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86 OBITUARY.-Ven. Archdeacon Parkinson, F. R. S. [Jan. octogenarian friend of the subject of our the year 1774, wben the late Dr. Milner memoir has recently expressed his be- (Dean of Carlisle and Master of Queen's) lief, that, beyond common necessaries, was Senior Wrangler. The other MoMr. P. never occasioned his father to derator of the year was Mr. Kipling, expend more than 201. in the whole afterwards D.D. and Dean of Peterbocourse of his life. He left the school at rough. On the 29th June 1775 he was Kirkham for college with an exhibition presented by the Dean and Cbapter of of 341. per annum.

Ely to the vicarage of Meldreth, in the It was the denial of all pecuniary as- county of Cambridge. He served the sistance on the part of his father whicb office of Proctor of the University in probably compelled Mr. P. after en- 1786-7. He succeeded Dr. Law (late gaging closely in the routine of college Bishop of Elphin, and brother of tbe studies, to spend mucb time in abstruse late Lord Chief Justice Ellenborougb) calculations, and seldom allow himself as one of the Tutors of Christ's College, more than five or six hours for repose. and became Senior Tutor of that estaOn the recommendation of a college blishment on the retirement of Dr. friend, Mr. Parkinson was employed by Shepherd. In 1789 be published a the Board of Longitude in the calcula- large quarto volume on Mechanics and tion of tables of the series of parallax Hydrostatics, a branch of practical maand refraction. He was assisted in this thematics upon which he had thought labour by Mr. Lyons, the author of a deeply. This volume has been frequently Treatise on Fluxions. By their united and most extensively used as a work of efforts (the greater portion of the fa- reference. tigue, however, devolving upon young

When be resigned the vicarage of MelParkinson,) the volume, a tolerably dreth we are not aware ; but in the year thick quarto, closely printed, was com- 1790 he was instituted by Bishop Pretypleted in two years. At this period it man to the rectory of Kegworth, Leiwas bighly creditable to the subject of cestershire, upon the presentation of the our memoir, that, although suffering Master, Fellows, and Scholars of Christ's under grievous disadvantages, be annu- College. ally remitted a sum for distribution On the 16th April 1794 he was colamongst the poor of his native town, and lated by his contemporary at College, educated bis brother Robert at Emanuel Bishop Pretyman, to the Archdeaconry College. In the outset of life Mr. P.'s of Huntingdon. In 1795 he took his worldly disappointments were great, and Doctor's degree. For the Prebend of his prospects gloomy. Independently Chiswick, in St. Paul's Cathedral, he of receiving no aid from his father in bis was indebted, in 1798, to the late learned college pursuits, he had the mortifica- and respected Bishop Porteus; and on tion of seeing a property which he had the 12ib Oct. 1804, Bishop Majendie been always taught to expect would conferred upon bin the Chancellorship have been bis own bestowed elsewhere. of the Diocese of Chester. The selection What would have operated as a severe

of Dr. P. for these varied preferments, affliction upon some, had not that effect by three contemporary prelates of the upon bim ; he regarded the privation as Established Church, was no small tria mercy, and bas been frequently heard bute to the excellence of his cbaracter to remark, that, bad affluence smiled and the extent of bis acquirements. upon bis early career, indolence would In 1812 Dr. Parkinson resigned the probably bave claimed him for her own. Archdeaconry of Huntingdon, and was

The time spent in the calculations collated to that of Leicester by Bishop above referred to, must have materially Tomline (formerly Pretyman). Dr. impeded bis private studies, preparatory Middleton (afterwards the memorable to taking his Bacbelor's degree; be, Bishop of Calcutta) succeeded Dr. P. as however, gained the first mathematieal Archdeacon of Huntingdon. honour of his year, and that against a On Dr. Pi's assumption of office as competitor of great reputation in his Archdeacon of Leicester, be, at the deday as a mathematician. Mr. P. took sire of the Diocesan, convened a public bis degree of B. A. in January in 1769, meeting to take into consideration the baving commenced his residence in col- best means of educating the children lege in October 1765.

of the poor, according to the plan of On the 25th May 1769 he was ordained national education adopted in the meDeacon by Dr. Terrick, then Bishop of tropolis. A meeting of the gentry and London, at Fulbam ; and on the 4th clergy was accordingly held in the castle Feb. 1771, Priest,' by Dr. Law, then of Leicester, on Thursday the 4th June Bishop of Carlisle, at Cambridge. He 1812, when the subject was introduced officiated as Moderator in the examina- by the Archdeacon in a very elegant tion of the young men for their degrees in and animated address. The result was

