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1831.) Castle and Family of Prince Polignac.
7 the Tithes at the present valuation; nity at having given his own name and the contrary.
from remote antiquity to so singular In our ancient law books, Tithes and commanding a rock.* But if, are briefly defined “to be an eccle- with the name, it belonged to me, I siastical inheritance or property in the would scarcely sell it for a province. Church, collateral to the estate of the The building is of such antiquity, and lands thereof;” and no other support the situation so romantic, that all the for the Clergy appears so likely to feudal ages pass in review in one's produce efficient ministers to preach imagination : by a sort of magic in
right things” rather than “smooth fluence, you recognize it for the resithings,” and thus keep up a sound dence of a lordly baron, who, in an tone of religion and morals in the age more distant and more respectacountry.
ble, though perhaps equally barbarous, A FRIEND TO IMPROVEMENT, BUT was the patriot defender of his counA LOVER OF JUSTICE AND try against the invasion and tyranny Good Faith. of Rome.
In every age since the hor
rible combustions that produced it, MR. URBAN,
Jan. 2. such a spot would be chosen for secuAS the administration and trial of sity and defence. To have given one's the Prince de Polignac (with the mo- name to a castle without any lofty mentous consequences attending them) pre-eminence or singularity of nature, have so lately engrossed the public at- in the midst, for instance, of a rich tention, I think that the following spi- plain, is not equally flattering to our rited sketch of the ancient seat of the feelings. All antiquity of family defamily, extracted from the late Arthur rives from ages of great barbarity, Young's Travels through France in where civil commotions and wars 1789, will be interesting.
swept away and confounded the inhaSpeaking of the scenery and singu- bitants of such situations. The Brilar rocks in the vicinity of Le Puy, the tons of the plains of England were writer observes :-"The castle of Po driven to Bretagne, but the same peolignac, from which the Duke takes his ple in the mountains of Wales stuck title, is built on a bold and enormous secure, and remain there to this day. one. It is almost of a cubical form, and About a gun-shot from Polignac is towers perpendicularly above the town another rock, not so large, but equally which surrounds its foot. The family remarkable; and in the town of Le of Polignac claim an origin of great Puy another commanding one rises to antiquity; they have pretensions that a vast height, with another, more singo back, I forget whether to Hector or gular for its tower-like form, on the Achilles, but I never found any one in top of which St. Michael's Church is conversation inclined to allow them built.” more than being in the first class of By the following pedigree, extracted French families, which they undoubts from a valuable genealogical work in edly are. Perhaps there is no where French, in the library of John Lee, to be met with a castle more formed Esq. LL.D., fit appears that the name to give a local pride of family than and estate of Polignac came into the this of Polignac. The man hardly ex- present family by a marriage with the ists that would not feel a certain va
heiress in the 14th century:Gilleaume Sieur de Chalancon=Vualberga Viscouutess of Polignac, 1st wife.
Pierre Sieur de Chalançon, Vicomte de Polignac Margarite de Saligoy. Louis Armand, Vicomte Isabeau de la Tour, fille de Bertrand Comte d'Auvergne de Polignac.
et de Boulogue. (see next page.)
* The reader will recollect that Mr. Young was a country gentleman devoted to agriculture, and not deeply versed in antiquities; he would otherwise have knowu that the place (whose first syllable indicates its position, in the Celtic tongue) gave name to the family, according to the custom of the middle ages.
+ We have added the three latter descents, partly from the Dictionnaire Genealogique Buis, 1765.-Edit.
Prince Polignac and Family.
Gilleaume-Armand Viscomte de Polignac, Sieur Amadee de Saluces, Dame de Caramagnes de Chalencon, mort en 1473.
en Savoye. Gilleaume, Vicomte de Polignac, Maitre des Requêtes Margarite, fille d'Antoine de l'Hotel du Roi.
Sieur de Pompadeur. Phillibert de Clermont. Francois-Armand, Visc. de Polignac TAnne de Beaufort.
Louis-Armand, Visc. de Polignac, F Francoise de Claude Armand, Visc.
de Polignac, s. p. Gaspar-Arinand, Visc. de Polignac, Marq. Claudine Francoise de Tournon, fille du Comte de Chalencon, Chevalier des Ordres du Roi.
de Rousilloa, & Magdaleine de la Rothfoucauld. Louis-Armand, Visc. de Polignac, Isabella-Esprit de la Baume, Jacqueline de Beauvoir, Marq. de Chalencon, Chev. des Or. dau. of Ferdinand Comte de dau. of Scipio Count dres du Roi, Gouvernor de Vivarez. Montrevel; 2d wife. du Roure; 3d wife.
Hercules - Louis Diane-Adelaide. Francois-Camille, Sidoine-Apolinaire-GaspardMelchior-Ar- Zephirine, niece styled the Marquis Scipion, Marq. de Polignac, mand, 19th Vi- to the Duc de
de Polignac; mar. &c. &c. comte de Po-Nevers,* mar- in 1742 the only Melchior de Polignac, Amlignac, Marq. ried 1738.
dau, of the Presi- bassador for the Treaty of de Chalencon,
dent de la Garde, Utrecht, and afterwards to born Feb. 1,
and had a family Rome ; made a Cardinal in 1717.
1712, by Pope Clement XI. Philippe-Jules-Francois, bapt. Jan. 1, 1747.—Dame d'Atours.
