains of wall is Prince of Wales amidst the remains
a scrap about a yard or two in length, of old fresco paintings, so mutilated
which belonged to the vault of a cel as to be undistinguishable.
lar; but it does not seem to have be The church is only a parochial cha-
longed to a round arch, and does not pelry of Walford, of which the festi-
resemble the thick square Norman val-day is the first Sunday after New
groins. I presume, therefore, that it Michaelmas (of course St. Michael was
was inhabited in the thirteenth cen the patron-saint), and that of Ruerdean
tury, for that is the date of the chief the Sunday after Old Michaelmas. The
parts of the church. I also think, rectory of both parishes belongs to the
from earlier work in the latter, that precentorate of Hereford; the vica-
both the castle and church underwent rial tythes to myself, as incumbent.
great alterations about that era. I heard from my predecessor that there

As to the church, the figure of St. are no ancient documents respecting George engraved in the Magazine (p. either church in the registry of Here404) certainly belongs to a style of ar ford. It is possible that the endowchitecture older than any other part of ment of Ruerdean was a gift of one of the church, the pillars, arches, mould the family of Milo Earl of Hereford ; ings, and windows, bearing manifest but not Walford, which was parcel of tokens of the successive styles of the the manor of Ross Foriegn, and bethirteenth and fourteenth centuries. longed to the Bishops of that See. As this figure of St. George forms an We find that, in the wars of Charles inner door-way, and is approached the First, the republicans had a garrithrough an ancient porch with a son at Ruerdean, to check the Welsh pointed arch, above which is the bust royalists from advancing to Gloucester of a female (called St. Cyr) it has by way of Monmouth.* Weston unbeen presumed that a later church der Penyard had another castle, which was erected on the remains of an older in earlier times might have commandone, to which the figure of St. George ed the road to Gloucester. These adappertained. I have been of opinion, jacent castles of Penyard, Godrich, by the way, that these figures of St. Wilton, Ruerdean, and another, as George had an allusion to the cru presumed, at Bicknor, seem to have sades, and that the dragon may have had the same object, that of controltypified the Mahometan religion. The ing Welsh incursions. old church had, according to presump

The manor was vested, in the time tion, no aisle, and one side of it forms of Henry the Third, in William de the wall of the present aisle; the other Alba Mara, who possibly made the wall being thrown down, and replaced alterations in the old castle and church by a row of pointed arch pillars, that before alluded to. the church might be enlarged by the

T. D. F. addition of a new nave, communicating with a tower and spire. The i* Corbet's Milit. Govern, of Gloucester.

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1831.] New Churches.- All Saints, Poplar.

489 NEW CHURCHES.-No. XXXI. suckles. The next portion to be deAll Saints, PopLAR.

scribed is an irregular octagon, every

alternate face being rounded off, in Architect, Hollis.

the larger faces are circular dials surTHE first subject in the accompany mounted by a pendant wreath of foliing engraving (Plate I.) is a north

age; to this succeeds an elegant little west view of the Church of the newly- temple of the composite order, which created parish of Poplar, the last of is manifestly copied from the campathe numerous parishes to which the nile towers of St. Paul's Cathedral ; noted village of Stepney has given it consists of a circular stylobate with birth.

projections corresponding with the The plan is parallelogrammatic, the angles of the substructure : this suseastern angles cut off by quadrants of tains a peristyle of eight columns, circles, and increased by the addition broken into couples by pairs of coof a small chancel. It is divided into lumns in advance before the peristyle, a tower and lobbies, a spacious area and having the projections in the styfor the nave of the Church unbroken lobate for their basement; the cella is by pillars, and a chancel, which, al- pierced with windows. A small temthough it is rectangular in its exter ple with circular apertures succeeds, nal lines, is internally rounded at the forming the pedestal to the octagonal angles in the same manner as the obelisk, which is crowned with a vane. main edifice. The Church is built of The whole composition being 160 feet Portland stone, upon a plinth of gra

in height. nite. The western front is embel The flanks are distinguished by a lished with a hexastyle portico of the portico, composed of a pair of colonic order, crowned with its entabla lumns with corresponding antæ at the ture and a pediment, within which is western extremity, a style of decoration the principal entrance. The portico first introduced at St. Martin's, and is approached by a flight of steps, since copied into St. Pancras and the which, with the landing and accom present structure. These columns are panying pedestals, are constructed of crowned with their entablature. At granite. The elevation is made into the eastern extremity are coupled two stories by a string course, and antæ instead of a repetition of the crowned by an entablature, which is portico, as at St. Martin's ; the intercontinued from the portico, and sur mediate portion is made in height into mounted by a ballustrade. The stee two stories by a string course, the ple, situated on the roof at the rear of lower contains five rectangular winthe portico, is a handsome composition dows, the upper the same number of in the style of Wren, and though infe arched openings bounded by archi. rior in the delicacy of its proportions, traves. This portion is finished with and the harmony of its parts, to the the frieze and cornice continued from elegant steeple of the neighbouring the entablature, and is crowned with Church of Shadwell (vide vol. xciii.i. a ballustrade. The eastern front is 201, is still a handsome and pleasing on three portions; the curved ends of composition. Its constituent parts are a the Church form wings to the chanquadrilateral tower, forming the base cel, and have windows as before ; in ment to a composition of great taste, the centre of the chancel is an arched consisting of an octagon basement, window, above which, in a large panel, and circular temple in succession, is the following inscription : crowned with an octangular obelisk.