87

1831.] OBITUARY.–Ven. Archdeacon Parkinson, F.R. S. the establishment of an extensive school County of Leicester, in aid of the London in Leicester, upon the Madras system, Society for promoting Christian Knowand which, according to the last printed ledge. He also took an active part in report of the secretary and committee the establishment of Savings Banks under whose direction it is managed, within bis jurisdiction. He interested contained 284 boys and 102 girls, and himself very warmly in the erection of had educated, from its commencement an episcopal chapel on the newly inin 1818, no less than 3,480 children. closed forest of Charnwood, and on

In November 1812 a requisition, most Sunday the 18th June 1815 (ibe very respectably signed, was sent to the Arch- day, and at the very hour, the battle of deacon, soliciting him to convene a

Waterloo was raging in full fury) a very meeting of the clergy of his Archdea- commodious chapel* was consecrated by conry, to take into consideration and to Bishop Tomline, for the use of tbe inbaform a petition to Parliament against bitants of the immediate district. A serthe Roman Caibolic Claims. The Arch- mon was preached on the occasion by Mr. deacon complied with the requisition, (now Dr.) Bayley, then Sub-dean of Linand a meeting was held, at which, after coln, now Archdeacon of Stow and Preconsiderable discusion, a petition drawn pendary of Westminster.

In 1818 a up by Dr. P. was adopted, and after- District Board was formed for the Archwards presented to both Houses of Par- deaconry of Leicester, at the request of liament. The Roman Catholic Question his Majesty's Commisioners for Building was one upon which the Archdeacon bad New Churches. The Archdeacon was thought much, and as to which he felt appointed Chairman of the Board, and deeply interested. Firmly believing that through its agency an elegant Gothic no change bad taken place in the prin- church, capable of containing 2000 perciples of the Roman Catholic Church, sous, was erected in the parish of St. and that the same aversion to Pro- Margaret, Leicester. Dr. Parkinson testantism, the same arrogation of ex- never omitted attendance at the Board clusive faith and salvation, and the when his health permitted, was a liberal same desolating system of intolerance subscriber to the fund for purcbasing were still upbeld at ber altars, which and fencing the site of the church, and, bad in former times excited the just during the entire progress of the underdread, and produced the protecting taking, evinced the liveliest anxiety for laws of our Protestant forefathers, he the completion of the object in view. scrupled not to stand forward in oppo- During Dr. P.'s incumbency of the sition to any repeal of statutes, the Archdeaconry of Leicester, several other maintenance of which he conscien- Petitions were presented to Parliament tiously believed to be essential to the from the clergy of Leicestershire, against very existence of the country as a Pro- the concession of the Roman Catholic testant state. The idea of conciliating Claims. Some of these were warmly atthe great body of the Roman Catholics tacked in the House of Commons by by concessions he treated as utterly cbi. Sir J. Mackintosh, Mr. Barbam, and perical; he had narrowly watched the others. On one occasion, Mr. Legh effects produced by former concessions, Keck, M. P. for Leicestershire, spoke at and bad found that, instead of giving consdierable length, and with great satisfaction, and leading to ultimate spirit, in defence of the course pursued peace, they had only produced fresh de- by his clerical constituents. It was in mands, to be repeated till nothing was 1825 that the Archdeacon once more left to be conceded. The chief ground, furnished a petition, which, with some however, of Dr. P.'s opposition to the alterations, was adopted and presented. grant of the Roman Catholic Claims, This petition was rather singular in was a dread of exciting the anger of the point of form. One of the reasons it Deity, and the consequent outpourings assigned wby the claims should not be of wrathful judgments upon the country granted, had reference to the Archdeafor relinquisbing what he conceived con's dread of the dispensations of Divine bad been, under Divine Providence, the Providence. This part of the petition only means of enabling Britain so long was commented upon with great severity to protect and cherish the Protestant by Lord King in the House of Peers. faith. With respect to the Roman Ca- The Archdeacon was gratified at the tholics as fellow-men and fellow.subjects, notice bestowed on the passage, and the right hand of friendship was never frequently declared that, unless a similar withbolden by Dr. P. It was not against view of the subject was introduced into them, but against their principles and a petition, baving reference to the Rotheir priest bood that he warred. man Catbolic Question, and emanating

