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54
REVIEW.-Excerpta Historica.

[Jan. ley, the leader of the rebels at the bat In Bacon's History of Henry the Setle of Black heath, in 1497. The King's venth, it is stated that the King " had, journey into Devonshire, * and his mea. though he were no good scoleman, the sures 10 suppress the rebellion in favour honour to convert a heretick by dispute of Perkin Warbeck, in the autuinn of at Canterbury." It is remarkable ihat that year, receive particular illustra. under the date of April 20, 1498 (at tion. On the 4th Oct. Henry arrived which time the King was in that city), at Taunton; and on the following day occurs the entry

is To the herytik at came Perkin Werbek ;" an entry Canterbury, 6s. 8d. ;" and we are inwhich corrects the statement of Lord clined to regard this as a confirmation of Bacon that Perkin was not taken until Bacon's story. It may be thought, ihal, after the King's arrival at Exeter. as when a certain corporeal malady was Each of the places visited by the King submitted to a Royal physician, or as is named; the marriages and burials of with the Jew conversions of our own several members of the royal family day, the 6s. 8d. was a main instrument are mentioned ; and in a word, these in effecting the cure. accounts corroborate and add to that Under the 25th of May in the same which was previously known; they year, we find,

For a rewarde yeven bring many new facts, some of them

at the paper mylne, 16s. 8d." This is of importance, and all of interest, to particularly remarkable, because it has light; and, what is scarcely of less been generally asserted that the first value, they fix the precise dates of Paper Mill in England was erected half most historical events of the time. We

a century later, in the reign of Elizashall conclude these remarks by show. beth. ing, in the editor's own words, the iin. We thus find that an account-book pression these private records create of of the private expenses of one of our Henry's personal character:

ancient monarchs may even illustrate “ There is not a single entry which jus- the history of science; and, to that of tifies the generally received opinion, that he geographical discovery, various notices was miserly or avaricious; that he lived on of the first intercourse with Newfound. terms of unkindness with his wife; or that land are not without their value. It he was a harsh and vindictive sovereign. On was on March 5, 1495-6, that Henry the contrary, many payments show that he granted letters patent to Sebastian was merciful, considerate, and liberal. His Cabot, and his two sons, authorising taste for literature, and patronage of its pro them to sail under his banners with fessors, was displayed in numerous rewards bestowed on persons for writing and present

five ships, for the discovery of new ing buuks to him, and more particularly on

countries, and to plant the said ban. poets; who are said by Warton to have ners on, and to take possession of, swarmed about his Court, and one of whom

whatever lands they might discover. appears to have been attached to most of the (Federa, vol. xii.) We shall conclude members of his family. The King moreover

our notices from these accounts, by supported several scholars at the University; placing together the several entries reand, as well as the Queen, maintained chil- garding the New-found-land. It is dren, who had been given to them. The first mentioned printers at Westminster, including by name Richard Pynson, are mentioned, as well as 1497. Aug. 10. To hym that founde the purchase of several books for his library, the new Isle, lol. the care of which was confided to a person

"1498. March 22. To Lanslot Thirkill called Quintin Paulet. Pictures were also of London, upon a prest (a levy of ready objects of his attention ; and his predilection money) for his shipr going towards the new for architecture would seem, from the large Ilande, 201. sums laid out in his palaces at Shene, Wood “ Delivered to Launcelot Thirkill going stock, and Langley, on St. George's Chapel, towards the new Ile in prest, 20l. and on his Chapel at Westminster, to have “ April 1. To Thomas Bradley and amounted almost to a passion. Gratuities Launcelot Thirkill goiug to the new Isle, 301. were frequently given to astronomers and “ To John Carter going to the new Ile, physicians ; and musicians were paid for in rewarde, 21. composing masses and carols.”

Jan. 7. To men of Bristoll ." On the 25th of September,” says the note, “ Henry wrote from Knaresborough;". quoting, for authority Ellis's Letters, where the King's billet is dated “ Knaresburgh."

The original (in the Bodleian Library) must, we inagide, have been here misread; the place appears to be between Woodstock, where the King was on the 23d of September, (Ellis, p. 38); and Cirencester, where he was on the 27th (Excerpta, p. 113).

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66 1502.

1881.)
Review.-Excerpta Historica.