“This parish Church of All Saints PopThe first portion, the tower, consists

lar, Middlesex, was consecrated on the of a rusticated stylobate pierced by

third day of July, MDCCCXXII. by the semicircular windows, and crowned

Right Reverend father in God, William with a cornice. The superstructure is Howley, D.D. (hy Divine permission), of the Corinthian order, and has an Lord Bishop of London. The Reverend arched window in every face, between Samuel Hoole, A.M. Rector; James Mountwo engaged columns, with, cou. tague, Churchwardeu and Treasurer; James pled antæ at each angle; the whole Carey, Churchwarden ; Charles Hollis, is crowned with an entablature and Architect; Thomas Morris, Builder; Tho blocking course, and at the angles are

mas Horne, Vestry Clerk." cinerary urns ornamented with honey. The whole is finished as above ; the Gent. Mag. Jiene, 1831.

490

New Churches.-All Saints, Poplar. '(June, chanceLis flanked by a porch and ves. A gallery surrounds the remainder of try corresponding in design.

the Church ; it is sustained on iron The entire structure is surrounded columns, which retire behind the line by a spacious cemetery, enclosed with of the fronts, the first range of pews iron rails; and opposite to the west being supported by means of canti.. front, but separated by a street, is the livers; the galleries are sustained on residence of the Rector.

iron trusses in the form of a low arch, THE INTERIOR.

with hollow spandrils. These trusses

stretch from column to column, and At the west end is a spacious triple from the columns to the side walls. lobby. The central portion, formed

The pulpit and reading-desks are within the tower, is groined with a

octangular. They are situated on opcircular opening for communication posite sides of the Church, and are of with the upper works; the lateral di

different altitudes; there is nothing visions contain the gallery stairs. The remarkable in the design of either. body of the Church is an unbroken The organ has a wainscot case, and area. The upright of the walls is re

occupies the centre of the western porlieved by pilasters on the piers be tion of the gallery; it is flanked by setween the windows, and is finished condary galleries for the charity chil. with a cornice, forming the impost to dren, in addition to which, the upper the ceiling, which is coved at the sides, part of the side galleries is raised and and horizontal in the centre : the coved fronted with a balustrade, and apportion is ornamented in a singular pears like a second gallery ; this is and inelegant style by broad ribs rising also appropriated to the children. from above the pilasters. The hori.

The font, situated below the western zontal part of the ceiling is enriched gallery, is a plain circular basin of with three circular groups of flowers. marble, on a pillar of the same. The recess containing the chancel is

The Church is upon the whole very bounded by two piers, which are sur creditable to the architect. He has mounted by a frieze and cornice, the avoided the common place imitation of former charged with perpendicular Grecian temples, which marks the leaves. The fore part is occupied by works of his professional brethren, a handsome screen composed of two and has shown a considerable degree columns and two antæ of scagliola, of judgment and taste in the construcin imitation of Sienna marble, with tion of his steeple, and in the decorastatuary capitals and entablature : on

tions of the altar, which particulars the cornice is placed the Royal arms. are perfectly orthodox, and are more The back of the recess is composed of pleasing decorations to a Church than a stylobate in imitation of porphyry, the pepper-box towers of the pseudo the rest of the walls being veined mar Grecian school, and the plain miserable in the centre is an arched win.

terminations to the altars of most of dow between two pairs of antæ of the new Churches. verd antique, crowned with entabla.

The Church has been entirely built ture and pediment, on each side of by the parishioners, the inhabitants of which are the customary inscriptions. the ancient Hamlets of Poplar and The altar is, contrary to usual custom, Blackwall, formerly constituting one solid; it is raised on a platform of of the Tower Hamlets, and which five stairs in two flights, and is com were erected into a parish by an Act posed of a pedestal of bronze with a

of Parliament of the 57th Geo. III. panel in the centre, charged with the 1817. In the original contract the sacred monogram, accompanied with

expense was estimated at 18,000l.; cartouches, and covered with a slab of the cost of the whole edifice, with its marble. The whole arrangement of appendages of parsonage-house, cemethe altar is highly creditable to the tery walls, &c. amounted to 33,0771. architect, and displays an excellent The expense of the Church was about specimen of the Italian school of de

20,0001. The organ was built by Russign. In the window is a painting sell, and the steeple is furnished with on glass of our Saviour, of which

a peal of ten bells. little can be said in praise ; it is cn The first stone was laid on the 29th closed in a rich ornamented border,

of March, 1821, and the edifice conseand below it, on the pedestal on which crated on the 3d of July, 1823. the figure stands, is the Lord's prayer.

ble;

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