In August 1813 Archdeacon Parkinson presided at a meeting held at Leices- * See an engraving of the Chapel in ter, when a Society was formed for the our vol. LXXXV. part i. p. 209.

currences

88 OBITUARY.-Ven. Archdeacon Parkinson, F. R. S. [Jan. from a body of Protestant clergy, he might it be said, thať be participated in should feel no pleasure in affixing his the joys and entered into the griefs of signature.

all around him. The attachment of his Subsequently to 1825 the infirmities pupils to him was strong and permaof age pressed so heavily upon Dr. P. pent, and evinced itself in various iothat his journies never exceeded a few stances. Indeed it was impossible to miles from home. His intellects were, know him thoroughly and not feel however, unimpaired, and he was remark. the liveliest regard for bim. The boably punctual in replying to any com- nours which he bad gained at college, munications which were addressed to and the rewards whicb resulted from his him. The loss of some early associates literary career, enabled and induced deeply affected bim, and he was not him to extend his sphere of usefulness to an inattentive observer of what was his relatives, and to redouble bis exerpassing in the world around him. Oc- tions on bebalf of the friends above wbich took

place there whom success bad far 'placed him; be seriously agitated him, and while as had not so “ drunk of the world" as to a loyal subject, he lowed with the ut- be intoxicated with the alluring potion. most submission to the decisions arrived. The contributions of the Archdeacon to at by the Legislature on some vitally im. charitable institutions were very large portant questions, be deeply lamented and numerous, and splendid were his tbe fatal errors into which be conceived acts of private beneficence. Although in that Legislature had fallen, and trembled the receipt of a large income, and living for the consequences.

He had been at a moderate expense in comparison visibly declining for about a year pre- with it, the small property he has left vious to bis death. The natural vigour behind him speaks volumes as to the of bis constitution, however, enabled bim extent of his liberality. There was, uusometimes to rally in such a manner as doubtedly, a great want of discriminato excite hopes in the breasts of his friends tion with respect to the objects to which that he might be spared to tbem for his bounty was bestowed. Distress, in some time longer. These hopes were whatever shape it presented itself, was completely dissipated for a month or six almost certain of being relieved by him. weeks previous to his death ; bis appetite The conviction that a fellow-creature had failed bim, his rest had become dis- was undone, or in want, was a sufficient turbed, and it was clear that, without passport to bis heart.some material change for the better, he

“ Here did soft cbarity repair, could not long sustain the unequal com

To break the bonds of grief, bat. The trying scene was now rapidly

To smooth the flinty couch of care, approaching, and for the last week or ten

And bring to helpless man relief!" days of his life be took scarcely any nourishment. He waited in patience To his servants he was a considerate the close of his mortal career, and his and indulgent master, an adviser and “end," like bis “ life," was marked by benefactor in șeasons of difficulty, and a “peace.” He merely ceased to breathe protector when any attempts at either when the body and spirit parted—not imposition or oppression were made even a sigh escaped him at the awful

upon them. moment !

Dr. P. was about the middle stature ; He was interred in the chancel of his countenance bland and ingenuous; Kegworth church, on Saturday tbe 2016 his eye keen and piercing, and strongly November, amidst the deep regrets of demonstrative of the active and fertile a numerous circle of friends, and the mind which reigned witbin. On a first heartfelt sympatbies of the village poor, interview somet bing bordering on austewho attended in great numbers on the rity might have occurred to a party, as melancholy occasion.

existing in the Doctor's composition ; The cbaracter of Dr. Parkinson may but this almost instantly disappeared, be comprised in a few words. His dis. and bis natural suavity of demeanour position was mild, obliging, patient, evinced itself. His disposition to tbink humble, and serious; his babits were well of others sometimes produced a want temperate; benevolence was a leading of firmness wben decision was desirable, feature in his composition, and bad and punishment bigbly necessary. This manifested itself in beautiful operation failing, bowever, principally betrayed through every stage of bis life. His itself in cases atiended with either palperception of wbat was agreeable and liative or bigbly affictive circumstances, what painful to others, was remarkably whicb called into exercise the amiable acute, and (wben duty did not inter qualities we have been feebly attemptfere) be was extremely cautious of ing to delineate. wounding the feelings of those with The publications of the Archdeacon whom he bad to hold intercourse. Truly were not numerous. In addition to those

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1831.] OBITUARY.-Thomas Sherwood, Esq. M. D.