55
chat found Thisle, 5l. [Holinshed calls “Se “ treasure trove.” The place was
bastian Gabato, a Genoas sonne, lorn in “ Noenstoke"-i. e. Meon Sloke, in
Bristow,' and they were Bristol ships which Hampshire.
went the vovage" This yeare (1502) were The next is an elaborate genealogical
brought unto the Kiog tliree men taken in

essay on the family of Swinford, the the new found islaods, by Sebastian Gabato.

issue by her first husband of Katherine, These men were clothed in beasts? skins, first the concubine, and afterwards the and eat raw flesh, but spake such a language that no man could understand chem; of the

third Duchess, of John of Gaunt. In which three men, two of them were seene

consequence of her known intercourse in the King's court at Westminster two

with the Duke of Lancaster, the legiyeares after, clothed like Englishmen, and timacy of her son Sir Thomas Swincould not be discerned from Englishmen.”] ford was doubted; and was therefore

“ Sept. 30. To the merchants of Bristull certified by letters patent of 13 Henry that have bene in the Newe-founde Launde, IV. which are here printed. The epi201.

taph stated by Weever to have been “1503. Nov. 17. To one that brought placed over the grave of her father in haukes from the Newfounded Island, 12 St. Paul's cathedral, appears to have

• 1504. April 8. To a preste (priest] been overlooked. His words are “ Near that goeth to the new llande, 21.

Sir John Beauchamp's tomb (com1505. Aug. 25. To Clays goying to Richemount with wylde cates and popyogays

monly called Duke Humphrey's), upon

a faire marble stone inlaid all over of the Newfound Isiand for his custs, 135.4d."

with brass (of all which nothing but The next article is the will of the cele. the heads of a few brazen nails are at brated citizen of London, Sir William

this day visible), and engraven with Walworih, dated 1385. His bequests the representation and coal-arms of the in nioney to the church and ecclesiastics party defunct, thus much of a mangled amounted to about 3901.-a sum ex

inscription was of late time to be read: ceeding by 1201. that left to his family Hicjacel Paganus Roet, miles, Guyenne and kindred. To the poor he left Rex Armorum, pater Catherine Duabout 651 ; for his funeral expenses cisse Lancastrie .." He adds, 401. ; to his apprentices, servanıs, and that the name of Sir Payn's second friends, about 1021. He left books of

daughter was “ Anne, who was mardivinity to three several religious communities; and some law.bouks to his English poet,

ried to Geffrey Chaucer, our famous

-nou Philippa, as elsebrother. He had previously founded where stated (see Excerpla, p. 155). a College for a Master and nine Chape Next follow some contemporary Jains, in the church of St. Michael,

verses on the state of political parties Crooked-lane. Next follow a high-spirited letter of Part is another piece of the same de

temp. Henry VI.; and in the Third James of Douglas, the Scoutish Warden scription. The Standards borne temp. of the Marches, wo King Richard the Henry VIII. are continued in both Second, in 1384 ; and a petition of Parts. Thomas Haseley io Henry the Sixth, The Second and Third Parts are for a reward for capturing Thomas divided in a very curious series of papers Payı, one of the Lollards, who, it is relative to the Tournament between stated, intended to have released the Lord Scales and the Bastard of Bure King of Scots from his prison in the gundy in 1467, and some minor seats castle of Windsor. It appears that his of chivalry which took place at the services were duly appreciated; and

saine time. These articles are very that he was liberally pensioned. elaborately compiled from a variety of

A list of New-year's gifts presented authorities ;* and are succeeded by iwo by King Henry VI. in 1437, 10 his other papers illustrative of the reign of principal relations and mobility, affords King Edward the Fourth : the Mara curious description of various articles riage of the Princess Margaret to the of jewellery; and a grant of the same 'Duke of Burgundy in 1468, and the reign by which an incumbeni whose

Will of Anthony Earl Ryvers, 1483. parsonage had been blown down in a

Among a variety of shorter articles storın, was allowed to keep 201. which

which compose the remainder of the had been found among the crevices of the old building, shows how vigilantly * In p. 213 " horribiliter" should surely the King's interests were watched, be " honorabiliter”-a mistake arising from when such a windfall was claimed as & contraction in the original.