Jules de FHon. Anne-Sarah-Catherine Parkyns, dau. of Thomas 1st Lord
The friendship between the Queen his tenth year, the father invited all of Louis XVI. and Madame de Po- his companions in misfortune, and lignac, mother of the late minister, some other friends, and shewed them which brought the family into a more into a room, where, upon a table, a immediate connection with the Court, crucifix and two lighted candles had is said to have risen from an acciden- been placed. He then ordered young tal meeting. Her fascinating manners Jules to approach the table, and, in are much dwelt on by the accom- imitation of Hamilcar (Hannibal's faplished Tweddell, who was some time ther) bound him by an oath, that he in her society in the Ukraine, 1 and would always oppose the French Rethe elegance and refinement of the volution, and the principles to which Dame d'Atours appear to have gained it had given birth. a partial victory over the rugged prin- Whatever credit may be given to ciples of ultra-Whiggism which were this story, it is certain that the father then entertained by our distinguished deeply inculcated in his children a deand lamented countryman.
testation of all the enemies of the The father of the ex-Minister emi. Bourbons. Both his sons were imgrated at the commencement of the plicated in the conspiracy of 1804, Revolution, to Radstadt in the Grand when the life of Napoleon was atDuchy of Baden; and afterwards re- tempted by what was styled the Insided, with the Royal Family, at Edin- fernal Machine. Armand was conburgh.
demned to death (but did not suffer); It has been related that on the birth- Jules to two years imprisonment. day of Jules, when he had attained Yours, &c.
Louis-Jules, Duc de Nivernois, who was Ambassador in England to treat for the Peace of 1762, was a son of this Duc de Nevers. + “Une de plus grandes et plus considerables maisons du Royaume.”—Des Bois. See his “ Remains."
§ See our vol. lxxiv. p. 677.
9 MR. URBAN,
Jan. 1. clesiâ Deo imperpetuum servientium.” THE parish of Hurley, in Berk. For the support of the religious shire, is beautifully situated on the order serving God perpetually in this banks of the Thames, about thirty church. And after some terrible immiles from London.* In the Norman precations, in imitation of Ernulphus survey, commonly called Domesday, Bishop of Rochester, against all perit is said to have lately belonged to sons who shall violate or diminish Efgen, probably a Saxon or Danish this his foundation, f he concludes with family, but to be then in the posses- these words :-“Ex hac vero donasion of Geoffry de Mandeville. This tione meâ et institutione, concilio properson had greatly distinguished him- borum sumpto virorum tria acta sunt self at the battle of Hastings, in which Brevia, unum apud Westmonasterium, King Harold was defeated, and re- aliud apud eandem ecclesiam de Hurceived this estate from William the leia, tertium mihi et hæredibus meis Conqueror, among other spoils, as the succedentibus, pro loci integritate reward of his valour and attachment. æternâ et stabilitate reposui.” Towards the end of the Conqueror's William the Conqueror approved reign, that is A. D. 1086, Geoffry de and confirmed the endowment of the Mandeville founded here the Priory of founder of Hurley Priory; and afterSt. Mary, to this day commonly called wards Pope Adrian IV. in a Bull dated Lady Place, and annexed it as a cell 1157, confirmed, among other possesto the great Benedictine Abbey of sions, to the Abbey of Westminster, Westminster.
“Cellum de Herleya cum eadem villâ, The charter of the foundation is still cum omni obedientiâ et subjectione, et preserved in the archives there.In pertinentiis suis.” this instrument the founder calls him- It may not be improper to observe, self Gosfridus de Magnavilla, and re- that the first subscribing witness to cites the motives of his donation : the charter, and indeed the person “Pro salute et redemptione animæ who consecrated the new convent, meæ, et uxoris meæ Lecelinæ, cujus was Osmund Bishop of Salisbury, consilio, gratiâ divinâ providente, hoc originally a Norman nobleman, Count bonum inchoavi, et pro animâ Athe- of Seez, in that province. He was, in laisæ primæ uxoris meæ (matris filio- the sequel, made Earl of Dorset, and rum meorum) jam defunctæ, necnon et Lord High Chancellor of England ; hæredum meorum omnium mihi suc- and, finally, Bishop of Salisbury, cedentium.”-For the salvation of my which diocese he governed with resoul, and that of my wife Lecelina, by markable goodness and assiduity from whose advice, under the providence of 1078 to 1099. He is commonly redivine grace, I have begun this good puted to be the author of the Ritual, work, and also for the soul of Athelais called the use of Sarum, and was my first wife, the mother of my sons, canonized long after his death. now deceased; and also for the souls Gilbert, Abbot of Westminster, an. of all my heirs who shall succeed me. other subscribing witness, was also of He then recites the particulars of his a Norman family, which had produced endowment, and its object :-“Ad sus- several great men; among the rest, tentationem monachorum in eadem ec- his grandfather and uncle, who were
The Vale of Hurley, containing the town of Great Marlow and Bisham, Hurley, and Medmenham, ancient monastic establishments, (the latter on the Buckinghamshire side of the Thames, within less than two miles of each other, and interspersed with gentlemen's seats, farms, and all the variety of cultivation, and bounded by sylvan hills, between which the river winds in picturesque meanders,) is unquestionably one of the most charming scenes, though of limited extent, in England.—See Moritz's Travels through England in Mavor's British Tourists, vol. iv. p. 67.
+ In the splendid edition of Dugdale's Monasticon, lately published, vol. iii. p. 438, we find a copy of the charter of the foundation, with some slight variations, chiefly verbal, and sometimes literal : “Ex Regist. de Walden penes comitem Suffolciæ, an. 1650, hodie MS. Harl. Mus. Brit. 3697, fol. 51, b.
“Omnes infractores seu diminutores hujus meæ elemosinæ excommunicari, ut habitatio illorum perpetua cum Juda maledicto proditore Domini, et viventes descendent in æterna proditionis baratrum cum Dathan et Core, cum maledictione æternâ," &c. Gent. Mag. January, 1831.