89 I bave mentioned, he printed « The stole many an bour which he conseDuties and Qualifications of the Chris. , crated to the history, the poetry, the tian Minister," a sermon preached in biography of bis own country.* Thence Chester Cathedral on the 20th Sept. he informed his understanding and cul1901; " What is Trutb?” a sermon tivated bis taste : thence, too, he drew, preacbed in the same cathedral, on occa- those stores which, ever beaming as they sion of a General Ordination, 29th Sept. did within tbe breast of their possessor, 1816; “A Charge delivered to the sbed too their benign and delightful inClergy of the Archdeaconry of Leicester, fluence on bis companions and his friends. A.D. 1822." We believe there were seve- Who ever beard him give, with that disral other occasional Charges and Sere tinct and manly intonation, tbat energemons published by Dr. Parkinson, but we tical expression, so peculiar to bimself, have peitber the titles of them, nor any Gray's Ode to Adversity, or Jobnson's means of ascertaining their dates. critique on Milton's plan of initiating

J. S. H. bis pupils into Latin, without being

awakened to the most lively sense of the

stern simplicity of the one, or tbe comTHOMAS SHERWOOD, Esq. M. D.

prehensive and grasping' vigour of the
Feb. 28, 1830. At Snow Hall, near other?
Darlington, in bis 60th year, Thomas But troubles came thick and thrung
Sherwood, Esq. M. D.

upon him. The first shaft was aimed at
For tbirty years Dr. Sherwood engaged bim by tbe perfidiousness of friends :
himself in the active duties of bis pro- the next by a higher and more awful
fession with zeal and ability rarely sur- Power. His daughter and his favourite
passed even at this day, when liberal son were taken from him witbin a few
feeling, enlarged understanding, and weeks of each other.
cultivated taste form so general and so His eldest daugbter died on the 25th
prominent features in the character of of October, 1829, aged 22. Elizabeth
an English medical practitioner, Not Sarab Sberwood was kind and affectionate
content with the ordinary routine of upon the truest principle of filial duty,
professional education, he bad, during and those who witnessed her many and
ibe early years of his active life, applied painful days upon her deatla-bed, can
himself with ardour to the study of Cul- well answer for those intense feelings of
len, Gregory, and other eminent authors, upfeigned religion, which awed and at
until bis theory and his practice tbus com- the same time cheered her sinking mind.
bining and lending mutual aid to each The history of Ralph Sherwood, who
otber, be gradually acquired tbat confi- died a sew weeks after his sister, is soon
dence in bimself which was ever after so told. He was destined for tbe medical
fine a trait in bis character, and by profession, and with tbis view he studied
wbich he was enabled instinctively, as it for awhile in London, and was after-
were, to recognize latent disease, and to wards removed to Edinburgb, where his
administer promptly either to its preven- quickness and talent, his great attention
tion or its cure. In cases of fracture of the to anatomical and surgical pursuits, and
scull, or other accidental or natural de- the accuracy of bis pencil and pen in
rangement of the bead be was eminently sketching off-hand, in tbe hospitals to
successful. One of these, in particular, de- which he had access, those various mor-
serves to be recorded. During bis resi- bid or other appearances produced by
dence at Bishop's Auckland, a boy fell nature or the band of the operator, soon
from a bigb wall, and beat upon bis bead. gained for him the notice and approba-
Dr.Sherwood, thoughaltogetherin despair tion of men whose veriest word was
of saving him, trepanned the boy, pro- praise. During his abode in Edinburgh,
longed his life to this day, and was con- Mr. Sherwood became possessed of five
sulied on the extraordinary operation be very amusing letters written by Mr. Rit-
had performed by almost every eminent son to Mr. Laing, wbich, with a portrait
practitioner in the kingdom.

of their eccentric author etched hy himHis classical education had been from self, be communicated to Mr. Nichols, circumstances limited, but he gave sig- wbo inserted them in the third volume of nal proof, when in the society of those “Literary Illustrations of the Eighteenth who bad approached nearer to the “in- Century," p. 775, &c. But here begins tegros fontes” than himself, that he had afterwards traced them to their source, * See Surtees's “ History of Durham," had tasted, and bad drunk deeply too, vol. I. p. 10. Introduction; and judge of of the thousand delightful rills wbich the man“ without the early and valued fall into the grand stream of Poetry. assistance of whom that work would Amid his otber active employmeyts, he never have been undertaken." Gent. Mag. January, 1831.