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me.

not to pray

56
Review.-Logan's Scottish Gael.

(Jan. Third Part, are inost conspicuous, an “ Then, with her own hands, she took account of Riots at Norwich, during her coifs from her head, and delivered them which the Cathedral was consumed, to one of her ladies, and then putting up a in 1272; some documents relative to little cap of linen to cover her hair withal, the Crusade taken by Edward the First

she said, • Alas, poor head! in a very brief in 1269, and his attempted assassina

space thou wilt roll in the dust on this scaf. tion at Acre; and the Will and Fune

fold; and as in life thou didst not merit to neral of Queen Anna of Cleves.

wear the crown of a queen, so in death

thou deservest not a better doom than this. We have reserved to be mentioned

And ye, my damsels, who, whilst I lived last, an article of general interest, as

ever showed yourselves so diligent in my Queen Anne Boleyn is one of the cha service, and who are now to be present at racters in English history whose sex my last hour and mortal agony, as in good and misfortunes obtain almost universal furtune ye were faithful to me, so even at sympathy. It is the letter of a Por this my miserable death ye do not forsake tuguese gentleman who wilnessed her And as I cannot reward you for your execution ; and which has remained, true service to me, I pray you take comfort unknown to English readers, in the for my loss; howbeit, forget me not; and archives of the monastery of Alco

be always faithful to the King's Grace, and baça, in Portugal, whence it is now

to her whom with happier fortune ye may exiracted through the favour of Lord

have as your Queen and Mistress. And Viscount Strangford. The very pe

esteem your honour far beyond your life ; Ditent speech of Lord Rochford is given

and in your prayers to the Lord Jesu, forget

for

my soul.' And being minded at considerable length; and the last

to say no more, she knelt down upon both moinents of the Queen are then de

kuees, and one of her ladies covered her scribed as follows:

eyes with a baudage, and when they with“ After this, on the next Friday, which drew themselves some little space, and was the 19th of the same month, the Queen knelt down over against the scaffold, bewailwas beheaded according to the manner and ing bitterly and shedding many tears. And custom of Paris, that is to say, with a sword, thus, without more to say or do, was her which thing had not before been seen in head stricken off ; she making no confession this land of England. And a scaffold, of her fault, and only saying, “0 Lord having four or five steps, was then and there God, have pity on my soul;' and one of her

And the unhappy Queen, assisted Ladies then took up her head, and the others by the Captain of the Tower, came forth,

the body,

covering them with a sheet together with the four ladies who accom did put them into a chest which there stood panied her; and she was wholly habited in a ready, and carried them to the church which robe of black damask, made in such guise is within the Tower, where, they say, she that the cape, which was white, did fall on lieth buried with the others. the outer side thereof. And then she be “ The Council then declared that the sought the Captain of the Tower that he Queen's daughter was the child of her browould in no wise hastep the minute of her ther; and that as the child of a private perdeach, until she should have spuken that son, the child be forth with removed from that which she had in mind to say; which he place ; and that the King should again reconsenting to, she said as followeth:

ceive that Princess who was the daughter of ". Good friends, I am not come here to

the former and the true Queen, as his own excuse or to justify myself, forasmuch as I and real daughter, and as being his succesknow full well that aught that I could say in sor in the kingdom. And the King did so my defence doth not appertain unto you,

receive her with the utmost graciousness.” and that I could draw no hope of life from the same.

But I come here only to die, The Scottish Gaël; or Celtick Manners, as and thus to yield myself humbly to the will preserved among the Highlanders; being of the King my Lord. And if in my life I

an Historical and Descriptive Account of did ever offend the King's Grace, surely the Inhalilants, Antiquities, and National with

my

death I do now atone for the same. Peculiarities of Scotland, more particuAnd I blame not my judges, nor any other larly of the Northern or Gaelic Parts of manner of person, nor any thing save the

the Country, where the singular habits of cruel law of the land by which I die. But

the Aboriginal Cells are most tenaciously be this, and be my faults as they may, I be retained. By James Logan, F.S.A. Edin. seech you all, good friends, to pray for the 2 vols. 8vo. Plates. life of the King my Sovereign Lord and yours, who is one of the best princes on the

IT is observed by Du Cange, that face of the earth, and who hath always

where we cannot explain ancient man. treated me so well that better could not be : ners and customis by reference to the wherefore I submit to death with a good Classics, we must_ascribe them (at will, humbly asking pardon of all the world.' least in Gaul and Britain) to a Cellic

set up.