90 OBITUARY.Thomas Sherwood, Esq.-John Preston, Gent. (Jan, the sad tale ; tbat, under a mistaken buried with his father and mother and idea of the bigh theatrical powers, wbich children in Staindrop cburchyard. men into whose company it was his misfortune to fall (Mr. Kean among the

John PRESTON, GENT. number) persuaded him that be pos

Oct. 80. Aged 85, John Preston, of sessed, and in connection with the fact that his expensive habits had made him Drayton in Hales, co. Salop, Gent.

He was descended from an ancient afraid of meeting his justly-irritated father, be at once quitted the profession in family resident at Hough, in the parish

of Wibunbury, co. Chester, where his wbicb he was so well qualified to excel, and betook himself to the stage. He

ancestor, John Preston, was living in the

reign of Elizabeth; be inberited an had, bowever, the grace to drop his paternal sirname but the name of RALPH

estate at that place, wbich he held for

his life, and which bas now devolved on SHERWIN will not soon be forgotten, not

John Preston, of Burslem, the only son only in most of tbe provincial tbeatres,

of his first cousin. The deceased was but even at Drury-lane, where, in Dandie

the only child of Lawrence Preston, of Dinmont, and similar characters, which

Newcastle-under-Lyme, by Mary his wife, require a man well read in provincial eldest dau. and coheir of Thomas Grinpbraseology, be most particularly excelled. To follow this misguided youth by Elizabeth (Walford) his wife. The

sell, of Drayton in Hales, Gentleman, through the various chances and changes family of Grinsell is of greater antiquity of his subsequent bistory is unnecessary,

at Drayton than any otber of tbat town; if even it were possible.* It may suffice

it has been traced as resident there in to state, in general, that for many a year be dank deep of that bitter cup bably there much earlier, and was about

the reign of Henry VIII. but was prowhich is prepared for those who have exchanged their bome, under such cir.

a century ago so numerous, tbat their

christian names were insufficient to de. cumstances, for so degraded an occupa- signate them without having recourse tion. He was at length, bowever, freely

to other appellations. They are now forgiven by bis offended father, and witb

reduced to one family, which still contiout one single murmur of displeasure

nues to live there with the accustomed was welcomed to bis home; but, aster

From a very short time, without any apparent this his maternal family, Mr. Preston

respectability of its ancestors. reason, he abruptly quitted his father's house, attached himself to the stage

enjoyed some valuable freebold pro

perty. He was educated at the free once more, slept in a damp bed in Cambridge, early in the year 1830, and came

grammar school at Drayton, and, exhome to die. The full and free condo- cepting the short intermission of his

abode with his uncle Richard Gore, of nation of what was past, and the plea- Ruchdale, mercbant, bad resided there surable intercourse and conversation between father and son, as far as the grief siderable, and will be long held in re

from infancy. His charities were conof the former for the death of his daugh- membrance. He was also the firm and ter, and the deeply-routed disease of the

determined advocate to rescue from latter, would permit, will not be soon

oblivion and embezzlement the numeforgotten by those who witnessed them

rous bequests left by former benefactors, both. Amid the gloom which, from all sides,

and to see them appropriated agreeably lowered around him, the fatber recogniz- He was a strenuous supporter of the

to the intention of the respective donors. ed not the Arm which, in chastening, was

national school from the period of its correcting and purifying bis heart : he would talk incoherently of his lost daugh has bequeathed to its funds 10l. per ann.

first institution in 1788, and in his will ter from morning till night, and he would arising out of 5001. 3 per cent. Consols. sit gazing, with a vacant, glassy eye,

He has also given 4l. a-year to the use upon a picture of bis son in one of his

of the church, and 20s. yearly to the characters. He was forlorn and blighted

two church wardens, the parish clerk, - reason reeled on her seat

- she received not from him that "sweet obli- dends, for their trouble. He was a per,

and the person who receives these divivious antidote" so often administered to others—the conflict was over, and he

son of extensive information on general

subjects ; burried into eternity. His body was

but when any thing connected found in the Tees, at the distance of a

with the locality of his residence came field from his house, and was afterwards

in question, there were none who could, compete with him for correctness and ex

tent. His anecdotes bad been treasured * A brief account of Sherwin's thea- up by an excellent and retentive metrical career has already appeared in our mory. Number for October last, p. 3;6. Edit.

W. H.

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