1

1831.]
Review.-Logan's Scottish Gaël.

57 origin. That this opinion is correct, them at least) the builders of Tyrins it need only to be observed, that where and Mycenæ, is authenticated by hisHistory does not exist, we must judge Lory: There is, in short, no reason to by remains, which is no more than de- think but that the carliest notices of the cision by phenomena in natural philo. Celts are to be found in the Pentasophy, and by circumstantial instead of leuch description of the giants and positive evidence in jurisprudence. Of Canaanites, and Homer's account of all that can be collected in authors cou the Cyclopes. Hence it ensues, that cerning the Celts, there is no defect of analogies have been found to stone literary information in the works of Pez- circles, pillars, &c. in both Moses and rou, Pelloutier, &c.; but the misfortune Homer, and no where else. If objecis, that ihis iuformation is neither tion be made to this identification of complete nor satisfactory, because the the Celts and Cyclopes, as affirmed by existing evidences ascend beyond his- Pezron, we add ihat Appian makes the wory. Under such circumstances, the Cells to be descendants of Celtus, a best that can be done is to congregate sou of the Cyclops Polyphemus, which the evidences of all kinds existent, and Celtes or Celtus, seconded by his bro10 form conclusions from the whole. thers Illetus and Gala, made himself The danger is mere hypothesis; but master of all the country kuown under uo learned man does ihat, no more the name of the Celtic region. Now than a prudent one draws cheques it is noticeable that this colonization upon a banker where he has no assets.

illustrates Herodotus (Euterpe, 33), In all ancient nations, two things where he says that the Ister (i. e. Daare sure to occur, superstition and bar nube) rising in the country of the Celts barism. The Celts were composed of by the river Pyrene, divides Europe in nations who were advanced beyond two parts; but the Celts are beyond the savage to the pastoral state, but no the pillars of Hercules (i. e. beyond further. Pezron 'makes the Celts sy.. Gibraltar). From hence, then, wethink, nonymous with the Titans and Cy that they came into Spain, Ġaul, and clopes of mythology, and the giants of Britain. As to the etymon from Celtes Scripture. Now ihis we believe to be and Celtus, we answer that Asia was the fact; for most certain it is that the named, according to Diodorus, from celebrated structures of Tyrius and My. Asia, daughter of Oceanus, and wife of cenæ are ascribed by him to Celts, Ti. Japet, Europe from Europa; and that tans, and Cyclopes, as one and the if we ascend from history to mythology, same race; and ihere are remains of a we shall find numerous instances of temple at Agrigentum, where these

such derivatives. It is very true that giants are personified, as facings of by punning upon a word in different piers. Moreover, it is to be observed languages, we may give a thousand ihat Cyclopes is not derived froin origins, but it is always our rule to bę xuxoş and wt; but from cheklubes, guided by the authors nearest the times, chekelelules, a name given to them and by contemporary practices. It is from the Phænician chek, a bay, and to no porpose allegating, that these lilybæum.* This was a promontory, were only inythological beings, for that and the best illustration of their pri- is only true if they are allegorical permitire habits is that of Virgil in refer- sonifications. With regard to the origin ence to Polyphemus, and the earliest, of the Celts, that cannot be true ; nor as to profane history, that of Homer in is it true that Polyphemus owed his the ninth Odyssey. They were pi name to mere mythology; for Homer rates and cannibals. When Moses

mentions a valorous Prince of the same sent out the spies, he found that in appellation. Palestine there were giants, children

The difference between the manners of Anak, who dwelt in tall and fenced and customs of the Celts (indicated by cities; and Cluver adds that agricul- the Gauls, Germans, Spaniards, Briture was introduced there by the con.. 10n3,) from those of the Roman emquering Israelites. That the Canaan. pire, confirms the statement of Heroites expelled by Joshua, formed the dotus, that the Danube was the partihycsos or shepherd Kings of Egypt, tion line between the Celts or Westand were (as to a certain portion of ern Europeans, and, according to Dio

dorus (see Rennel's Herodotus, i. 55), * Valpy's Fundamental Origin of Greek

the Scythians on the east. Words, p. 154, note 8.-

.-Rev. Gent. Mag. January, 1831.

58
Review.--Logan's Scottish Gaël.

(Jan. Such are our opinions. We mean V. C. 2) has some curious particolars not to controvert those of others, but respecting an island near the British we believe in the statement made, viz. coast, to which carriages laden with that by the giants of the Septuagint, tin came at low water, in order to its the Titans and Cyclopes of mythology being embarked on vessels for the Con(i. e. Homer's Cyclopes), and the na tinent (Rennel's Geogr. of Herodotus, tions expelled by Joshua, we are to i. 4). Dr. Withering, in his Memoirs, understand the earliest known ances mentions discoveries of axes, &c. made tors of the Celtæ. We also believe in the Cornish mines, which clearly that there was an emigration which prove that they were worked in the caused the occupation of the west of early periods alluded to; and we think Europe, and might have been headed that there has been a time when carby a son of that terrific savage Poly- riages could pass at low water from phemus, an idea not more monstrous the main land to St. Michael's Mount. than that, the bugbear of children Boh, The word “ Brettannia,” says Mr. was derived from a relative of Odin so Logan (i. 39), is first mentioned by denominated. Mr. Logan very pro- Aristotle; and Borlase asserts, that no perly observes (i. 3), that

British word begins with B as a ra“ To derive the term Celtæ from hills,' dical (p. 40). Now, we who have or woods,' or waters,' or from western or more respect for our old friend Sammes, northern position, when the people so de- than our brother antiquaries are willsignated occupied all parts of an extensive ing to allow him, do think that the continent, and filled its islands, is manifestly term was taken from the Phenician absurd. It has been supposed that the BARATANAC or BRATANAC, significant Greeks applied the term to denote the milky of the tin and lead found in these whiteness of the skin ; but in this point the islands. (See Sammes, p. i.) difference between the two penple seems insufficient to give rise to a designation which

As to Albion, á preceding Greek apthe Celts retained as their own proper uame.'

pellation, it ascends to the æra of the Now we as much believe that there mentioned; for there was a giant Al

Mythological Geography might have been a man named Celtes, bion, who was with Hercules when he as one named Romulus; and we know

was beat at the foot of the Alps. Casthat it was an ancient custom to name

siterides, according to Sammes (p. 2), places from persons, and to invest them

also signified the same, as Bratanack, with a mythological history, like popish the Tin Islands. Of the Celts and saints with a legend,

Cymri, we have spoken in our review The word Celts certainly ascends to that period when the “

Geographie rodotus. Eratosthenes first gave a rude

of Major Rennel's Geography of HeMythologique,” as it is called by Ra- idea of the form of Britain, but was vaut deos. Etienne and the French ignorant of the existence of Ireland; antiquaries, prevailed to such an extent, that in the name of a place we could unknown to the Greeks during the

and Major Rennel suspects, that it was find the imaginary founder, as in France, time of their independence. Strabo Francus son of Antenor ; in Thoulouse, knew of it, but has greatly erred in Tolus; in Nismes, Nemausus, and so forth.' Mythological as this may be, it who approximates to correctness in

the situation of it; and the first writer is the real origin of the most ancient that particular is Pliny. Rennel, ub. names of places. In Chapter II. Mr. Logan treats of sup. 1. 53, 54.

Pausanias has (Attic.p.32, ed. Sylb.) Britain, and the origin of its ancient inhabitants. He will not admit, that νησον Ωκεανος έχει των Βρεττανων. the Scilly Islands were the Cassiterides But in Arcadic. (273) Bputtavia. of the ancients. Major Rennel is of Britannia was not therefore the original opinion, that the term Cassiterides word. ought to be extended to Cornwall at CHAPTER III. relates to the Aborileast; and Herodotus certainly knew ginul forests, and mentions some cuthe British Islands in part, as being rious discoveries of their remains now the place from whence the Phenicians, submerged under the sea. and froin them the Greeks, had their Chapter IV. is devoted to the Potin, without which they could not pulation, Person, Dispositions, Miliharden their copper so as to make it tary Education, and Institutions, &c. answer the purposes of iron, in weapons of the Celts. This is a very interesting or in armour. Diodorus Siculus (L. Chapler.

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